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130 Excellent Economics Research Topics To Consider

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Are you an economics student searching for good topics for your research paper? If yes, then keep on reading this blog. To make the topic selection process easier for you, here we have suggested a list of the best economics research topics on various areas associated with the subject. In addition to that, we have also presented a brief overview of economics research paper topic selection and writing.

Quickly explore the entire list and choose any ideal topic for composing your economics thesis or dissertation.

Economics Research Paper Topic Selection and Writing

Have your professor asked you to submit an economics research paper? If yes, then topic selection is the first step you should do. In case, your supervisors had not suggested any research ideas, make sure to choose a unique economics research topic that you are interested in. The topic you choose should be understandable for you and your readers, and it should also have a wide research scope with the necessary information for crafting a comprehensive research paper or essay.

After you have selected a research topic for your economics assignment, sketch an outline with the research ideas that you have gathered. Then, with the help of the essay outline you have prepared, draft the research paper in a well-structured manner by including the essential elements such as the introduction, body, and conclusion.

The introduction paragraph of your research paper should have a catchy opening sentence, brief background information on the topic, and a strong thesis statement addressing the purpose of your research paper. After the introduction, in the body paragraphs, you should include innovative topic sentences and explain your arguments with supporting evidence in a way to persuade your reader. Then, you should finally close your research paper with an engaging conclusion that contains a brief summary of the main points.

List of the Best Economics Research Paper Topics

You may think that it is easy to choose a research topic for your economics research paper. But actually, it is not. As economics is a complex and broad subject, choosing a perfect research topic from it is a daunting task.

If you are asked to write an economics research paper or essay, then you can prefer to choose a topic from economics research areas such as macroeconomics, microeconomics, behavioral economics, agricultural economics, development economics, financial economics, and so on.

Here, we have sorted different categories of economics topics and have recommended a list of excellent economics research topic ideas for you to consider. Go through the entire list and pick a topic that is ideal for writing academic papers as per your instructor’s requirements.

Economics Research Topics

Agricultural Economics Research Topics

  • Farmer’s contribution to agricultural social capital.
  • Agricultural economics and agribusiness.
  • An analysis of economic efficiency in agriculture.
  • Agricultural and resource economics.
  • Agricultural economics and environmental considerations of biofuels.
  • Analysis of food security and poverty status among households in Ehime Mbano
  • Role of bank loans and credit facility in financing Nigerian agriculture sector: a case study of Nigeria agricultural cooperative and rural development bank
  • Evaluation of the impact of micro-finance banks on the South African agriculture sector
  • How poultry farming is becoming a veritable tool for the economic empowerment of South Africa?
  • Critical analysis of the problems and prospects of agriculture financing in rural India

Behavioral Economics Research Paper Topics

  • What does the economy of trust mean?
  • How does the brain change when a person is striking a great deal?
  • The impact of economic stability on the social life of a person
  • The buying capacity and gender
  • How does race relate to economic power?
  • Big data and its implications for behavioral economics
  • The impact of behavioral finance on investment decisions.
  • Cognitive and behavioral theories in economics.
  • Behavior implications of wealth and inequality.
  • Using behavioral economics to help in reducing substance abuse

Development Economics Research Topics

  • The relation between development and incentive for migration.
  • The economic consequences of population growth in developing countries.
  • The determinants of high-performing institutions in emerging economies
  • The impact of globalization on income distribution in emerging economies
  • The problems of tax and taxation in connection with economic growth.
  • The economic impact of terrorism on developing markets.
  • Investigate the relationship between family planning, labor force, and income fluctuations.
  • The impact of natural disasters on the economy and political stability of emerging markets.
  • Budgeting and decision-making by low-income earners in emerging economics
  • The impact of multinational commodity trading through the development of economic perspective.
  • Compare and contrast the impact of demand-pull inflation and cost-push inflation on a country’s economy
  • Discuss the impact of multinational commodity trading through the perspective of development economics
  • Discuss the concepts of mercantilism, linear stages of growth model, economic nationalism, and structural-change theory
  • Investigate the relationship between unemployment and fluctuations in national income
  • Compare and contrast the economic patterns of villages across Papua New Guinea

Environmental Economics Research Paper Topics

  • Explain the energy markets’ economic potential.
  • How does global warming affect economic growth?
  • How technological advancement leads to economic growth
  • Evolution of economic institutions concerning climate change
  • Cost-benefit analysis of the regulation of the environment
  • The economic perspectives of the distribution of natural resources across boundaries
  • The relationship between financial subsidies and the generation of eco-friendly products
  • Detailed analysis of the European Union Emission Trading System
  • Why it’s important to analyze the economics of clean drinking water
  • How wildlife protection affects the economy

Read more: Outstanding Environmental Science Topics for You to Consider

Financial Economics Research Topics

  • Risk-taking by mutual funds as a response to incentives.
  • Financial economics for infrastructure and fiscal policy.
  • Managerial economics and financial accounting as a basis for business
  • The analysis of the global financial crisis of 2020
  • Stock market overreaction.

Health Economics Research Ideas

  • How do chronic diseases affect the workforce and the economy?
  • How can public hospitals optimize their revenue collection?
  • The economics of the pharmaceutical industry
  • How an unhealthy country translates into a poor country
  • Is the world’s hunger affected by economics?
  • How does perfect competition work in the pharmaceutical world?
  • How does an infectious disease outbreak affect the economy?
  • Is health insurance important?
  • How is the economy affected by a smoking ban?

Research Paper Topics on International Trade

  • What are the gains and losses of international trade for developing countries?
  • The importance of international trade in developing countries
  • The relationship between economic growth and international trade
  • The impact of Brexit on small and middle businesses in the UK
  • To what extent does a currency union affect trade?
  • The roles of exchange rate and exchange rate regime in the US export.
  • To what extent are the gains of less developed countries from trade liberalization exaggerated?
  • Foreign direct investment in the United States: Determinants and impact
  • The relationship between foreign direct investment and wages
  • The effects of the banana crisis on the Jamaican and British economies

Macroeconomics Research Topics

  • Global recession and factors that contribute to it.
  • The relationship between Internet connectivity and productivity in the workplace.
  • The relationship between economic growth and unemployment in your country.
  • Income Dynamics and demographic economics.
  • What should our government do to minimize the risks of future default?
  • The connection between politics and economics.
  • The world problems through macroeconomic analysis .
  • US Market Liquidity and Macroeconomics.
  • The structure, history, and activities of the World Bank.
  • Economics of education in developing markets.
  • Public policies and socio-economic disparities.
  • Banks and their role in the economy.
  • Problems and possible solutions for Japan macroeconomics.
  • State regulation of the economy in foreign countries: main models of regulation.
  • The effect of currency devaluation on small and medium firms
  • A comparison of the United States unemployment to the rest of the world
  • The relationship between common stock prices and inflation in your country.
  • Macroeconomics and self-correction of the economy.
  • Analysis of Africa’s macroeconomics and its performance.
  • The implications of Internet banking on bank profitability.

Read more: Best Macroeconomics Research Topics and Ideas for Students

Microeconomics Research Topics

  • Explain how competition influences the price.
  • Opportunity costs explained from a microeconomics perspective
  • Inflation sources and consequences explained
  • The impact of demonetization on small and medium businesses
  • The connection between the minimum wage and market equilibrium.
  • Perfect competition in microeconomics
  • Theories in microeconomics
  • The effect of labor force participation on the economy and budget
  • Economic inequality as a result of globalization.
  • Explain the balance between supply and demand in microeconomics
  • Dynamics of the Gini index as a reflection of the problem of inequality in income
  • Privatization of Public Enterprises and its implications on economic policy and development
  • How does the stock market work?
  • The impact of game theory on economic development.
  • The changes in oil prices: causes and solutions.
  • Marketing uses in microeconomics.
  • The economic explanation of political dishonesty.
  • How company mergers and dissolutions impact the economy
  • The role of tax collection agencies in microeconomics
  • Different microeconomic models and how they face the effect of industry conditions

A Few More Microeconomics Research Ideas

  • How exactly does Uber fit into the economy of trust?
  • How does a person’s brain alter when they hit a big deal?
  • missing practical human insights from big data and how this affects the economy.
  • explaining how supply and demand are balanced in microeconomics
  • Changes in economic institutions with regard to climate change
  • Effects of greenhouses on economic growth
  • Effects of climate change on economic growth
  • Analysis of the European Union Emission Trading System in great detail
  • Is resource management for waste scarce? A microeconomics explanation of opportunity costs
  • Effects of wildlife protection on the economy

Interesting Economics Research Topics

  • What role does entrepreneurship play in economic development?
  • How do automation and artificial intelligence affect the labor market?
  • Discuss the Economics of healthcare systems and policies in developing countries.
  • Explain the effects of trade agreements on income distribution.
  • How does foreign aid affect economic development?
  • Explain the impact of monetary policy on financial markets and inflation.
  • Discuss the effects of income inequality on social mobility.
  • How does tax reform impact business investment?
  • Explain the role of microfinance in alleviating poverty.
  • How does behavioral economics impact personal savings habits?

Final Words

From the list of economics research topics recommended in this blog, choose any topic of your choice and craft a top-quality research paper or essay. It is not necessary that you need to use the suggested topic as it is, you can also modify the research topic and write your academic paper. In case, you are unsure how to select the right topic and write a persuasive economics research paper, get in touch with us immediately.

We have a team of professional writers who are experts in the field of economics to assist you in drafting a plagiarism-free economics research paper on the best topics as per your requirements on time. Moreover, by taking our economics assignment help service online, you can also submit flawless and well-structured research papers deserving of an A+ grade.

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10 Popular Posts on Economic Topics in 2021

What did people most want to know about the economy in 2021?

Inflation and COVID-19’s effects on the economy were top of mind, judging by the popularity of posts on those topics in our On the Economy blog, which offers frequent commentary, analysis and data from our economists and other St. Louis Fed experts. But examinations of longer-run trends, such as employment growth over 20 years, also attracted attention.

For readers of our Open Vault blog, which explains everyday economics and the Fed, the nuts and bolts of topical subjects like central bank digital currency and Fed “tapering” struck a chord, as did a post about the economic concept of externalities, explained with canine and pandemic examples. 

Here’s a look at a few of the posts that were among the favorites published from January through Nov. 30.

Inflation Trends

How covid-19 may be affecting inflation.

The changing of U.S. consumer spending patterns during the pandemic may have affected the measurement of inflation, according to an On the Economy post published in February. The Bureau of Labor Statistics gathers information about prices in the U.S., weights the prices and aggregates them for the consumer price index, or CPI. Inflation is measured as the CPI’s rate of growth over a certain period.

But what happens if a certain category of goods or services becomes a bigger, or smaller, part of consumer spending? Based on spending habits in prior years, the official weights might not be the “true” weights in 2020, when social distancing led to more eating at home and less spending in restaurants.

What Are Risks for Future Inflation?

As U.S. inflation surged in 2021, an October On the Economy post identified some upside and downside risks for future inflation. A follow-up post examined whether higher inflation could “be attributed to a small group of goods and services or whether it is a more generalized event.” Looking at the overall price change over the period of the pandemic, “the role of outliers is greatly diminished, revealing that higher inflation is perhaps a broader phenomenon,” the post said.

Economic and Monetary Policy Explainers

Externalities: it’s what pandemics, pollution and puppies have in common.

Externalities are costs and benefits that impact or spill over to someone other than the producer or the consumer of a good or a service. As a June Open Vault post explained, that applies to everything from pandemics to puppies. In a pandemic, a lack of social distancing by one person creates an externality that is negative: a higher risk of infection for everyone. Puppies that only bark at strangers, meanwhile, could provide a positive externality for neighbors as a warning system.

A June Open Vault blog post highlighted the Economic Lowdown series video “Externalities.” What makes pollution a negative externality is explained in this clip.

Here’s What the Fed Means by Tapering

As anticipation built this fall for a Federal Open Market Committee decision to “taper,” so did curiosity about what tapering is. An Open Vault post answered that question: The Fed can turn to large-scale asset purchases when economic conditions warrant, and tapering means reducing the pace of those purchases. The post, published a week after the Nov. 3 announcement of the FOMC’s decision to start tapering, also explained how tapering works.

What Is the Federal Open Market Committee?

Readers curious about what tapering is could have learned earlier in the year about the committee that makes that and other monetary policy decisions. As a February Open Vault post explained, the FOMC is the main monetary policymaking body of the Federal Reserve and is comprised of leaders from around the Federal Reserve System.

People and Places

Older workers accounted for all net employment growth in past 20 years.

Before there was the “Great Resignation,” there was an employment increase: A February On the Economy post said that a rise in employment of people age 60 and older was responsible for U.S. employment growth of 11.8 million from December 2000 to December 2020. (See chart.) Among those workers, the increase in employment is attributed to the group’s population growth and increased employment-to-population ratio.

Cumulative Net Change in the Number of Employed People since December 2000

Line chart from December 2000 to December 2020 shows employment rising more for people age 60 and older than for those under 60.

House Prices Surpass Housing-Bubble Peak on One Key Measure of Value

The steady increase of a house price-to-rent ratio “would imply increasing overvaluation” of houses, a May On the Economy post said. That was the case in early 2021 (using data available through March), when an index measuring the ratio of house prices to rent in the U.S. had risen rapidly over the course of a year and reached its highest level since at least 1975.

Women in Economics Symposium Logo

Sign up now for the free symposium, which has the theme, “Leading the Way in Challenging Times.” The event will run 6 to 8 p.m. CT on Feb. 23-24. Participants will hear insights from leading economists.

Inspiring Young Women to Pursue Economics

A January Open Vault post previewed a February 2021 event that is “designed to inspire young women and underrepresented minorities who may be interested in econ—and to encourage those pursuing a degree to persist.” The next Women in Economics Symposium is set for Feb. 23-24, 2022.

Money and Finance

Wealth gaps between white, black and hispanic families in 2019.

Across education, family structure and generations, gaps persist between the wealth of white families and that of Black and Hispanic families, the authors of a January On the Economy post found.

For instance, they wrote: “More education was associated with more wealth for all the racial and ethnic groups considered. However, wide gaps remain at every education level, with Black and Hispanic families having less median family wealth than white families with the same education.”

And Black and Hispanic families are less likely than white families to have financial and other assets like homes and businesses, and when they do, those assets were more likely to have lower values.

Navigating the ABCs of CBDCs—Central Bank Digital Currencies

“You’ve likely heard of Bitcoin, Ethereum, or even Dogecoin, but you may not have heard of ‘Fedcoin,’ an informal name some have used for the idea of a digital currency tied to a central bank, namely the Federal Reserve,” a June Open Vault post said. The post highlighted short videos in which a St. Louis Fed economist answered questions on central bank digital currencies, including about possible effects on privacy and bank lending.

Heather Hennerich

Heather Hennerich is a senior editor with the St. Louis Fed External Engagement and Corporate Communications Division.

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Economics Research Topics

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Welcome to our latest blog post on economics research topics! Whether you are an academic seeking inspiration or a student looking for a starting point for your next assignment, you've come to the right place. 

With so many areas to explore in economics, it can be difficult to know where to begin. But don't worry, we've got your back. In this post, our online paper writers have shared some of the most interesting and hot economics research paper topics. So, grab a cup of coffee and let's dive in!

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Economics is a social science that studies how people, businesses, and governments make decisions about how to use resources. It deals with issues like production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. 

As a student, you might be given to write a research paper on research topics in economics. These types of social science topics can cover a wide range of subjects, including:

  • Macroeconomics
  • Microeconomics
  • International economics
  • Behavioral economics, and more.

Whether you are interested in exploring current trends, global markets or history, or taxes, we collected a bunch of economics topics for a research paper to choose from. Stay with our service to spot the best idea for your upcoming project.

When it comes to selecting a research topic related to economics, it is important to decide on a subject that is not only interesting but also appropriate for your academic level. Consider these fundamental characteristics of good economics paper topics to make a wise choice:

  • Select a title that is both relevant and is intended to solve a current issue.
  • Choose a unique topic that has not been explored too much by other researchers.
  • Make sure you can easily access the data or sources needed to create your paper.
  • Consider if the topic has the potential to be of practical or social importance.
  • Pick an area that genuinely interests you and will keep you motivated throughout your project.

Choosing between this selection of economics project ideas can be really difficult especially if you are first to this. However, with a little bit of guidance, you will see that there is nothing challenging about picking a proper topic for a research paper in economics. Take a look at these step-by-step instructions to make the right decision:

  • Brainstorm potential economics research topics that sound interesting to you in the first place. After all, you don’t want to work with boring aspects.
  • Narrow your list down and consider whether there are enough resources to back up your research.
  • Carry out preliminary investigation to see what you can write about. Use academic journals, newspapers, and other reputable sources to gather information.
  • Check if the topic complies with your instructor’s guidelines.
  • Based on your research and requirements alter a title to create a focused research question.

Remember to choose a topic that you are passionate about and that aligns with your academic and professional goals.

Economics is a vast field that encompasses a wide range of topics and issues. If you're looking for inspiration for your next research paper, consider exploring one of these top research paper topics in economics:

  • What is the impact of trade policies on international trade patterns?
  • How does income inequality affect economic growth?
  • What role does entrepreneurship play in economic development?
  • How do government regulations affect market efficiency?
  • What are the economic implications of climate change and environmental policy?
  • How do automation and artificial intelligence affect the labor market?
  • What are the effects of healthcare policies on the economy and society?
  • How does education influence economic outcomes?
  • What are some economic aspects of taxation and fiscal policy?
  • How does globalization impact domestic economies and societies?

Are you searching for interesting topics in economics? Look no further than these cptivting economic paper topics ideas.

  • How do government policies impact income mobility?
  • What role do financial institutions play in economic growth?
  • Economics of housing and homelessness.
  • How do immigration policies shape the labor market?
  • Impact of gender inequality on economic growth.
  • Sustainable development and renewable energy.
  • What are some effects of globalization on income distribution?
  • How do minimum wage policies impact employment and poverty?
  • Economics of crime and punishment.
  • How does corruption relate to economic growth?
  • Effects of social welfare policies on income inequality.
  • Healthcare markets and insurance systems.
  • How does technology influence income distribution and employment?
  • Education financing and student loan debt.
  • How do economic sanctions affect international trade and diplomacy?

Economics research topics are diverse and can be approached from various angles. Below are some great economic topics to write about:

  • What are some effects of social media on consumer behavior and advertising?
  • What is the relationship between corporate social responsibility and profitability?
  • Sharing economy and its impact on traditional industries.
  • How does climate change affect the tourism industry economically?
  • Economics of healthcare systems and policies in developing countries.
  • How does population aging influence labor markets and retirement policies?
  • How does artificial intelligence impact business and employment?
  • What factors are involved in energy transition and the shift to renewable energy?
  • Income inequality and political polarization.
  • How do digital streaming services and the music industry intersect economically?
  • How does cultural diversity contribute to growth and innovation?
  • Effects of trade agreements on income distribution.
  • Cryptocurrency and blockchain technology.
  • How does globalization impact labor standards and working conditions?
  • Natural disasters and economic growth.

Want to take your project to the next level? Don’t skip these hot economic research questions. They suit any academic level and can be supported by credible evidence.

  • Big data and its role in economic forecasting.
  • How does public debt impact economic growth?
  • The economics of international migration.
  • What is the impact of technological innovation on income inequality?
  • The role of infrastructure investment in fostering economic growth.
  • The economics of the gig economy and freelance work.
  • How does foreign aid affect economic development?
  • The economics of natural resource management and sustainability.
  • What is the impact of urbanization on economic growth and development?
  • The economics of the entertainment industry and streaming services.
  • How do exchange rate fluctuations influence trade and investment?
  • The economics of food production and distribution systems.
  • How do government regulations affect small businesses economically?
  • The study of behavioral finance and decision-making in economics.
  • What is the impact of monetary policy on financial markets and inflation?

Economics is a constantly evolving field that offers endless possibilities for research and analysis. That’s why choosing unique economic research ideas shouldn’t be a big deal. Below we added a list of authentic topics you most likely won’t be able to find anywhere else.

  • How does mobile banking contribute to financial inclusion in emerging economies?
  • How do natural disasters affect supply chains?
  • What are some effects of gender bias in venture capital funding decisions?
  • How does population density influence the demand for public transportation in urban areas?
  • Virtual currencies and their potential as an alternative to traditional currencies.
  • How do government subsidies influence the adoption of renewable energy?
  • How do industrial policies shape innovation and contribute to economic growth?
  • Alternative meat and its potential impact on the food industry.
  • What is the relationship between public transit availability and property values in urban areas?
  • How does corruption impact economic growth and development?
  • Renewable energy storage systems and their impact on grid stability.
  • What are some effects of automation on job displacement and income inequality?
  • Blockchain technology in the banking industry and financial transactions.
  • International trade in cultural goods and services.
  • How does income inequality relate to health outcomes from an economic standpoint?

Do you want to focus on current and pressing issues? Consider these trending topics for economic research papers.

  • The impact of COVID-19 on the global economy.
  • What are economic implications of healthcare reform?
  • How does globalization affect labor markets economically?
  • Climate change and the role of carbon pricing.
  • Effects of income inequality on social mobility.
  • How does automation impact employment and wages in the workforce?
  • The economics of education and the burden of student loan debt.
  • How do government regulations influence business and innovation economically?
  • Income taxation and progressive taxation.
  • Impact of immigration on labor markets.
  • Behavioral economics and the use of nudges in decision-making.
  • How do trade policies influence international relations and diplomacy?
  • Mergers and acquisitions in the business world.
  • How do minimum wage policies affect low-wage workers economically?
  • Urbanization and transportation planning.

As a student, picking decent economic topics for research papers can be a challenging task. It's important to focus on relevant and interesting aspects. Below you will find some economic research paper topics specifically geared toward students of all levels.

College students majoring in economics have a range of choices when it comes to research topics. Below are some inspiring economic paper topics you can use as inspiration for your project in college:

  • Effects of gig economy on labor markets.
  • Economic growth and environmental sustainability.
  • Impact of sharing economy on traditional industries.
  • Housing affordability and homelessness.
  • How does trade liberalization affect domestic industries and consumers?
  • How does public policy influence small business growth?
  • Food waste and its impact on sustainability.
  • Income inequality and access to education.
  • Impact of automation on the future of work.
  • Online advertising and consumer behavior.
  • How does fiscal policy influence income distribution and poverty reduction?
  • How does tax reform impact business investment?
  • Economics of international tourism and its impact on local economies.
  • Effects of financial regulation on consumer behavior and investor confidence.
  • Demographic shifts and labor force participation.

Are you an undergraduate student looking for topics related to economics? Here are some amazing ideas you can pick from:

  • Financial implications of space exploration and commercial space travel.
  • Role of urban farming in city development for sustainability.
  • Impact of genetic engineering and biotechnology on the agricultural sector.
  • Financial consequences of digital privacy.
  • Implications of mass surveillance on consumer spending patterns.
  • How do remittances influence growth in developing countries?
  • Fiscal consequences of cybercrime and cybersecurity breaches.
  • Role of microfinance in alleviating poverty.
  • Potential financial implications of quantum computing.
  • Water scarcity and its worldwide financial implications.
  • Monetary consequences of epidemics, pandemics, and public health crises.
  • Transformation of markets by virtual and augmented reality.
  • Effect of corporate governance on shareholder value.
  • Financial aspects of aging societies and pension reform.
  • Role of intellectual property rights in promoting innovation and growth.

Graduate students in economics are expected to delve deeper into economic theories, models, and concepts. They are also required to contribute new insights to the field. We suggest that you choose these economics topics for research to earn a high grade:

  • How does drug legalization influence national economies?
  • Impact of universal basic income on poverty levels and unemployment rates.
  • Financial implications of political instability and conflict.
  • Impact of cultural heritage sites on local and national finances.
  • Financial repercussions of biodiversity loss and species extinction.
  • Role of venture capital in fostering startups and growth.
  • Disaster risk management and its relevance to financial resilience.
  • Potential fiscal impacts of deep-sea mining.
  • Financial consequences of single-use plastics and transition to a circular economy.
  • Business aspects of the digital gaming industry and eSports.
  • Impact of the maker movement and DIY culture on traditional manufacturing.
  • How can nanotechnology shape future market economies?
  • Impact of drone technology on supply chain operations.
  • Financial aspects of mental health in the workplace.
  • Role of public-private partnerships in fostering growth and infrastructure development.

Economics paper topics ideas will also depend on your area of expertise. This block will offer topics by subject, so that you can choose a theme that fits your special needs. Whether you are interested in exploring the economics of renewable energy or the effects of globalization on income distribution,you will surely spot an idea or two right below.

The global economy is a complex and interconnected system, and there are many world economics research paper topics that can shed light on global aspects. Between them are these ideas:

  • Evolving landscape of international trade in the post-COVID era.
  • Role of Special Economic Zones in boosting global competitiveness.
  • Impact of machine learning and artificial intelligence on global financial markets.
  • How do social impact bonds contribute to global development goals?
  • Cybersecurity risks in global financial institutions: Are we prepared?
  • Influence of social entrepreneurship on worldwide poverty reduction.
  • Green bonds and their role in global sustainable finance.
  • Economic prospects of the African Continental Free Trade Area.
  • Role of global remittance flows in socioeconomic development.
  • Impact of climate change on global supply chains: What can we do?
  • Global consequences of a cashless society: Are we ready?
  • How does geopolitics affect global energy markets?
  • Repercussions of cryptocurrency adoption on global financial stability.
  • Economies of scale in global manufacturing: A new era?
  • Role of international development assistance in achieving Sustainable Development Goals.

>> More ideas: Politics Research Topics

Microeconomics studies the behavior of individuals and firms in making decisions regarding the allocation of resources. If you need microeconomics topics for research paper, we collected great ideas below:

  • How do consumer ethics shape purchasing decisions?
  • What influences price elasticity of demand in luxury goods markets?
  • How does the gig economy affect individual financial stability?
  • What are the key economic factors determining college major choices?
  • How do credit scores influence personal finance management?
  • What impacts have peer-to-peer lending platforms had on traditional banking?
  • What drives consumer decisions between online and brick-and-mortar shopping?
  • How do economic considerations play into personal retirement planning?
  • What market dynamics and pricing strategies dominate the smartphone industry?
  • How does behavioral economics impact personal savings habits?
  • How significantly does brand loyalty influence consumer spending?
  • What strategies help businesses survive during economic downturns?
  • How does corporate social responsibility influence consumer choice?
  • What role does digital marketing play in shaping consumer behavior?
  • What are some economic impacts of identity theft on individuals and businesses?

Unlike microeconomics, macroeconomics explores the behavior and performance of entire economies. Below are some awesome macroeconomics research paper topics:

  • Exploring connections between inflation and unemployment.
  • Impact of quantitative easing on long-term economic growth.
  • How does fiscal deficit affect a country's economic stability?
  • The role of central banks in managing economic downturns.
  • Effects of government debt on interest rates and investment.
  • What factors contribute to business cycles and economic fluctuations?
  • Examination of macroeconomic factors influencing foreign direct investment.
  • How do monetary policies impact inflation and unemployment rates?
  • Role of technology advancements in macroeconomic productivity.
  • Impact of demographic changes on long-term economic growth.
  • Can green investment stimulate economic recovery?
  • What role do exchange rates play in a country's trade balance?
  • Comparative analysis of economic growth models.
  • Macroeconomic challenges of transitioning to a low-carbon economy.
  • How does income inequality affect economic growth at a macro level?

International trade is a vital part of the global economy and has a significant impact on development, and international relations. Here are unique topics for an economic research paper focusing on international trade:

  • Impact of Brexit on international trade relations.
  • How do currency fluctuations affect international trade?
  • Economic consequences of trade wars: A case study of U.S.-China relations.
  • Role of World Trade Organization in shaping international trade norms.
  • How does international trade contribute to economic growth?
  • Evaluation of free trade agreements and their economic implications.
  • Role of emerging markets in shaping the future of international trade.
  • How do trade barriers influence domestic industries?
  • Fair trade vs. free trade: An economic analysis.
  • Global supply chain disruptions: Lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Effects of international trade on income distribution within countries.
  • Economic impact of sanctions on international trade.
  • How do intellectual property rights issues affect international trade?
  • Role of e-commerce in transforming international trade.
  • What are the economic consequences of offshore outsourcing on international trade?

Financial economics is a subfield of economics that focuses on financial markets, institutions, and instruments. Here are outstanding financial economic topics for a paper:

  • Role of FinTech in shaping the future of banking.
  • Analysis of risk management strategies in investment banking.
  • How do hedge funds contribute to financial market stability?
  • Impact of regulatory changes on financial market competitiveness.
  • How does financial literacy influence individual investment decisions?
  • Examination of financial derivatives and their role in financial risk management.
  • Role of central banks in maintaining financial stability.
  • Analysis of market efficiency in cryptocurrency markets.
  • How do financial crises affect economies in the long term?
  • Financial inclusion and the role of mobile banking.
  • Impact of corporate governance on financial performance.
  • Examination of the link between financial markets and economic growth.
  • High-frequency trading: Impact on financial market stability.
  • Effect of algorithmic trading on financial market efficiency.
  • How do interest rate changes impact financial markets.

Development economics studies the economic and social development of low-income countries. With this branch in mind, we prepared a list of development economic research paper topics ideas:

  •  Role of microfinance in economic empowerment in developing countries.
  • How do infrastructure projects affect economic development?
  • How do cultural factors shape economic progress in developing countries?
  • Impact of corruption on resource allocation in developing nations.
  • Impact of foreign aid on economic growth in recipient countries.
  • Evaluation of agricultural policies on rural development.
  • How do commodity price fluctuations affect developing economies?
  • Implications of population growth on resource management in emerging economies.
  • How does political stability influence economic growth in developing countries?
  • Impact of public health initiatives on economic development.
  • Analysis of sustainable development strategies in emerging economies.
  • How do migration patterns affect economic development?
  • How does technological adoption improve productivity in developing economies?
  • Role of social entrepreneurship in sustainable economic development.
  • How does tourism influence the economic development of low-income countries?

Behavioral economics combines insights from psychology and economics to understand how people make financial decisions. Below you can find behavioral economics research topics:

  • Impact of cognitive biases on economic decision making.
  • Role of emotions in consumer purchasing behavior.
  • How does social influence shape spending habits?
  • What are the economic implications of procrastination?
  • Nudging for good: Can behavioral economics promote healthier lifestyles?
  • How does framing influence consumers' perception of price and value?
  • Role of incentives in shaping individual and collective behavior.
  • Examination of loss aversion in investment decisions.
  • Analysis of irrational behaviors in financial markets.
  • Behavioral economics in policy design: What works and why?
  • How does choice overload affect consumer decision making?
  • The effect of anchoring bias in pricing strategies.
  • Role of behavioral economics in promoting sustainable consumption.
  • How does scarcity mindset affect economic decisions?
  • Behavioral economics and personal finance: How to avoid common pitfalls?

>> Read more: Psychology Topics to Research

Environmental economics investigates the interaction between economic systems and the natural environment. This subfield also offers multiple perspectives for exploration. Here are some examples of project topics on economics with emphasis on environment:

  • Examining the economic impacts of biodiversity loss.
  • Impact of environmental policies on manufacturing industries.
  • Role of renewable energy investments in economic growth.
  • Does a carbon tax impact economic competitiveness?
  • Economic analysis of water resource management.
  • How do natural disasters affect economic performance?
  • The economic value of ecosystem services.
  • Cost-effectiveness of different strategies for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Role of environmental economics in climate change mitigation.
  • How does waste management contribute to sustainable economic growth?
  • The effects of air pollution on economic productivity.
  • What is the economic impact of deforestation?
  • Evaluation of economic tools for managing plastic waste.
  • Economics of transitioning to a circular economy.
  • How does sustainable agriculture contribute to economic development?

>> View more: Environmental Research Topics

Health economics examines how health care practices affect the health outcomes of individuals and whole populations.  Take a glance at these health economics research paper topics:

  • Economic impact of pandemics on healthcare systems.
  • Role of telemedicine in healthcare cost reduction.
  • How do health insurance policies influence medical spending?
  • Economic analysis of mental health issues and treatment access.
  • The cost-effectiveness of preventative healthcare measures.
  • Evaluating the economic burden of chronic diseases.
  • Economic implications of antibiotic resistance.
  • How does socioeconomic status influence health outcomes?
  • Impact of aging populations on healthcare costs.
  • Evaluation of the economic benefits of vaccination programs.
  • The effect of medical technology advancements on healthcare costs.
  • Role of behavioral economics in health promotion and disease prevention.
  • How does health literacy influence healthcare utilization and costs?
  • Economic analysis of substance abuse treatment.
  • Evaluating the economic impacts of health policy reforms.

>> Read more: Public Health Topics for Research

Sometimes, finding the right idea can be a challenging task. However, there are numerous resources available to help you find unique angles. Also, don't be afraid to ask your professors or research paper writer team for suggestions on the selection process. But if you don’t have enough time, we gathered some supplementary economics research topics.

An economics essay can cover a broad range of topics, from macroeconomic issues such as international trade and monetary policy to microeconomic aspects such as consumer behavior and market structure.

  • Can an increase in minimum wage curb poverty?
  • What are the potential economic effects of Brexit?
  • Impact of income inequality on societal cohesion.
  • How does the rise of remote work influence economic structures?
  • Examination of the economic benefits of public libraries.
  • Role of the informal economy in urban development.
  • Economic implications of increasing life expectancy.
  • How does piracy impact the music and film industry economically?
  • Impact of subsidies on agricultural economies.
  • Exploration of the economic factors influencing the housing market.
  • Analysis of the economic costs of obesity.
  • Role of child labor in global supply chains.
  • Examination of the economic implications of internet censorship.
  • Impact of single-use plastics on local and global economies.
  • Economic effects of urban green spaces.

If you need to complete a short assignment, you may want to consider project topics in economics that can be analyzed within a limited timeframe. Don’t worry. We’ve added some simple ideas as well:

  • Examining the economic impacts of online privacy breaches.
  • Role of advertising in shaping consumer behavior.
  • Analysis of the economic effects of natural disasters.
  • Economic implications of self-driving cars.
  • Role of cooperatives in the economy.
  • Impact of e-waste on developing economies.
  • The role of micro-credit in alleviating poverty.
  • Examining the economic impacts of space exploration.
  • How do online reviews influence consumer purchasing decisions?
  • Economics of disaster recovery: Case studies.
  • Examination of the economic implications of cybercrime.
  • Impact of nutritional labeling on consumer behavior and market outcomes.
  • Economic analysis of the craft beer industry.
  • Examining the economic effects of animal agriculture.
  • How do tax incentives influence corporate behavior and economic outcomes?

Formulating a research question is a crucial step in conducting an economics research project. A good research question should be specific, measurable, and relevant to the topic under study. Here are some economics research questions to consider:

  • How does widespread adoption of digital currencies impact traditional banking?
  • To what extent do economic factors contribute to obesity rates?
  • What are the consequences of large-scale solar power adoption?
  • How do parental leave policies shape labor markets?
  • What impacts do large-scale data breaches have on corporations?
  • Does green urban planning significantly contribute to city development?
  • How much does mental health contribute to workplace productivity?
  • What effects do fair trade agreements have on farmers in low-income countries?
  • How valuable are clean oceans for global trade?
  • How does political stability of a country influence foreign investments?
  • What are the consequences of patent wars in the tech industry?
  • How does the rise of freelancing shape labor laws?
  • What economic implications does the rise of eSports have?
  • How does nutrition education impact economic health?
  • What are some benefits and drawbacks of commercial space tourism?

If you're preparing for an exam, it's important to have a good understanding of the concepts and theories that you'll be tested on. To help you prepare, we offer these economics research topics for exams to study:

  • Implications of autonomous vehicles on transportation.
  • Role of trade unions in contemporary job markets.
  • Analysis of gender disparities in retirement savings.
  • Influence of corporate social responsibility on brand reputation.
  • How do plant-based diets influence the global meat industry.
  • Evaluating efficiency of ride-sharing platforms.
  • Role of drones in shaping future commercial landscapes.
  • How public health initiatives influence workplace productivity.
  • Exploring the potential economic impact of asteroid mining.
  • How does fashion industry affect global economy and environmental sustainability?
  • Impact of video-on-demand services on traditional film industries.
  • Role of social entrepreneurship in poverty alleviation.
  • Role of energy-efficient appliances in electricity markets.
  • Influence of shifting demographics on global trends.
  • How does celebrity endorsement influence consumer buying behavior?

For those who are already experts in the field of economics, finding 100% original economics research topics can be an uphill struggle. But not with ideas attached below:

  • How does quantum computing pose an economic challenge to cybersecurity firms?
  • How do gene editing technologies affect agricultural markets?
  • In what ways does space commercialization affect global economies?
  • How does increased lifespan influence retirement and pension systems?
  • Financial viability of carbon capture and storage.
  • Influence of ethical consumerism on global supply chains.
  • How have nanotechnologies impacted manufacturing sectors?
  • Impact of rising sea levels on coastal economies.
  • Role of predictive analytics in preventing financial fraud.
  • Examining the economic consequences of major oil spills.
  • How does deep face technology pose an economic challenge to film industries?
  • Economic impacts of large-scale reforestation.
  • Implications of extensive antibiotic resistance.
  • Impacts of geopolitical tensions on global oil prices.
  • Universal basic income as a solution for automation-induced job loss.

Hopefully, by now you have found a perfect economics research paper topic. Make sure you can find enough evidence to back up your points. But if you have any difficulties with the research or writing process, consider to buy coursework or any other project from academic experts.

What Are Economics Research Topics?

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500+ Economics Research Topics

Economics Research Topics

Economics is a vast and fascinating field that explores how individuals, businesses, and governments make decisions about the allocation of resources. As such, it provides a wealth of research opportunities for those interested in understanding and analyzing the complexities of modern society. From macroeconomic issues such as globalization and monetary policy, to microeconomic topics such as consumer behavior and market competition, there are numerous research topics that economists can investigate. In this post, we will explore some of the most interesting and relevant economics research topics that are shaping our world today.

Economics Research Topics

Economics Research Topics are as follows:

  • The impact of technological change on income inequality.
  • An analysis of the relationship between exchange rates and foreign direct investment.
  • The effects of tax incentives on small business growth and development.
  • The determinants of economic growth in developing countries.
  • The impact of globalization on economic growth and development.
  • An analysis of the effects of the minimum wage on employment and poverty.
  • The role of central banks in managing inflation and economic stability.
  • An investigation into the factors influencing consumer behavior and spending.
  • An analysis of the impact of trade liberalization on economic growth.
  • The effects of income inequality on social welfare and economic stability.
  • The role of international trade in economic development.
  • An investigation into the relationship between education and economic growth.
  • An analysis of the effects of corruption on economic growth and development.
  • The impact of the gig economy on employment and wages.
  • An investigation into the causes and consequences of financial crises.
  • The role of innovation in economic growth and development.
  • An analysis of the impact of government spending on economic growth.
  • The effects of globalization on the environment.
  • The impact of climate change on economic growth and development.
  • An investigation into the determinants of poverty and inequality.
  • The role of entrepreneurship in economic growth and development.
  • An analysis of the effects of monetary policy on economic growth and stability.
  • The impact of immigration on labor markets and economic growth.
  • An investigation into the factors influencing international trade flows.
  • An analysis of the effects of foreign aid on economic development.
  • The role of financial intermediaries in economic development.
  • An investigation into the causes and consequences of income inequality.
  • The impact of trade agreements on economic growth and development.
  • An analysis of the effects of government regulation on business and economic growth.
  • The role of technology transfer in economic development.
  • An investigation into the effects of economic sanctions on trade and economic growth.
  • The impact of population growth on economic development.
  • An analysis of the effects of infrastructure investment on economic growth.
  • The role of natural resources in economic development.
  • An investigation into the effects of labor market policies on economic growth and employment.
  • The impact of financial innovation on economic growth and stability.
  • An analysis of the effects of income tax policy on economic growth and income distribution.
  • The role of social capital in economic development.
  • An investigation into the impact of economic policies on international trade.
  • The effects of financial liberalization on economic growth and stability.
  • The impact of urbanization on economic development.
  • An analysis of the effects of international migration on labor markets and economic growth.
  • The role of institutions in economic development.
  • An investigation into the effects of exchange rate volatility on international trade.
  • The impact of demographic change on economic growth and development.
  • An analysis of the effects of government debt on economic growth and stability.
  • The role of foreign investment in economic development.
  • An investigation into the effects of labor market flexibility on economic growth and employment.
  • The impact of intellectual property rights on innovation and economic growth.
  • An analysis of the effects of economic inequality on social mobility and economic growth.
  • The impact of COVID-19 on the global economy.
  • The role of financial markets in economic growth.
  • The effectiveness of monetary policy in stabilizing the economy.
  • The relationship between income inequality and economic growth.
  • The impact of government regulations on business activity.
  • The role of technology in shaping the future of the economy.
  • The effect of globalization on the labor market.
  • The impact of trade policy on economic growth.
  • The relationship between education and economic growth.
  • The effectiveness of fiscal policy in stimulating economic growth.
  • The impact of immigration on the labor market.
  • The effect of tax policy on economic growth.
  • The role of entrepreneurship in economic development.
  • The impact of environmental regulations on economic growth.
  • The effect of international capital flows on the economy.
  • The relationship between innovation and economic growth.
  • The impact of demographic changes on the economy.
  • The role of infrastructure investment in economic growth.
  • The effect of monetary policy on income inequality.
  • The impact of government debt on economic growth.
  • The relationship between corruption and economic growth.
  • The effect of globalization on income inequality.
  • The impact of education on income inequality.
  • The role of social welfare programs in reducing poverty.
  • The effect of minimum wage laws on the labor market.
  • The impact of health care policy on economic growth.
  • The relationship between energy prices and economic growth.
  • The effect of government subsidies on business activity.
  • The impact of exchange rate fluctuations on trade.
  • The role of financial innovation in economic development.
  • The effect of social media on consumer behavior.
  • The impact of consumer confidence on economic growth.
  • The relationship between economic growth and political stability.
  • The effect of demographic changes on income inequality.
  • The impact of government spending on economic growth.
  • The role of labor unions in the labor market.
  • The effect of natural disasters on the economy.
  • The relationship between economic growth and environmental sustainability.
  • The effect of corporate social responsibility on business activity.
  • The impact of intellectual property rights on innovation.
  • The effect of cultural differences on business activity.
  • The impact of financial crises on the economy.
  • The relationship between economic growth and health outcomes.
  • The effect of government corruption on economic growth.
  • The impact of demographic changes on the labor market.
  • The effect of foreign aid on economic growth.
  • The impact of technological change on the labor market.
  • The effect of monetary policy on income distribution.
  • The impact of trade agreements on economic growth
  • The effect of corruption on economic development
  • The relationship between financial development and economic growth
  • The impact of foreign aid on economic growth in developing countries
  • The role of innovation in promoting economic growth
  • The impact of globalization on income inequality
  • The relationship between inflation and economic growth
  • The role of natural resources in economic development
  • The impact of government expenditure on economic growth
  • The relationship between income distribution and economic growth
  • The impact of monetary policy on economic growth
  • The role of education in promoting economic growth
  • The impact of entrepreneurship on economic development
  • The relationship between taxation and economic growth
  • The impact of infrastructure on economic growth
  • The role of international trade in economic development
  • The impact of fiscal policy on economic growth
  • The relationship between financial liberalization and economic growth
  • The impact of economic integration on economic growth
  • The role of institutions in promoting economic development
  • The impact of foreign direct investment on economic growth
  • The relationship between inequality and economic growth
  • The impact of social welfare programs on economic growth
  • The role of technology in promoting economic growth
  • The impact of political instability on economic growth
  • The relationship between corruption and economic growth
  • The impact of labor market policies on economic growth
  • The role of human capital in promoting economic development
  • The impact of health care on economic growth
  • The relationship between exchange rates and economic growth
  • The impact of foreign trade on income distribution
  • The role of entrepreneurship in economic development
  • The impact of environmental policies on economic growth
  • The relationship between foreign aid and poverty reduction
  • The impact of financial sector reforms on economic growth
  • The role of social capital in promoting economic development
  • The impact of regional integration on economic growth
  • The relationship between public investment and economic growth
  • The impact of monetary policy on income distribution
  • The role of international migration in economic development
  • The impact of labor market flexibility on economic growth
  • The relationship between trade and technology transfer
  • The impact of institutional quality on economic growth
  • The role of financial sector development in promoting economic growth
  • The impact of regional inequality on economic growth
  • The relationship between education and poverty reduction
  • The impact of foreign debt on economic growth
  • The role of social protection in promoting economic development
  • The impact of energy policies on economic growth
  • The relationship between foreign trade and environmental sustainability
  • The impact of international trade on income inequality.
  • The relationship between public debt and economic growth.
  • The effect of tax policy on international capital flows.
  • The impact of government subsidies on technological innovation.
  • The role of financial development in reducing poverty.
  • The effect of regulation on market structure.
  • The impact of globalization on financial stability.
  • The relationship between financial development and income inequality.
  • The effect of fiscal policy on long-term economic growth.
  • The impact of financial frictions on business cycles.
  • The role of international capital flows in financial crises.
  • The effect of natural resource abundance on economic growth.
  • The impact of fiscal decentralization on economic growth.
  • The relationship between institutions and economic growth.
  • The effect of financial innovation on market efficiency.
  • The impact of international migration on the labor market.
  • The role of corporate governance in firm performance.
  • The effect of monetary policy on the housing market.
  • The impact of environmental policy on the energy sector.
  • The effect of competition policy on market outcomes.
  • The impact of technology adoption on productivity.
  • The effect of regulation on consumer welfare.
  • The impact of trade policy on export performance.
  • The relationship between social capital and economic growth.
  • The effect of labor market institutions on the gender wage gap.
  • The impact of financial liberalization on economic growth.
  • The role of human capital in technological innovation.
  • The effect of trade openness on innovation.
  • The impact of natural disasters on economic growth.
  • The relationship between inequality and economic growth.
  • The effect of exchange rate volatility on international trade.
  • The impact of banking regulation on financial stability.
  • The role of venture capital in financing innovation.
  • The effect of regional trade agreements on economic growth.
  • The impact of financial development on economic growth in emerging markets.
  • The relationship between government spending and economic growth.
  • The effect of monetary policy on credit markets.
  • The impact of innovation on firm performance.
  • The role of social networks in job search and labor market outcomes.
  • The effect of international capital flows on income inequality.
  • The impact of natural resource dependence on political instability.
  • The relationship between financial development and income mobility.
  • The effect of tax competition on fiscal policy.
  • The impact of labor market institutions on unemployment.
  • The role of infrastructure investment in economic development.
  • The effect of monetary policy on financial market volatility.
  • The impact of fiscal policy on income redistribution.
  • The role of digital currencies in the future of finance.
  • The effects of the gig economy on labor markets.
  • The impact of artificial intelligence on economic growth.
  • The relationship between climate change and economic growth.
  • The role of blockchain technology in supply chain management.
  • The effects of automation on the labor market.
  • The impact of E-commerce on traditional retail industries.
  • The relationship between social media and consumer behavior.
  • The role of data analytics in business decision-making.
  • The effects of globalization on income inequality.
  • The impact of digital platforms on the sharing economy.
  • The relationship between education and economic growth in the digital age.
  • The role of fintech in financial inclusion.
  • The effects of trade policies on global supply chains.
  • The impact of corporate social responsibility on business performance.
  • The relationship between immigration and economic growth.
  • The role of venture capital in stimulating innovation and economic growth.
  • The effects of the circular economy on sustainable development.
  • The impact of cybersecurity threats on the global economy.
  • The relationship between gender inequality and economic growth.
  • The role of green finance in promoting sustainable development.
  • The effects of automation on income inequality.
  • The impact of the sharing economy on traditional business models.
  • The relationship between human capital and economic growth.
  • The role of technology transfer in international trade.
  • The effects of regulatory frameworks on innovation.
  • The impact of government policies on the growth of start-up companies.
  • The role of venture philanthropy in social entrepreneurship.
  • The effects of digital disruption on the financial services industry.
  • The impact of the circular economy on job creation.
  • The relationship between health outcomes and economic growth.
  • The role of impact investing in social and environmental sustainability.
  • The effects of trade agreements on the global economy.
  • The impact of entrepreneurship on economic growth.
  • The relationship between innovation and income inequality.
  • The role of corporate governance in sustainable business practices.
  • The effects of immigration policies on labor market outcomes.
  • The impact of international capital flows on economic development.
  • The relationship between corporate social responsibility and financial performance.
  • The role of innovation clusters in regional economic development.
  • The effects of digitalization on productivity.
  • The impact of the sharing economy on urban development.
  • The relationship between social entrepreneurship and economic growth.
  • The role of government policies in promoting sustainable development.
  • The effects of demographic changes on the economy.
  • The impact of digitalization on economic development in developing countries.
  • The relationship between consumer behavior and sustainability.
  • The role of private equity in stimulating economic growth.
  • The impact of government spending on economic growth
  • The effects of minimum wage laws on employment and poverty rates
  • The role of government subsidies in promoting renewable energy adoption
  • The impact of trade liberalization on economic growth and income inequality
  • The effectiveness of monetary policy in managing inflation and unemployment
  • The determinants of foreign direct investment flows in emerging markets
  • The role of financial markets in economic development
  • The impact of globalization on the labor market
  • The effects of tax policies on economic growth and income distribution
  • The role of human capital in economic growth and development
  • The economics of climate change and the environment
  • The effects of population aging on economic growth and social welfare
  • The impact of social safety net programs on poverty reduction
  • The effects of corruption on economic development and political stability
  • The impact of technological innovation on labor market outcomes
  • The economics of healthcare policy and healthcare markets
  • The determinants of entrepreneurship and small business success
  • The effects of income inequality on economic growth and social welfare
  • The economics of urbanization and regional development
  • The role of foreign aid in promoting economic development
  • The impact of fiscal policy on economic growth and government debt
  • The effects of financial regulation on economic stability and growth
  • The economics of education policy and school choice
  • The determinants of consumer behavior and market outcomes
  • The role of multinational corporations in the global economy
  • The effects of immigration on labor markets and economic growth
  • The impact of monetary policy on financial markets and stability
  • The economics of natural resource management and conservation
  • The determinants of industrial competitiveness and productivity
  • The effects of trade policies on economic growth and regional integration
  • The role of institutional quality in economic development
  • The impact of technological change on income inequality
  • The economics of innovation and intellectual property rights
  • The effects of financial globalization on emerging markets
  • The role of infrastructure investment in promoting economic development
  • The impact of exchange rate policies on international trade and investment
  • The determinants of consumer credit and debt behavior
  • The effects of social media and online platforms on market competition
  • The role of international organizations in global economic governance
  • The impact of natural disasters on economic development and poverty
  • The economics of gender inequality and discrimination
  • The effects of government regulation on business behavior and market outcomes
  • The role of behavioral economics in understanding market behavior
  • The impact of public investment on economic growth and social welfare
  • The determinants of household saving and investment behavior
  • The economics of renewable energy and clean technology adoption
  • The effects of economic sanctions on international trade and investment
  • The role of information and communication technologies in economic development
  • The impact of globalization on income distribution and poverty
  • The economics of international migration and remittances.
  • The effects of income inequality on economic development
  • An analysis of the efficiency of market structures in different industries
  • The role of technology in economic growth and development
  • The impact of international trade on economic development
  • An investigation into the determinants of inflation
  • The effects of labor market regulations on employment and productivity
  • An analysis of the relationship between economic growth and environmental sustainability
  • The role of institutions in economic development
  • The impact of foreign aid on economic development
  • The effects of taxation on economic growth
  • An investigation into the factors that contribute to economic fluctuations
  • The effects of globalization on income distribution
  • The impact of education on economic growth and development
  • The role of infrastructure in economic development
  • The effects of trade liberalization on economic growth
  • An analysis of the impact of exchange rates on trade and investment
  • The relationship between innovation and economic growth
  • The impact of government policies on the agricultural sector
  • The effects of corruption on economic development
  • An investigation into the effects of demographic changes on economic growth
  • The impact of financial crisis on economic growth
  • The effects of foreign direct investment on economic growth
  • An analysis of the effects of natural resources on economic development
  • The impact of healthcare on economic growth
  • The effects of international migration on the economy
  • The relationship between poverty and economic development
  • The role of infrastructure in promoting economic growth
  • An investigation into the effects of regional economic integration
  • The impact of foreign trade on economic development
  • The effects of government regulation on economic growth
  • An analysis of the role of technology in improving economic efficiency
  • The impact of population growth on economic development
  • The effects of government spending on income inequality
  • The role of the financial system in economic growth
  • The impact of energy policies on economic development
  • An investigation into the effects of intellectual property rights on economic growth
  • The effects of trade on labor markets
  • The role of social capital in economic development
  • The effects of regional inequality on economic development
  • An analysis of the impact of financial market development on economic growth
  • The impact of international trade on technological progress
  • The effects of financial regulation on economic growth
  • The role of institutions in promoting entrepreneurship
  • The impact of healthcare policies on economic growth
  • An investigation into the effects of income redistribution on economic growth.

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50+ Economics research Topics and Topic Ideas for dissertation

The ultimate goal of economic science is to improve the living conditions of people in everyday lives. Economists study how to utilize the available scarce resources to maximize value and thus profits. The concerns of economics today are largely focused on issues such as opportunity cost, consumption and production, borrowing, saving, investments, occupations and employment, trades markets, pricing and human behavior concerning making economic decisions.

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Given that economics covers a lot of issues in society today coupled with the multitude of research studies within the existing literature, many economics students find it difficult to find the most suitable economic research topic for their undergraduate project, master’s thesis, and dissertations. Technological advancement has also increased the pace of transformation and globalization creating new areas in economics that are worth research. Our economics experts have curated a list of research paper topics in economics that you can use to get the perfect research paper topic.

top research topics in economics

Micro-Economics Research Topics

Microeconomics deals with the economic behavior of individual isolated units of the economy like an individual, a household, a company, and industry. Micro-economists study factors that influence economic choices, markets and their key elements such as demand and supply and analyze markets and determine the prices for goods and services that best allocate the available limited resources. Some of the best research topics in microeconomics that you can use for your thesis or dissertation include:

1. The effect of income changes on consumer choices

2. The effect of labor force participation on the economy and budget – A comparison

3. The impact of marital status on the labor force composition: A case of [your country] economy

4. The difference in the consumption attitude in [your country] over the last decade – Critical analysis of consumer behavior trends

5. The relationship between salary levels and ‘economic convergence’ in [your country]?

6. Analyzing salary inequalities in [your country] and the forces behind such inequalities.

7. The evolution of consumption in [your country] over the last 10 years: Trends and consumer behavior.

8. Dynamics of the Gini index as a reflection of the problem of inequality in income 

9. Cashless economy: The impact of demonetization on small and medium businesses

10 Privatization of Public Enterprises and its implications on economic policy and development

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top research topics in economics

Macroeconomics Research Topics

1. The relationship between economic growth and unemployment in [your country]

2. Global recession and factors that contribute to it.

3. Impact of government expenditure on economic growth in [country]

4. The impact of company income tax revenue on the developing economies- A comparative analysis of Kenya, India, and Nigeria

5. The relationship between common stock prices and inflation in [your country]

6. The relationship between inflation and government spending in [your country] economy.

7. The effect of currency devaluation on small and medium firms- A case study of selected multinationals in [your country]

8. The relationship between internet connectivity and productivity in the workplace 

9. The evolution of the stock market in [your country]: Causes and consequences

10 Unemployment and regional mobility of labor in [your country]

11 A comparison of the United States unemployment to the rest of the world

Research Topics on International Trade

1. The relationship between economic growth and international trade

2. To what extent does a currency union affect trade: A case of the United States

3. What are the gains and losses of international trade for developing countries?

4. Foreign direct investment in the United States: Determinants and impact

5. The effects of the banana crisis on the Jamaican and British economies

6. The impact of Brexit on small and middle businesses in the UK

7. The relationship between foreign direct investment and wages- A comparative analysis of USA and China

8. The roles of exchange rate and exchange rate regime in the US export

9. The importance of international trade in developing countries

10 To what extent are the gains of less developed countries from tradeliberalization exaggerated?

Environmental economics research paper topics

Economic activities such as production have a significant impact on the environment such as pollution and depletion of natural resources. Environmental economics studies these impacts and other environmental issues. Below are some of the best research paper topics in environmental economics.

1. An economic examination of waste disposal programs in the United States

2. Man-made environmental disasters: who bears the economic liability?

3. The economics of land- a comparative analysis of land sharing and land sparing in the United States

4. The impact of waste disposal programs to America’s Environmental Policy: An economic evaluation

5. Water management and conservation policies in the United States and the UK- a comparative analysis

6. The economic implications of climate policy changes because of different climate change assessment mechanisms

7. Investigating the cost of organizational environmental analysis in the United States

8. What are the determinants of climate policy formulation in the United States? An economic scrutiny

9. The economic perspectives of distribution of natural resources across boundaries

10 The impact of technological innovation for clean and green products on the environment

11 The impact of work-life balance on social eco-systems: perspectives from the United States

12 The relationship between financial subsidies and generation of eco-friendly products

Research Paper Topics on Behavioral Economics

Behavioral economics examines the psychology behind economic activities and economic decision making. It examines the limitation of the assumption that individuals are perfectly normal. Good behavioral economics topics cover subjects such as bounded rationality, irrational exuberance, and choice architecture. 

1. Inducing choice paralysis: how retailers bury customers in an avalanche of options

2. The behavioral economics of discounting- A case study of amazon

3. Pricing and the decoy effect; how corporations ‘nudge’ consumers to spend more

4. Big data and implications for behavioral economics

5. A study of how the United States market benefitted from behavioral economics theory

6. How has behavioral economics influenced the real-world context? A case of online purchase behavior

7. Weight management through behavioral economics: use of incentives

8. What motivates consumers? A behavioral economics perspective

9. Using behavioral economics to help in reducing substance abuse

10 Addressing lifestyle management for diabetes through behavioral analysis- insights from the US healthcare sector

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Development Economics research paper topics

1. The impact of multinational commodity trading through the development economic perspective

2. The impact of globalization on income distribution in emerging economies

3. Investigating the relationship between migration and development economics

4. Budgeting and decision making by low-income earners in emerging economics

5. Investigating the relationship between family planning, labor force, and income fluctuations

6. The impact of natural disasters on development in emerging economies

7. The impact of population growth on development economics- review of India

8. The determinants of high performing institutions in emerging economies

9. Comparative economic patterns of villages across Virginia

10 Aid and economic growth of developing economies- a review

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top research topics in economics

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134 Economics Thesis Topics: Ideas for Outstanding Writing

top research topics in economics

Writing a thesis is not an easy task. For most of the students, it can be even intimidating, especially when you do not know where to start your research.

Here, we have provided an economics thesis topics list. After all, everyone knows that choosing the right idea is crucial when writing an academic paper. In economics, it can combine history, math, social studies, politics, and numerous other subjects. You should also have solid foundations and a sound factual basis for a thesis. Without these elements, you won’t be able to master your research paper.

The issue is:

It is not always clear what could be seen as an excellent economics thesis topic. Our experts can assist you with this challenge. This list contains some outstanding examples to get you started.

  • ⭐ Thesis in Economics
  • 🔥 Supreme Thesis Topics
  • 👍 Bachelor’s Thesis
  • 😲 Master’s Thesis

📊 Microeconomics

📈 macroeconomics.

  • 🤔 Developmental
  • 👨‍💼 Behavioral
  • 💼 Financial
  • 🌱 Agricultural
  • 🤝‍ Sociology
  • 📚 Ph.D. Topics
  • 📝 How to Pick a Topic

⭐ What Does a Thesis in Economics Look Like?

A good thesis in economics is a blend between an empirical paper and a theoretical one. One of the essential steps in choosing a topic in economics is to decide which one you will write.

You may write, research, analyze statistical data and other information. Or build and study a specific economic model.

Or why not both!

Here are some questions you can ask when deciding what topic to choose:

  • What has already been written on this topic?
  • What economic variables will my paper study?
  • Where should I look for the data?
  • What econometrics techniques should I use?
  • What type of model will I study?

The best way to understand what type of research you have to do is to write a thesis proposal. You will most probably be required to submit it anyway. Your thesis supervisor will examine your ideas, methods, list of secondary and primary sources. At some universities, the proposal will be graded.

Master’s thesis and Bachelor’s thesis have three main differences.

After you get the initial feedback, you will have a clear idea of what to adjust before writing your thesis. Only then, you’ll be able to start.

🔥 Supreme Economics Thesis Topics List

  • Fast fashion in India.
  • The UK housing prices.
  • Brexit and European trade.
  • Behavioral economics.
  • Healthcare macroeconomics.
  • COVID-19’s economic impact.
  • Global gender wage gap.
  • Commodity dependence in Africa.
  • International trade – developing countries.
  • Climate change and business development.

👍 Economics Bachelor’s Thesis Topics

At the U.S. Universities, an undergraduate thesis is very uncommon. However, it depends on the Department Policy.

The biggest challenge with the Bachelor’s Thesis in economics concerns its originality. Even though you are not required to conduct entirely unique research, you have to lack redundant ideas.

You can easily avoid making this mistake by simply choosing one of these topics. Also, consider visiting IvyPanda essays database. It’s a perfect palce to conduct a brainstorming session and come up with fresh ideas for a paper, as well as get tons of inspiration.

  • The impact of the oil industry on the economic development of Nigeria. The oil industry is vital for the economic development of Nigeria. In this thesis, students can discuss the notion of the resource curse. Analyze the reasons why general people are not benefiting from the oil industry. Why did it produce very little change in the social and economic growth of the country?
  • Sports Marketing and Advertising: the impact it has on the consumers.
  • Economic opportunities and challenges of investing in Kenya .
  • Economic Development in the Tourism Industry in Africa. Since the early 1990s, tourism significantly contributed to the economic growth of African countries. In this thesis, students can talk about the characteristics of the tourist sector in Africa. Or elaborate on specific countries and how their national development plans look like.
  • Globalization and its significance to business worldwide .
  • Economic risks connected to investing in Turkey .
  • The decline in employment rates as the biggest American economy challenge .
  • The economics of alcohol abuse problems. In this thesis, students can develop several essential issues. First, they can examine how poverty is connected to alcohol abuse. Second, they can see the link between alcohol consumption and productivity. To sum up, students can elaborate on the economic costs of alcohol abuse.
  • Causes and solutions for unemployment in Great Britain.
  • Parallel perspective on Global Economic Order: China and America. This thesis can bring a comparative analysis of the economies to a new level. China and The US are the world’s two largest economies. These two countries have a significant impact on the global economic order. So, looking at the set of institutions, policies, rules can be constructive.
  • The new international economic order after COVID-19
  • Financial stability of the banking sector in China.
  • New Electronic Payment Services in Russia.
  • The influence of culture on different entrepreneurial behaviors.
  • The impact of natural cultural practices on entrepreneurial activity.
  • The relationships between national culture and individual behavior.
  • The main reasons for salary inequalities in different parts of the U.S.

😲 Economics Master’s Thesis Topics

Student life can be fascinating, but it comes with its challenges. One of which is selecting your Master’s thesis topic.

Here is a list of topics for a Master’s thesis in economics. Are you pursuing MPhil in Economics and writing a thesis? Use the following ideas as an inspiration for that. They can also be helpful if you are working on a Master’s thesis in financial economics.

  • The impact of visual aid in teaching home economics.
  • The effect of income changes in consumer behaviors in America.
  • Forces behind socio-economic inequalities in the United States. This thesis can explore three critical factors for socio-economic differences in the United States. In the past 30 years, social disparities increased in the United States. Some of the main reasons are technology, trade, and institutions.
  • The relationships between economic growth and international development.
  • Technological innovations and their influence on green and environmental products.
  • The economics of non-solar renewable energy .

Renewable energy is beneficial for various economic reasons.

  • The economic consequences of terrorism . Terrorism not only takes away lives and destroys property but also widely affects the economy. It creates uncertainty in the market, increases insurance claims, slows down investment projects, and tourism. This thesis can address all of the ways in which terrorism can affect economies.
  • Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) implementation in the Oil and Gas Industry in Africa.
  • Use of incentives in behavioral economics.
  • Economic opportunities and challenges of sustainable communities .
  • Economics of nuclear power plants.
  • Aid and financial help for emerging markets. This topic is very versatile. Students can look at both the positive and the adverse effects that funding has on the development. There are plenty of excellent examples. Besides, some theories call international help a form of neocolonialism.
  • Multinational firms impact on economic growth in America .
  • The effect of natural disasters on economic development in Asia.
  • The influence of globalization on emerging markets and economic development.

📑 More Economics Thesis Topics: Theme

For some students, it makes more sense to center their search around a certain subject. Sometimes you have an econ area that interests you. You may have an idea about what you want to write, but you did not decide what it will be.

If that’s the case with you, then these economics thesis topics ideas are for you.

  • An analysis of the energy market in Russia.
  • The impact of game theory on economic development.
  • The connection between minimum wage and market equilibrium.
  • Gender differences in the labor market in the United States. This topic can shed light on gender differences in the labor market in the United States. In the past years, the overall inequality in labor in the markets decreased. However, there is still a lot of work that can be done.
  • Economic reasons that influence the prices of oil .
  • Relationship between the Lorenz curve and the Gini coefficient.
  • Challenges of small businesses in the market economy.
  • The changes in oil prices: causes and solutions . Universal economic principles do not always apply to the sale and purchase of the oil. The same happens with its cost. In the thesis, talk about what affects the prices. What are the solutions that can be implemented?
  • The economic analysis of the impact of immigration on the American economy.

Immigration has a little long-run effect on Americans’ wages.

  • Economic inequality as a result of globalization . Economic inequality becomes even more apparent on the global level. There is a common belief that globalization is the cause of that. Discuss what can be the solutions to these problems. This topic is vital to minimize the gap between the rich and the poor.
  • The economic explanation of political dishonesty .
  • Effect of Increasing Interest rates costs in Africa .
  • The connection between game theory and microeconomics.
  • Marketing uses in microeconomics.
  • Financial liability in human-made environmental disasters.
  • Banks and their role in the economy. Banks are crucial elements of any economy, and this topic covers why. You can explain how banks allow the goods and services to be exchanged. Talk about why banks are so essential for economic growth and stability.
  • Inflation in the US and ways to reduce its impact.
  • The connection between politics and economics.
  • Income Dynamics and demographic economics.
  • US Market Liquidity and macroeconomics.
  • Macroeconomics and self-correction of the economy .
  • The American economy, monetary policy, and monopolies .
  • The importance of control in macroeconomics. One of the central topics in macroeconomics is grouped around the issue of control. It is quite reasonable that control over money and resources should become a topic of discussion.
  • Analysis of Africa’s macroeconomics and its performance.
  • Economics of education in developing markets.
  • Problems and possible solutions for Japan macroeconomics .
  • Comparative analysis of British macroeconomics concerning the US .
  • Public policies and socio-economic disparities.
  • The world problems through macroeconomic analysis. Indeed, macroeconomics is very complicated. There are many influences, details, and intricacies in it. However, it allows economists to use this complex set of tools to examine the world’s leading problems today.

There are four main problems in macroeconomics.

  • The connection between employment interest and money.

🤔 Development Economics

  • Economics of development . This topic is very rich in content. First, explain what it is. Then pay particular attention to domestic and international policies that affect development, income distribution, and economic growth.
  • The relation between development and incentive for migration.
  • The impact of natural disasters on the economy and political stability of emerging markets.
  • The economic consequences of population growth in developing countries.
  • The role of industrialization in developing countries . The industrialization has been connected with the development. It promotes capital formation and catalyzes economic growth in emerging markets. In this thesis, you can talk about this correlation.
  • Latin American economic development.
  • Gender inequality and socio-economic development .
  • Problems of tax and taxation in connection with economic growth.
  • The economic impact of terrorism on developing markets.
  • Religious decline as a key to economic development. Not everyone knows, but a lot of research has been done in the past years on the topic. It argues that decreased religious activity is connected with increased economic growth. This topic is quite controversial. Students who decide to write about it should be extra careful and polite.

👨‍💼 Behavioral Economics

  • Risk Preferences in Rural South Africa.
  • Behavioral Economics and Finance .
  • Applied behavioral economics in marketing strategies. If you want to focus your attention on marketing, this topic is for you. Behavioral economics provides a peculiar lens to look at marketing strategies. It allows marketers to identify common behaviors and adapt their marketing strategies.
  • The impact of behavioral finance on investment decisions.
  • Behavioral Economics in Child Nutrition Programs in North Texas.
  • Guidelines for Behavioral Economics in Healthcare Sector.
  • Cognitive and behavioral theories in economics .
  • Cross-cultural consumer behavior and marketing communication. Consumers are not only affected by personal characteristics, but also by the culture they are living in. This topic focuses on the extent it should determine marketing strategy and communication.
  • Behavior implications of wealth and inequality.

The richest population holds a huge portion of the national income.

  • Optimism and pessimism for future behavior.

💼 Financial Economics

  • Financial Economics for Infrastructure and Fiscal Policy .
  • The use of the economic concept of human capital. Students can focus on the dichotomy between human and nonhuman capital. Many economists believe that human capital is the most crucial of all. Some approach this issue differently. Therefore, students should do their research and find where they stand on this issue.
  • The analysis of the global financial crisis of 2020s. Share your thoughts, predictions, ideas. Analyze the economic situation that affects almost everyone in the world. This thesis topic will be fresh and original. It can help to start a good and fruitful conversation.
  • The big data economic challenges for Volvo car.
  • The connection between finance, economics, and accounting.
  • Financial economics: Banks competition in the UK .
  • Risk-Taking by mutual funds as a response to incentives.
  • Managerial economics and financial accounting as a basis for business decisions.
  • Stock market overreaction.

🌱 Agricultural Economics

  • Agricultural economics and agribusiness.
  • The vulnerability of agricultural business in African countries.
  • Agricultural economics and environmental considerations of biofuels .
  • Farmer’s contribution to agricultural social capital.
  • Agricultural and resource economics. Agricultural and resource economics plays a huge role in development. They are subdivided into four main characteristics which in this topic, students can talk about: – mineral and energy resources; – soil resources, water resources; – biological resources. One or even all of them can be a focus of the thesis.
  • Water as an economic good in irrigated agriculture.
  • Agriculture in the economic development of Iran.
  • The US Agricultural Food Policy and Production .
  • Pesticides usage on agricultural products in California.

The region of greatest pesticide use was San Joaquin Valley.

  • An analysis of economic efficiency in agriculture. A lot of research has been done on the question of economic efficiency in agriculture. However, it does not mean there is no place for your study. You have to read a lot of secondary sources to see where your arguments can fit.

🤝‍Economic Sociology

  • Theory, approach, and method in economics sociology.
  • Economic sociology of capitalism. While economists believe in the positive effect capitalism has on the economy, the social effect is quite different. The “economic” part of the issue has been studied a lot. However, the sociology of it has been not. This thesis can be very intriguing to read.
  • Political Economy and Economic Sociology.
  • Gender and economic sociology .
  • Progress, sociology, and economics.
  • Data analysis in economics, sociology, environment .
  • Economic sociology as a way to understand the human mind.
  • Economic sociology of money.
  • Economics, sociology, and psychology of security.
  • Major principles of economic sociology. In the past decade, economic sociology became an increasingly popular field. Mainly due to it giving a new view on economics, human mind, and behavior. Besides, it explores relationships between politics, law, culture, and gender.

📚 The List of Ph.D. Topics in Economics

If you decide to go to grad school to do your Masters, you will likely end up getting a Ph.D. as well. So, with this plan in mind, think about a field that interests you enough during your Masters. Working with the same topic for both graduate degrees is easier and more effective.

This list of Ph.D. Topics in Economics can help you identify the areas you can work on.

  • Occupational injuries in Pakistan and its effect on the economy. Injuries are the leading cause of the global burden of disability. Globally, Pakistan was ranked 9th populated country with a large number of unskilled workers. In this dissertation, consider the link between occupational injuries and their effects on the economy.
  • The study of the Philippines’ economic development.

The Philippine economy is projected to continue on its expansionary path.

  • Financial derivatives and climate change .
  • Econometric Analysis of Financial Markets.
  • Islamic Banking and Financial Markets .
  • Health economics and policy in the UK.
  • Health insurance: rationale and economic justification. In this dissertation, students can find different ways to explain and justify health insurance. Starting to philosophical to purely economic grounds. In the past years, there was a lot of discussion regarding the healthcare system for all. What are some of the economic benefits of that?
  • Colombian economy, economic growth, and inequality.
  • Benefits of mergers and acquisitions in agribusiness.
  • Methods to measure financial risks when investing in Africa.
  • The significance of financial economics in understanding the relationship between a country’s GDP and NDP.
  • Network effects in cryptocurrency. Cryptocurrencies are not new anymore. However, it is still an original subject for a dissertation. Students can decide to choose several crypto coins and evaluate the importance of the network effect. This effect is particularly significant for Bitcoin. Explain why.
  • The comparison of the Chinese growth model with the American growth model.
  • An economic justification versus political expediency.
  • Pollution Externalities Role in Management Economics .

📝 How to Select an Economics Thesis Topic

As your academic journey is coming to an end, it’s time to pick the right topic for your thesis. The whole academic life you were preparing to undertake this challenge.

Here is the list of six points that will help you to select an economics thesis topic:

  • Make sure it is something you are genuinely interested in. It is incredibly challenging to write something engaging if you are not interested in the topic. So, choose wisely and chose what excites you.
  • Draw inspiration from the previous student’s projects. A great place to start is by looking at what the previous students wrote. You can find some fresh ideas and a general direction.
  • Ask your thesis advisor for his feedback. Most probably, your thesis advisor supervised many students before. They can be a great help too because they know how to assess papers. Before meeting with your professor, do some basic research, and understand what topic is about.
  • Be original, but not too much. You do not want to spend your time writing about a project that many people wrote about. Your readers will not be interested in reading it, but your professors as well. However, make sure you do not pick anything too obscure. It will leave you with no secondary sources.
  • Choose a narrow and specific topic. Not only will it allow you to be more original, but also to master a topic. When the issue is too broad, there is just too much information to cover in one thesis.
  • Go interdisciplinary. If you find yourself interested in history, philosophy, or any other related topic, it can help you write an exceptional thesis in economics. Most of your peers may work on pure economics. Then, the interdisciplinary approach can help you to stand out among them.

Some universities ask their students to focus on topics from one discipline.

Thank you for reading the article to the end! We hope this list of economics thesis topics ideas could help you to gather your thoughts and get inspired. Share it with those who may find it useful. Let us know what you think about it in the comment section below.

🔗 References

  • Economics Thesis Topics List: Seminars Only
  • How To Pick A Topic For Your Economics Research Project Or Master’s Thesis: INOMICS, The Site for Economists
  • What Do Theses and Dissertations Look Like: KU Writing Center, the University of Kansas
  • Writing Economics: Robert Neugeboren with Mireille Jacobson, University of Harvard
  • Economics Ph.D. Theses: Department of Economics, University of Sussex Business School, IDEAS_RePEc
  • World Economic Situation and Prospects 2018: United Nations
  • Undergraduate Honors Theses: Department of Economics, University of California, Berkeley
  • Economics Department Dissertations Collection: Economics Department, University of Massachusetts Amherst
  • Topics for Master Theses: Department of Economics, NHH, Norwegian School of Economics
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A very well written, clear and easy-to-read article. It was highly helpful. Thank you!

Thanks for your kind words! We look forward to seeing you again!

For research

Excellent research

These are very helpful and concise research topics which I have spent days surfing the internet to get all this while. Thanks for making research life experience easier for me. Keep this good work up.

Glad to hear that! Thank you for your feedback, Idris!

Thank you, Idris!

I wants it for msc thesis

The dilemma I faced in getting Thesis proposal for my M Phil programme is taken away. Your article would be a useful guide to many more students.Thank you for your guidance.

Thanks for the feedback, John! Your opinion is very important for us!

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top research topics in economics

  • 05 Jul 2022

Have We Seen the Peak of Just-in-Time Inventory Management?

Toyota and other companies have harnessed just-in-time inventory management to cut logistics costs and boost service. That is, until COVID-19 roiled global supply chains. Will we ever get back to the days of tighter inventory control? asks James Heskett. Open for comment; 0 Comments.

top research topics in economics

  • 09 Mar 2022

War in Ukraine: Soaring Gas Prices and the Return of Stagflation?

With nothing left to lose, Russia's invasion of Ukraine will likely intensify, roiling energy markets further and raising questions about the future of globalization, says Rawi Abdelal. Open for comment; 0 Comments.

top research topics in economics

  • 10 Feb 2022

Why Are Prices So High Right Now—and Will They Ever Return to Normal?

And when will sold-out products return to store shelves? The answers aren't so straightforward. Research by Alberto Cavallo probes the complex interplay of product shortages, prices, and inflation. Open for comment; 0 Comments.

top research topics in economics

  • 11 Jan 2022
  • Cold Call Podcast

Can Entrepreneurs and Governments Team Up to Solve Big Problems?

In 2017, Shield AI’s quadcopter, with no pilot and no flight plan, could clear a building and outpace human warfighters by almost five minutes. It was evidence that autonomous robots could help protect civilian and service member lives. But was it also evidence that Shield AI—a startup barely two years past founding—could ask their newest potential customer, the US government, for a large contract for a system of coordinated, exploring robots? Or would it scare them away? Harvard Business School professor Mitch Weiss and Brandon Tseng, Shield AI’s CGO and co-founder, discuss these and other challenges entrepreneurs face when working with the public sector, and how investing in new ideas can enable entrepreneurs and governments to join forces and solve big problems in the case, “Shield AI.” Open for comment; 0 Comments.

top research topics in economics

  • 06 May 2021

How Four Women Made Miami More Equitable for Startups

A case study by Rosabeth Moss Kanter examines what it takes to break gender barriers and build thriving businesses in an emerging startup hub. Open for comment; 0 Comments.

top research topics in economics

  • 20 Apr 2021
  • Working Paper Summaries

The Emergence of Mafia-like Business Systems in China

This study sheds light on the political pathology of fraudulent, illegal, and corrupt business practices. Features of the Chinese system—including regulatory gaps, a lack of formal means of property protection, and pervasive uncertainty—seem to facilitate the rise of mafia systems.

  • 02 Feb 2021

Nonprofits in Good Times and Bad Times

Tax returns from millions of US nonprofits reveal that charities do not expand during bad times, when need is the greatest. Although they are able to smooth the swings of their activities more than for-profit organizations, nonprofits exhibit substantial sensitivity to economic cycles.

top research topics in economics

  • 01 Feb 2021

Has the New Economy Finally Arrived?

Economists have long tied low unemployment to inflation. James Heskett considers whether the US economic policy of the past four years has shaken those assumptions. Open for comment; 0 Comments.

  • 06 Jan 2021

Aggregate Advertising Expenditure in the US Economy: What's Up? Is It Real?

We analyze total United States advertising spending from 1960 to 2018. In nominal terms, the elasticity of annual advertising outlays with respect to gross domestic product appears to have increased substantially beginning in the late 1990s, roughly coinciding with the dramatic growth of internet-based advertising.

top research topics in economics

  • 11 Dec 2020

Economic Jitters Push Pandemic Job Seekers to Big Companies, Not Startups

Small companies are receiving fewer applications, particularly from experienced professionals, according to research by Shai Bernstein and colleagues. How can startups overcome pandemic fears and compete for talent? Open for comment; 0 Comments.

  • 08 Dec 2020

Party-State Capitalism in China

China’s political economy has evolved from “state capitalism” to a distinctly party-driven incarnation. Party-state capitalism, via enhanced party monitoring and industrial policy, deepens ambiguity between the state and private sectors, and increases pressure on foreign capital, prioritizing the regime’s political survival above all.

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top research topics in economics

Nutrient adequacy for poor households in Africa would improve with higher income but not necessarily with lower food prices

Most people in sub-Saharan Africa cannot afford a nutritious diet. Using consumer demand system modelling, this study estimates diet quality sensitivity to changing income and prices of specific foods in Malawi, Niger, Uganda, Tanzania and Nigeria.

  • Ellen B. McCullough

top research topics in economics

The cultural evolution of collective property rights for sustainable resource governance

Understanding the forces behind the successful governance of common-pool resources is crucial to sustainable development. This study reveals the importance of establishing and enforcing ‘access rights’ in the face of intergroup conflicts over resources to facilitate the evolution of sustainable ‘use rights’.

  • Jeffrey Andrews
  • Matthew Clark
  • Monique Borgerhoff Mulder

top research topics in economics

Exploring socioeconomic similarity-inequality: a regional perspective

  • Mary Luz Mouronte-López
  • Juana Savall Ceres

top research topics in economics

China’s shadow banking in 2020–2022: an empirical study

top research topics in economics

Consumption responses to an unconditional child allowance in the United States

In 2021, the United States provided an unconditional child allowance to most families with children. Using anonymized mobile-location and debit/credit card data, the authors find that the benefits increased spending at childcare centres, health- and personal-care establishments, and grocery stores.

  • Zachary Parolin
  • Giulia Giupponi
  • Sophie Collyer

The interplay of ethics and genetic technologies in balancing the social valuation of the human genome in UNESCO declarations

  • Hristina Gaydarska
  • Kayo Takashima
  • Jusaku Minari

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top research topics in economics

How science is helping farmers to find a balance between agriculture and solar farms

In the French countryside, energy companies are rushing to set up solar farms, with the risk of marginalizing agriculture. Researchers are finding solutions.

  • Magali Reinert

Deep-sea mining opponents: there’s no free lunch when it comes to clean energy

  • Saleem H. Ali

Replace Norway as co-chair of High Level Panel for a Sustainable Ocean Economy

  • Diva J. Amon
  • Douglas J. McCauley
  • Henrik Österblom

Supply-chain adaptation

  • Lingxiao Yan

top research topics in economics

Economic modelling fit for the demands of energy decision makers

Decision makers need sector-specific, policy-focused, dynamic economic models with rich representations of technological progress. These allow them to understand how the energy transition is likely to unfold with different policies and what its impacts might be. A new generation of models is emerging to meet these demands, but more action is needed.

  • Pete Barbrook-Johnson
  • Jean-François Mercure
  • Timothy M. Lenton

top research topics in economics

Growth of biotech clusters over several decades through pioneering, variety and entrepreneurial science

Biotechnology (biotech) clusters have evolved over time. Being a top biotech region in the early years 1978–1990 still positively correlates with the cluster’s biotech strength decades later. An entrepreneurial orientation of scientific actors as well as a variety of networks with partners outside the cluster both contribute to sustained biotech activity.

  • Bart Van Looy
  • Grabowska Marcelina
  • Koenraad Debackere

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Top 50 Research Ideas in Economics

Exploring the Frontier: 50 Compelling Research Ideas in Economics

Dr. Somasundaram R

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Table of contents

The top 50 research ideas in economics is a complex task that can cover a wide range of topics. This journey into the world of economic exploration unveils 50 thought-provoking research ideas that span a multitude of crucial domains. From the profound impacts of AI to the intricate web of trade agreements and the delicate balance of environmental sustainability, these research avenues beckon economists , policymakers, and curious minds alike. Join us as we embark on an intellectual voyage through these compelling economic frontiers.

50 Compelling Research Ideas in Economics

Here are some research ideas spanning various subfields within economics that could be explored:

  • The Impact of Automation on Employment: Investigating how automation and artificial intelligence affect job markets and income inequality.
  • Universal Basic Income (UBI): Analyzing the economic and social implications of implementing a UBI.
  • Climate Change Economics: Studying the economic consequences of climate change and potential policy solutions.
  • Behavioral Economics in Public Policy: Exploring how insights from behavioral economics can be applied to shape public policies effectively.
  • Income Inequality and Wealth Distribution: Examining the causes and consequences of income inequality and potential policy interventions.
  • Health Economics: Investigating the economics of healthcare systems, including access, costs, and quality.
  • Trade Wars and Tariffs: Analyzing the economic impact of trade disputes and tariffs on global economies.
  • Cryptocurrency and Blockchain Technology: Studying the economic implications of cryptocurrencies and blockchain on traditional financial systems.
  • Education Economics: Researching the economic factors influencing access to quality education and its long-term effects.
  • Impact of COVID-19 on the Economy: Assessing the economic repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic and potential recovery strategies.
  • Economic Growth in Developing Nations: Analyzing factors that contribute to economic growth and development in emerging economies.
  • Labor Market Dynamics: Investigating trends in the gig economy, remote work, and the changing nature of employment.
  • Trade and Environmental Sustainability: Exploring the balance between international trade and environmental conservation.
  • Innovation and Economic Productivity: Studying the relationship between innovation, technological progress, and economic productivity.
  • Housing Market and Affordability: Examining the challenges of housing affordability and potential policy solutions.
  • Monetary Policy and Central Banking: Analyzing the role of central banks in stabilizing economies and controlling inflation.
  • Impact of Aging Populations: Investigating the economic implications of aging populations and strategies for sustainable retirement systems.
  • Gender Economics: Researching gender disparities in the workplace, pay gaps, and their economic impact.
  • Globalization and Income Mobility: Studying how globalization affects income mobility and inequality.
  • Natural Resource Economics: Analyzing the management and sustainability of natural resources like water, energy, and minerals.
  • Financial Crises and Regulations: Investigating the causes and consequences of financial crises and regulatory responses.
  • Economics of Education Technology: Exploring the impact of technology on educational outcomes and access.
  • Poverty Alleviation Strategies: Researching effective methods for reducing poverty and improving living standards.
  • Economics of Mental Health: Examining the economic costs and benefits of mental health interventions.
  • Digital Economy and E-commerce: Analyzing the economic dynamics of the digital marketplace and e-commerce.
  • Political Economy: Investigating the intersection of economics and politics, including the influence of political institutions on economic outcomes.
  • Economic Impact of Immigration: Studying the economic effects of immigration policies and immigrant contributions to host countries.
  • Supply Chain Disruptions: Analyzing the vulnerabilities and economic consequences of disruptions in global supply chains.
  • Economic Consequences of Natural Disasters: Investigating the economic recovery and resilience following natural disasters.
  • Economics of Happiness: Researching factors that contribute to individual and societal well-being.
  • Economics of Aging Workforce: Investigating the economic implications of an aging workforce, including retirement trends and pension systems.
  • Taxation Policies and Economic Growth: Analyzing the impact of different taxation policies on economic growth and government revenue.
  • Energy Economics: Researching the economics of renewable energy adoption, energy efficiency, and the transition to a low-carbon economy.
  • Social Capital and Economic Development: Studying the role of social networks and trust in fostering economic development.
  • Rural vs. Urban Development: Examining disparities in economic development between rural and urban areas and potential strategies for reducing these gaps.
  • Economic Impact of Tourism: Analyzing the economic benefits and challenges associated with the tourism industry.
  • Economics of Artificial Intelligence: Investigating how AI technologies are transforming industries, labor markets, and productivity.
  • Economic Consequences of Trade Agreements: Studying the effects of international trade agreements on global and regional economies.
  • Economic Impact of Healthcare Innovations: Researching the economic implications of medical breakthroughs and technological advancements in healthcare.
  • Economics of Addiction and Substance Abuse: Examining the economic costs of addiction and evaluating policy interventions.
  • Economic Resilience in the Face of Crises: Analyzing strategies for building economic resilience to withstand various shocks, including pandemics and economic crises.
  • Economics of Entrepreneurship: Investigating the role of entrepreneurship in driving innovation, job creation, and economic growth.
  • Economics of Water Scarcity: Studying the economic consequences of water scarcity and sustainable water management practices.
  • Economic Impact of Cultural Heritage: Researching the economic value of preserving cultural heritage and historical sites.
  • Economics of Philanthropy: Analyzing the economic impact of charitable giving and philanthropic activities.
  • Economics of Intellectual Property: Investigating the economic implications of intellectual property rights and innovation.
  • Economic Effects of Global Health Pandemics: Studying the long-term economic consequences of global health crises beyond COVID-19.
  • Economic Aspects of Aging Population: Examining the economic challenges and opportunities associated with an increasingly elderly population.
  • Economic Impact of Cybersecurity: Analyzing the economic costs and benefits of investments in cybersecurity.
  • Economic Analysis of Space Exploration: Investigating the economic viability and potential benefits of space exploration and commercialization.

These are just a starting point, and there are countless other research avenues within economics. Depending on your specific interests and expertise, you can delve deeper into any of these areas to develop research ideas that align with your goals.

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Search IDEAS All Articles Papers Chapters Books Software  In: Whole record Abstract Keywords Title Author Sort by: new options Relevance Oldest Most recent Most cited Title alphabet Recently added Recent & relevant Relevant & cited Recent & cited From: Any Year 2024 2023 2022 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 1985 1980 1975 1970 1960 1950 1940 1930 1900 1800 1700 To: Any Year 2024 2023 2022 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 1985 1980 1975 1970 1960 1950 1940 1930 1900 1800 1700 More advanced search New: sort by citation count and by recently added --> What is IDEAS? IDEAS is the largest bibliographic database dedicated to Economics and available freely on the Internet. Based on RePEc , it indexes over 4,600,000 items of research, including over 4,200,000 that can be downloaded in full text. RePEc is a large volunteer effort to enhance the free dissemination of research in Economics which includes bibliographic metadata from over 2,000 participating archives , including all the major publishers and research outlets. IDEAS is just one of several services that use RePEc data. For some statistics about the holdings on this site, see here . Authors are invited to register with RePEc to create an online profile. Then, anyone finding some of their research here can find your latest contact details and a listing of their other research. They will also receive a monthly mailing about the popularity of their works, their ranking and newly found citations. How do I find on IDEAS what I am looking for?

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Writing a College Paper – The List of Economics Topics to Consider

27 October, 2021

12 minutes read

Author:  Kate Smith

If you are studying Economics, at some point in your student life you will get an essay or a research paper to complete. Most likely, you will have to write many of such papers in different subjects during four years of undergraduate studies and then during your Master’s. Besides this, you will have to write a degree paper to get your qualification. If such a perspective already makes you nervous, don’t worry: we will help you to get through these tasks. In this guide, we will make the definition of an Economics research paper clear to you, and also explain how to choose the best topic for writing. We will also share the latest Economics topics so that you can use them to complete your assignments.

Economics Topics

What Is an Economics Research Paper?

First of all, let’s find out what an Economics research paper is. An Economics research paper is an academic work written by students, graduates, or researchers of either of the Economics subfields. It aims to contribute to the current state of economics and help resolve potential economic issues.

There are a few types of Economics research papers you need to know. Below, you can find them and understand what kind of assignment you were given and how to approach it:

  • Theoretical paper. The first type of Economics research paper is a theoretical one. While writing it, one needs to construct mathematical models to understand economic behavior. Graphical models are also possible to use in theoretical papers. But you don’t need to worry about writing them: due to their complexity, they are rarely required from undergraduate students;
  • A literature survey. This is a paper that aims to review many sources on certain Economics topics that are interesting to an essay writer , compare them, and find links between them. Writing an Economics literature survey requires selecting the relevant sources on your own and reading a lot to produce a thoughtful paper.
  • An empirical paper. When writing an empirical paper, a researcher needs to provide statistical data to prove or disprove their hypothesis. Also, such a paper often makes up a literature survey as its first part. Empirical papers are a popular type of assignment in colleges and universities;
  • An issue paper. This paper deals with a certain position stated on a policy question. To resolve the issue, a student needs to use economic analysis and provide data to prove their point of view. You can base your analysis on the information received in classes, in additional reading, etc. Feel free to use graphs and tables in your paper as well. The more scholarly sources you find, the better;
  • A case note. The last type of economic paper is a case note. This assignment deals with a certain legal case that needs to be assessed from an economic and legal point of view. In this paper, a student needs to describe the peculiarities of the case, the incident that led to a certain legal action, the procedure of investigation, and the court decision on the matter. The economic analysis is used to evaluate the relevant aspects of a court decision from an economics perspective.

A Quick Guide in Choosing the Right Topic

economics research paper topics

Now that you know the types of economic research papers, you need to understand how to choose the right economics papers topics. This is one of the most important stages of writing preparation, so pay close attention to the tips below:

  • Find out what interests you the most in Economics subjects. For some reason, you have chosen Economics among dozens of other majors, so try to remember why you did it. Then, remember those economic problems you were about to resolve once you become an economist. These issues can be used as your potential Economics research paper topics;
  • Create a list of the Economic topics to write about. Write down all the issues you’d like to explore while pursuing your degree in Economics. At the moment, don’t try to develop them in detail. You will do it a bit later;
  • Pick a few topics that fall into the scope of a particular subject. Once you have the list of potentially interesting Economic topics, think about their relevance for the particular course you are studying. Do any of them sound reasonable for your current assignment? Mark them on your list if they do;
  • Read background information on each of the topics. This step is required to understand how well these topics were researched before and how many sources you can find to base your reasoning on. Don’t omit this stage since it’s essential for writing a good paper on engaging and interesting topics in Economics;
  • Discuss the chosen Economic research topics with your instructor. Now it’s time to ask your instructor to take a look at the topics of your interest and evaluate which ones fit your academic requirements best. Then, narrow down your topic to a certain issue to make your paper concrete. At this point, consider asking any questions you have regarding your research, scholarly sources, and formatting guidelines.
  • Approve your topic and start working on it. Now, pick any of the economic research paper topics from our lists for instructor’s approval and start gathering references for them.

20 Undergraduates Economics Topics for Research

  • The history of economic thought: from Ancient Times to the Medieval period.
  • The breakthroughs in economic thought in the 20th century.
  • The history of American economic thought.
  • How can governments benefit from the law of self-interest?
  • The law of competition: is it a major driver of the state economy?
  • Role of agriculture in building a stable economy.
  • The cultural heritage from an economic perspective: how can states benefit from it?
  • Factors of unemployment in South America.
  • Overcoming poverty in Venezuela: what can its government do in 2023?
  • How does literacy influence a country’s economic success?
  • Corporate social responsibility and economics: how do they correlate?
  • The role of economic forecasting in building a steadfast economy?
  • The structure of the USA market.
  • The analysis of the workforce economics in Canada.
  • Predicting the GDP of Mexico in the next five years.
  • How does a stable economy help to reduce hunger?
  • The importance of health insurance for wageworkers.
  • The effect of chronic diseases on the middle-aged workforce in the USA.
  • Is free health care beneficial for governments?
  • The international trade in the 21st century: challenges and priorities.

20 Economic Debate Topics

  • Pros and cons of taxes: is it still reasonable to pay them in the 21st century?
  • The process of production: demand vs. supply.
  • Should the government take control over the state economy?
  • How can the government influence the labor market within the state?
  • Capitalism vs socialism: a comparative analysis.
  • Being an employer or an employee: the challenges and advantages.
  • Remote work vs office work from the state economics perspective: pros and cons.
  • The pros and cons of privatization of property.
  • Why do governments implement neoliberal economic reforms in developing countries?
  • Should Americans buy only made in USA products or imported ones?
  • Should governments implement taxes for the rich?
  • Should the USA compete with China?
  • Credit cards should not be issued to those with low income.
  • How are democracy and capitalism interconnected?
  • How does war impact economic growth?
  • Governments should cancel income tax: pros and cons.
  • A perfect market cannot be reached anywhere in the world.
  • Advantages of equal taxes for all American citizens.
  • Greece’s exit from the EU did not impact other EU members.
  • Homeschooling is more beneficial economically than studying in the classroom.

20 Interesting Behavioral Economics Research Topics

  • Macy’s case study: the behavioral economics of discounting.
  • The decoy effect and pricing: how corporations make people buy more.
  • The benefits for American society from behavioral economics theory.
  • The buying motivation of consumers from a behavioral economics point of view.
  • The concept of the economy of trust.
  • Uber case study as an example of the economy of trust.
  • How consumption makes people happy and why.
  • The phenomenon of shopaholism and its impact on modern world economics.
  • How behavioral economists assess marketing: a detailed review.
  • How to apply the theory of behavioral economics to real-life problem-solving?
  • Behavioral economics as a discipline: the methods and peculiarities of teaching. 
  • Applying behavioral economics to environment protection: approaches and challenges.
  • How can entrepreneurs benefit from behavioral economics theory in the UK?
  • Why is conscious consumption good for the environment?
  • Can behavioral economics principles be used to manage substance abuse in the USA?
  • The impact of inflation on the consumer’s buying motivation.
  • Cooperative behavior on criminals and police: a comparative analysis.
  • Strategic reasoning.
  • Studying morality and social preferences: how do they correlate?
  • The concept of prospect theory and reference dependence.

20 Microeconomics Topics

  • The methodology of Microeconomics.
  • How marital status impacts the workforce composition in France.
  • Analyzing consumer behavior trends: how the consumption attitude changed over the last 20 years.
  • The market and competition concepts: how do they correlate?
  • The sources and outcomes of inflation.
  • How does competition impact pricing?
  • Finding the demand and supply balance through a microeconomics perspective.
  • Product expenses and profit explanation: how to spend less and get more out of goods production?
  • The concept of perfect competition in microeconomics (with examples).
  • Peculiarities of stock market work.
  • Finding links between income changes and consumer choice.
  • The correlation between salary level and economic convergence in Germany.
  • The impact of demonetization on small and medium businesses.
  • Salary inequalities in Virginia, USA: why do they exist and what forces are behind them?
  • The concept of economics of uncertainty.
  • What is the imperfect competition?
  • Explaining the theory of production and its application to real-life cases.
  • Studying microeconomics: the methodology of research.
  • The economic nature of a firm: what purpose do we try to achieve by starting a small business?
  • What is a natural monopoly and how is it regulated in the USA and Latin America?

20 Current Economic Topics

  • Starting a business in pandemic times: challenges and outcomes.
  • How hiring remote workers can save the state economy during COVID times?
  • How to measure the state’s economic growth during a pandemic?
  • How does gender influence buying capacity?
  • The ways to lower consumption in the 21st century.
  • Social media marketing in the USA: the potentials and challenges for new businesses.
  • The role of digital marketing in consumer demand in 2023.
  • The consumer buying capacity during COVID: did people start buying fewer goods?
  • The future of the world economy after the pandemic ends.
  • The ways to recover the state economies from the COVID recession.
  • Do governments need to rethink their current economic policies in Africa?
  • How to maintain the economic growth in Third World countries?
  • Does overtime work contribute to the production: the case study of Nairobi leather factory.
  • Green economics: the benefits for developing countries.
  • The problem of unemployment in the EU and the methods of resolving it.
  • The new ways to overcome poverty in North Africa.
  • How to provide equal access to education in rural Asia?
  • The effects of gambling on the modern US economy.
  • Immigration trends and changes during COVID restrictions.
  • The effects of fiscal policy on the modern EU economy.

Now that you have all the knowledge to write a proper Economics research paper, you can pick the best topic from dozens of themes in various economics subfields. The topics presented and analyzed above fit undergraduate as well as graduate students. So don’t hesitate to make your choice now, approve it with your professor, and start outlining your draft. Doing your best at every stage of writing will guarantee a high grade for your paper.

A life lesson in Romeo and Juliet taught by death

A life lesson in Romeo and Juliet taught by death

Due to human nature, we draw conclusions only when life gives us a lesson since the experience of others is not so effective and powerful. Therefore, when analyzing and sorting out common problems we face, we may trace a parallel with well-known book characters or real historical figures. Moreover, we often compare our situations with […]

Ethical Research Paper Topics

Ethical Research Paper Topics

Writing a research paper on ethics is not an easy task, especially if you do not possess excellent writing skills and do not like to contemplate controversial questions. But an ethics course is obligatory in all higher education institutions, and students have to look for a way out and be creative. When you find an […]

Art Research Paper Topics

Art Research Paper Topics

Students obtaining degrees in fine art and art & design programs most commonly need to write a paper on art topics. However, this subject is becoming more popular in educational institutions for expanding students’ horizons. Thus, both groups of receivers of education: those who are into arts and those who only get acquainted with art […]

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Economics Research Topics

Do you struggle to develop economics research topics for a short or long project? This article provides top economics research topics for undergraduates to fit any assigned task. They cover a wide range of disciplines, so you will likely find something that suits you.

Quality economics research paper topics are a combination of empirical and theoretical research. One of the essential steps in selecting an economics project topics for degree students is deciding which one you will write about. You may be required to write, research, and analyze statistical data and other information. Or create and research a specific economic model.

Economics Paper Topics

Managerial Economics

Unveiling the Secret Impact of Freelance Labor in Business Growth: A Critical Analysis of UK Creative Industry

Nowadays, every new or established venture actively seeks and outsources its projects to freelancers that produce quality outcome within the allocated budget. That’s the reason freelancing has enabled businesses to generate higher profits, and resultantly spurted economic growth. This research idea seeks to analyze economic benefits associated with hiring freelance workers for any business project (writing, designing, developing, and etc). For this, you can gather data from business reports and publications, and use mixed methodology to draw descriptive and inferential statistics.

An Exploratory Study of Factors Enhancing Labor’s Productivity: A Case of Construction Industry in Bangladesh

This research explores factors that improvise labor productivity within construction industry. For this, you will need to do a thorough literature review, and dig out factors responsible for better labor performance. You can use probability sample to draw sample of contractors and workers for data collection. This will be followed by choosing an appropriate statistical analysis technique. This research will help contractors and construction supervisors to ensure efficient utilization of human resource, thus achieving cost effective outcomes.

Calculating the Cost of Maternity Leaves on Firm’s Profitability: A Study of Small and Medium Sized Firms in India

This unique research topic is about estimating the cost of maternity leaves on the firm’s profit. Due to data constraints, you will have to choose one country for which you will conduct the study. If you can’t get access to secondary data sources like SME’s data, then you will be administering questionnaire to expecting and non-expecting female employees. Using a Dynamic DND technique for both firms will let you estimate the cost on firm’s profit.

A Qualitative Analysis of Economic and Managerial Challenges of Start-Up Ventures: A Comparison of Developed Versus Underdeveloped Country

Thinking of starting or running a business may sound exciting. However, this is not always the case. Being your own boss can be challenging. This research paper will work as a helping guide for entrepreneurs who are planning to start their business. This will be a qualitative study based on formal interviews with entrepreneurs/CEO, managements, investors, and etc. A thematic analysis will let you draw themes, and make better comparison about problems faced by businesses in both the worlds.

Analyzing the Impact of Copyright Protection in Generating Revenue for Global Music Industry: A Case of Digital Music Streaming Platforms

For copyright protection, many popular online music streaming platforms like Spotify, Saavn, Soundcloud, and etc. charge a subscription fee; which then, generates revenue for the right owner. This global or national level data can be accessed through official sites of WIPO, copyright, IPR reports, and OECD. This research will reveal the importance of subscription fee in protecting copyrights among masses. Moreover, it will assist law enforcing and regulatory authorities to impose penalties on online music stream sites that infringe music copyrights.

Socio-Economic Research Topics

The Socio-Economic Lives of Handicapped Women: A Study of Challenges and Barriers to Social Participation in Pakistan

This research voices out the socio-economic challenges faced by handicapped women. By socio-economic challenges, we mean low education levels, low employment opportunities, low wages, high health cost, societal acceptance, financial dependence, and etc. The data for these factors can be gathered by personally administering the questionnaire. A non- probability sampling technique, most preferably, snow ball sampling will be suitable for deriving sample. This research will call for more social protection programs to relief them from this substantial economic burden.

Nexus Between Socio-Economic Status and Private Health Expenditures: An Explanation to Health Inequalities in Ukraine

People with low socio-economic background are unable to meet their private health expenditures. This is due to factors like lack of education, budget restraint, and low employment opportunities, and etc. which then limits their willingness to spend on health care services. You can test the effect of these factors and socio-economic status as a moderator on dependent variable using regression analysis. The data for these socio-economic indicators can be accessed through sites like World Bank, OECD, and WHO.

The Impact of Parent’s Education and SES on Child’s Academic Achievement: A Case of UAE

Parent’s educational background along with their socio-economic status plays an eminent role in child’s academic achievement. This is because parents with good educational background and high socio-economic status are likely to make good academic decisions for their children. The data for this study can be gathered by conducting informal interviews with pre-school students and their parents. Ordinary least square regression analysis will help to test direct and indirect effects of socio-economic status (low, middle, high) on child’s academic achievement.

Investigating the Role of Socio-Economic Challenges on Usage of Antenatal Healthcare Services: Evidence From Sub- Saharan Africa

The issue of maternal heath holds global significance. Despite numerous efforts being made by government bodies along with UNICEF, this region still reports highest Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR). This is due to socio-economic challenges such high poverty rate, high unemployment rate, low literacy rate, and etc. All these challenges make women reluctant to avail antenatal services, as a result higher MMR. With this topic on hand, you can conduct a secondary research and perform panel data analysis on dataset.

The Economic Burden of Dowry: Evidence From Turkey

Dowry puts substantial economic burden on bride’s family regardless of their social status. Even if the family struggles financially, it will strive to make a dowry worth 5-7 years’ income just by selling their property, livestock, land, or any other valuables. For this research, you need to go an extra mile and formulate questionnaire to gather data from unmarried females and brides-to-be. A good descriptive analysis comprising of cross tabulations, visual and charts, and percentages will let you visualize the data easily.

Sports Economics Research Topics

Analyzing the Impact of Sports and Fitness Reimbursement Policy on Player’s Performance: A Case of West Indies Cricket Team

The sports and fitness reimbursement policy covers a wide range of player’s fitness and wellness expenses such as gym membership, diet expense, training sessions, personal trainer fees, and etc. However, insufficient sports and fitness allowance is one of the reason explaining poor match performances by West Indies’ players. You can create database by accessing West Indies Cricket Board’s data. This research will call for more sports allowances to relief players from substantial economic burden.

A Dissertation on the Lows of Sports Market During COVID-19 Pandemic: Evidence From China

In recent times, COVID-19 guidelines have created uncertainty about matches; as a result, frequent match delays, event cancellations, and less audience per match were common. Moreover, the industry suffered the consequences in form of decline revenue per match, lack of sponsorship, less tourist inflow, and etc. You can work on this idea and answer how pandemic has affected different sectors of China’s sports market such as sports retail, sports goods production, gyms and training center’s revenue, sports arenas, sports betting and etc.

Football Tournaments as an Instrument to Spur Economic Growth: An Evidence From Brazil

This research topic aims to investigate the role of football tournaments as an indicator of economic growth. The notion behind this idea is that provision of sports facilities; construction of sports infrastructure, sports entertainment, sports kits production creates employment and marketing opportunities for masses. For this, you can work on World’s top football team, Brazil. This research has major implication for state officials by investing more in national sports industry in order to pave the path of economic development.

Sports and Happiness-Are They Related?: An Analysis of Positive Externalities From Sports Participation

Sports and physical activities pose health benefits which in turn decrease the overall public healthcare cost. Not only this, sports provide social benefits like social inclusion and decreased crime rate. All these positive externalities enhance individual happiness and give life satisfaction. You can shortlist all these externalities by reviewing past literature and incorporating them into your questionnaire later. Moreover, these externalities can be measured by using previously established scales.

An Exploratory Study of Counterfeit’s Supply Chain: A Case Study of Sports Goods Industry in Hong Kong

Counterfeiting are illegal businesses that promote criminal activities. The literature on demand side of counterfeiting is abundant while the supply side of counterfeiting still needs attention. This qualitative research will require you to conduct semi-structured interviews with the actors or facilitators of counterfeit sports goods. Purposive sampling seems suitable in this case; as it gives you the flexibility of keeping sample size small. A thematic analysis will let you draw themes and patterns from focus group discussions.

Agricultural Economics

Barriers to Feminization of Agricultural Labor Force: A Review of Economic Challenges of Female Farmers in India

Developing countries have greatest female labor force participation in agriculture. Yet many female farmers in rural India face serious gender discrimination in land and livestock ownership, access to credit, education attainment, income, and etc. These challenges can be analyzed by holding focus group discussions, and conducting a thematic analysis to draw meaningful patterns. This research will demand for provision of rights and opportunities to female farmers that will increase on-farm productivity.

Examining the Effect of Micro Credit Schemes on Agricultural Output of Rice: An Empirical Analysis of Nigeria

Many small scale farm owners lack access to credit which stops them from making investment that yield more crops. For this purpose, micro credit schemes were launched to provide credit to low income farmers and under privileged villagers. Till date, there is no evidence about the impact of this scheme on rice crop’s output. This study aims to fill this gap by conducting household surveys using multistage cluster sampling. Both descriptive and empirical analysis can be performed on acquired data set.

Modernization of Fresh Produce Supply Chains: Examining the Effect of E-Stores on Farmer’s Profitability in Europe

Throughout the Covid-19 times, there has been an incredible increase in online sales of fresh produce. Online fresh produce stores are not only popular among consumers but also among sellers as well. E-stores help farmers to save transportation and marketing cost by channeling their product directly to consumers. This research aims to investigate how such purchases affect seller’s profitability. For data analysis, you can consult past literature that will let you know about the most suitable technique.

An Exploratory Study on Farmer’s Willingness to Buy Crop Insurance: Evidence from Japan

This research topic seeks to explore the impact of various factors on farmer’s willingness to buy crop insurance. Numerous studies have underlined factors like farmer’s awareness, presence of risk, risk premium, and etc. that impact farmer’s perception to buy insurance. This exploratory study will use structured questionnaires administered to random sample of households in Japan. This research will motivate financial institutions to come up with more innovative products that incline well with farmer’s perceptions.

The Adverse Effect of Fuel Price Hike on Agricultural Products: Evidence From Asian Countries

The sudden rise in dollar, and hike in global fuel prices has shifted the entire burden of inflation on consumer. The price for agricultural produce is doubling with every passing day. This study can be based on fuel-price model used in past literature. You can download the time series price data for agriculture produce. Then you can test short run and long run relationship among these variables. The findings from this study will help policy makers to provide more inflation relief programs to cope with future price hike.

Applied Economics

Information Asymmetry in Anonymous Consumer Markets: Evidence From Classified Platform OLX in Pakistan

Though, electronic markets are convenient option for shopping; information asymmetry problem do exists in these markets. This research topic aims to discuss the presence of information asymmetry in case of Olx. For this study, you will have to design a questionnaire comprising of factors that affect information asymmetry in online markets such as price differentials, quality differentials, consumer perceptions, and etc. A descriptive analysis along with empirical analysis using SEM approach will be best suited for this data type.

Dynamic Association Between ICT and Smtes: Evidence from South Asian Countries

Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) has enabled mobile and web developments which have assisted tourism based companies to directly approach consumers regardless of their location. ICT tools have facilitated consumers around the globe by providing them access to tourism related products, services, and information. Consumers in turn use this information to make their travel plans. The data for these variables can be accessed through World Bank and OECD sites. This research will call for more investment in developing efficient ICT tools that can disseminate tourism information to even larger audience.

Examining Households’ Expenditures on Away From Home Meals: Using Household Production Approach on Middle Eastern Countries

The prevalence of away from home meal’s consumption has significantly increased in many high and middle income countries. This remarkable shift in consumer food choices can be attributed to various factors. This study seeks to analyze the impact of factors like female labor force participation, income, household size, price, and etc on consumer’s consumption of away from home meals i.e. breakfast, lunch, and dinner. The Becker’s household production model can be used to build the study model.

House Affordability: Demographic and Socio-Economic Factors in Developing Countries

Rapid urbanization has created severe house shortages especially in developing countries like Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Chile, and Pakistan. Not only this, other factors such as rising prices of construction material, rising land value, location, services and facilities and etc. have caused a substantial rise in house prices making house affordability impossible for buyers.  This study’s data can be accessed from OECD affordable housing database or IMF site. OLS method can be used to determine the significance of factors.   

Investigating the Effect of Non-Price Determinants on Firm’s Behavior: A Case of Sports Industry in Vietnam

The non-price factors of supply side include factors other than price that will affect producer’s willingness to sell a product. By non-price determinants, we mean technological advancement, expected future price, cost of factor inputs, number of suppliers within same market, and etc. All these factors should be modeled to explain producer’s willingness to sell sports goods. The data sources for this study include online data resources as well as annual or biannual company reports.

Behavioral Economics

Examining the Relationship Between Behavioral Motivations and Youngster’s Willingness to Buy Luxury Apparel Brands in Latin America

Over past few years, individual tend to spend a considerable portion of their income on purchasing luxury clothing brands. This study aims to find the impact of behavioral motivations in explaining student’s buying attitude. Behavioral motivations include consumer’s need for uniqueness, consumer’s vulnerability to normative influence, and etc. In this research, you can get a chance to check the mediating role of behavioral motives on purchase behavior by applying different statistical analysis techniques.

Does Social Media Simplifies Consumer’s Purchase Decisions by Signaling Information Cues?: Evidence From Sephora

The rise in social media technologies has facilitated interpersonal communication. Consumers use these product-based social sites to inquire information and personal experience about product. These products-oriented social sites tend to display product information and past purchase experiences. These information cues help consumer in making informed purchase decisions. With this topic you can choose to work with popular beauty drug store, Sephora. The data for this study can be obtained by accessing sales data of the store.  

Understanding Impulse Purchase Behavior: Evidence From Retail and Online Stores in France

Impulse purchase behavior occurs due to numerous factors such as environmental stimuli, mood and emotions, consumer intentions, and etc. For a more detailed analysis, you can check the significance of these factors by running two separate regressions i.e. one for retail store and other for online. With this research idea, you will have to conduct an exploratory study and gather data through online surveys. A convenient sampling technique will be most suitable for this kind of data methodology.

Investigating Bandwagon, Snob, and Veblen Effects in German Wedding Events

German people are big spenders when it comes to expenditures on wedding events and preparations. They practice various cultural traditions at weddings such as diamond ring ceremony, wearing expensive bridal attire, big cake cutting ceremony, and etc. These cultural traditions have become the new normal of this society. This research topic investigates bandwagon, snob, and Veblen effects in these wedding traditions. A multistage cluster sampling can be used to sample the targeted population, and a well designed questionnaire will be administered to gather household data.

Investigating the Economic Determinants of Criminal Behavior: A Post Covid-19 Case Study

This research idea aims to investigate economic factors that govern national crime rate. By economic determinants, we mean factors such as unemployment, firm’s downsizing, pay cuts, and more. Subject to data availability, you can turn this idea into either primary or secondary study. Some of the possible data sources are criminal reports, business reports, labor surveys and etc. This research will help policy makers to revise and implement their labor and employment policies in corporate sector which in turn will reduce post Covid-19 crime rate.

Business Economics

Nexus Between Civil Unrest on Business Revenue: A Panel Data Analysis of Developing Countries

Many developing countries are witnessing a higher rate of social unrest in form of protests, riots, labor strikes, anti-government protests, and etc. The increase in severity and frequency of such events can be attributed to increased cost of living. Moreover, the inflation got even worst after global pandemic-19. The civil unrest poses a serious threat to businesses because of rising cost of inputs; business operations are badly affected leading to low profitThe secondary data for these indicators can be obtained for World Bank, IMF, OECD, and other sites. A panel data analysis seems great for this research idea.

A Dissertation on Socio-Economic Determinants of Female Led Micro-Businesses in Pakistan: An Investigation of Female Entrepreneurs in Uganda

The role of female entrepreneurs in economic development of developing countries cannot be simply overlooked. Rather the pace for development depends on social, legal, economic, political factors. However, the scope of this study will be limited to socio-economic factors such as difficulty in credit sourcing, gender discrimination, family relations, availability of factor inputs, and etc. The data can be collected by conducting interview with small and medium female entrepreneurs. Both descriptive and inferential statistics like multivariate analysis can be performed to analyze the study data.

An Analysis of SME’s Crisis During the Covid-19 Pandemic: Using Mixed Method Analysis for Australia

In recent times, a new debate has started over the impact of Covid-19 on SME’s. The data for this study can be obtained through secondary sources like OECD, World Bank, and etc. The data can be analyzed using quantitative methods such descriptive analysis and qualitative analysis to highlight the challenges to survival of SME’s during the pandemic. In this crucial time, such researches will prove beneficial to policy makers by suggesting them managerial, economical, and financial policies that can support affected businesses in coping with the post effects of pandemic.

Training Need Assessment (TNA) of Female Entrepreneurs: An Analysis of Manufacturing and Services Sector in Yemen

Entrepreneur are the only one who bears risk, therefore, a special training program is needed that can assist them in taking business related decisions.  A good training and learning program can help in reaching optimal levels of output. With this research idea, you can work for female segment of population by using face-to-face survey method to gather data. This survey will help trainers in organizing sessions targeted to upgrade business, capabilities, and behavioral needs of everyday business.

The Effectiveness of Online Marketing for SMEs: A Qualitative Study of Food Restaurants in U.S

The motivation of this research is to find the effectiveness of digital advertisement for small and medium food business owners. The idea behind this notion is that different factors such as Word-of-mouth (WOM) communications, type of social media platforms, information about location, and etc. can effect food business growth. The data can be gathered through online survey. The findings from this study can help business owners in using social media advertisements for a positive change in their business revenues.

Development Economics

Poverty Reduction as a Strategy to Economic Development: A Comparison of Developed World With Under Developed World

Economic growth in itself is the most effective tool for poverty reduction and it works by improving the quality of life. High growth rates are not only associated with higher output levels but also high employment rates, improved governance, higher human and capital investment, and etc. This research idea analyzes the relation between poverty reduction and improved life quality on economic growth. A time series analysis can be conducted, and long and short run relationship among the variables can be investigated.

The Effectiveness of FDI And GDPI on Output Levels of Manufacturing Sector: A Case Study of Developing Countries

The motive behind this research is to analyze the relation between Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and Gross Domestic Private Investment on the output levels of manufacturing sector in developing countries. Neo-classical growth theory will serve as theoretical foundation for this research. A log-linear approximation is normally used for this kind of production function that includes capital and labor. The aggregate level data can be obtained through various economic and financial web pages.

Hydrocarbon Fuels and its Impact on Economic Growth: A Panel Data Analysis of Selected Developing Countries

This is another interesting research topic that aims to investigate long run and short run relationship between three versions of hydrocarbon fuels and economic growth on a sample of selected developing countries. A panel data co-integration technique will be most suitable to analyze the study data. The estimated results can be displayed in table depicting important estimates for Fixed effect, MG, and PMG.

A Qualitative Study of Factors Impeding Film Industry Growth: A Comparison of Developed World With Underdeveloped World

Developed countries are pioneer in producing high quality films while underdeveloped countries lag in coming up with even a good storyline. This research idea aims to investigate where and why the difference lies. For this, you need to seek various factors affecting the prosperity of film industry in two countries. Your sample will comprise of film producers/directors or even celebrity stars. Other than this, another possible data source can be national film board. This research will help policy makers to not only identify prominent ills within the industry but formulate policies to mitigate those ills and provide opportunities that will generate revenue and in turn lead to economic growth.

Investigating the Relation Between Education and R&D Expenditures on Economic Growth: An Empirical Analysis of Middle and High Income Countries

Investment in human capital in form of training, and investment in physical capital through R&D helps to enhance factor productivity which in turns yields higher output levels hence rapid economic growth. The higher income again leads to higher expenditures on education and capital. The convergence theory will provide the theoretical base for this research. This notion can be tested by performing a panel data analysis for selected middle and high income countries.

Economic Growth Research Paper Topics

Institutional Development as a Panacea to Low Growth Rates: A Panel Data Analysis of Different Countries

A country’s growth rate is highly dependent on the quality of its institutions. These institutions can be financial, political, educational, and etc. Institutional policies tend to improve government efficiency that helps in creating a supportive business environment. In short, healthy institutions are necessary for better economic performance that in turn leads to high growth numbers. The data for economic indicators can be obtained from different economic and financial sites. A panel co-integration approach will be most suitable to make inferential analysis.

Effectiveness of Second Industrial Revolution on Economic Growth: An Analysis of Trends in European Countries

The industrial revolution has helped agricultural and craft based economies to transform into mechanized large scale manufacturing units through introduction of machinery, power plants, and other capital intensive technologies.  This change was followed by an increase in overall wealth of the society; thus, enlarging middle income class. This study will analyze the effectiveness of industrial revolution on European countries’ economic growth by using time series data analysis techniques. Moreover, you can use different charts to analyze the trends in growth indicators over time.

Role of Tourism and Hospitality Industry on Economic Growth: A case Study of Switzerland

Tourism and hospitality industry is one of the major sources of economic growth for countries such as Switzerland. This sector works as a backbone of the economy by generating income and employment opportunities for masses. Moreover, it also helps to increase foreign exchange reserves of the country. You can check for the proxies used for these variable by consulting past literature. You can conduct a time series analysis on this data and examine long run and short run relationships among variables.

Nexus Between Global Warming and Green House Effect Emissions on Economic Development: A Panel Data Analysis of Selected Developed Nations

There is abundant literature on global warming and green house gas emissions on economic growth; but, still past literature on this topic is still not enough to devise appropriate policies that can promote growth and reduce gas emissions at the same time. You can consult past studies to find proxies for these variables and download data from OECD site. A panel data co-integration technique will be used with table depicting important estimates for Fixed effect, MG, and PMG.

Entertainment Industry as an Impetus to Economic Growth: A Case Study of Turkey’s Emerging Drama Industry

Entertainment industry is another major industry that gives rise to a sequence of other activities like tourism, hospitality services, food and transport services, and etc. This industry not only creates jobs but also increases country’s cash inflow. You can obtain secondary data from online database WebPages. Other than this, another possible data source can be television board. This research will help policy makers to work on policies oriented to towards development of this sector, and provide opportunities that generate revenue and in turn lead to economic growth.

Economic Sociology Research Topics

Dissecting Socio-Economic Inequalities in Health Status Among Children: Analyzing the Impact of Birth Order on Nutritional Status for India

According to social capillary theory, parents have limited resources; so as the number of children increases, it is likely to increase the family size which then results in low resources acquired by every child. Like many developing countries, India has reported a high percentage of malnutrition in children of different socio-economic backgrounds. The data can be accessed through National Family Heath survey. The data can be obtained on different variables like number of children, family size, education, income, and etc.

The Social and Economic Impact of Child Labor in Shoe Industry: An Empirical Evidence From Somalia

Within social economy, another popular issue is of child labor. Although, child labor is banned in many developed countries still we consciously or unconsciously consume child made products. Mostly, child labor is sourced through developing countries to produce low priced goods which are then sold by well known brands to earn high profits. With this topic, you will have to investigate what are the socio-economic consequences of child labor by holding interviews with study population.

Investigating the Impact of Social Capital on Business Development: A Case Study of Electronic Market in Pakistan

The social capital is based on social connections and this is what makes it important for business development. This research aims to find the impact of social capital on electronic (appliance) businesses in Pakistan. The social capital is a latent variable so you will have to use an already established scale and incorporate the relevant observed variables within your questionnaire. A non-probability sampling technique will be suitable to select the sample. The Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) will be used to model the impact of latent variables on endogenous variable.

The Causal Relationship Between Social, Political, and Economic Institutions and Terrorism: A Case Study of Afghanistan

Terrorism is a hot issue which needs utmost attention. This research aims to investigate the causal relationship between social, political, and economic variables and terrorism using Johansen Co-integration approach. Other than this, you can test the long run and short run relationships among the variables. The variable list may comprise of unemployment, political rights, GDP per capita, income inequality, and etc. You can easily get time series data for these variables by accessing online databases.

Estimating the Social and Economic Costs Associated With Counterfeit Cloths Market: A Case Study of China

The cloth industry loses a significant amount to counterfeiters. The counterfeiters incur socio-economic costs such as supplying sub-standard goods at high prices, deceiving consumers, promoting criminal activities, revenue losses, unemployment, unpaid taxes, infringing IPR, and etc. You can list out these costs y consulting past literature then use  OECD, WIPO, and survey reports to obtain study data. You can perform descriptive analysis and use different charts and frequency tables to visualize the data.

Energy Economics

Does Energy Transition Impedes Economic Development?: A Panel Data Analysis of Selected Developing Countries

Developing countries use energy resources to meet their primary economic and national objectives; meanwhile, the search for affordable yet reliable energy resource still continues as the environmental crisis hinders the pace for development. The transition from coal to renewable energy sources will help to reduce carbon emission but at the same time it affects the pace for the development. This is what this research aims to address. You can find proxies on these variables by reviewing the past literature, and perform panel data analysis to draw meaningful conclusions.

Investigating the Factors Affecting Electricity Prices: A Case Study of U.S.

Electricity prices comprise of many factors that can be grouped into following categories: the maintenance and operation costs that deals with costs incurred to maintain and operate power plants; customer type can be residential, commercial, and industrial; while, locality type means how the electricity in that area is being produced. Time series data for these variables can be accessed through database of electric power companies in U.S. ARDL model can be used to find long run and short run relationships among variables.

Where Does the Global Transport Emission Comes From?: A Segment Based Breakdown of Road, Aviation, and Shipping

Transport sector constitutes 24% of global carbon dioxide emission from energy. This research aims to find the segment wise contribution of CO2 on the basis of modes of transportation such as road, aviation, and shipping. These modes of transportation can be further classified as passenger and freight transport. The data on the global transport emission can be accessed through International Energy Agency (IEA). A descriptive analysis using charts and frequency tables will help to visualize the trends in data set.

Investigating the Role of Energy Efficiency on Labor Productivity: An Empirical Evidence From Manufacturing Sector in China

This is another great research topic which aims to examine the impact of energy efficiency in enhancing labor’s productivity through provision of suitable workplace. The role of better work environment on labor’s productivity cannot be simply overlooked. A good work environment comprises up of good lights, better air quality, stable room temperature, and etc. The data on these variables can be obtained through ILO or China’s labor department. OLS technique can be used to check for the direct and indirect effects.

Estimating the Economic Benefits of Energy Conservation: A Case of Electricity Demand in France

This unique research topic aims to calculate the economic benefits of energy conservation with respect to demand for electricity in France. The economic benefits may include control over utility bills, less dependence on earth’s natural resources (oil, natural gas, and coal), reduced price fluctuations, increase production of energy efficient products, and etc. You can incorporate more benefits like environmental benefits and social benefits. The data can be gathered by administering questionnaire to households.

Environmental Economics

Investigating the Role of Wildlife Protection in Economic Growth and Sustainable Development: A Study of Zimbabwe

The wildlife has a dynamic role in an economy as it provides the base for agricultural and industrial development which in turn contributes to economic growth and development. A nation benefits from its wildlife through tourism and export of animal based products. Not only this, other economic benefits include employment and income generation, and foreign exchange earnings. This research idea of finding the relation between wildlife and economic growth is to be explored for Zimbabwe, where wildlife protection programs are have been launched.

Estimation of Consumer’s Willingness to Pay for Improved Sanitary System: An Empirical Study of Slum Areas in India

Many slum areas in India have poor sanitary conditions. In such a situation, government is unable to give subsidy for improved sanitary system to masses; rather, it has to depend upon willingness to pay of every household. With this research, you will have to design a well structured questionnaire to gather data on household’s ability to pay for better sanitation services. A multistage cluster sampling will be most effective to sample  the population. Contingent Valuation Method will be used to estimate the economic value of sanitary improvements.

Economic Benefits of Marine Ecosystem Services: Evidence From Finland

Like many ecosystems on earth, marine ecosystem has numerous benefits like providing sea food, raw material, decoration items, transportation, recreational facilities, and etc. With this research idea; firstly, you will have to identify all services of marine ecosystem by conducting a detailed review of past literature; this can be then followed by mapping these services with their provision to society/economy; lastly, you will have to quantify these benefits. The data for this study can be obtained through site of Marine Information system for Europe.

The Impact of Climatic Change on Rice Production: An Empirical Evidence From Takeo, Cambodia

Climatic changes have drastic impacts on conventional crop cultivation and farm practices. In many countries, irregular rain patterns are responsible for climate change thus creating water scarcity for local inhabitants. This is then followed by droughts and famine. If you choose to work on this research topic, then you will need to make your own database by consulting USDA site, agricultural production reports, and climate stats. A multivariate analysis will be conducted to analyze the study data.

Nexus Between ICT, Energy Consumption, and Environmental Degradation: A Panel Data Analysis of Middle and High Income Countries

This idea is based on the notion that ICT industry causes environment degradation through carbon dioxide emission; while, increased energy consumption further deteriorates environment through green house gas emissions. You can incorporate these variables in the hypothesized model along with moderators like education and income. The data for these variables can be easily downloaded from World Bank, OECD, and UNSD site. A panel data analysis using GMM estimation technique will be used.

Financial Economics

Estimating Financial Literacy Score and its Factors Among Commercial Banks’ Customers: An Empirical Evidence From Somalia

Somalia has a low financial literacy rate. Under such circumstances, it’s the need of the hour to investigate what factors determine financial literacy in Somalia. Past literature in this field will tell you about relevant variables and suitable proxies. Due to data unavailability, you will have to conduct a primary study, and use simple random sampling to select commercial bank branches. For data analysis, descriptive analysis as well as inferential analysis like OLS and correlation statistics can be estimated.

The Effectiveness of Financial Markets on Research and Development Investments and Economic Growth: Secondary Data Evidence From Middle Eastern Countries

This is a secondary research topic which aims to investigate the linkage between financial markets-R&D investment-economic growth using the data of Middle Eastern countries. For dynamic heterogeneous panels, Pooled Mean Group (PMG) technique can be used to find long run and short run relationship among the variables. This research will help financial managers to formulate policies that will improve the efficiency of financial sector which in turn enhances the investment value of R&D, thus boosting the economic performance of the country.

Does Political Stability Really Matters for Development Of Financial Sector: A Panel Data Co-Integration Analysis of Heterogeneous Countries

This research topic aims to find the impact of political stability on development of financial sector. The political stability can be measured using variables such democracy, autocracy, domestic credit given by financial sector, and etc. By heterogeneous countries, we mean to include both developing as well as developed countries. A panel co-integration analysis technique will be used to analyze both long run and short run relationship among the variables.

Microfinance as a Panacea for Poverty Reduction: A Case Study of Bangladesh

Microfinance schemes are meant to provide financial services to poor, who are denied services by commercial banks and financial institutions. Such schemes prevent exploitation of poor in hand of informal institutions hence elevating their standard of living. Moreover, it promotes economic welfare and increased economic participation as a result reducing poverty. One of the most effective microfinance schemes was undertaken by Grameen Bank, Bangladesh. You can list down all the micro credit schemes taken by MFIs in Bangladesh and how they have helped to alleviate poverty. You can build a theoretical framework and explain the channels though which such schemes reduce poverty.

The Role of Female Labor Force Participation on Financial Security: A Panel Data Analysis of South Asian Countries

Employment is not only a source of income rather it gives you a feeling of having a financially secure future. This research idea seeks to analyze the impact of women empowerment on financial security. The research will be based on the theory that women empowerment creates income which then can be used to make enough savings, cover expenses, and remain debt-free. The data on these variables can be obtained by administering a well structured questionnaire on study participants. Ordinary Least Square estimation method will be used to analyze the data.

Gender Economics

The Economic Costs of Victimization and Domestic Violence Against Women: A Primary Data Evidence From Afghanistan

One of the most common gender differences exists in the name of power i.e. men have more power over women. This holds true for every country around the world but the things are worst for South Asian women. Afghanistan is male dominant society; as a result, women in Afghanistan are subject to victimization and domestic abuse. This research aims to highlight the economic costs associated with such incidents. These costs include limited women’s mobility, barriers to employment, lack of financial security, reduce bargaining power, and etc.

What Determines Fertility Rates in Women?: Empirical Evidence of Employed and Unemployed Women in South Korea

According to latest facts and figures, South Korea reports the lowest fertility rate among women. This can be attributed to numerous socio-economic and cultural factors like education, income level, female labor force participation, age, alcohol consumption, exposure to media, religious affiliation. The data can be obtained from population census or National Health Survey. You can visualize the data using frequency tales, charts, and graphs. For data analysis, multiple linear regression analysis can be conducted.

Nexus Between Women’s Economic Participation and Health Spending Decisions: Evidence From CIVETS

This research idea is based on the notion that woman’s economic participation makes her financially independent; as a result, she has greater control over her income and is likely to make better health choices. This linkage not only yields positive health outcomes but also enhances one’s family welfare. A heterogeneous panel data model will be used and estimated results can be displayed in table depicting important estimates for Fixed effect, MG, and PMG.

Estimating the Rate of Return to Education: A Case of Female Doctors in Pakistan

Medical education is expensive. Yet parent’s decision to invest in their daughter’s medical education is due to the fact that the rate of return is high. This rate of return increases with further field specialization and experience. This is a primary research topic and you will need to design a well structured questionnaire. A probability sampling technique will be used to draw the study sample. The data can be analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.

The Impact of Multi-Generational Living System on Female Labor Force Participation: Empirical Evidence From China

In china, many households have multi-generational housing system where 2-3 adult generations reside with their children. Multi-generational home systems help working women by letting them rely on grandparents for childcare. This research idea aims to investigate the impact of least expensive informal childcare on female labor force participation. You can consult National Survey reports to extract data on these variables. OLS technique will be used the estimate the relationship among the variables.

Green Economics

A Dissertation on Application of Artificial Intelligence Systems and Clean Technologies in Electric Sector: A Case Study of BRIC Nations

This research idea aims to investigate the application of AI systems and clean technologies in maintaining and managing electric power in BRIC nations. You will need to review how electric companies use artificial intelligence like automated or aided AI to manage power supply. This research idea will also assess the role of smart meter technologies in generating consumption data that will be then used by AI systems to forecast demand, energy load, and manage renewable energy resources to optimize consumption.

Analyzing The R&D Expenditure on Ecological Vehicles for Sustainable Development of Automobile Industry: A Case Study of Japan’s Automobile Industry

Ecological vehicles are common example of green technologies that are environment friendly. This research idea intends to analyze the role of R&D expenditures on ecological vehicles for sustainable outcomes in automobile industry in Japan. A thorough review on contemporary green technologies and R&D spending patterns will give you an idea about the industry’s spending patterns and what it needs for sustainable development. The data on these variables can be accessed through online sources, industrial reports, and etc.

Conducting Cost Benefit Analysis of Vertical Gardens on Buildings: An Analysis of Vertical Gardens in Lebanon.

This interesting green economics research topic intends to conduct a CBA of vertical gardens on buildings in Lebanon. This study will review the cost incurred in installation of green gardens on buildings; at the same time, it will list down all the benefits it provides to society as whole. Some of these benefits include energy efficiency, environment friendliness, reduced noise pollution, water conservation, and etc. While, cost may include structural damage, gardening costs etc. This research will explain net worth of undertaking green project and guide policy makers about investing in these projects.

Does Green Marketing Effect Consumer’s Perceptions Towards Clean Technology and its Sustainability?: A Primary Data Evidence From Norway

If you want to conduct a primary study in green economics then this research idea is for you. This research idea aims to investigate the impact of green marketing in shaping consumer perceptions towards clean technology and its sustainability. You will have to propose a framework, and list down various elements of green marketing and their role in developing favorable perceptions towards adoption of green technology and products. A well structured questionnaire will help to gather data about consumer’s attitude towards green products.

Who are Clean Energy Consumers?: An Analysis of Factors Affecting Clean Energy Adoption in Denmark

The green/clean energy aims to reduce air pollutants which results in significant reduction of green house effect. This research intends to explore factors that impact green energy adoption. This research objective will help to answer questions about market segmentation and green energy policy formulation. The data on this study can be gathered by personally administering the questionnaire to study population. Descriptive and inferential statistics will be used to draw meaningful conclusions.

Health Economics

An Exploratory Study of Costs and Benefits of Digital Health Interventions: A Primary Data Analysis from Pakistan

Over time, there has been a significant increase in utilization of digital health interventions through mobile applications, social media, and web pages. These e-health care technologies not only hold benefits for patients but also for health providers. This research idea aims to investigate costs and benefits associated with utilization of these digital healthcare services. It will review costs and benefits like travel costs, health costs, waiting costs, medical costs, and etc.

Nexus Between Food Away From Home and Private Health Expenditure: A Panel Data Study of ASEAN Countries

Increased FAFH consumption leads to adverse health consequences, and its cost i.e. private health expenditure remains unknown. Hence, this study attempts to investigate the impact of FAFH and other socio-economic variables on private health expenditure. This research idea is of secondary nature; therefore, you can easily extract the data from online sources. This study will help in formulation of competent health policy comprising of effective food and active lifestyle which is in turn beneficial to human health.

The Economic Burden of Cancer Patients on Households: A Case Study of Breast Cancer Patients in Low Income Countries

The economic burden of cancer patients on households and caregivers is massive when one has to pay out of pocket. This holds true for low and middle income countries where there is a lack of publicly funded healthcare programs. This research idea will estimate the economic costs of this disease such as out of pocket expenditures on diagnosis and treatment, loss of income, loss of productivity, travel costs, waiting costs, care giver costs, and etc. This study will highlight the significance of publicly funded health care schemes/hospitals and their impact in lowering economic burden of affected households.

The Socio-Economic Determinants of Maternal Health Expenditures and Health Disparities in Developing Countries

Women face numerous socio-economic barriers in utilization of maternal healthcare services which then makes them reluctant to make maternal healthcare visits. The study will use a theoretical framework to show how barriers to maternal healthcare facilities lead to health inequalities. This research idea aims to study what social, economic, and cultural barriers limits maternal healthcare expenditures in developing countries. Moreover, the study will also analyze the moderating role of socio-economic variables on maternal health disparity.

The Role of Health and Wellness Benefits on Employees’ Productivity and Healthcare Costs: A Case Study of Software Companies in U.K

The health and wellness stipend covers a wide range of employees’ fitness and sports expenses such as gym membership, diet expense, trainer fees, sports club memberships, and etc. However, lack of these policies is one of the reasons explaining low productivity, and higher healthcare costs. This study will analyze the impact of health and wellness benefits on healthcare costs through mediating role of employee’s productivity. The research will also suggest the implications of such policies for company’s revenue and growth.

Economic History Research Paper Topics

Examining the Effect of Commercial Banks’ Privatization (1992-1996) on Banks’ Financial Performance and Efficiency: A Critical Analysis of Bank Pekao, Poland

This research topic aims to assess bank’s efficiency after Poland’s banks’ privatization reforms, for Bank Pekao. The study will review how bank privatization led to increase in bank’s financial performance and in turn its efficiency. The study will use DAE approach, and incorporate determinants of bank’s technical efficiency within CB production function. The data will be obtained for sampled banks, and OLS using MLE estimation method will be used.

An Analysis of Socio-Economic, Political, and Environmental Impact of Venezuela Refugees on Colombia

This is a qualitative research topic that will assess the social, economic, political, and environmental effects of influx of Venezuela Refugees on local society of Colombia. For this study, the researcher will have to conduct personal interviews or hold focus group discussions with the Venezuela refugees and locals of Colombia. The sample will be selected through multistage cluster sampling. This study will shed light on problems encountered by Colombian society, and will assist policy makers to develop effective strategies for peace and harmony among groups.

Economic Analysis of Military Counterterrorism Expenditures (2001-2010) in U.S.

The incident of 9/11 had cost U.S significant social and economic losses. This study will assess U.S. military expenditures to counter terrorism from 2001-2010. The study will review economic, historic, and political literature on types of strategies used, and will use the data to analyze the economic benefits and costs of these expenses.

An Economic and Historic Analysis of Economic Reforms During Ayub Khan’s Regime (1958-1969) in Pakistan

Ayub Khan’s Regime (1958-1969) is considered as golden era for economy of Pakistan because of economic reforms like partial trade liberalization, privatization, agricultural and industrial reforms. The motivation behind this research is to conduct a critical analysis of these reforms in depth, and empirically address the research question by documenting the economic impacts with data on national indicators.

Structural Unemployment During Industrial Decline Period (2000-2010): An Historical Analysis of Manufacturing Firms in U.S.

U.S manufacturing sector had a significant share in GDP. However, there was significant decline in its share due to emergence of other sectors. This led to decline in industrial activity thus leading to low demand for labor. Moreover, due to emergence of ICT and services sector labor skills became obsolete in manufacturing sector as the result many people lost their jobs. This study aims to analyze structural unemployment in U.S manufacturing sector for period 2000-2010. The study will review the literature to get knowledge about the factors that led to increased structural unemployment in this sector.

International Economics

Analyzing the Impact of Geopolitical Factors and COVID-19 on Global Supply Chains of Smart Phones’ Industry in China

Global Supply Chains are highly vulnerable to geopolitical events. In recent times, it has been observed that these chains have been highly vulnerable to market disturbances. This study aims to investigate the impact of geopolitical events and COVID outbreak on Global supply chains of smart phones. This study will shed light on the pre and post COVID situation of global supply chains of smart phones. Moreover, it will also review the problems encountered by this industry and suggest recommendations for policy makers.

Analyzing Economic Impacts of BREXIT for Transport Sector in European Countries

The motivation behind this research topic is to investigate economic implications of UK leaving EU (BREXIT) for transport sector in European countries. The economic impacts of BREXIT can be discussed in terms of financial investment, labor, trade, costs, and etc. A better approach will be to design theoretical framework and conduct empirical data analysis to quantify the impact of this agreement on trade, transport, and its associated sectors.

Assessment of Short Term and Long Term Effects of Ukraine War on Global Food Market

The Russian-Ukraine war has caused global market disruption among which the global food market has seen the adverse consequences. This study will assess the short term and long term impacts of Ukraine war on global food industry and its future development. Moreover, the study will give a broader picture about how crop harvest, yield, export was obstructed during the war by shedding light on prices of raw material, fixed and variable costs, supply delays, food prices, and etc.

Investigating the Role of Investment in Information and Communication Technology on Trade Flows of Asian and Pacific Countries

This study aims to analyze the impact of investment in ICT on trade flows by analyzing panel data of Asian and Pacific countries at the sector level. The study will investigate how ICT investment is beneficial for trade flows and what policies should be undertaken to increase effectiveness in trade activities.

Analyzing the Impact of Trade Liberalization on Industrial Development: A Case Study of Sports Industry in Pakistan

The idea behind this research topic is to assess the impact of reduced barriers to trade such as quotas and tariffs on development of sports industry. This study will analyze whether or not the trade liberalization policies have been beneficial for growth of sport’s industry. Moreover, it will use theoretical framework and empirical analysis to present results on production and exports performance of sports industry. A time series data will be obtained from online data sources.

Labor Economics Research Topics

The Role of Technological Advancement in Tackling Unemployment Among Youth: A Empirical Evidence from Australia

The use of social networks has completely revolutionized the mechanism for job search. Now with just one click, you can seek job information, share job descriptions, fill in job applications, attach job related documents, and etc. This study intends to investigate the role of technological advancement in tackling unemployment rate among youth. This study will review how the job sites have changed the job search process and what impact it has on employment level in Australia.

Labor Mis-Match and Underemployment: Empirical Evidence from Uber Drivers in India

This interesting research topic seeks to analyze the situation of labor mis-match and underemployment among Uber drivers in India. This study will answer research questions like what kind of labor mis-match exists in this sector, what makes this mis-match to occur, and what consequences it costs to the company. This study will employ multi-method research design in which questionnaires along with interviews will be conducted, and quantitative and qualitative data analysis techniques will be used.

Investigating the Socio-Economic Determinants of Female Self-Employment in Switzerland

There has been a significant increase in female self-employment rate in Switzerland. This research idea will test the influence of social, economic, and marital factors on self employment decisions made by women. You will have to conduct a thorough review of past literature. This will give you an idea about all the variables that you can incorporate within the study model. The data for this study can be obtained through national surveys and census reports.

Are Remote Workers More Productive?: A Cross Comparison of Remote and Onsite Software Developers in Spain

With an outbreak of global pandemic, there has been a rapid upsurge in remote working arrangements in many business organizations. However, the employers always question their employee’s productivity when it comes to working in a remote setup. So this research aims to answer this question by investigating the productivity of remote versus onsite software developers. Using a Dynamic DND technique for both types of workers will let you estimate developer’s productivity under both types of work arrangements.

Analyzing The Impact of Gender Earning Gaps on Labor Productivity and Firm’s Profitability: A Case Study of Developing Countries

The differential between men and women earning is something that remains the same across income and education distributions. Male tend to earn more than women, and this holds true not only for developing world but also for developed world. There are many factors that account for gender earning gaps. However, the prime focus of this research idea is to investigate how gender earning gaps contribute to low female productivity and it consequent impact on firm’s profitability.

Law and Economics Research Paper Topics

An Analysis of Consumer Legal Protections Against Food Safety: A Perspective of Food Authority’s and Judiciary on Shaping Behavior of Food Businesses

Food entrepreneurs comply with rules and regulations laid by consumer protection laws and food authorities to ensure food safety, quality, labeling, and etc. Food suppliers who fail to comply with provisions on food safety are subject to heavy penalty and punishments. This dissertation topic seeks to answer two research questions: firstly, it analyzes the impact of consumer law enforcement on shaping the behaviors of food businesses; secondly, it intends to analyze the implementation of consumer’s enforcement laws on food safety from the perspective of judiciary.

Understanding the Role of Property Rights Implementation in Business Growth: A Comparative Analysis of Developing and Developed Countries

Countries with well implemented property rights tend to shield small and medium enterprises by protecting its exclusive ideas from rivals which is essential for business growth. This study makes a cross comparison between developing and developed countries’ approach towards property rights implementation in seeking efficient business outcomes.

Analyzing the Effectiveness of Environment Regulatory Laws on Shaping Firm’s Behavior: A Case Study of Steel Industry in China

Environment protection laws tend to regulate firm’s behavior by requiring it to take preventative measures such as installing pollution control equipments, changing production methods, relocating and shifting plants, and etc; which otherwise, would lead to imposition of regulatory costs on firms with violating behavior. This study seeks to analyze the effectiveness of these penalties and regulatory costs on molding firm’s decision.

Estimating the Economic Costs of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Infringement on Business Brands: A Case Study Luxury Clothing Brands in Thailand

The Infringement of IPR incurs two costs for business brand i.e. direct costs and indirect costs. This research topic intends to quantify costs incurred due to IPR infringement of luxury clothing brands in Thailand. This study will not only give an estimate about the extent of counterfeiting phenomena in Thailand; but, will also provide a broad picture about the negative impacts of brand counterfeiting on producers. This research will help law enforcing agencies to formulate policies and take legal action against brand counterfeiters.

Do Social Security Systems Reduce Child Labor?: An Empirical Evidence From Sub-Saharan African Countries

Social protection instruments are designed to provide financial assistance to poor families by giving them support to cope with uncertain shocks. This study aims to review the significance of different social protection instruments in reducing child labor in case of Sub-Saharan African countries. This study will use empirical data to find relative effectiveness of social security instruments in reducing child labor.

Mathematical Economics Research Topics

Estimating Technical Efficiency and its Determinants: A Case Study of Mango Production in Indonesia

This study idea intends to estimate technical efficiency in mango production using Cobb Douglas production function (parametric approach). Not only this, it will also investigate different determinants of total mango output within the production function. With this study, you will have to obtain a farm level data by consulting Department of Agriculture in Indonesia, and then you can use SRS to randomly select mango farmers. OLS estimation method using MLE estimates will be used to estimate this production function.

Efficiency Analysis in Poultry Farms: A Case Study of Bangladesh Poultry and Livestock Department

This research idea aims to measure technical efficiency of poultry farms of government of Bangladesh with the assistance of Department of Poultry and Livestock. You can extend this research idea by incorporating both private and government poultry sector into the study and then estimating technical efficiency for each sector respectively. Again, you will have to use Stochastic Production Function (Cobb Douglas).

An Analysis of Technical Efficiency in Small and Medium Shoe Firms in Italy: Using CD Stochastic Production Frontier Approach

This research paper topic aims to estimate technical efficiency of small and medium shoe enterprises in Italy using SPF approach. The latest data on SM shoes firms can be obtained from Census of Enterprises in Italy. The production function will incorporate sales turnover as dependent variable with capital, labor, technological adoption, firm size, etc as independent variables. OLS estimation method using MLE estimates will be used to estimate this production function.

Measuring Technical Efficiency and its Drivers in Surgical Instruments’ Firms in Netherland: Using DEA Approach

This research idea aims to use to non-parametric approach which is based on Data Envelopment Approach to measure efficiency levels in surgical firms in Netherland. Moreover, the study will also review factors driving efficiency levels within these firms. The data can be accessed from surgical company’s annual report. This research will bring firm’s attention towards inefficient firms, and will also highlight key factors that need utmost attention.

Efficiency Analysis in Public and Private Hospitals in Zimbabwe: Using a Non-Parametric Approach

This research aims to explore factors effecting technical efficiency in Government Hospital in India. This study uses DAE approach to estimate study model comprising of health output as dependent variable and land, labor, capital, and entrepreneurial abilities as independent variable. This study will not only find the relative efficiency of private and public hospitals in Zimbabwe but it will also bring health official’s attention towards factors that need improvement.

Monetary Economics

How Efficient are Digital Banking Applications?: Empirical Evidence From Norwegian Banks

This research topic intends to measure efficiency level in Norwegian Banking sector. This study uses Data Envelopment Approach to estimate study model which comprising of bank’s output as dependent variable and inputs like fixed assets and etc as independent variables. This research idea will also review the determinants of bank’s performance and productivity. You will have to first use stratified or SRS to select bank sample, and then obtain the data on the sampled banks through Norges Bank.

Investigating the Impact of Tax Relief, Government Subsidies, and Open Banking Applications on Consumer’s Adoption of Cashless Transaction Methods: A Case Study of Food Businesses in India

The Central Bank of India in co-ordination with its government is motivated to transit its economy into cashless economy. As a result, there has been a rising trend in cashless transactions. This study idea aims to investigate the role of incentives and innovations in transitioning cash economy into cashless economy. This study will analyze how tax relief, government subsidies and open banking applications increase consumer’s adoption of cashless transaction methods.

Nexus Between Internet Banking Services Quality, Consumer’s Perceptions and Adoption of E-Banking Facilities: Evidence From Jordanian Banks

Recently, banks have realized the importance of customer’s satisfaction. This study aims to investigate the impact of internet banking services quality in developing consumer’s perception, and their willingness to adopt e-banking facility. This research topic will employ questionnaires as research instrument to elicit responses from corporate customers of banks. The e-banking service quality can be measured by using an already established scale from past.

The Impact of Interest Rate Reforms on Financial Deepening: An Empirical Study of Pakistan

This research paper topic aims to review interest rate reforms undertaken in Pakistan, and what impact these developments have on provision of financial services to other segments of the economy. The data on these variables can be obtained through online database sites, financial reports, and etc. This time series data will be analyzed by examining both long run and short run relationships.

Analyzing the Relationship Between Corporate Liquidity and Profitability: A Secondary Data Evidence From Nigerian Manufacturing Sector

Due to global financial crisis and higher competition, corporate managers are highly concerned about the significance of liquidity. An optimal level of corporate liquidity is vital for its development and profitability. This research idea aims to test the empirical relationship between corporate liquidity and its profitability. Moreover, the study will propose a theoretical framework onto which the study model will be built.

Public Economics Research Paper Topics

Income Smoothing Through Risk Coping Strategies: An Analysis of Informal Credit Institutions in Rural Cambodia

In many low income economies, risk averse households tend to use risk coping strategies such as insurances or informal borrowing to smooth out their consumption patterns. This research idea will review the effectiveness and implications of risk coping strategies through informal credit institutions as a mean to smooth out consumption among rural households in Cambodia. The study will use multi-method research design comprising of qualitative and quantitative methods which will provide a more diverse data on poor households’ vulnerability to risk.

Impact of Terrorism on Consumer’s Panic Purchase Behaviors and Inflation Rates in Afghanistan: A Micro Level Analysis

The uncertainty associated with terror attacks and the lack of reliable information on the cessation of terrorism is a serious issue which has created panic among general public. As a result, consumers in these countries are engaging in panic purchases which are then said to adversely affect market supply chains. This study will review what and how psychological factors increase consumer incidence to make panic purchases. The study will help suppliers to come up with resilient supply strategies that can cater consumer’s needs.

An Dissertation Analyzing the Impact of Employed Paternal Mortality and Uncertain Economic Shocks on Child’s Education and Labor in Ethiopia

There has been increased prevalence of child labor in many developing and developed economies. This study deals with the adverse impact of employed paternal mortality and uncertain economic shocks such loss of adult’s job, sudden illness, death, and etc on the child’s education and labor. This study will explain the mechanism that effected households use to cope with such circumstances. Mostly, this comes at the cost of their children future.

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Youth Development Programs on Poverty Reduction in Bangladesh: A City Level Analysis

The Youth Development programs were meant to provide vocational trainings, education, and micro credit to unemployed and underemployed youth population in order to widen employment and income generations sources for them. This study will review the benefits and challenges of Youth Service Program. Furthermore, the study will empirically test the impact of this scheme on poverty reduction

Evaluating the Impact of Flood Control Policies, Drainage Systems, and Irrigational Projects on Socio-Economic Development in Pakistan

This research topic aims to analyze the policy outcomes of flood control policies, drainage systems, and irrigational policies on socio-economic development in case of Pakistan. This study will assess how such projects contribute to socio-economic well being of people in affected areas. Moreover, the study will evaluate the costs and benefits of these projects by performing a Cost-Benefit Analysis.

Microeconomics Topics

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Microfinance Schemes on Profitability of Small Livestock Farms in Rural Ghana

Microfinance programs are meant to provide financial assistance to small and poor livestock owners in improving and securing their livelihood. This support comes in form of provision of small loans, technical packages comprising of farm inputs, services, and etc. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of microfinance schemes in enhancing profitability of small scale livestock businesses. The study will also assess the demand for these loans, and how low lending costs positively effects business models in livestock sector.

Analyzing Bandwagon, Snob, and Veblen Effects in Smart Phones’ Consumption: An Empirical Evidence From Sri Lanka

This study aims to investigate the demand side for smart phones. The main focus of this research is to empirically test what type of demand exists in case of smart phones. The research will use a theoretical framework to explain these three effects exist in smart phone purchase behavior. This research will help business managers in understanding market segmentation, and design products that cater the needs of these consumers.

Why There is Energy Efficiency Gap?: Investigating the Drivers and Barriers to Consumer’s Adoption of Green Technology in France

Energy efficiency gap exist when consumers do not take necessary investment in energy efficient products that reduce cost. This study aims to investigate drivers and challenges that influence consumers in adoption of green technology. The data for this study can be obtained by making a customized database comprising up of data on sales and consumption, investments, or subsidies on energy efficient products.

An Analysis of COVID-19 Related Averting Expenditures in Educational Institutes in Australia

This research idea is based on estimating the cost incurred by educational institutions to prevent further spread of pandemic. This research idea will review safety measures undertaken by educational institutes, and the resulting cost incurred. The data will be gathered by personally administering the questionnaire with school heads. A good descriptive analysis comprising of cross tabulations, visual and charts, and percentages will let you visualize the data easily and make meaningful interpretations.

A Comparative Study of Male Versus Female Headed Households’ Consumption, Income, Saving, Borrowing, and Consumption: Evidence From Tanzania

This study idea aims to assess the financial and consumption behaviors exhibited by male and female led households in Tanzania. This study will assess how income, consumption, saving, and borrowing behaviors differ across male and female led households. The data for this study can be gathered by conducting household surveys, and both descriptive and inferential analysis will be conducted.

Also study list of 100 Microeconomics Research Paper Topics

Macroeconomics Topics

Analyzing the Impact of Electronic Money on Household’s Savings, Borrowing, and Foreign Remittances: Evidence From Developing Economies

Many people in developing countries do not have a formal bank account. As a result, they are unable to access financial services provided by commercial banks. Sooner, this market gap was recognized by mobile operators who tend to offer financial services to their customer through mobile account. This study will investigate the impact of electronic money on household’s ability to save, borrow, and receive remittances.

Investigating the Effect Of Wheat Export Ban on Aggregate Production and Consumption: A Case Study of Ukraine

The Russian-Ukraine war has led Ukraine’s government to impose ban on exports of wheat and other food staples. This study aims to analyze the impact of wheat export ban on aggregate wheat production.  This study will also review how wheat export ban has affected farmers and manufacturers, and consumers by considering its impacts on inflation, agricultural chains, and etc.

Fiscal Governance, Transparency, and Economic Growth-Are They Related?: A Panel Data Analysis of Selected Developing and Developed Economies

This is another interesting research topic, and the idea behind this notion is to assess how effective fiscal policy formulation leads to economic growth. For this purpose, the study takes fiscal governance and fiscal transparency as independent variables and economic growth as dependent variable. For this study, you can access panel data for selected number of developing and developed economies. Panel data estimation techniques will be used to find long run and short run relationship among variables.

Export Propensity of Russian Steel: A Firm Level Analysis

The export propensity is a ratio of exports of the product and gross domestic product of a country. This study aims to estimate the export propensity index for Russian steel industry. The study can be extended by exploring the determinants of propensity to exports.  The data for this research can be accessed through request.

Investigating the Determinants of Household’s Propensity to Save in Ghana: A Post COVID-19 Analysis

In recent years, the global pandemic-19 has demonstrated the significance of saving for financial stability of households. The key objective of this research is to investigate the factors effecting household’s propensity to save in Ghana. The study will also estimate the rate of change in household’s propensity to save after COVID-19.     

Econometrics Research Topics

The Effect of Income On Out of Pocket Expenditures for Accessing Maternal Health Care Services: A Panel Data Analysis of Low and Middle Country Income Countries

The significance of maternal health care cannot be overlooked. People in low and middle income countries tend to avail maternal services by spending out of their own pocket. The maternal health expenditure is a significant burden on low and middle income economies. As a result, people remain reluctant to avail these health services. This study analyses the moderating role of income on out of pocket expenditures for maternal services. The study data can be accessed through official site of OECD and WHO.

Analyzing the Spillover Effects From Public Infrastructure Spending: A Panel Co-Integration Analysis of Domestic Firms in Fiji

Public infrastructure development projects constitute building bridges, ports, roads, water, gas, and electric supplies, and etc. These entire projects not only ease transportation but also have spillover effects for other sectors of the economy. This study will review spillover effects of government infrastructural spending for domestic firms in Fiji. The data will obtained through Enterprise survey data. A panel data co-integration technique will be most suitable to analyze the study data.

Investigating the Socio-Economic Determinants of Homelessness: An Empirical Investigation for Nigeria

Nigeria is country with highest homelessness rate. This study will model the impact of different socio-economic variables on homelessness rate in Nigeria. This means to incorporate different variables such as natural factors like disasters, whether conditions; economic factors like higher cost of living, income levels; social factors like family structure, and etc. This study will be based on cross- sectional data, and it will use descriptive as well as inferential analysis technique to analyze the data.    

Investigating the Impact of Gender Income Disparity on Labor Productivity and Firm’s Performance: A Case Study of Textile Industry in France

This study aims to investigate the impact of gender wage discrimination on labor’s productivity and firm’s performance. The idea behind this notion is that gender wage inequality leads to productivity differences among employees which adversely effects performance and profitability. The study will use data of textile enterprises of France, and ARDL estimation method will used to find long run and short run relation among variables.

Natural Disaster And Its Impact on Socio-Economic Development: Empirical Analysis of Selected Villages in Pakistan

There are numerous economic consequences associated with occurrence of natural disaster. Some these include economic losses in form of property damage, livelihood loss, income loss, damage to infrastructure, low productivity, and etc. Other than this, social costs will include deteriorated health, low quality of life, and etc. This study will review how natural disaster effects socio-economic development in the affected areas by categories these effects into broad categories like direct impacts and indirect effects.

  • Make sure it’s something you’re interested in
  • Get inspired by previous students’ projects
  • Ask your lecturers or supervisor for advice

A third challenge facing the global economy is inflation, due in part to ongoing supply problems and rising demand due to the economy’s resurgence in a post-Covid era. And product scarcity goes hand in hand with higher prices.

  • Inflation sources and their impact
  • Perfect competition in microeconomics
  • Total demand and supply- Understanding the microeconomics
  • The impact of unemployment on microeconomics

Sometimes, a student is too puzzled about which of the numerous economic topics to write about . As a result, he constantly postpones a tedious task in the study in which he is uninterested. Furthermore, various other issues keep you from concentrating on your work. However, if you have adequate subject knowledge and writing skills, you will most likely do well in your assignments. By selecting any of the simple research topics in economics listed in this blog post, you can write a high-quality research paper or essay that will earn you an A+ grade.

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Macroeconomics: Key Topics

top research topics in economics

Managing Director, Sim Institute

Tim Rogmans is Managing Director at Sim Institute. He is the author of Sustainability Managment Simulation: Net Zero , Business Essentials Simulation: Coffee Shop Inc. , and Macroeconomics Simulation: Econland .

This module covers the fundamental topics of a macroeconomics course. Students will learn about critical economic concepts and how they interact with each other. 

6 Topics in This Module

Measuring a nation's output: gdp.

A nation’s output, as measured by its gross domestic product (GDP), is the start of most macroeconomics courses. This topic looks at GDP—how it is calculated, its individual components (consumption, government expenditure, Investment, and net exports), and the determinants of GDP. There are various challenges when calculating GDP, some of which are addressed by considering real GDP or GDP at purchasing power parity. Although GDP is a useful measure of a nation’s output, it has several shortcomings and can’t be used as the sole measure of economic health. 

GDP Explained

Assignments

Describe the main limitations of using GDP to measure an economy. How can these limitations be addressed?

Money, Prices, and Inflation

This topic introduces money as a means of exchange and facilitating trade. Money affects important macroeconomic variables, such as interest rates, exchange rates, and the aggregate price level (inflation). Several macroeconomic variables (GDP, exchange rates, or interest rates) can be considered in real terms rather than nominal terms (i.e., after adjusting for inflation).  

A country’s central bank and its banking system determine the supply of money. Governments can apply monetary and fiscal policy tools to avoid or minimize economic recessions. 

Inflation Explained

Using information from one or both case studies in this topic, what are the main costs of high inflation for companies? How can companies deal with the challenges posed by high inflation?

Production and Growth

Over the last few decades, the economies of many emerging markets have been catching up with developed countries. Identifying high growth economies is a challenge for international investors and can depend on nontraditional economic indicators and an assessment of government institutions.

Solow’s growth model is used to explain long-term economic growth. In this model, a country’s output or productive capacity depends on the amount of physical capital, the size of the labor force, and productivity. A combination of capital accumulation, population growth, and increasing productivity help to explain why emerging markets can grow more quickly than developed markets. However, effective government institutions are critical in facilitating economic development.

What indicators would you use to assess the economic growth potential of a country? Compare two countries of choice based on the indicators that you identified.

Apply Solow’s model to explain the economic growth and development of a country. You can use data from one of the case studies or publicly available data.

What are the main factors inhibiting South Africa’s economic development? 

Unemployment

Unemployment is a key topic for economists, and maintaining low levels of unemployment has become part of the mandate of central banks of the world’s major economies. The causes of unemployment, as well as the appropriate measures to reduce it, are hotly debated among economists.

Simulation

Unemployment Explained

For a country of your choice, analyze the level and causes of unemployment. What would be appropriate policies to reduce the unemployment rate or maintain it at an acceptable level?

When you played Econland , which policies did you implement and why?

During the simulation, did your policy decisions lead to the results you expected in all areas? If not, can you determine why you obtained the results that you did?

How did expectations and the economic situations in other countries depicted in the simulation impact your country’s economy and your policy decisions? 

Open Economies

International trade can be explained through the theory of comparative advantage: countries specialize in the production of goods and services in which they hold a relative advantage. Although this theory is quite good at explaining trade between countries with very different factor endowments, it does not explain inter-sectoral trade between similar countries (for example, cars being traded in both directions between France and Germany). The “new trade theory” relaxes some of the assumptions of the theory of comparative advantage and describes trade between markets with imperfect competition and differentiated products.

Dealing with fluctuating and unpredictable exchange—which are determined by relative levels of inflation, interest rates, and the volume of international trade between countries—is an ongoing challenge for companies. 

Identify and describe an export of goods or services between two countries. Discuss to what extent the theory of comparative advantage helps to explain the existence of the trade flow.

Fiscal and Monetary Policy

Governments impact an economy in a range of ways, most importantly through their ability to tax and spend (fiscal policy) and the central bank’s ability to control the money supply (monetary policy). Common macroeconomic goals that governments aim to achieve through their policies include economic growth, low unemployment, and a manageable level of inflation. By implementing expansionary fiscal or monetary policies, aggregate demand can be stimulated. Risks associated with expansionary policies include unacceptable levels of government debt and high inflation. The case studies in this topic discuss the most important current fiscal and monetary policy debates, particularly in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.  

1369 word count

Fiscal Policy Explained

Monetary Policy Explained

4.5 minutes

For a country in which you work or operate, what are the main risks the economy is facing? How can managers prepare for the consequences of these risks materializing?

After playing the  Econland  base case scenario and at least one other scenario, how did you adapt your policy decisions compared to the first time you played? Were you able to improve on your score for the base case scenario?

Discuss some of the areas of impact of each of your decisions while playing the simulation and relate these to the macroeconomic data in the reports section. For example, what do you expect the difference in impact to be between changes in the corporate tax rate and the income tax rate?

How did the circumstances of the either rollercoaster or stagnation scenario impact the policy decisions that you made? 

About this module

The study of macroeconomics deals with the analysis of an entire economy, usually a country, but potentially also a group of countries or a region with a country. This module introduces learners to key topics in macroeconomics, including national income (GDP), productivity, inflation, unemployment, and international trade.  Macroeconomics Simulation: Econland  can be used throughout the module or as an integrative exercise towards the end, when the topics of fiscal and monetary policy are introduced. 

In this module, case studies apply macroeconomic concepts to national economies and discuss the managerial implications of macroeconomic developments. Instructors looking to link the topics of the module to current events can use the weekly economics newsletter,  Econland News .

Learning Objectives

Understand how an economy works and how it affects citizens and companies that operate in it.

Understand the key topics of macroeconomics, including GDP, productivity, inflation, unemployment, and international trade.

Understand how monetary and fiscal policy decisions impact different aspects of a country’s economy.

Analyze current economic developments and events in a systematic way.

Use macroeconomic data and forecasts in business decision-making. 

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100 Economic Research Topics

economic research topics

Studying economics can be quite challenging and even confusing at first, yet once you brainstorm various helpful research topics, you instantly understand the range of ideas that can be explored. You may not be majoring in economics per se and studying Sociology or Education since economics is always involved in every discipline. It makes it extremely difficult to find good economic research topics for your Master's thesis, dissertation writing, or a simple essay that you plan to use for debates. Keeping all of these challenges in mind, we have collected 100 competitive economic research topic ideas to assist you in making your scientific work perfect! 

Defining Economics Research Areas 

Economics studies can be defined as a branch of science that deals with the production, analysis, distribution, and behavioral consumption of goods and services. You can study economics that relates to individuals, corporations, businesses, governmental aspects, and the countries as the resources are being shared. Science can take different shapes and talk about social factors, technology, banking, finances, and international relations. 

There are two main research areas which are micro- and macroeconomics. Microeconomics deal with small-scale issues, while macroeconomics is mostly dealing with global challenges. You can also deal with calculations, accounting, social development, and analytical writing. You can also deal with econometrics, which is a complex economic theory that implements statistical interference to explain and quantify the economic state. 

Choosing Interesting Economic Topics For Your Economics Paper 

Although we are not dealing with creative writing and disciplines like Philosophy and English Literature, it's still necessary to choose something interesting and inspiring. The subject should motivate you to research and make a statement. First of all, you have to determine whether your problem is closer to microeconomics or takes a larger range of economic factors, thus requiring macroeconomics. This way, you should follow these 7 tips on how to choose an interesting subject: 

  • Choose something that you know well based on what makes you feel inspired. 
  • Research the subject that you would like to explore and see what gaps are present. 
  • All economic research paper topics must be connected to the main thesis statement. 
  • If your paper is explanatory or descriptive, you can make a statement in your title. 
  • When you write an argumentative paper, you can ask a question in your title. 
  • Always narrow things down when you are dealing with the general concepts. 
  • Your topic should be clear enough, yet should not give out the results of your work. 

What a Research Paper in Economics Should Look Like? 

Your econommics paper structure should contain introduction with a thesis, three to five body paragraphs, a statistical paragraph, and the conclusion. Getting into details, your paper should represent: 

- Introduction must start with a statistical fact, an assumption or an interesting idea that acts as a hook sentence. The final sentence should be your thesis. 

- Body Paragraphs must include at least three arguments with quotes and examples. Once you provide an example, it's vital to offer analysis. 

- Analytical Bits . Since you are dealing with economics, make sure that you add statistical information or an explanation of your methodology before you come to the final part. 

- Conclusion part should either make a call to action or sum things up in simpler terms. You can also make recommendations and explain what your research paper was able to achieve. 

The Main Economics Topics for Research Paper Studies 

Since there are so many topics that can be explored in economics, our experts decided to narrow things down and outline ten important subjects that are most popular among college and university students: 

  • Investments and the management of risks.  
  • Digital economics and social media marketing. 
  • Economic development across the world. 
  • Econometrics and explanation of the cases. 
  • Competition and market management. 
  • Ethical aspects of consumerism in economics. 
  • Digital vs human challenges in accounting. 
  • Cryptocurrencies and data mining. 
  • Sustainability and interdependence of corporations. 
  • Microeconomics and financial risk avoidance. 

These are only the basics that are constantly encountered among college tasks. If you want to explore more, follow 100 research topics for economics as you plan to write your assignment! 

100 Economic Research Topics Divided By Subject 

- Bachelor's Topics in Economics.  

When you are writing an economics paper for your Bachelor's degree, the most important is to conduct due research and include examples. It creates a challenge because you have to provide high originality as you balance your sources and analytical information. Regardless if you are dealing with the business managerial side of economics or researching global investments with the elements of accounting, these research topics will provide you with helpful information. 

  • The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic in relation to housing prices in the United States. 
  • The history of the foreign exchange market. 
  • The Indian heritage and allocation of the economic resources in India. 
  • Irrational behavior in the field of digital marketing. 
  • Free market economy versus free enterprise systems. 
  • Economic influence when dealing with poverty. 
  • The role of education in the field of economics. 
  • Criminal groups and the development of economic methods in Brazil. 
  • The Ukrainian conflict and the European economy. 
  • Productivity and bias in the employment selection. 

- Master's Topics in Economics. 

When you are asked to write an assignment that matches the Master's level in economics, you should start with a deeper type of research or consider subjects that are not so common. At the same time, you can choose a topic that is widely discussed, yet narrow things down a little bit. You can choose both local and international events or focus on a case study as you provide analytical information. Here are some research paper topics in economics that you may start with as you brainstorm these topics: 

  • The role of personal data management when making an online payment. 
  • Random events in the United States and planning short-term economic success. 
  • Economic freedom through the lens of paternalism: Amazon case study. 
  • Demographic factor after WWII: a forced economic growth? 
  • Experimental preferences and the digital economy: shaping social preferences. 
  • Cryptocurrency as the addictive practice: mining versus the classic stock market. 
  • The effect of bulk consumption through the lens of the famine in Africa. 
  • Economic perspectives in the regions that have been affected by the armed conflicts. 
  • The pros and cons of Green Energy technology as the financial sector expands. 
  • How does the inclusive workflow affect economic development in the workplace? 

- Microeconomics. 

If you require something more small-sized and related to a specific branch of economics, you should think about considering this list of topics that deal with microeconomics. When you are dealing with single methods, factors, and the effects of the individuals, you will be able to find relevant sources and examples. Here are some outstanding ideas to start with:

  • The most efficient methods to help small businesses avoid debt. 
  • The post-Brexit effect on the companies that are dealing with bankruptcy. 
  • A comparison of the EU taxes and the American system of taxation in the economy. 
  • The role of microeconomics when dealing with local economic crimes. 
  • How can digital marketing help to maximize profits via seminars ? 
  • How can supply and demand be made transparent for the audit? 
  • The methods to track consumer equilibrium. 
  • Allocation of funding in the local bakery: an economic plan. 
  • Spending a government surplus: what are the legal aspects to know in the USA? 
  • Starting a small business overseas: what is the Matthew inequality effect? 

- Macroeconomics . 

In simple terms, when you are asked to compose an assignment based on macroeconomic research studies, you will have to deal with the large-scale analysis of the global or basic economic ideas that take place. It can be the national interest or the economic output of an entire country. The subjects related to this field may include the gross domestic product or the employment rates in a particular country. You may check these essay topics for economics : 

  • History of the monetary policy in the United States. 
  • Sustainability of the economic growth in South Africa.
  • The pros and cons of equitable distribution. 
  • The most efficient method to address unemployment in the economy. 
  • How to address the challenges of total consumption? 
  • Economic system of Iceland versus Norway. 
  • The role of a single household in the general economic system. 
  • The controversies related to inflation studies in financial department . 
  • Geopolitical events and the challenges of the national economic systems. 
  • The reasons why outsourcing ruins the national economy. 

- Financial Economics. 

It deals with the resources that are related to markets and financial calculations. It means that you are dealing with various economic theories as you address the risks, costs, opportunities, and temporal challenges. The most challenging is that you have to deal with a correct distribution of available resources . Since it is a very complex branch of economics, you should consider brainstorming various ideas: 

  • The dangers of AI-based calculation and strategic planning for large corporations. 
  • Investment risks related to individual stock systems. 
  • Creation of a financial portfolio in the digital realm: the changes in 2022. 
  • Public finances law versus private investment stocks. 
  • Present value through the lens of Pharmacology and epidemics. 
  • Risk management diversification when econometrics is used. 
  • Monetary issues and the current Swiss system: what are the pros and cons? 
  • Online banking and the accessibility factor: how far can safety go? 
  • Digital accounting and the job on-site training challenges. 
  • Approaching large markets through micro private foundations. 

- Economic Discussions. 

The majority of college and university students majoring in Economics have to go through various debates where they must provide arguments or argue regarding the best methods to approach a particular problem. This can easily get challenging, which is why you should either come up with a general idea or make a statement that will be hard enough to challenge as there will be several opinions. See these economic essay topics for your ECON degree to get a better idea: 

  • The controversy of the federal fiscal policy in the United States.  
  • The economic damage that is caused by data mining and cryptocurrencies. 
  • Green Economics is the only future approach to addressing poor countries. 
  • Immigration helps to achieve better equality in our economic equilibrium.
  • The reasons that cause an imbalance between demand and supply. 
  • How can a small business protect production costs through competition? 
  • The pros and cons of the consumer demand strategy in practice. 
  • Apple and Amazon corporations: are these monopolies? 
  • Digital media is helpful for economics: branding and influence. 
  • Marginal analysis of college budgeting when using several plans. 

- Development Economics . 

Development economics is one of how branches where you study the ways how emerging nations achieve certain financial stability via strategic management and cooperation. Economists study this field of science when dealing with poor countries, yet it's also encountered when one has to create both domestic and international policies. As you develop economic policies for your research, you should define whether you are dealing with the micro or macro environment. Here are some ideas to consider: 

  • The methods how outsourcing methods can help improve economic productivity. 
  • The bond between higher literacy rates in rural areas and economic growth .
  • Traditional economies versus command economies strategies. 
  • The use of natural resources in Iceland as a major factor in economic development. 
  • The most efficient ways to achieve better physical capital outcomes. 
  • Mixed markets distribution n Asia: why do some brands become more famous? 
  • The role of entrepreneurship for economic growth. 
  • The real estate investments and the strategy of bulk economy purchases. 
  • Short-term and long-term goals when dealing with economic development. 
  • The importance of industry diversification during times of globalization. 

- Social Economics. 

In simple terms, when you are dealing with social economics, you are researching the social aspect of economics where the main focus is a set of social methods, behavior strategies, and calculations. The practical examples are stability in employment, strong business networks among small to medium companies, social security, good schools, and the aspects like medical care and the daily sides of life. As you research the social aspect of economics, consider these economics topics for essays : 

  • Occupational factors for economic growth between the United States and the UK. 
  • Environmental care campaigns and the funds allocated for delivering the message. 
  • Green energy and the climate change challenges required to make the industrial transition efficient. 
  • Social inequality and the educational requirements. 
  • The benefits of an equitable distribution of global wealth and education. 
  • The minimum standards between Germany and Sweden (you can choose any other country). 
  • Establishing socialist economy in the model country: an economic outline. 
  • Analysis of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam through the socio-economic lens. 
  • The core principles of the moral side of economics. 
  • Corporative protection of private information and personal data when making investments. 

- Technology and Economics Ideas. 

Technology is a part of modern economics that always comes along and becomes an integral factor for the successful integration of digital strategies, online banking, and, most importantly, cryptocurrencies and data mining. If you are dealing with the Data Sciences discipline or require assistance with the SMM or digital economics in the modern era, you must take your time to explore the topic ideas below as you seek an innovation : 

  • An ethical side of data mining practices for private economic growth.  
  • Technological differences between microeconomics analysis and global statistics. 
  • Economic analysis of the vaccination campaigns (Covid-19 analysis case). 
  • The pros and cons of online banking for the elderly population. 
  • AI-based tools as a method of the safer management of funds. 
  • Simplification of accounting with the help of digital solutions. 
  • Advertising as a way to achieve rapid economic growth. 
  • The controversy of digital bankruptcy. 
  • Transnational corporations and the ethical standards of intellectual property sharing. 
  • Cryptocurrency markets and the closed-circle environments. 

Ph.D. Economic Topics to Write About

When you are planning to compose a dissertation and need excellent Ph.D. topics in economics, it is possible to approach the subjects that are widely discussed in the media or narrow your studies down to something specific. Generally, it's not recommended to use a single case study to research the Ph.D.-level topics. You may include a challenging problem and provide a synthesis with several solutions based on literature reviews. You can check these ideas and identify the scientific areas that you can work on as you become enrolled in a Master’s program. Use them as the starting points as you explore these ideas for a presentation or research writing: 

  • Development economics in Congo: why is the wealth not becoming an efficient solution? 
  • The challenges of the foreign direct investment strategy during the post-Brexit period in the UK. 
  • Trade policies in the Asian markets: analysis of the free markets and the public reports. 
  • Why is China remaining one of the most powerful economies while following a socialistic model? 
  • Analysis of the perfect competition in the online markets: the role of influencers. 
  • Social media as the new method of demand and supply: learning the restrictions. 
  • The role of education in economic growth: why education is not always helpful? 
  • Unemployment in the European Union: the pros and cons of forced immigration. 
  • Marine trade barriers and finding advantages as the exchange rates are involved. 
  • Linguistic factors and the words lost in translation when dealing with economic global reports. 

When You Require Assistance

When you are feeling lost and need assistance with a subject that relates to economics in this way or another, you should not seek elsewhere as we have good subject ideas for college and university students. Even when you need competitive ideas for your undergraduates debate class or would like to focus on the social side of economics, you can easily find an essay on the topic on our website . Brainstorm the topics, play with the wording, and never hesitate to ask for help if something is unclear. Remember that your main thesis statement should be connected to your title, so make your choice wisely and take your time!

Argumentative Essays Topics

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top research topics in economics

Published on Development Impact

What’s the latest research in development economics a roundup from neudc 2022, almedina music, david evans, this page in:.

Map of NEUDC 2022 countries

·        In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 73 percent of households provided with access to childcare centers use them.  Both parents “increase their engagement in commercial activities, leading to gains in agricultural productivity, household income and women’s subjective well-being." Women reported increases in their concentration and sense of control.  Using the centers also led to  significant gains in early childhood development outcomes, particularly for younger children.  ( Donald and Vaillant ) #RCT

·        What are the household welfare gains from financial inclusion? Applying a new approach using demand estimates from three RCTs (on retirement savings in the United States, commitment savings in the Philippines, and microfinance in Mexico) , welfare gains per dollar lent or saved are small as compensated demand elasticities are large, but still correspond to large aggregate welfare gains from financial inclusion. ( Loeser ) #Other

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Engaging Economic Research Topics in 2023: Unraveling Economic Complexities

Are you searching for economic research topics? If yes, then have a close look at some of the best economic research topics to try in 2023.

Economic research is a fundamental component of modern economics, as it provides a framework for understanding the complexities of the global economy. It encompasses a wide range of topics, including macroeconomics, microeconomics, econometrics, and applied economics, each with its own unique set of research questions and methodologies.

Economic research can be conducted using a variety of methods, including theoretical modeling, empirical analysis, and experimental research, and can be used to inform policy-making, advance knowledge, and address real-world economic problems. In this article, we will explore some of the key topics in economic research, including their theoretical underpinnings, research questions, and implications for economic policy and practice.

Whether you are a student, researcher, policymaker, or simply interested in economics, this article will provide an overview of some of the most important and relevant topics in contemporary economic research.

Definition of economic research

Table of Contents

Economic research refers to the application of economic theories and methodologies to study economic issues and problems, such as market behavior, consumer preferences, economic growth, income distribution, and international trade. It involves the use of empirical data, statistical models, and econometric techniques to develop insights into economic phenomena.

Importance of economic research

Economic research is important for several reasons:

Informing policy-making

Economic research can provide insights into the causes and consequences of economic phenomena, and help policymakers identify effective policies and interventions to promote social welfare, economic growth, and sustainability.

Advancing knowledge

Economic research contributes to our understanding of how the economy works, and can help us identify new areas of inquiry and build on existing knowledge.

Supporting innovation

Economic research can inform innovation and entrepreneurship by providing insights into consumer behavior, market dynamics, and technological change.

Addressing real-world problems

Economic research can help address real-world economic problems, such as income inequality, unemployment, and climate change, by identifying effective solutions and policy interventions.

Driving economic growth

Economic research can inform strategies to promote economic growth and development, such as through investment in education, infrastructure, and innovation.

Assessing risks and opportunities

Economic research can help individuals and organizations assess risks and opportunities in the economy, and make informed decisions about investments, financial planning, and other economic activities.

Enhancing accountability

Economic research can help hold individuals and organizations accountable for their economic decisions and actions, by providing evidence and insights into their economic impact.

Informing public discourse

Economic research can help shape public discourse on economic issues, by providing a deeper understanding of the economic implications of policy decisions, technological change, and other factors.

Fostering collaboration

Economic research can foster collaboration between researchers, policymakers, and other stakeholders, by providing a common language and framework for understanding economic issues and identifying shared solutions.

Encouraging critical thinking

Economic research can encourage critical thinking and a deeper understanding of complex economic issues, by challenging assumptions and providing evidence-based insights.

Overall, economic research plays a critical role in informing decision-making and promoting a more just and sustainable global economy.

Economic Research Topics

Have a close look at some of the best economic research topics.

Macroeconomics

Macroeconomics is the study of the economy as a whole, focusing on the aggregate behavior of economic variables such as GDP, inflation, employment, and trade. It aims to understand the causes and consequences of fluctuations in the economy, and to develop policies to stabilize the economy and promote economic growth. It’s not a very easy subject for students to understand, so an A-level economics tutor to understand the concepts better.

Topics for economic research in macroeconomics:

Economic growth and development

Economic growth is the increase in the output of goods and services over time, while development refers to the improvement in the well-being of individuals and societies. Research in this area can focus on factors that contribute to economic growth, such as investment, technology, and human capital , as well as on policies that promote inclusive development.

Inflation and deflation

Inflation is the sustained increase in the general price level of goods and services, while deflation is the opposite, a sustained decrease in the general price level. Research in this area can examine the causes and consequences of inflation and deflation, including their impact on economic growth, employment, and income distribution.

Monetary and fiscal policy

Monetary policy involves the use of interest rates, money supply, and other tools by central banks to influence economic activity, while fiscal policy involves the use of government spending and taxation to achieve economic objectives. Research in this area can examine the effectiveness of these policies, their impact on the economy, and their interaction with each other.

International trade and globalization

International trade refers to the exchange of goods and services between countries, while globalization refers to the integration of economies and societies across borders. Research in this area can examine the effects of trade and globalization on economic growth, income distribution, and employment, as well as on the environment, culture, and political systems.

Unemployment and labor market dynamics

Unemployment is the state of being without a job, while labor market dynamics refer to the behavior of employers and employees in the labor market. Research in this area can examine the causes and consequences of unemployment, the effects of minimum wages and other labor market policies, and the impact of technological change and globalization on the labor market.

Income inequality and poverty

Income inequality refers to the unequal distribution of income among individuals or groups, while poverty refers to the lack of basic necessities of life. Research in this area can examine the causes and consequences of income inequality and poverty, the role of education, health, and social policies in reducing poverty and inequality, and the impact of globalization and technological change on income distribution.

Microeconomics

Microeconomics is the study of individual economic behavior and decision-making, focusing on how individuals and firms interact in markets. It examines the behavior of consumers and producers, the determination of prices and quantities, and the effects of government policies on market outcomes.

Topics for economic research in microeconomics:

Market structures and competition

Market structure refers to the number and size of firms in a market, the degree of product differentiation, and the ease of entry and exit. Research in this area can examine the effects of market structure on competition, innovation, and pricing behavior, as well as the role of antitrust policies in promoting competition.

Consumer behavior and demand

Consumer behavior refers to the choices made by individuals when purchasing goods and services, while demand refers to the quantity of a good or service that consumers are willing and able to buy at a given price. Research in this area can examine the determinants of consumer behavior, the effects of advertising and product differentiation on demand, and the impact of consumer preferences on market outcomes.

Production and cost analysis

Production refers to the process of transforming inputs into outputs, while cost analysis refers to the study of the costs incurred by firms in producing goods and services. Research in this area can examine the determinants of production and cost, the effects of economies of scale and scope on cost, and the impact of technological change on production and cost.

Pricing strategies

Pricing strategies refer to the methods used by firms to set prices for their products or services. Research in this area can examine the determinants of pricing behavior, the effects of price discrimination and bundling on market outcomes, and the impact of pricing strategies on consumer welfare.

Game theory and strategic behavior

Game theory is a branch of economics that studies the behavior of individuals or firms in strategic situations, where the outcome of their actions depends on the actions of others. Research in this area can examine the use of game theory to model strategic interactions, the impact of strategic behavior on market outcomes, and the role of government policies in regulating strategic behavior.

Behavioral economics

Behavioral economics is the study of how psychological and social factors influence economic decision-making. Research in this area can examine the role of cognitive biases and heuristics in economic behavior, the effects of social norms and peer pressure on economic outcomes, and the implications of behavioral economics for public policy.

Econometrics

Econometrics is the application of statistical methods to economic data in order to test economic theories, estimate economic relationships, and make economic forecasts. It is a key tool for empirical research in economics.

Topics for economic research in econometrics

Statistical inference and hypothesis testing

Statistical inference involves making conclusions about population parameters based on sample data, while hypothesis testing involves testing hypotheses about the values of population parameters. Research in this area can examine the use of statistical inference and hypothesis testing in econometric analysis, as well as the limitations and challenges associated with these methods.

Time series analysis

Time series analysis involves the analysis of data that is collected over time, such as economic indicators like GDP, inflation, and unemployment. Research in this area can examine the use of time series methods in econometric analysis, such as autoregressive models and moving average models, as well as the challenges associated with analyzing time series data.

Panel data analysis

Panel data refers to data that is collected on the same individuals or entities over time, such as data on firms or households. Panel data analysis involves using this data to estimate economic relationships and test economic theories. Research in this area can examine the use of panel data methods in econometric analysis, such as fixed effects models and random effects models, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of panel data analysis.

Causal inference and program evaluation

Causal inference involves determining whether a particular treatment or policy intervention caused a particular outcome, while program evaluation involves evaluating the effectiveness of policy interventions. Research in this area can examine the use of causal inference and program evaluation methods in econometric analysis, such as randomized controlled trials and difference-in-differences models, as well as the challenges associated with these methods.

Big data and machine learning in economics

Big data refers to the large volumes of data that are generated in the digital age, while machine learning involves using algorithms to analyze and make predictions based on data. Research in this area can examine the use of big data and machine learning methods in econometric analysis, as well as the challenges associated with analyzing large and complex data sets.

Spatial econometrics

Spatial econometrics is concerned with the analysis of spatially dependent economic variables, such as regional economic growth and urbanization. Research in this area can examine the use of spatial econometric models in econometric analysis, such as spatial autoregressive models and spatial panel models, as well as the challenges associated with analyzing spatial data.

Applied economics

Applied economics involves the application of economic principles and theories to real-world problems and issues. It is concerned with the practical implications of economic research, and often involves interdisciplinary collaborations with other fields, such as public policy, business, and social sciences.

Topics for economic research in applied economics:

Health economics

Health economics is concerned with the analysis of healthcare systems and the economic factors that affect the health of individuals and populations. Research in this area can examine topics such as healthcare financing and insurance, healthcare delivery and organization, healthcare technology and innovation, and the social determinants of health.

Education economics

Education economics is concerned with the analysis of educational systems and the economic factors that affect educational outcomes. Research in this area can examine topics such as education financing and funding, educational inequality and access, education quality and performance, and the impact of education on economic growth and development.

Environmental economics

Environmental economics is concerned with the economic analysis of environmental problems and the policies and mechanisms that can be used to address these problems. Research in this area can examine topics such as climate change, pollution and waste management, natural resource management, and environmental regulation and policy.

Urban economics

Urban economics is concerned with the economic analysis of cities and urban areas, including the economic factors that drive urban growth and development, the impact of urbanization on social and economic outcomes, and the policies and mechanisms that can be used to promote sustainable and inclusive urban development.

Agricultural economics

Agricultural economics is concerned with the economic analysis of the agricultural sector, including the factors that affect agricultural production and productivity, the impact of agricultural policies and programs on rural development and poverty reduction, and the role of agriculture in food security and nutrition.

Development economics

Development economics is concerned with the economic analysis of development processes and the policies and mechanisms that can be used to promote economic growth and development. Research in this area can examine topics such as poverty reduction and social welfare, trade and globalization, financial markets and development, and the role of institutions and governance in development.

In summary, economics research covers a wide range of topics and approaches, including macroeconomics, microeconomics, econometrics, and applied economics.

Some key topics for research in economics include economic growth and development, market structures and competition, statistical inference and hypothesis testing, health economics, education economics, environmental economics, urban economics, agricultural economics, and development economics.

As the world continues to face complex economic challenges, there is a growing need for rigorous and innovative research in economics to inform policy-making and address pressing issues such as inequality, climate change, and technological disruption.

Future research in economics will likely involve interdisciplinary collaborations with other fields such as data science, engineering, and behavioral sciences.

Additionally, there will be an increasing focus on incorporating diverse perspectives and experiences in economic research, as well as addressing issues of ethics and social responsibility in economic analysis.

Overall, the future of economics research holds great potential to contribute to a more just and sustainable global economy.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is economics research.

Economics research involves the application of economic theories and methods to understand and address real-world economic problems and issues. It can involve a range of approaches, from theoretical modeling and econometric analysis to field experiments and case studies.

What are some key areas of economics research?

Some key areas of economics research include macroeconomics, microeconomics, econometrics, and applied economics. Within these areas, researchers may focus on topics such as economic growth, market competition, statistical analysis, health economics, environmental economics, urban economics, and development economics.

Why is economics research important?

Economics research plays a critical role in informing policy-making and decision-making in a range of fields, from government and business to international organizations and non-profit organizations. By providing insights into the causes and consequences of economic phenomena, economics research can help to identify effective policies and interventions to promote social welfare, economic growth, and sustainability.

What are some emerging trends in economics research?

Emerging trends in economics research include a growing focus on interdisciplinary collaborations with other fields, such as data science and behavioral science, as well as an increasing emphasis on incorporating diverse perspectives and experiences into economic analysis.

How is economics research conducted?

Economics research can be conducted using a range of methods, including theoretical modeling, econometric analysis, field experiments, and case studies. Researchers may also use data from a variety of sources, including surveys, administrative records, and experimental data.

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  • Department of Economics
  • Postgraduate study
  • PhD Programme in Economics

PhD research topics

PhD conference

Applications are welcomed in all Economics topics. We particularly welcome applications from candidates with research interests in the following speciality areas of our research-active staff:

Behavioural Economics

  • Behavioural Health Economics and Policy
  • Behavioural Labour and Organisational Economics
  • Decisions under Risk and Uncertainty
  • Experimental and Behavioural analyses of markets
  • Charitable Behaviour
  • Analysis of Conflict and Conflict Resolution
  • Behavioural Welfare Economics (including subjective wellbeing)

Financial Economics and Household Finance

  • Banking and financial stability
  • Household portfolios
  • Household wealth inequality
  • Household saving
  • Household financial vulnerability and asset accumulation

Gender, Race and Inequality

  • Domestic violence
  • Discrimination and Wellbeing
  • Identity Economics (gender, ethnicity, inequality)
  • Wealth inequality and racial wealth gap
  • Affirmative Action Policies

Health Economics

  • Healthcare and demographics
  • Health, wellbeing and employment
  • Long-run impact of COVID
  • Aversion to inequality in multidimensional wellbeing
  • Health state valuation and stated preferences

Industrial Organization 

  • Competition Policy
  • Innovation, industrial policy and mixed markets
  • Networks and Regulation
  • Firms Productivity
  • Tax compliance and administration

International Economics and Development

  • Empirical development economics
  • Foreign aid and development finance institutions
  • Foreign Direct Investment and Economic Growth
  • Trade models with heterogeneous firms, trade gravity and productivity growth
  • Trade policies and public economics

Labour and Education Economics

  • Empirical studies on the relationships between labour, health and wellbeing
  • Education Economics
  • Gender differences in human capital accumulation
  • Labour market transitions of (young) workers
  • Social mobility
  • Vocational education
  • Wages, employment and contract type

Macroeconomics

  • Open Economy Macroeconomics
  • Business Cycles
  • Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium Modelling
  • Labour Market Dynamics
  • Search and Matching

Political Economy

  • Elections, political ideology, institutions and economic policy
  • Immigration: causes and consequences
  • Terrorism, public attitudes and behavioural outcomes
  • Rent-seeking and other contests

Time Series Econometrics

  • Econometric detection of bubbles and crashes
  • Specification testing and forecasting in non-linear Econometric/Time-Series models
  • Theoretical econometrics and statistical inference

Urban and Environmental Economics

  • Environmental economics and environmental policy 
  • Environmental reporting
  • Real estate economics
  • Local labour markets
  • Agglomeration externalities
  • Spatial distribution of economic activities and innovation
  • Transport economics
  • Local economic impacts and drivers of internal and external immigration 
  • Local and regional determinants of social mobility and inequality
  • Levelling-up: drivers of local productivity and growth

Related information

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51+ Economics Project Topics [Updated]

economics project topics

Economics may sound like a daunting subject, but it’s all around us, influencing every aspect of our lives. Economic projects delve into various aspects of how societies produce, distribute, and consume products or goods and services. Whether you’re a student looking for compelling economics project topics or someone curious about the world of economics, this guide will walk you through some fascinating areas to explore.

How Do You Write An Economic Project?

Table of Contents

Writing an economic project involves several steps to effectively research, analyze, and present your findings. Here’s a general guide on how to write an economic project:

  • Choose a Topic: Choose an economic subject that captures your interest and is in line with the requirements of your assignment or the objectives of your research. It could be a macroeconomic trend, a microeconomic analysis, or a specific area like environmental economics or development economics.
  • Conduct Research: Collect pertinent data and information from credible sources like scholarly journals, government reports, economic repositories, and literature. Make sure to critically evaluate the credibility and reliability of your sources.
  • Outline Your Project: Create an outline that organizes your ideas and arguments logically. Include sections such as introduction, literature review, methodology, findings, discussion, and conclusion.
  • Write the Introduction: Begin with an introduction that provides background information on your topic, states the purpose of your project, and outlines the structure of your paper.
  • Review the Literature: Perform a thorough examination of existing literature and theories pertinent to your subject matter through a literature review. Identify any deficiencies or areas lacking sufficient research that your project intends to fill.
  • Develop a Methodology: Describe the methods you used to collect and analyze data. This may include quantitative techniques such as econometric modeling or qualitative approaches like case studies or interviews.
  • Present Your Findings: Present the results of your analysis in a clear and organized manner. Use tables, charts, and graphs to illustrate key findings and trends.
  • Discuss Your Results: Interpret the implications of your findings and discuss their significance in relation to existing literature and theoretical frameworks. Address any limitations or constraints of your study.
  • Draw Conclusions: Provide a condensed overview of your project’s key discoveries and derive conclusions from your analysis. Consider the broader implications of your research and suggest areas for further study.
  • Write the Conclusion: Conclude your project by restating the main points and highlighting the contribution of your research to the field of economics. Discuss any practical implications or policy recommendations arising from your findings.
  • Cite Your Sources: Make sure to cite all sources properly used in your project according to the appropriate citation style (e.g., APA, MLA, Chicago).
  • Proofread and Edit: Finally, carefully proofread your project to check for errors in grammar, spelling, and formatting. Ensure that your writing is clear, concise, and coherent.

By following these steps, you can effectively write an economic project that demonstrates your understanding of economic concepts, analytical skills, and ability to communicate research findings effectively.

51+ Economics Project Topics: Category Wise

Macroeconomic topics.

  • The Impact of Fiscal Policy on Economic Growth
  • Analyzing the Effects of Monetary Policy on Inflation
  • Evaluating the Relationship Between Exchange Rates and Export Performance
  • Assessing the Role of Government Spending in Stimulating Aggregate Demand
  • Examining the Causes and Consequences of Economic Recessions

Microeconomic Topics

  • Market Structure Analysis: A Case Study of the Smartphone Industry
  • Consumer Behavior and Preferences in the Fast Food Industry
  • The Impact of Price Elasticity on Revenue in the Airline Industry
  • Producer Surplus and Profit Maximization in Competitive Markets
  • Analyzing Market Failures and the Need for Government Intervention

International Economics Topics

  • The Effects of Trade Liberalization on Developing Countries
  • Exchange Rate Volatility and Its Impact on International Trade
  • Globalization and Its Effects on Income Inequality
  • Trade Policies and Their Influence on Foreign Direct Investment
  • Comparative Advantage and Specialization in International Trade

Environmental Economics Topics

  • The Economics of Renewable Energy Adoption
  • Carbon Pricing and Its Implications for Climate Change Mitigation
  • Economic Valuation of Ecosystem Services
  • Environmental Regulations and Firm Behavior: A Case Study Approach
  • The Role of Economics in Biodiversity Conservation Efforts

Development Economics Topics

  • Microfinance and Poverty Alleviation: Lessons from Case Studies
  • The Impact of Education on Economic Development
  • Evaluating the Effectiveness of Conditional Cash Transfer Programs
  • Gender Inequality and Economic Development: An Empirical Analysis
  • The Role of Foreign Aid in Promoting Sustainable Development

Behavioral Economics Topics

  • Behavioral Biases in Consumer Decision-Making: A Experimental Study
  • Nudge Theory and Its Applications in Public Policy
  • Prospect Theory and Risk Preferences in Investment Decisions
  • The Influence of Social Norms on Economic Behavior
  • Behavioral Economics Approaches to Addressing Climate Change

Econometrics and Quantitative Analysis Topics

  • Time-Series Analysis of Stock Market Volatility
  • Regression Analysis of Factors Affecting Housing Prices
  • Forecasting Macroeconomic Indicators Using Machine Learning Techniques
  • Panel Data Analysis of Regional Economic Disparities
  • Causal Inference Methods in Economic Research

Policy Analysis and Evaluation Topics

  • Cost-Benefit Analysis of Infrastructure Projects
  • Evaluating the Impact of Minimum Wage Policies on Employment
  • Welfare Effects of Tax Reform: A Microsimulation Approach
  • Policy Responses to Economic Shocks: Lessons from the COVID-19 Pandemic
  • Assessing the Effectiveness of Anti-Poverty Programs in Developing Countries

Monetary Economics Topics

  • The Transmission Mechanism of Monetary Policy
  • Central Bank Independence and Inflation Targeting
  • Quantitative Easing and Its Effects on Financial Markets
  • The Role of Interest Rates in Determining Investment Decisions
  • Digital Currencies and the Future of Monetary Policy

Labor Economics Topics

  • The Economics of Immigration: Impacts on Labor Markets
  • Gender Wage Gap: Causes and Policy Implications
  • The Effects of Automation on Employment Patterns
  • Labor Market Dynamics and Unemployment Duration
  • Evaluating the Impact of Minimum Wage Laws on Poverty

Health Economics Topics

  • The Economics of Healthcare Financing Systems
  • Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Healthcare Interventions
  • The Impact of Health Insurance Coverage on Healthcare Utilization
  • Behavioral Economics Approaches to Promoting Healthier Lifestyles
  • Healthcare Market Competition and Patient Outcomes: Evidence from Empirical Studies

What To Avoid For Economics Projects?

When working on economics projects, it’s essential to be aware of common pitfalls to avoid. Here’s a list of things to steer clear of:

  • Lack of Clarity in Research Question: Ensure your research question is clear, specific, and well-defined. Avoid ambiguity or broad topics that make it difficult to focus your research.
  • Poor Data Quality: Avoid using unreliable or outdated data sources. Ensure your data is accurate, relevant, and obtained from reputable sources.
  • Ignoring Assumptions: Be transparent about the assumptions underlying your analysis. Ignoring or glossing over assumptions can weaken the validity of your findings.
  • Overly Complex Models: While sophisticated models can be impressive, avoid unnecessarily complex models that obscure key relationships or make interpretation difficult.
  • Ignoring Alternative Explanations: Consider alternative explanations for your findings and address potential counterarguments. Ignoring alternative explanations can weaken the credibility of your analysis.
  • Misinterpreting Correlation as Causation: Be cautious when interpreting correlations as causation. Correlation does not imply causation, so ensure you have robust evidence to support causal claims.
  • Ignoring Feedback Effects: Consider feedback effects and dynamic interactions between variables in your analysis. Ignoring feedback effects can lead to biased or misleading conclusions.
  • Ignoring Heterogeneity: Recognize heterogeneity within the population or sample under study. Ignoring heterogeneity can lead to overgeneralization of results.
  • Overlooking Endogeneity: Be mindful of endogeneity issues, where the relationship between variables is bidirectional or influenced by unobserved factors. Addressing endogeneity requires careful modeling and appropriate techniques.
  • Inadequate Literature Review: Conduct a thorough literature review to situate your research within the existing literature. Avoid overlooking relevant studies or failing to acknowledge prior research.
  • Inadequate Discussion of Limitations: Acknowledge the limitations of your study and discuss their implications for the validity and generalizability of your findings.
  • Poor Presentation and Organization: Ensure your project is well-organized and clearly presented. Avoid cluttered or confusing visuals, inconsistent formatting, or unclear writing.

By avoiding these common pitfalls, you can enhance the quality and credibility of your economics projects and contribute meaningfully to the field of study.

Economics is a dynamic and multifaceted field, offering endless opportunities for exploration and discovery. Whether you’re interested in understanding the forces shaping the global economy or seeking solutions to pressing social issues, there’s a wealth of topics to explore.

By delving into these areas, you’ll gain valuable insights into how economies work and how they can be improved for the benefit of all. So, don’t hesitate to dive into economics project topics and start exploring the fascinating world of economics.

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Areas of research

Budget, taxes and public investment.

EPI’s work on federal fiscal policy analyzes revenues, spending and deficits, but always within the context of the overall economy. EPI believes that the federal budget is the embodiment of our nation’s priorities, but recognizes that the state of budget balance is simply a tool to meet larger economic goals, not an end-goal in itself.

Child Labor

The Economic Policy Institute’s child labor research examines the role of strong labor standards in ensuring equal economic and educational opportunity for all children. Our work, including ground-breaking research, thought leadership, and advocacy, is focused on assessing the strengths or weaknesses of existing state and federal child labor policies, documenting ongoing coordinated attacks on protections for young workers, and proposing reforms to advance children’s rights to safe, age-appropriate work and fair compensation. As part of this agenda, EPI works in close coordination with partners in the Economic Analysis and Research Network (EARN) and in national child labor coalitions, provides expert analysis to the media and other stakeholders, and seeks to raise awareness through public events.

Economic Growth

EPI’s research on economic growth assesses how policymaking and economic institutions either help or hinder efforts to insure that the U.S. economy is operating at full employment and to generate sustainable growth in average living standards as rapidly as possible.

EPI documents impacts of social and economic inequality on student achievement, and suggests policies, within school and out, to narrow outcome gaps between middle class and disadvantaged students. EPI research refutes false assumptions behind politically inspired attacks on public education, teachers, and their unions.

Green Economics

EPI’s research in this arena focuses on the role that public investment, regulation, and tax policy play in making the economy more sustainable and equitable.

EPI analyzes the U.S. health care system through the lens of low- and moderate-income families’ living standards, with special attention to employer-sponsored health insurance, the burden of health costs, and disparities in access and outcomes.

Immigration

EPI proposes reforms that would allow the immigration system to respond and adjust to the shifting needs of the U.S. labor market while improving wages and safeguarding labor standards for American and immigrant workers.

Inequality and Poverty

As the United States recovers from the Great Recession, EPI’s research in this area examines the increasing levels of economic inequality in connection with decreasing levels of economic mobility and rising levels of poverty.

Jobs and Unemployment

EPI’s thorough research in this area is as critical as ever and focuses on understanding the intricacies and impact of the slow recovery in the U.S. labor market, including our persistent high unemployment, near-record long-term unemployment, mass underemployment, and weak labor force participation.

Minimum Wage

The minimum wage is a critical labor standard meant to ensure a fair wage for this country’s lowest paid workers. EPI researchers have examined how the minimum wage affects workers and the economy, who benefits from the minimum wage, and how the declining value of the federal minimum wage over time has contributed to the growth in U.S. income inequality.

Race and Ethnicity

EPI’s Program on Race, Ethnicity, and the Economy works to advance policies that ensure racial and ethnic minorities participate fully and benefit equitably as workers in the American economy.

Raising America’s Pay

EPI’s efforts to raise the profile of wage issues and generate ideas for stimulating wage growth are overseen by an advisory board of eminent policymakers, academics, policy experts, and civic engagement leaders. See the list of board members .

The debate over the effect of regulatory changes on employment has intensified in the wake of the Great Recession and the still-high levels of unemployment that are its legacy. But assertions that government regulations are holding back the economy ignore the roots of our economy’s problems, namely the collapse of the housing and financial sectors and inadequate demand. EPI research debunks claims that regulations impede job creation, finding that they can create jobs and confer other critical benefits that outweigh costs. This work is critical to fighting attempts to roll back laws that protect the environment and guarantee worker protections.

EPI’s retirement program examines the inequities in the current system and promotes initiatives that protect Social Security and lead to universal, secure, and adequate retirement policies.

Trade and Globalization

Trade and globalization policies have major effects on the wages and incomes of American workers and on the vitality of American industries such as manufacturing. EPI research identifies the economic benefits accruing to the nation, states, and congressional districts from negotiating better trade agreements and curbing currency manipulation and other unfair trade practices.

Unions and Labor Standards

Strong unions and employee organizing rights foster a vibrant middle class because the protections, rights, and wages that unions secure affect union and nonunion workers alike. Unfortunately, eroded labor standards, weakening unions, changing norms, guestworker policies that undercut wages, and monetary policies that prioritize controlling inflation over lowering unemployment have helped depress wages and erode living standards for all workers. EPI monitors factors that affect American work lives, including unpaid overtime, wage theft, the minimum wage, immigration laws, and collective bargaining rights.

Wages, Incomes, and Wealth

Ensuring that economic growth benefits hard-working Americans in the form of higher wages and rising living standards is the central economic challenge of our time. Unfortunately, wages for most workers grew exceptionally slowly between 1979 and 2012, despite productivity—which essentially measures the economy’s potential for providing rising living standards for all—rising 64%. In other words, most Americans, even those with college degrees, are treading water—despite working more productively (and being better educated) than ever. EPI research demonstrates that wage stagnation, weak income growth, and wealth disparities can be traced to policy decisions that have eroded the bargaining power of low- and middle-wage workers.

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Thesis Helpers

top research topics in economics

Find the best tips and advice to improve your writing. Or, have a top expert write your paper.

Top 50 Economic Topics For Your Research Paper Or Thesis

economic topics

Choosing the best economics research topics is a major challenge for most learners pursuing economics studies. Economics entails the study of how humans use scarce resources in the production of valuables. Learners pursuing economics programs analyze how valuables are eventually distributed among society members after production.

Before learners are given economics research paper assignments, they are taught many elements that affect the economy. This enables them to understand real-life economies, as well as, daily expenditures and expenses. Such elements include medicine, politics, race, trade, unemployment, poverty, religion, and war among others.

As such, economics research topics for undergraduates should show their understanding of these issues and how they affect the economy. But, many learners have difficulties understanding different aspects of economics research. This makes choosing topics for their papers and essays difficult.

Tricks for Choosing the Best Economics Research Topics

Choosing research paper topics in economics is undoubtedly not easy for most students. That’s because a learner should choose a narrow topic so that they can delve deeper in analyzing and discussing it in their paper. But, if the topic is too narrow, it can be limiting. And, if it is too broad, the learner might not cover it exhaustively.

However, learners can still select the best economics research paper topics by following these guidelines:

Understand the subject matter and figure out whether the topic’s context is within your study field and writing ability. Select a topic that you find interesting and suitable for your understanding. Evaluate the scope of the topic to ensure that you can find the necessary information to write a comprehensive paper or essay about it. Consider the instructions provided by the instructor or professor in terms of topic selection

Before you start the actual writing of a paper or essay, brainstorm for ideas around several topics. That means you can have an economics research topics list from which to choose what to write about. Topics in this study field can be classified into different categories as follows.

Undergraduates Economics Topics for Research

Many students panic when asked to write undergraduate papers and essays. That’s because they don’t know how to choose the best economics topics for research paper. If you’re among students that are troubled by the thought of choosing a topic, here are examples presetned by our academic writers that you can choose from.

  • What you should know about fiscal policy
  • Describe the three opportunity costs
  • How do banks set the exchange rate?
  • How can profit maximization be achieved?
  • Explain the major ethical rules in an economy
  • How to conduct a cost-benefit analysis on your preferred action
  • Explain why some resources are rare
  • What does economic forecasting entail?
  • Discuss the pros and cons of privatization
  • How are the economies of both sides of a conflict affected by war?

These are great topics for economics research paper for undergraduate students. However, they still require in-depth research to come up with a coherent and comprehensive document.

Health Economics Research Topics

The health of citizens influences the economy of a country, though this might be unclear to some learners at first. Health research topics for economics lead to the production of papers and essays that are quite interesting to read. Here are sample topics in this category. You can also check our nursing research topics .

  • How is the economy affected by a smoking ban?
  • Is the world hunger affected by economics?
  • How does perfect competition work in the pharmaceuticals world?
  • How is free healthcare justified in the U.S?
  • How do chronic diseases affect the workforce and the economy?
  • Is health insurance important?
  • How an unhealthy country translates into a poor country
  • How can public hospitals optimize their revenue collection?
  • How does an infectious disease outbreak affect the economy?
  • The economics of the pharmaceutical industry

Interesting Behavioral Economics Research Topics

Some learners might not know about it but behavioral economics exists. And, some topics in this category are quite interesting to write about. Here are examples of topics that students in different study levels can write about in this category.

  • Does money make most people happy?
  • Why financial wellbeing makes most people happy
  • What does the economy of trust mean?
  • How can Uber be described as an aspect of the economy of trust?
  • How does the brain change when a person is striking a great deal?
  • Useful human insights that are missing in big data and how this affects the economy
  • Per household economic analysis explained
  • The buying capacity and gender
  • How race relates to economic power
  • Impact of economic stability on the social life of a person

Microeconomics Topics

Microeconomics studies revolve around trade between people. It’s trading at an individual level. This covers the basics of demand and supply. This is the category where some learners find simple research topics in economics. Here are examples of topics in this category.

  • Understanding the competition and market concepts
  • Inflation sources and consequences explained
  • Explaining how competition influences the price
  • Explaining the balance between supply and demand in microeconomics
  • Opportunity costs explained from a microeconomics perspective
  • Explaining production costs and profit
  • How a stock market operates
  • Perfect competition in microeconomics
  • How unemployment affects microeconomics
  • Aggregate demand and supply in microeconomics

Cool Environmental Economics Research Topics

The environment has more effects on an economy more than most people think. Ocean pollution can global warming are some of the environmental changes that affect the economy seriously. Here are some of the economics research topics for students to explore in this category.

  • Cost-benefit analysis of the regulation of the environment
  • Why it’s important to analyze the economics of clean drinking water
  • Evolution of economics institution concerning climate change
  • How greenhouses affect economic growth
  • How global warming affects economic growth
  • Detailed analysis of the European Union Emission Trading System
  • Is waste management a rare resource?
  • How technological advancement leads to economic growth
  • Explain the energy markets’ economic potential
  • How wildlife protection affects the economy

Students at different study levels have many research topics in economics to choose from. However, the research topic in economics that a learner chooses should be suitable for them based on their interests and academic goals. That’s because some topics are cumbersome to write about. They also require extensive knowledge and familiarity with different economic concepts to come up with a comprehensive document. Thus, they are ideal for students that are pursuing advanced studies. Nevertheless, every topic highlighted here requires in-depth economics research to come up with a concrete paper or essay.

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102 Best Econometrics Research Topics

econometrics research topics

College and university professors require students to write about econometrics research topics to gauge their comprehension of the relationship between mathematical economics, statistics, and economics. The purpose of this integration is to provide numerical values to economic relationships and parameters. Usually, econometrics involves economic theories and their presentation in mathematical forms and the empirical study of business. Perhaps, this integration explains why some students struggle to choose topics for research in econometrics.

What Is Econometrics?

As hinted, econometrics is an economics branch that focuses on the relationships between economics, statistics, and mathematical economics. Ideally, econometrics entails the quantitative application of mathematical and statistical models using data to test hypotheses and develop economic theories while forecasting future trends based on historical data. Econometricians subject real-world data to various statistical trials while comparing and contrasting the results against the idea under examination.

Writing an econometric research paper is a process that starts with the selection of an interesting topic. Once you’ve chosen a title and the supervisor approves it, embark on extensive research using the prompt from your teacher. Proceed by gathering and analyzing all relevant information from different sources. Engaging in in-depth study and comprehensive analysis will enable you to write an informative paper that will compel the educator to award you the best grade in your class. Below are the steps to follow to write a high-quality econometric thesis or essay.

Write the introduction: Introduce your econometrics topic and tell the audience why it’s crucial. Also, include a thesis statement summarizing the entire paper. Describe the theoretical model: Tell the readers about the theoretical models to structure the empirical work. Present the data: Describe the data, whether time series or cross-sectional. Use descriptive statistics data and graphics if possible. Present the empirical model: Explain the model you intend to estimate and the functional form you intend to use. Present your empirical results: This section presents empirical results using a table to summarize them. Conclude the paper: Describe lessons from the research and state whether it supports the theory. Also, suggest approaches for future research on the topic.

Your paper should also include a reference section comprising the information sources you used to gather data.

Interesting Econometrics Paper Topics

Maybe you know the process of writing a paper on an econometrics topic but don’t have an idea to explore. If so, consider these exciting econometrics paper ideas.

  • How privatizing public enterprises could affect economic development and policy
  • Cashless economy: How demonetization affects medium and small businesses
  • How Gini index dynamics reflect the income inequality problem
  • Consumption evolution over the last decade: Consumer behavior and trends
  • Investigating salary inequalities and the forces behind them
  • How income changes affect consumer choices
  • How does allowing the labor force to participate in public budgeting affect the economy
  • How the marital status affect the labor force composition
  • How consumption attitudes have changed over the last decade
  • How economic convergence relates to salary levels
  • How income affects life insurance
  • The consequences of leaving the rat race
  • Testing Okun’s Law in the U.S
  • Analysis of spending on disposable income and imports
  • Comparing the unemployment rate in the United States to the rest of the world
  • Regional labor mobility and unemployment
  • Stock market evolution: Analyzing the causes and effects
  • How internet productivity relate to connectivity in the workplace
  • How currency devaluation affects medium and small companies
  • How government spending and inflation relate in an economy
  • The relationship between stock prices and inflation in a country
  • How income tax revenue affects a developing economy
  • How government expenditure affects economic growth
  • Factors contributing to the global recession
  • How a country’s unemployment rate relates to economic growth

Any of these topics can be an excellent basis for an econometrics paper. However, you require extensive research about any of these topics to develop a winning thesis.

Undergraduate Econometrics Project Ideas

Maybe your school or faculty requires you to write an econometrics paper to graduate from university. In that case, consider these econometrics research topics for undergraduates.

  • Analyzing the impact of income inequality on the poverty level
  • Analyzing gender differences in education between developing and developed countries
  • How immigration affects unemployment in the European Union
  • How economic growth relates to trade
  • Are immigrants more in countries with a high income?
  • How high taxations affect GSP
  • Analyzing the relationship between local income level and house prices
  • How income, education, and life expectancy affect the human development index
  • How inflation affects national savings
  • How life expectancy relates to national income
  • How financial development affects the economic growth of a country
  • Crime index versus the average education years
  • Investigating the correlation between youth unemployment and minimum wage
  • How economic prosperity relate to government systems
  • Economic factors that affect housing prices in the United States
  • Economic factors contributing to homelessness in the U.S
  • Socioeconomic and economic determinants of infant mortality
  • Econometric analysis: Impact of trade barriers
  • Why matching methods are essential in econometrics
  • How a randomized experiment can aid econometrics
  • Why instrumental variables matter in econometrics
  • Can experts predict the future using econometrics?
  • Econometrics as a numerical estimates source for economic relationship variables
  • Ways of testing economic theories that econometricians present
  • Regression discontinuity: Describe its application

These are great ideas to consider for an econometrics project. Nevertheless, you require sufficient time to research any of these topics and write a winning essay or dissertation.

Easy Econometric Research Topics

Perhaps, you need an easy topic for an econometrics paper. Maybe you have a short time to complete your assignment. In that case, these econometrics topics are ideal for you.

  • Theory suggestion- The initial econometrics methodology step
  • Why estimating variables is important
  • The importance of Proof-reading once you have evaluated the variables
  • Why testing a hypothesis matters
  • The impact of poverty on education
  • How poverty relates to childhood obesity
  • Human development and income inequality
  • The link between religion and ideologies on a country’s economy
  • Income and importation- How do they connect?
  • Personal income and life expectancy- What is the connection?
  • The effects of minimum wage on unemployment
  • Investigating monetary policies and bank regulations
  • A study of the economies of scale
  • The impact and relevance of comparative institutional economics
  • Analyzing the effect of making a company international
  • Studying the macroeconomics of rare events
  • Investigating customer behavior towards green products
  • Trade patterns: Investigating different trade patterns and their applications
  • Different stochastic processes concepts
  • Accurate stochastic processes prediction

Any of these topics can be a sound basis of a simple paper. Nevertheless, you still require time to research the idea and analyze data to develop a quality paper.

Financial Econometrics Research Paper Topics

Perhaps, you want to write an academic paper about a financial econometrics topic. If so, consider these ideas.

  • How does bank regulation affect the economy?
  • A critical look into the loan markets
  • How a cashless policy affects the economy
  • Structure and implementation of the monetary policy
  • Lessons to learn from financial crises
  • Investigating regression models
  • Statistical tools in the financial econometrics

These are good topics to explore in financial econometrics. However, follow the prompt from your teacher to write an impressive paper.

Econometrics Empirical Project Ideas FExor Ph.D. Level

Maybe you’re pursuing your Ph.D. and want to write a dissertation about an econometrics topic. In that case, this category comprises excellent ideas for you.

  • Analytical statistics versus theoretical statistics
  • The effects of the low and high demand of labor on an economy
  • The arbitrage pricing theory
  • How goods production and productivity affect econometrics at a national level
  • Applied econometrics- Its essence in turning qualitative economic ideas into quantitative ones
  • Definition, relevance, and application of the general line model
  • Theoretical econometrics’ study and application
  • The macro behavioral theory
  • Panel data methods applications- A microeconomics subsection
  • The impacts of the spillover effect on econometrics
  • The impact of labor supply on a local economy
  • Why labor markets are essential to econometrics
  • What is micro-econometrics modeling?
  • Micro-econometrics methods and applications
  • Statistical tools and their use in financial econometrics

This list also has fantastic economics paper topic ideas. But like the topics in the other sections, each of these notions requires extensive research to write a quality paper.

Exciting Econometrics Questions

Maybe you need a question to serve as the basis of your econometrics research. In that case, here are exciting queries to inspire you.

  • What is the current state of your country’s economy?
  • What’s the difference between the current state of the local and international trades?
  • What are the latest forecasts for the global economy?
  • How do the foreign exchange market and the local businesses relate?
  • What’s the impact of exportation and importation on the local economy?
  • How do businesses monopolies affect a country’s economy?
  • What are the effects of international banks on the local banking sector?
  • How does population growth affect economic development?
  • How can a natural disaster affect an emerging economy?
  • What techniques do companies use to “nudge” consumers into spending more?

This comprehensive list has some of the best econometrics ideas for essays and research papers. Nevertheless, having a topic is not a guarantee that you’ll write a good essay. You might still need help with your assignment after choosing a topic.

Get Help With Thesis About Econometrics Topic

Our crew comprises the most skilled, talented, and experienced econometrics writers. These professionals have helped many students complete their econometrics papers on varied topics. If stuck with an econometric essay or an MBA thesis , for example, and require a cheap dissertation writing service , our native, educated experts can help you. We’re the most knowledgeable econometrics writers online. Contact us now to get a custom, high-quality research paper on any econometrics topic!

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  • Growth and Jobs at Davos 2024: What to know
  • How using genAI to fuse creativity and technology could reshape the way we work

1. Generative AI boosts productivity, unevenly

In 2024, most chief economists surveyed by the Forum believe generative AI will increase productivity and innovation in high-income countries. But for low-income countries, just over a third think this will be the case.

Productivity boosts are expected in knowledge-heavy industries, including IT and digital communications, financial and professional services, medical and healthcare services, retail, manufacturing, engineering and construction, energy and logistics.

These potential benefits are in "sharp contrast with concerns about the risks of automation, job displacement and degradation", says the report.

Almost three-quarters (73%) of chief economists surveyed "do not foresee a net positive impact on employment in low-income economies".

top research topics in economics

2. Digital jobs keep growing

By 2030, the number of global digital jobs is expected to rise to around 92 million. These are generally higher-paid roles, according to the Forum's white paper, The Rise of Digital Jobs .

Digital jobs could help to balance skill shortages in higher-income countries, while boosting opportunities for younger workers in lower-income countries: "If managed well, global digital jobs present an opportunity to utilize talent around the world, widening the talent pool available to employers and providing economic growth pathways to countries across the income spectrum."

3. Unemployment levels could rise

The labour market showed resilience in 2023, with employment remaining high, said Gilbert Fossoun Houngbo, Director-General of the International Labour Organization (ILO), in the Davos session ' What to Expect From Labour Markets '.

But he said ILO projections in early January suggested the global unemployment rate could rise from 5.1% to 5.2% in 2024, with an extra two million workers expected to be looking for jobs.

In the US, the jobs market remained stronger than expected for the first month of the year, with more than 350,000 new jobs added. The unemployment rate for January was 3.7%, close to a 50-year low, according to The Guardian .

Houngbo said ILO data shows inequalities persist between low- and high-income countries, while young people are 3.5 times more at risk of being unemployed than the rest of the adult population and "many workers are struggling to pay bills, which is very worrisome".

The impact of AI on jobs was not going to be "an employment apocalypse", but that reskilling, upskilling and lifelong learning would be key to managing the transition to augmentation, he stressed.

4. More pop-up offices

LinkedIn has seen a drop in the number of fully remote job postings, from a peak of 20% in April 2022, to just 8% in December 2023, said co-founder Allen Blue, speaking in a Davos session ' The Role of the Office is Still TBC ' .

But employee interest in taking remote or hybrid jobs remains high, at around 46% of applications.

"The office is going to be in competition with working from home ... that’s a good thing for the office," he said, as management would need to innovate and create a workplace environment that "emphasizes dynamic human interaction".

Young people taking their first job want human connection, so they're more interested in hybrid than remote roles.

Martin Kocher, Austria's Federal Minister of Labour and Economy, said that some Austrian villages are actually paying for pop-up community office spaces, because people don’t want to work from home, and they can make use of other amenities close by.

He predicted the development of more pop-up office spaces away from company headquarters.

Have you read?

  • Davos 2024: 6 innovative ideas on reskilling, upskilling and building a future-ready workforce
  • From hierarchy to partnership: rethinking the employee/employer relationship in 2024

5. Skills will become even more important

With 23% of jobs expected to change in the next five years, according to the Future of Jobs Report, millions of people will need to move between declining and growing jobs.

Coursera CEO, Jeff Maggioncalda and Denis Machuel, CEO of Adecco Group AG, joined the Davos session ' The Race to Reskill ' to discuss the transferability of skills, and the potential of AI to help with personalized learning and productivity, which also levels the playing field for job opportunities globally.

But the key is in learning how to use AI and digital technologies, as Code.org Founder and CEO, Hadi Partovi, pointed out in the session ' Education Meets AI '.

When people think about job losses due to AI, he said, the risk isn't people losing their jobs to AI: "It's losing their job to somebody else who knows how to use AI. That is going to be a much greater displacement.

"It's not that the worker gets replaced by just a robot or a machine in most cases, especially for desk jobs, it's that some better or more educated worker can do that job because they can be twice as productive or three times as productive.

“The imperative is to teach how AI tools work to every citizen, and especially to our young people."

6. More women enter the workforce

In 2020, the World Bank found that potential gains from closing economic gender gaps could unlock a “gender dividend” of $172 trillion for the global economy.

But the Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report 2023 found that the Economic Participation and Opportunity gap has only closed by just over 60%.

Several sessions at Davos looked at how inclusion could benefit the economy , particularly by helping mothers return to the workforce, which could close skills gaps.

“There are 606 million women of working age in the world who are not working because of their unpaid care responsibilities, compared to 40 million men," Reshma Saujani, Founder and CEO of Moms First, explained in a session on the ‘ Workforce Behind the Workforce ’.

“At Moms First, we're working with over 130 companies in every sector, who are saying, ‘I don't have enough workers’. We are working with them to redesign their childcare packages and increase their subsidies.

“Childcare pays for itself. When you offer childcare to employees, you get higher worker productivity and lower rates of attrition, and greater rates of retention. We have to look at care as an economic issue that world leaders must actually do something about.”

Read our research on: Immigration & Migration | Podcasts | Election 2024

Regions & Countries

How americans view the situation at the u.s.-mexico border, its causes and consequences, 80% say the u.s. government is doing a bad job handling the migrant influx.

top research topics in economics

Pew Research Center conducted this study to understand the public’s views about the large number of migrants seeking to enter the U.S. at the border with Mexico. For this analysis, we surveyed 5,140 adults from Jan. 16-21, 2024. Everyone who took part in this survey is a member of the Center’s American Trends Panel (ATP), an online survey panel that is recruited through national, random sampling of residential addresses. This way nearly all U.S. adults have a chance of selection. The survey is weighted to be representative of the U.S. adult population by gender, race, ethnicity, partisan affiliation, education and other categories. Read more about the ATP’s methodology .

Here are the questions used for the report and its methodology .

The growing number of migrants seeking entry into the United States at its border with Mexico has strained government resources, divided Congress and emerged as a contentious issue in the 2024 presidential campaign .

Chart shows Why do Americans think there is an influx of migrants to the United States?

Americans overwhelmingly fault the government for how it has handled the migrant situation. Beyond that, however, there are deep differences – over why the migrants are coming to the U.S., proposals for addressing the situation, and even whether it should be described as a “crisis.”

Factors behind the migrant influx

Economic factors – either poor conditions in migrants’ home countries or better economic opportunities in the United States – are widely viewed as major reasons for the migrant influx.

About seven-in-ten Americans (71%), including majorities in both parties, cite better economic opportunities in the U.S. as a major reason.

There are wider partisan differences over other factors.

About two-thirds of Americans (65%) say violence in migrants’ home countries is a major reason for why a large number of immigrants have come to the border.

Democrats and Democratic-leaning independents are 30 percentage points more likely than Republicans and Republican leaners to cite this as a major reason (79% vs. 49%).

By contrast, 76% of Republicans say the belief that U.S. immigration policies will make it easy to stay in the country once they arrive is a major factor. About half as many Democrats (39%) say the same.

For more on Americans’ views of these and other reasons, visit Chapter 2.

How serious is the situation at the border?

A sizable majority of Americans (78%) say the large number of migrants seeking to enter this country at the U.S.-Mexico border is eithera crisis (45%) or a major problem (32%), according to the Pew Research Center survey, conducted Jan. 16-21, 2024, among 5,140 adults.

Related: Migrant encounters at the U.S.-Mexico border hit a record high at the end of 2023 .

Chart shows Border situation viewed as a ‘crisis’ by most Republicans; Democrats are more likely to call it a ‘problem’

  • Republicans are much more likely than Democrats to describe the situation as a “crisis”: 70% of Republicans say this, compared with just 22% of Democrats.
  • Democrats mostly view the situation as a major problem (44%) or minor problem (26%) for the U.S. Very few Democrats (7%) say it is not a problem.

In an open-ended question , respondents voice their concerns about the migrant influx. They point to numerous issues, including worries about how the migrants are cared for and general problems with the immigration system.

Yet two concerns come up most frequently:

  • 22% point to the economic burdens associated with the migrant influx, including the strains migrants place on social services and other government resources.
  • 22% also cite security concerns. Many of these responses focus on crime (10%), terrorism (10%) and drugs (3%).

When asked specifically about the impact of the migrant influx on crime in the United States, a majority of Americans (57%) say the large number of migrants seeking to enter the country leads to more crime. Fewer (39%) say this does not have much of an impact on crime in this country.

Republicans (85%) overwhelmingly say the migrant surge leads to increased crime in the U.S. A far smaller share of Democrats (31%) say the same; 63% of Democrats instead say it does not have much of an impact.

Government widely criticized for its handling of migrant influx

For the past several years, the federal government has gotten low ratings for its handling of the situation at the U.S.-Mexico border. (Note: The wording of this question has been modified modestly to reflect circumstances at the time).

Chart shows Only about a quarter of Democrats and even fewer Republicans say the government has done a good job dealing with large number of migrants at the border

However, the current ratings are extraordinarily low.

Just 18% say the U.S. government is doing a good job dealing with the large number of migrants at the border, while 80% say it is doing a bad job, including 45% who say it is doing a very bad job.

  • Republicans’ views are overwhelmingly negative (89% say it’s doing a bad job), as they have been since Joe Biden became president.
  • 73% of Democrats also give the government negative ratings, the highest share recorded during Biden’s presidency.

For more on Americans’ evaluations of the situation, visit Chapter 1 .

Which policies could improve the border situation?

There is no single policy proposal, among the nine included on the survey, that majorities of both Republicans and Democrats say would improve the situation at the U.S.-Mexico border. There are areas of relative agreement, however.

A 60% majority of Americans say that increasing the number of immigration judges and staff in order to make decisions on asylum more quickly would make the situation better. Only 11% say it would make things worse, while 14% think it would not make much difference.

Nearly as many (56%) say creating more opportunities for people to legally immigrate to the U.S. would make the situation better.

Chart shows Most Democrats and nearly half of Republicans say boosting resources for quicker decisions on asylum cases would improve situation at Mexico border

Majorities of Democrats say each of these proposals would make the border situation better.

Republicans are less positive than are Democrats; still, about 40% or more of Republicans say each would improve the situation, while far fewer say they would make things worse.

Opinions on other proposals are more polarized. For example, a 56% majority of Democrats say that adding resources to provide safe and sanitary conditions for migrants arriving in the U.S. would be a positive step forward.

Republicans not only are far less likely than Democrats to view this proposal positively, but far more say it would make the situation worse (43%) than better (17%).

Chart shows Wide partisan gaps in views of expanding border wall, providing ‘safe and sanitary conditions’ for migrants

Building or expanding a wall along the U.S.-Mexico border was among the most divisive policies of Donald Trump’s presidency. In 2019, 82% of Republicans favored expanding the border wall , compared with just 6% of Democrats.

Today, 72% of Republicans say substantially expanding the wall along the U.S. border with Mexico would make the situation better. Just 15% of Democrats concur, with most saying either it would not make much of a difference (47%) or it would make things worse (24%).

For more on Americans’ reactions to policy proposals, visit Chapter 3 .

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Table of contents, fast facts on how greeks see migrants as greece-turkey border crisis deepens, americans’ immigration policy priorities: divisions between – and within – the two parties, from the archives: in ’60s, americans gave thumbs-up to immigration law that changed the nation, around the world, more say immigrants are a strength than a burden, latinos have become less likely to say there are too many immigrants in u.s., most popular.

About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts .

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International Edition

How to Save for Retirement—and Why Most of Us Haven’t (or Can’t) Save Enough

Video via iStock/D-Keine

Whether it’s because of a broken Social Security benefits system, pervasive economic inequality, or poor retirement advice, not everyone’s later years will be so golden

People say getting old isn’t for the faint of heart. Well, neither is retirement—financially speaking, anyway. Saving is hard. Few jobs offer traditional pensions anymore. A 401(k) puts the burden of financial management largely on the employee. And Social Security is a labyrinth of complex regulations and difficult calculations, administered by a seemingly indifferent bureaucracy.

Retirees and those getting ready to retire must navigate all of this at a time of life when they may not be at their strongest, physically, mentally, or emotionally. But they need to be. As the last of the 73 million baby boomers turn 65 in the next seven years, challenges to the system will only increase.

“You’re probably going to have an increase in the poverty rate,” says retirement planning evangelist Laurence Kotlikoff , William Fairfield Warren Professor of Economics in the Boston University College of Arts & Sciences. “People are retiring, some quite early, and retiring with very little. Baby boomers just don’t have enough savings. And Social Security is just not gonna be that big for lots of people.” 

top research topics in economics

Twenty-seven percent of adults in 2021 considered themselves to be retired, even though some were still working in some capacity, according to the Federal Reserve . Some 92 percent of retirees over the age of 65 collected Social Security, and two-thirds drew from retirement accounts or pensions. 

A look at the stats covering the number of older people living in poverty seems to provide good news, having declined from one in three people in the 1960s to only about 10 percent of older people today. Still too many, but a big improvement.

But within that picture is a cautionary tale, says Deborah Carr , a CAS professor of sociology and director of the Center for Innovation in Social Science .

“If you look at just that 10 percent, 3 percent of white married men live in poverty, but over a third of women of color living on their own are in poverty,” Carr says. “So, 10 percent is a good news story overall, but we want to recall that there are some deep pockets of poverty among older people.”

Of course, millions of Americans retire just fine, but BU researchers are working to identify the challenges that keep many others from fully enjoying what are supposed to be their golden years.

Conventional Retirement Advice: A “Bait and Switch”

For most people, it all starts with saving, whether in a bank, under a mattress, or, most commonly today, with an individual retirement account. But Kotlikoff says most middle- and working-class people simply don’t save enough.

“Even after Social Security contributions, and after 401(k) contributions, they should probably be saving another 15 percent of their take-home pay, which is very tough,” Kotlikoff says, noting that perhaps 40 percent of those eligible for a 401(k) don’t take advantage. “Most people are saving nothing.”

Total US personal savings, exclusive of Social Security contributions and 401(k)s, only accounted for 4.1 percent of disposable personal income as of April 2023, according to Forbes Advisor , roughly a third below the 6.2 percent a decade earlier. And Kotlikoff says too much of that money is going in the wrong places.

Conventional planning is an elaborate bait and switch designed to sell you investment products that are highly expensive and overly risky. Laurence Kotlikoff

“Everyone who expects to sustain their living standard through retirement needs to do economics-based financial planning,” Kotlikoff says. Where conventional retirement planning involves setting financial and lifestyle goals, then trying to hit them—sometimes through risky investment strategies—he says the economics-based approach is about determining a sustainable living standard based on your resources, and adjusting your spending as your circumstances change, so you don’t outlive your savings.

“Conventional planning is an elaborate bait and switch designed to sell you investment products that are highly expensive and overly risky,” Kotlikoff says.

5 Tips for Smarter Retirement Savings

top research topics in economics

Plan Within Your Means

Base your calculations on your assets and calculated benefits, not the lifestyle you’d like to have, to determine a sustainable living standard.

top research topics in economics

Save, Save, Save

Save in addition to your retirement program, as much as 15 percent of your salary.

top research topics in economics

Use Planning Tools

The information in this article and others like it is only for informational purposes, so make sure you use a financial planning tool or work with an expert on a routine basis to do lifetime financial planning. MaxiFi Planner , is available for free to all BU staff and faculty .

top research topics in economics

Collect Benefits Later

Collect Social Security and other benefits at the right time—usually later than you think—to save thousands. Kotlikoff has developed software that can help you find your sweet spot.

Inequality Doesn’t Start at 65

Many people cannot save enough, no matter how hard they try. “The economic inequalities we see among people 65 and older are just a continuation of things that have happened earlier,” says Carr.

In 2020, women’s annual earnings were 82.3 percent of men’s, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. So, no surprise that among people invested in a 401(k) plan for at least 10 years, the average balance for women was just under three-quarters of men’s. And life events can take a toll, too, says Carr: a woman who gets divorced at an early age—living on her own, paying for a child, perhaps not receiving a lot of child support—is already taking potentially insurmountable financial hits. 

“It starts really that early. When you’re living check to check you cannot amass wealth, so you have no buffer as you move along,” says Carr, a life course sociologist who uses survey data and quantitative methods to study social factors affecting health and well-being in later life. Her books include Aging in America (University of California Press, 2023) and Golden Years? Social Inequality in Later Life (Russell Sage, 2019).

Most working-class people don’t have a pension now, Carr says, “and if they do have a pension, they can’t afford to put anything in it. And so that’s part of the reason why they just amass less over time. So, it’s the intersection of gender inequality, race inequality going back to much earlier years.”

Our Retirement Safety Net Is Full of Holes

Social Security is supposed to be the great retirement safety net, and for many it is. But decisions about when to retire or take Social Security can be difficult—and so can getting good advice.

“Social Security is broke beyond belief,” says Kotlikoff, whose research focuses on macroeconomics and public finance, as well as economic inequality and Social Security. “Its unfunded liability is $65.9 trillion—twice the size of official government debt. Paying for all projected benefits through time requires an immediate and permanent hike in the combined employer-employee FICA tax [Federal Insurance Contributions Act, a federal payroll tax] from 12.4 percent to 17.0 percent.”

But even if the government somehow manages to fully fund its obligation, simply figuring out when and what you should collect and making it happen is a challenge.

“For far too many of America’s seniors with any but the simplest situations, negotiating the complexities and outright scams of the Social Security system on their own is nigh impossible,” says Kotlikoff. “Kafka could not have designed a more complex set of provisions with hidden catch-22s that can haunt you— in the form of clawbacks —decades after you start collecting benefits.” Not to mention that wrong answers are epidemic for those who ask the Social Security Administration for help making their way through the labyrinth.

Kotlikoff recommends waiting longer to retire and to begin collecting, often until age 70, which can deliver a much larger monthly payout than starting at 62 or 65. In one of his regular Forbes columns , Kotlikoff wrote that, “Your Social Security retirement benefit rate will climb by at least 8 percent for each year that you wait to start collecting until you reach 70.” He offers MaximizeMySocialSecurity.com to households for $39 a year, which provides specific plans to maximize benefits.

top research topics in economics

But even careful saving won’t change Social Security’s formulas, or the basic demographic facts.

“Social Security is complex as Larry has told you. And even beyond that, Social Security doesn’t benefit all people or all women in similar ways,” Carr says. A widow can get 100 percent of their late spouse’s benefits, for example, but a divorcee only gets half and only if they were married for more than 10 years.

“We know that divorce is something that historically was more common among low-income people,” she says. “We can’t think about late-life economic inequalities as instantly appearing on your 65th birthday.”

And those inequalities are already having devastating consequences, particularly when it comes to where older Americans call home.

Photo: A young white man wearing a collared shirt and tie poses for a formal portrait headshot

“There is clear evidence that we are in the midst of a growing crisis of homelessness and housing insecurity among older adults,” says Thomas Byrne , a BU School of Social Work associate professor of social welfare policy whose research focuses on the causes, consequences, and policy solutions to homelessness and housing insecurity. “This crisis is driven in part by the substantial rise in housing costs throughout the country over the past decade or so, which have far outstripped overall inflation and increases in income.”

In other words, a rent hike can throw older adults who have been stably housed their entire lives into a housing crisis, especially people who worked in lower-paying jobs, collect less from Social Security, and may not have a pension or private retirement plan, says Byrne.

There is clear evidence that we are in the midst of a growing crisis of homelessness and housing insecurity among older adults. Thomas Byrne

“We should be very concerned about what this means for society as a whole, since research shows that older adults experiencing homelessness have geriatric conditions that are on par with members of the general population who are 20 years older,” Byrne says.

How Cognitive Financial Skills Change with Age

Society also needs to factor how older Americans manage (or don’t) those critical financial decisions. Literature on the topic is pretty sparse, says Preeti Sunderaraman , a BU Chobanian & Avedisian School of Medicine assistant professor of neurology. Under a five-year grant from the National Institutes of Health, she has begun to study financial decision-making by older adults—both those with dementia and a control group of healthy individuals.

top research topics in economics

Her interest evolved out of earlier work with people who had traumatic brain injuries and often did poorly managing their money. “I’m not looking at investment decisions or retirement decisions, I’m looking at how people make everyday financial decisions,” Sunderaraman says. Things like having a budget when shopping at the store.

“We really don’t have a good way to gauge a person’s financial abilities,” she says. “So, I started thinking, how do we make this assessment more objective and in sync with today’s technological advances. At the same time, I also found in my research that different cognitive abilities are related to different aspects of finances. There’s not one ability like memory that is the only factor related to good decision-making, you need attention, you need numeracy.”

Sunderaraman’s latest research involves presenting older adults with a simulated credit card task developed in collaboration with computer scientists, economists, geriatricians, and psychologists. Subjects get an online account and are asked to log in and download and review a statement. There are errors embedded in the statement, and she records how people do on the task and their level of financial awareness.

The type of errors you make may be driven by where the pathology is in your brain, Sunderaraman says. If you have Alzheimer’s disease pathology, you’re going to make certain types of financial errors, such as forgetting to pay bills, whereas if you have frontotemporal dementia, you might buy things excessively. 

“We talk about the baby boom generation, right? And this is exactly what is happening,” says Sunderaraman. “This wave is going to go on for another two decades at least. People as they grow older are at higher risk for cognitive decline.”

What Families Can Do to Help Older Relatives Flourish

The implications are important not only because of the costs to society of bad planning, but also to each individual’s life.

“You’re not just dealing with everyday finances,” Sunderaraman says. “You’re dealing with, OK, I have this whole pot of money because of [my] retirement fund, life insurance, what do I do with that money? Should I sell the house? Should I get a reverse mortgage? What happens when I have to go into a facility? All of that stuff. And who do I trust at that stage to help me with my money?”

5 Tips for Making the Best Financial Decisions as You Age

top research topics in economics

Know what you’ve got: conduct a comprehensive assessment of your assets and expected expenses.

top research topics in economics

Name a power of attorney who could manage your funds in the event you no longer can.

top research topics in economics

Keep a trusted family member informed about key financial details, like where to find your account numbers, so they can step in if your health fails.

top research topics in economics

Family members of older adults should also be proactive in discussing financial issues, like advanced care plans and wills, early and often.

Carr, who studies how and why human beings flourish in their lives, says families need to be proactive at that stage.

“These things have to be part of the family conversation, what you discuss at Thanksgiving,” she says. “Do your aging parents have a will? Do they need advanced care planning help? And underscoring [that] you’re not asking because you want their inheritance, this is not a ploy to grab the money.”

The goal, after all, is the same one that motivates the years of retirement planning—all that number crunching and sifting through Social Security rules—which is being able to enjoy our later years.

“If we can take financial worry out of the equation, that absolutely frees up people’s mental space and time to focus on the relationships and experiences that enable flourishing, whether it is time with friends or hobbies or family,” Carr says. “Whatever can be done to minimize economic strain and suffering enables people to pursue their passions even at later ages.”

This Series

Photo: Two stacks of coins, one large and one small. Depicts wealth inequality

The Ingredients of Unequal Aging: Housing, Income, and Health

Aging reimagined.

February 21, 2024

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Rethinking our idea of “old age”, can we find a cure for alzheimer’s disease.

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Portrait of Joel Brown. An older white man with greying brown hair, beard, and mustache and wearing glasses, white collared shirt, and navy blue blazer, smiles and poses in front of a dark grey background.

Joel Brown is a staff writer at BU Today and Bostonia magazine. He’s written more than 700 stories for the Boston Globe and has also written for the Boston Herald and the Greenfield Recorder . Profile

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IMAGES

  1. 130 Economics Research Topics with Descriptions

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  2. Top 100 Economics Research Topics For Your Paper

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  4. 110+ Economics Research Topics and Ideas for Student in 2023

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  5. 150 Outstanding Economics Research Topics

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COMMENTS

  1. 130 Excellent Economics Research Topics To Consider

    If you are asked to write an economics research paper or essay, then you can prefer to choose a topic from economics research areas such as macroeconomics, microeconomics, behavioral economics, agricultural economics, development economics, financial economics, and so on.

  2. 10 Popular Posts on Economic Topics in 2021

    Inflation and COVID-19's effects on the economy were top of mind, judging by the popularity of posts on those topics in our On the Economy blog, which offers frequent commentary, analysis and data from our economists and other St. Louis Fed experts.

  3. 300+ Economics Research Topics: Best Ideas for Your Paper

    Good Topics for Economic Research Papers Best Economics Research Topics Unique Economics Research Topics Popular Economics Topics for Research Paper Economics Research Paper Topics for Students

  4. 500+ Economics Research Topics

    From macroeconomic issues such as globalization and monetary policy, to microeconomic topics such as consumer behavior and market competition, there are numerous research topics that economists can investigate. In this post, we will explore some of the most interesting and relevant economics research topics that are shaping our world today.

  5. 50+ Economics research Topics and Topic Ideas for dissertation

    Some of the best research topics in microeconomics that you can use for your thesis or dissertation include: 1. The effect of income changes on consumer choices 2. The effect of labor force participation on the economy and budget - A comparison 3. The impact of marital status on the labor force composition: A case of [your country] economy 4.

  6. 134 Economics Thesis Topics: Ideas for Outstanding Writing

    The economics of alcohol abuse problems. In this thesis, students can develop several essential issues. First, they can examine how poverty is connected to alcohol abuse. Second, they can see the link between alcohol consumption and productivity. To sum up, students can elaborate on the economic costs of alcohol abuse.

  7. Economics: Articles, Research, & Case Studies on Economics

    This study sheds light on the political pathology of fraudulent, illegal, and corrupt business practices. Features of the Chinese system—including regulatory gaps, a lack of formal means of property protection, and pervasive uncertainty—seem to facilitate the rise of mafia systems. 02 Feb 2021. Working Paper Summaries.

  8. Economics

    Optimally generate policy-based evidence before scaling. To reduce voltage drops—the depreciation of the cost-benefit profile when scaling up solutions to social problems—sufficient policy ...

  9. Topics

    All NBER research is categorized into topic areas that collectively span the field of economics. Featured Topics COVID-19 Included in this topic Childcare Challenges and Pandemic-Related Employment Dynamics Concentration and Resilience in the U.S. Meat Supply Chains Is Online Education Working?

  10. The Best Ways to Find Economics Research Topics

    Such basics include elements like medicine, politics, trade, unemployment, poverty, religion, and war with others. Based on these learning's, they tend to choose economics research topics depending on their area of study. See also Best Ever 111+ Research Topics for Marketing By Experts Tips on how to choose economics research topics

  11. Top 50 Research Ideas in Economics

    The top 50 research ideas in economics is a complex task that can cover a wide range of topics. This journey into the world of economic exploration unveils 50 thought-provoking research ideas that span a multitude of crucial domains.

  12. Economics and Finance Research

    IDEAS is the largest bibliographic database dedicated to Economics and available freely on the Internet. Based on RePEc, it indexes over 4,600,000 items of research, including over 4,200,000 that can be downloaded in full text. RePEc is a large volunteer effort to enhance the free dissemination of research in Economics which includes ...

  13. 100 Economic Research Paper Topics

    20 Interesting Behavioral Economics Research Topics. Macy's case study: the behavioral economics of discounting. The decoy effect and pricing: how corporations make people buy more. The benefits for American society from behavioral economics theory.

  14. 130 Economics Research Topics with Descriptions

    This is a qualitative research topic that will assess the social, economic, political, and environmental effects of influx of Venezuela Refugees on local society of Colombia. For this study, the researcher will have to conduct personal interviews or hold focus group discussions with the Venezuela refugees and locals of Colombia.

  15. Macroeconomics: Key Topics

    Understand the key topics of macroeconomics, including GDP, productivity, inflation, unemployment, and international trade. Understand how monetary and fiscal policy decisions impact different aspects of a country's economy. Analyze current economic developments and events in a systematic way. Use macroeconomic data and forecasts in business ...

  16. 100 Economic Research Topics For Students Online

    Here are some research paper topics in economics that you may start with as you brainstorm these topics: The role of personal data management when making an online payment. Random events in the United States and planning short-term economic success. Economic freedom through the lens of paternalism: Amazon case study.

  17. What's the Latest Research in Development Economics? A Roundup from

    Source: This map draws on a sample of 139 studies from the NEUDC 2022 conference. Studies that covered more than three countries (often broad global or regional analyses) were excluded. Researchers draw on a wide range of empirical methods. Nearly a third of studies reported on the results of a randomized controlled trial (43 studies).

  18. 400+ Economic Project Topics: How to Excel in Research

    400+ Economic Project Topics: Category-Wise Economic project topics encompass a wide range of areas within the field. Here are four major categories to explore: 100+ Microeconomics Project Topics The impact of advertising on consumer behavior. Price elasticity of demand for luxury goods. Analyzing market structure in the tech industry.

  19. Engaging Economic Research Topics in 2023: Unraveling ...

    It encompasses a wide range of topics, including macroeconomics, microeconomics, econometrics, and applied economics, each with its own unique set of research questions and methodologies.

  20. PhD research topics

    PhD research topics Applications are welcomed in all Economics topics. We particularly welcome applications from candidates with research interests in the following speciality areas of our research-active staff: Behavioural Economics Behavioural Health Economics and Policy Behavioural Labour and Organisational Economics

  21. 51+ Economics Project Topics [Updated]

    51+ Economics Project Topics [Updated] General / By Stat Analytica / 21st February 2024. Economics may sound like a daunting subject, but it's all around us, influencing every aspect of our lives. Economic projects delve into various aspects of how societies produce, distribute, and consume products or goods and services.

  22. Areas of research

    Budget, Taxes and Public Investment EPI's work on federal fiscal policy analyzes revenues, spending and deficits, but always within the context of the overall economy.

  23. 50 Best Economic Topics

    Such elements include medicine, politics, race, trade, unemployment, poverty, religion, and war among others. As such, economics research topics for undergraduates should show their understanding of these issues and how they affect the economy. But, many learners have difficulties understanding different aspects of economics research.

  24. 100-Plus Econometrics Research Topics & Questions

    The relationship between stock prices and inflation in a country. How income tax revenue affects a developing economy. How government expenditure affects economic growth. Factors contributing to the global recession. How a country's unemployment rate relates to economic growth. Any of these topics can be an excellent basis for an econometrics ...

  25. 6 work and workplace trends to watch in 2024

    Here are some of the key work and workplace trends to look out for in 2024, according to experts at Davos. The world of work is changing fast. By 2027, businesses predict that almost half (44%) of workers' core skills will be disrupted. Technology is moving faster than companies can design and scale up their training programmes, found the ...

  26. The U.S.-Mexico Border: How Americans View the ...

    Economic factors - either poor conditions in migrants' home countries or better economic opportunities in the United States - are widely viewed as major reasons for the migrant influx. About seven-in-ten Americans (71%), including majorities in both parties, cite better economic opportunities in the U.S. as a major reason.

  27. Donald Trump has 11-point polling lead over Joe Biden on handling of

    The poll pointed to the sharp partisan divides that are weighing on Biden's approval ratings. Seventy-one per cent of Democrats said they approved of Biden's handling of the economy, compared ...

  28. How to Save for Retirement—and Why Most of Us Haven't (or Can't) Save

    "Everyone who expects to sustain their living standard through retirement needs to do economics-based financial planning," Kotlikoff says. Where conventional retirement planning involves setting financial and lifestyle goals, then trying to hit them—sometimes through risky investment strategies—he says the economics-based approach is about determining a sustainable living standard ...