12 February 2019

Rice, rice, baby: The global importance of rice

Rice is the staple food for billions of people. so it's vital that we protect it. we examine this valuable seed and explore its importance.

By Meryl Westlake

A meal of rice in the Philippines by Avel Chuklanov/Unsplash

From Italian risotto to Nasi Goreng in Indonesia, rice is the staple food for billions of us.

This seed is not just a plate filler; it’s also the livelihood for a fifth of the world’s population who rely on rice cultivation as an income.

As our population soars, millions more will need feeding and production could be outstripped by demand.

Let’s drill down a bit to understand more about this hugely important plant.

Rice seeds in hands, Nepal

What is rice?

Rice is a cereal grain and monocot; a plant with a seed that has one embryonic leaf.

The only two types of cultivated rice are African rice ( Oryza glaberrima ) and Asian rice ( Oryza sativa ).

The plant itself grows between 90-150cm. The sheaths which enclose the leaves are smooth and hairless, with slim leaves of up to 30cm long and 15mm wide.

The small flowers have 6 anthers (the part of the stamen with pollen) and 2 stigmas (where pollen germinates). It has a dry fruit and spreads its seed through the wind. The grain gets processed into rice.

How does it grow?

Rice loves wet places.

It’s spread across warm, tropical and aquatic conditions like flood plains, wetlands, ponds and streams.

Whilst rice farms are global, it’s concentrated mainly in Asian developing countries. But it needs a good infrastructure to support the industry, including disease and pest control.

Rice can take up to 200 days to mature, and then it’s a hard process of manual work to hand-harvest it from the paddy fields and dry out the plants.

Then the seeds are threshed and milled with a huller, removing the outer husk until it becomes rice.

Much like making bread, the more you mill, the ‘whiter’ the rice becomes. However, it loses some of its nutritious properties in the process.

Other techniques, like parboiling, polishing or puffing, turn it into the different types of rice you can buy.

Workers in rice production, Crop Wild Relatives

What is it good for?

For a start, it’s delicious!

Steamed, boiled or fried, there are a multitude of ways to prepare it. As a complex carb, it is the primary source of energy for over half of the world’s people.

Depending on the strain of rice, it can contain decent amounts of fibre, protein, vitamin B, iron and manganese. This means it can play a vital role against malnutrition.

In some cultures, rice is thrown at weddings. In others, a Dewi Sri, the rice goddess, is worshipped.

The whole plant can be re-used for cooking fuel or feeding livestock. The husks can be recycled as fuel or bedding, or added to building materials or turned into paper.

In traditional medicine, rice has been used to treat skin or gastric conditions, or boiled down for an eye lotion.  It can even be an ingredient in beauty products to make shiny hair.

Rice under threat

Rice production can devour water resources.

It’s a delicate balance between ‘too hot’ and ‘too wet’.

Extreme temperatures can stress the plants; flooding can destroy the paddy fields and heat waves can stop it from growing at all.  If the environment becomes too humid, then disease can spread.

Improper farming techniques like over-irrigation or misuse of insecticides can negatively impact production. Diseases like the grassy stunt virus, which destroyed over 116,000 hectares in Asia are also a problem.

Kew's work on rice

Kew is part of the Crop Wild Relatives project working with partners in 24 countries to collect seeds of the ‘wild cousins’ from 29 key global crops.

Each collection is conserved in country and a portion is sent to the Millennium Seed Bank, where it is cleaned, dried and frozen in the -20 degrees celsius cold stores. This duplication of the seed collection ensures the conservation of the species. The seeds can be sent to international centres for research and breeding new, improved crops.

We chose these crops because they were assessed as being vital to food security, sustainable agriculture and people’s livelihoods. They need protecting.

We can learn from wild species that may have developed a genetic resilience to the impacts of climate change, like extreme temperatures, or pests and diseases.

By doing that, we could breed a new crop variety and protect this valuable staple for generations to come.

Seed collecting in Nepal for rice

Our future is botanic

Plants and fungi are vital to the future of food, clean air and medicine. Discover why we're fighting to protect biodiversity.

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RICE - By Jhumpa Lahiri

Jhumpa Lahiri, the daughter of Indian immigrants, was born in London on July 11, 1967, and her family migrated to the USA where she did her PhD in Renaissance studies from Boston University. Lahiri's literary works have won several awards, including a Pulitzer Prize and a PEN/Hemingway Award. Her fiction often portrays Indian and Indian-American life and culture.

As the background of this descriptive essay says that along with wheat and corn, rice is one of the most consumed crops in the world, especially in Asia, where it has been cultivated for thousands of years. 35 to 85 per cent of calories is consumed by millions of people living in India, China, and other Asian countries. Apart from this, rice can be symbolic as well. Rice is thrown at weddings as it suggests fertility and prosperity . However, the significance of rice for Lahiri is personal rather than universal. She describes her father's pulao dish as  an expression of his idiosyncratic (distinctive) personality and a symbol that binds her family together .

This descriptive essay "Rice" by Lahiri describes how she has been influenced by her father's idiosyncratic personality. She opens her description of her father with his age and goes on describing his daily chores, habits and dislikes - he does not like getting lost while driving to new places.

Lahiri says that her father, seventy-eight, is a methodical man who is always careful, systematic and deliberate while doing anything. He does not like to get his job done without having a careful mindset or plan. He has also earned a reputation for  andaj  (estimate) because he is always accurate in gauging quantities that completely confuse other cooks. It is her father who knows well how many cups of rice are necessary to feed four, or forty, or a hundred forty people.

She particularly admires her father for making pulao which is a special dish that he has copyright. His pulao becomes such a demanding dish, and for his expertise in making pulao, he is always remembered and called to make pulao on different occasions like annaprasan  (a rite of passage in which Bengali children are given solid food for the first time), birthday parties, anniversaries, bridal and baby showers, wedding receptions, and her sister's PhD party.

The author further affirms that although she has a superficial knowledge of ingredients and technique, she has no idea how to make her father's pulao, nor does she ever try to make it. The most amazing thing is that the recipe is his own, and has never been recorded anywhere else; however, he has never been unsuccessful in making it, nor is any batch of his ever identical to any other. She states that his dish will die with him when he dies since has earned the copyright of it.

This special dish of her father also bound her family together, too. Lahiri describes that although a caterer was hired on the occasion of her son's and daughter's annaprasans , her father was remembered and he made the pulao which was transported to Brooklyn from Rhode Island. This shows how they are brought together only because of his special dish - pulao. This dish has become a symbol of her father. Memories of the pulao mean the memory of her father. Every moment of having pulao flashes the existence of her father.


1. How does Lahiri describe her father? What is his most important character trait?

Lahiri describes him as consistent and committed to his routines. His methodical nature is the most notable trait for which he is known. He does everything systematically and accurately. He is also the man of a reputation for andaj . He has very accurate knowledge of estimating the quantity of making pulao or other food items according to the number of people, and this often baffles other cooks.

2. According to Lahiri, what is special about pulao? Why is it served just on festive occasions?

Pulao is distinctive from normal white rice that is cooked almost every day in the kitchen. It is because pulao is a combination of some specific ingredients and also involves a different process of cooking to bring a special flavour to it, and therefore, served only on festive occasions. This is considered a sophisticated dish.

3. What is an annaprasan ? Why is this occasion so important to Bengalis?

Annaprasan  is colloquially known as bhath  (cooked rice). It is a special marking of the day when a Bengali child is given solid food for the first time. It is culturally considered a rite of passage among Bengalis.

4. Why, according to Lahiri, would she never try to make pulao?

Lahiri does not have any idea of making pulao. She does not fully understand the technique and proper ratio of ingredients that her father used to make it. He has never recorded his recipe. This dish has become an extension of her father, and he owns the copyright of it. It means only he has the right to make it.

5. What does Lahiri mean when she says that pulao is a dish for which her father "has earned the copyright"?

Because of this dish, her father has earned a special status and image among his relatives, friends and others. He is remembered and known for making pulao. He has made it with his own recipe for hundreds of people on different several occasions, and he never seems to get irritated for making it. His passion and skill for making this dish have made him what he is remembered and known for.

Purpose and Audience

1. How much does Lahiri assume her readers know about Bengali culture? How can you tell?

There are some examples in her descriptive essay which let her readers know that she assumes her readers do not know much about Bengali culture because she uses some Bengali words like andaj  and  annaprasani,  and she explains what they mean in English as well. She also explains both the type of rice Bengalis often eat for dinner and how the normal white rice differs from pulao.

2. Is this essay simply about rice - more specially pulao - or is it also about something else? Explain.

Although it seems that this essay is more about rice, the fact is that it is not simply about it, rather it is about her father. Lahiri talks about how methodical her father is, and she uses his special dish as an example to explain his character traits. She says how accurate he is at estimating the quantity of rice according to the number of people who are to be served and using ingredients to bring different flavours without having his recipe recorded elsewhere. This essay also illustrates how calm he is even working under pressure. He seems to be able to adapt to new circumstances. Moreover, it is also about the impression of her father's idiosyncratic personality upon her.

3. Does this essay have an explicitly stated or an implied thesis? What dominant impression do you think Lahiri wants to convey?

The thesis is not explicitly stated in this essay, rather it is implied here, and it is that Lahiri's father's methodical personality made him very skilled at making pulao. It seems that Lahiri wants to convey a dominant impression of warmth and respect for her father.

Style and Structure

1. Why does Lahiri begin her essay by describing her father?

The reason to begin her essay with a description of her father is to set a framework so that the readership can understand how orderly and deliberate her father is. She must have assumed that describing her father this way helps the readership to see how meticulous he is - even at making pulao.

2. This essay is divided into three parts: the first describes Lahiri's father; the second describes the making of pulao, and the third describes the occasions on which her father cooked pulao. How does Lahiri signal the shift from one part of the essay to another? What other strategies could she have used?

Before describing the process of making pulao, Lahiri talks about how accurate he is at estimating the quantity of rice. To make it clear to her readers, she has used an anecdote in the third paragraph to give a good description of making pulao that her father is famous for.

After this description, Lahiri discusses the occasions on which he cooked pulao by mentioning a specific time: "In 1968 when I was seven months old...". This transition mentally prepares the reader for a shift in the essay.

To shift from the section of the essay that talks about the making of pulao, Lahiri could have used the transition like "My father knows how to make pulao by heart." or "I have seen my father involved in a process of making pulao several times on different occasions throughout my life.". While making a transition into the third part after talking about the making of pulao, she could have tried using transitions like "It was the occasion of my annaprasan  when I tasted pulao for the first time.".

3. Why does Lahiri go into so much detail about her father's pulao recipe?

The reason to go into detail about her father's pulao recipe is to show that he can make pulao without his recipe recorded, and she has seen the process to know how it is made well; however, she has never attempted to make it. The details like the importance of the colour of the raisins and the preferred type of baking tray show his attachment to his dish.

4. What does pulao mean to Lahiri? Does it have the same meaning for her father? Explain.

No, pulao does not mean the same to her father as it means to Lahiri. For her, pulao is an indication of her father's love for her and others around along with his methodical nature. On the other hand, pulao for her father is a matter of pride, and he gets meticulously involved in making the dish. He does it to expose his methodical personality and express love to those he makes pulao for.

5. Why does Lahiri end her essay with a quotation? Is this an effective closing strategy? What other strategies could she have used?

Of course, this is an effective closing strategy here. Ending her essay with a quotation has made it emotional and impressive. When the author asked him to describe his experience, he expressed no frustration and replied "It was fine...". This quotation is enough to reflect her father's methodical and cool nature.

Instead of quoting her father to end her essay, she could have restated her main idea " His careful, systematic and deliberate way of carrying out the intended job made him a good cook who often puzzles other cooks. ".

Vocabulary Projects

1. Define each of the following words as it is used in this selection.

2. Throughout her essay, Lahiri uses several Bengali words. What might she have gained or lost if she had used English equivalents?

If she had used English equivalents of Bengali terms, they would bring down the importance of the essay. When she says that her father "has a reputation for andaj ", there is a connotation that having a talent for accurate estimation is considered special in her culture.  Simply replacing it with "estimate" would take away this implication.

Replacing annaprasan  with an English equivalent term would not work because there is no exact translation of this word, and it couldn't be changed to something else without fundamentally changing the meaning.

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Sat / act prep online guides and tips, 5 tips for writing the perfect rice essay supplement.

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College Essays


Rice University is one of the top 20 universities in the nation , and to get in, you need more than just awesome grades and test scores—you need a compelling Rice essay. The Rice application requires several essays depending on the school you're applying to at the university. So what should you write about for each Rice essay to make your application as strong as it can be?

We'll explain what the Rice supplement is and go over the Rice University essay prompts you'll see on your application. Then, we'll give you expert tips on how to answer each essay prompt so you'll have an even better shot at getting accepted to this prestigious university!

Feature Image: faungg's photos /Flickr

What Is the Rice Supplement?

Like many colleges, Rice has a supplement that requires applicants to submit additional info to the school—that is, info not included in the Common Application or Apply Coalition with Scoir .

The Rice writing supplement consists of several essay and short answer prompts, which most undergraduate applicants (though not all—we'll explain this in more detail shortly) must answer for their applications. These supplementary questions ask about applicants' choice of academic field, reasons for applying to Rice, and so on.

In addition, as part of the Rice supplement, all applicants must upload an image that depicts something that appeals to them or is important to them . This requirement, called "The Box," isn't an essay, but it plays just as important a role in the application process. So choose a picture wisely!

Once you've answered all these questions and uploaded an image, you can submit your Rice supplement along with the rest of your application.

What exactly are the Rice University essay prompts you need to answer? Let's take a look.

What Are the Rice University Essay Prompts?

There are six Rice University essay prompts in total ; however, feel free to relax a little since you won't need to respond to all these prompts on your application. This is because the Rice University essay prompts you must answer will vary depending on the school you're applying to at Rice .

Below are all the current Rice University essay prompts, organized by what types of applicants are required to answer which ones.

All Applicants

There are four essays that all applicants must submit to Rice.

The first of these is a personal essay that responds to one of the essay prompts provided by either the Common App or Apply Coalition with Scoir (depending on which system you're using). This essay should be about 500–550 words long and must be no longer than 650 words.

Both the Common App and Apply Coalition include several essay prompts from which you can choose. We won't be listing those prompts here, but you can find them in our guides to the Common App and Coalition App essay prompts .

In addition to the Common App or Apply Coalition personal essay, all applicants must submit three short answers as part of the Rice supplement . Your answers to the first two of these questions will be much shorter than your personal essay, at just 150 words max per response.

Here are the first two short-answer prompts:

Please explain why you wish to study in the academic areas you selected above.

Based upon your exploration of Rice University, what elements of the Rice experience appeal to you?

The third supplemental essay is longer, at 500 words max , and you'll need to choose between two prompts to answer:

Please respond to one of the following prompts to explore how you will contribute to the Rice community: Option 1: The Residential College System is at the heart of Rice student life and is heavily influenced by the particular cultural traditions and unique life experiences each student brings. What life experiences and/or unique perspectives are you looking forward to sharing with fellow Owls in the residential college system? Option 2: Rice is strengthened by its diverse community of learning and discovery that produces leaders and change agents across the spectrum of human endeavor. What perspectives shaped by your background, experiences, upbringing, and/or racial identity inspire you to join our community of change agents at Rice?


If you're into architecture, you'll need to answer these next two Rice University essay prompts.

School of Architecture Applicants ONLY

Applicants to the Rice School of Architecture must submit all of the above PLUS two more short answers (again, these are part of the Rice supplement). Your answer to each question must be no longer than 250 words , giving you a little more space to work with compared with the two short-answer questions above.

Here are the current Rice University essay prompts for School of Architecture applicants:

All Rice University Essay Prompts, Analyzed

Now that we've seen all the Rice University essay prompts, let's analyze them one at a time to see how you can answer them effectively.

Rice Supplement 1: Short Answer (All Applicants)

This first short answer wants you to summarize your (main) intended field of study as well as any other fields you're interested in studying at Rice. It's a deceptively simple prompt that's about a lot more than just what you plan to study at Rice.

The crux of this essay isn't just summarizing your major—it's explaining why you've chosen this field and why Rice specifically will be a good fit for your goals and interests .

Here are the questions this prompt is really asking you to answer:

  • Why do you want to study this particular field?
  • Why do you think Rice is a good fit for you and your academic interests?

As you write your response, try to focus on specifics . Don't just say you've always had an interest in writing stories. What specifically drove you to declare a major in English? For instance, you could discuss your deep fascination with Shakespeare, specifically with Macbeth , and how you're excited about Rice's array of Shakespeare-centered classes .

If you have enough space (remember that your answer can only be 150 words max), you could also (or instead) elaborate on what you plan to do with your intended major after college and how Rice will help you achieve this goal . If you're hoping to study music, for example, you could write about how you believe Rice's Navigating Music Careers portal and accomplished music faculty will help prepare you for establishing a successful career in music.

If you're still undecided about what you want to major in, this is a great time to explain what kinds of fields you're considering studying and why they intrigue you. Maybe you recently developed an interest in architecture after seeing the famous Gateway Arch in St. Louis and are now thinking of taking some architecture classes at Rice.

Whatever the case, be clear about what you (might) want to study and why .


What do you want to study at Rice—and why?

Rice Supplement 2: Short Answer (All Applicants)

Unlike the prompt above, this prompt is not limited to academics (though you are welcome to talk about those here as well, as long as you don't repeat anything you wrote for your other short answer). Basically, Rice just wants to know this: why Rice?

This prompt is actually a variation of the "why this college?" essay , which many colleges ask for in their applications. Specifically, this prompt is asking you to focus on why Rice is an ideal fit for you .

Here are some examples of topics you could write about:

  • A particular academic program or major you're interested in doing, possibly one that's not offered elsewhere or is somewhat rare
  • The small community atmosphere at Rice and the fun activities and traditions it offers students , such as O-Week and Beer Bike
  • The diversity of the Rice student body and why this positive, blended environment would be ideal for you as a student
  • Its urban location in Houston and how you intend to use the resources of the big city to further your academic or professional interests
  • A certain professor or faculty member whom you wish to work with

Remember to be specific —don't just say you're interested in Rice because it's known for quality research or because it's ranked highly on many "best colleges" lists. What specific features does Rice have that made you apply?

If you're not sure what to write about for this Rice essay, I recommend doing some research on Rice. Start by visiting the official Rice website to see what the school offers in terms of academics, extracurricular activities, professional opportunities, internships, study abroad programs, etc. You can read more about anything that sticks out to you or resonates with your interests.

You can also refer to community-based websites, such as College Confidential and Reddit , to see what current students have to say about life at Rice.

Rice Supplement 3: Essay (All Applicants)

The third essay in the Rice supplement offers a choice of two prompts. Aside from the Common App or Apply Coalition with Scoir personal essay, this is the longest Rice essay you'll write for your application .   You have a limit of 500 words , which should give you plenty of space to delve into the details of yourself and what you'll contribute to the community at Rice.

So what are these prompts asking you to do exactly? Both options are essentially a diversity essay prompt . But let's discuss one prompt at a time.

Option 1: The Residential College System is at the heart of Rice student life and is heavily influenced by the particular cultural traditions and unique life experiences each student brings. What life experiences and/or unique perspectives are you looking forward to sharing with fellow Owls in the residential college system?

Option 1 basically has two parts: the first asks what makes you different from other applicants and what qualities you bring to Rice. The second part focuses on Rice's residential college system , which is founded on the principles of diversity and communty; that part of the prompt asks you to describe how your cultural background or past experience will shape your contribution to your assigned residential college.

Note the significance of the word "unique" in the prompt here—this is the crux of what you should write about in your essay. What specific distinctive qualities do you have that you think will make a positive contribution to the Rice community?

Here are some sample topics you could write about for this Rice essay:

  • A particular skill you have —for example, maybe you often play classical guitar music to calm down your younger sibling at home, and you think this skill could help students (and yourself) feel better during finals week at Rice
  • A positive personality trait you have , such as optimism or dedication, and how this trait has helped you in life and could help you and others at Rice as well
  • A cultural, religious, or ethnic background you have that is important to you in your daily life and that you feel will help increase the diversity at Rice
  • Any unique experiences that are significant to you or have had a major impact on how you define yourself —perhaps you've lived in many countries and believe these experiences of constantly having to adapt to new cultures and lifestyles might help you (and others!) with transitioning to life at Rice

Option 2: Rice is strengthened by its diverse community of learning and discovery that produces leaders and change agents across the spectrum of human endeavor. What perspectives shaped by your background, experiences, upbringing, and/or racial identity inspire you to join our community of change agents at Rice?

Option 2, meanwhile, asks you to share how at least one aspect of your background or identity—whether you define that by your race, ethnicity, spirituality, sex or gender, sexual orientation, how you were raised, or a particular experience—has shaped your worldview. It then asks you to explain and why that perspective makes you want to attend Rice specifically.

With this essay, keep in mind the particular use of the phrase "change agents."  The university is representing itself as a community of students who want to make a difference in the world, so given your upbringing, experiences, values, or identity, in what  specific  are would you like to have a positive impact? For example, does being a first-generation college student inspire you to become a peer mentor with Rice's Student Success Initiatives ? Did volunteering at a food bank every Thanksgiving with your family make you passionate about the service learning component of the university's Program in Poverty, Justice, and Human Capabilities?

Whether you choose option 1 or 2 for this third supplemental essay, keep in mind the following:

Make sure to show, not tell. You've got plenty of room to be able to tell a compelling story, so try not to rely on dull descriptions, clichés, and general, all-encompassing statements. Rather, fill your story with personality, voice, images, and realism. Using a variety of literary devices can add lots of color to your writing and will help your essay stand out.

In addition, don't repeat anything you've already written in your Common App or Apply Coalition with Scoir essay. The essays required for both application systems are similar to the Rice essay above in that they're all longer and more personal. Write about something different for each so you don't sound as though only a single thing defines you.

Rice Supplement 4: Short Answer (Architecture Applicants ONLY)

Why are you determined to study architecture? Could you please elaborate on your past experiences and how they have motivated you to apply to Rice University and the School of Architecture in particular?

This prompt is similar to the first short-answer supplemental prompt in that it's asking you to elaborate on your chosen major (in this case, architecture) and why you're interested in it. For this essay, however, you don't need to focus on architecture as a major as much as you do on architecture as a passion .

In other words, this is your chance to tell the story of how you developed a deep interest in architecture and what architecture means to you .

For this Rice essay, and as the prompt says, you can focus on aspirations (i.e., what goals do you have and how does architecture fulfill these?), experiences (i.e., did a particular incident make you develop an interest in architecture?), and relationships (i.e., who, if anyone, inspired you to study the field?).

Here are some potential topics you could write about:

  • A particular person, such as a parent or teacher , who introduced you to architecture, and how this person influences you today (if applicable)
  • A design or architecture class you took , either at school or as an extracurricular, and how this class made you become interested in architecture
  • A research project you did , whether specifically about architecture or not, and how it drew you into wanting to learn more about architecture and its various applications
  • A certain piece of architecture , such as the Eiffel Tower or Empire State Building, you either saw in person or learned about and that made you want to study the field further

In your essay, use specific details and avoid clichéd openings , such as "I knew I wanted to study architecture when…" The admissions committee at Rice has more than likely heard these types of overly broad statements hundreds, if not thousands, of times, so avoid them!


This is one cliché you'll definitely want to avoid in your Rice essay.

Rice Supplement 5: Short Answer (Architecture Applicants ONLY)

Please expand on relevant experiences and motivations outside of your academic trajectory that have inspired you to study architecture, focusing on aspects that are not accommodated by other prompts in the application.

This is an interesting essay prompt since it's so much broader than the other one you have to respond to as an architecture applicant to Rice. The purpose of this prompt is to reveal to Rice what types of activities you're interested or engaged in (outside of architecture) and what role they play in your fascination with architecture .

Think about what you do in your spare time, what you're passionate about, and possibly what you are obligated to do (e.g., chores or duties at work). Are there any activities you do that you find fun but also intellectually or physically challenging? Are you particularly invested in an activity?

Don't be afraid to get really creative and honest here —you're allowed to write about an activity that's unconventional, eccentric, "boring," or even plain goofy. Just make sure you're also giving the admissions committee deeper insight into something about you , such as how you flourish when competing against your own times in cross-country races or how you calm yourself down by watching urban planning YouTube videos every evening. Ultimately, you want to highlight a personal hobby or motivation that has contributed to your interest in architecture .

  • Your love of design  and how toys you used to play with as a child, such as LEGO bricks, led to your gradually developing a desire to learn more about architecture as a field
  • Any personal experience that relates to how you became interested in architecture —maybe you grew up in a shoddy apartment complex, an experience which showed you how better and safer architecture could improve people's day-to-day lives
  • A relevant video or board game you love to play , such as SimCity, Minecraft, or 7 Wonders Architects, and how this game connects with your love of planning and building
  • Volunteering with an organization or at a specific place , such as at Habitat for Humanity, and what this activity means to you ( NOTE: I recommend only picking this topic if you're continually involved with a specific volunteer effort and if it's something you're very invested in—if you helped build a house for a low-income family only once, for instance, don't write about that here!)
  • An architecture-based TV show or movie , such as  Big Dreams, Small Spaces, Grand Designs , or Amazing Spaces ,   that you love and indulge in on a regular basis and why you believe this program or film has shaped your passion

As a final tip for this Rice essay, don't feel obligated to choose an "impressive" topic . Instead, use this open-ended essay prompt as a chance to demonstrate your personal strengths and passions in a highly personal, creative way.


Real Rice Essay Example + Analysis

Though knowing what kinds of topics you can write about for each Rice essay is definitely helpful, it's even better to be able to see what an actual successful Rice essay looks like. Below, we show you a real Rice essay example that was written by an admitted student .

The following essay was written in response to a prompt similar to the current Rice essay prompt for the second short-answer essay above. (In other words, it's essentially a "Why Rice?" prompt.)

Note: Since this essay is a little older and the Rice essay topics change every few years, the prompt and word length for this essay differ slightly from the current guidelines. For this essay, the word limit was 250 words, whereas the current limit is 150 words.

Here is the essay:

"We are going to visit Rice today," my mom leaned back in her front row seat and said to me.

Wait, is that a restaurant specializing in all kinds of rice dishes? Like fried rice, rice soup, and rice balls? My brain went into a frenzy.

All other questions flooding my thoughts dissipated, however, when my eyes lay on Rice's beautiful Byzantine-style buildings with its magnificent archways and its soft sand-pink brick walls. While just outside its surroundings the thriving city life of Houston continues, Rice kept its sacred ground intimate with its relatively small campus and peaceful with its large spreads of greenery and shades. It's perfect! said my right brain, falling in love at first sight with the campus. My left brain, however, chastised the emotional side of me with Don't judge a book by its cover. You can't just choose your true love like that!

Exasperated by my left brain, I attended an information seminar. Phrases like "Passport to Houston," "Best Quality of Student Life," "Oshman Engineering Design Kitchen," and "more than 40 interdisciplinary centers" flashed by my eyes. Almost unlimited access to Houston's transportation and hangout spots? A research facility where I can group with students of all fields and work on solving real-world problems? Friendly research faculty who might allow me to continue my interdisciplinary research in psychology and computer science? My left brain finally gave in. Alright, alright. Let's go make Rice into not just a staple for food, but also education, then.

What Makes This Rice Essay Work?

It's got a lot of personality. The italicized parts, which symbolize the applicant's thoughts, give us a highly personal and intriguing look into their reactions to their first visit to Rice. In addition, the humorous bits (such as when the university's name is compared to the actual rice food) add a fun and creative touch.

It oozes passion. While this applicant might occasionally go a little overboard in how they describe how amazing Rice is, one thing is clear: they're extremely interested in attending Rice and making the most of their interdisciplinary interests here.

How Could This Rice Essay Be Even Better?

It could cut out the clichés. The saying "Don't judge a book by its cover" has been done to death and doesn't add any memorable insight into the applicant. This essay would be better if the applicant had changed this phrase or simply cut it out completely. Moreover, although the concept of Rice as a food is funny, this applicant likely isn't the first person to have made a joke about this.

It could be more specific. Although there's clearly a lot of passion in this Rice essay, it lacks detail in areas where we could've learned a lot more about the applicant. For example, what kinds of research does this person want to conduct at Rice? And what "real-world problems" do they want to solve?


How to Write a Great Rice Essay: Five Key Tips

Before you go off writing your Rice essay, here are some final tips to keep in mind.

#1: Use Specific Details

I've said this before and I'll say it again: be specific in your essays . Rice doesn't just want to know that you're good at softball—it wants to know why this sport is important to you, what kind of role it plays in your life, and how it makes you feel.

If you're describing a specific person in one of your essays, use concrete details to show the admissions committee who this person really is. Does she have an endearing gap in her teeth when she smiles? What does his voice sound like?

Details like these will allow your readers to more readily feel the personality and passion in your writing, making it easier to relate to you on a deeper level. They'll also help you and your essays stand out from the sea of applicants, which is always a plus!

#2: Channel Your Inner Voice

Personal essays are all about showcasing your personality and a side of yourself that's not made clear in the more quantitative (i.e., grades and test scores) parts of your application.

Therefore, with each Rice essay, make sure you're channeling your inner voice. Does the essay sound as though you wrote it and not someone else did? Are you writing about what you really want to and not what you think the Rice admissions committee wants to read?

For example, if you're naturally a humorous person, feel free to throw in a joke or two. If you're the poetic type, you could add in some lines of poetry you've written (if relevant to your essay topic) or sprinkle in some flowery metaphors.

The basic tip here is to write in whatever way comes most natural to you .

That being said, there are a few things you should always avoid in your college essays:

  • Typos, poor grammar, incorrect spelling, and other technical errors (the only exception to this would be if you're quoting someone who used incorrect grammar or colloquial words such as "ain't" or "gonna")
  • Inappropriate stories —don't write about the time you got arrested or made an obviously wrong or immoral choice, for example
  • Rude or impolite words and phrases

#3: Give Yourself Plenty of Time

Even though most of the essays on the Rice supplement aren't that long, you still have a lot to write for just one school, so these essays will likely take up a lot of your free time. Be sure to start your essays (for all the colleges you're applying to—not just Rice) ahead of time, ideally at least a few months before your college application deadlines .

#4: Avoid Repeating Yourself

Many of the Rice University essay prompts touch on similar topics, such as why you want to attend Rice, why you want to study a certain field, and what makes you unique.

As you answer the prompts, try to ensure there isn't too much overlap between the content of your essays .

It's OK if there's a little bit of repetition. For example, it'd be hard not to talk about your interest in architecture as you answer supplement 1 (What do you want to major in?) and supplement 3 (Why architecture?).

That said, your primary goal should be to focus on different main points for each of your essays . This way, Rice will get a more well-rounded (versus one-sided) picture of who you are.


Avoid repeating the same ideas in your essays; remember that you're trying to stand out as an applicant, so each response should give the admissions committee new information about who you are, your intellectual passions, and your motivations.

#5: Don't Forget to Proofread!

For each Rice essay, take a lot of time to edit and proofread it.

After you write a rough draft, put the essay away for a few days. Once some time has passed, take your essay out again and reread it. Fix any obvious errors, such as typos and misspellings, and mark any areas that are awkward, unclear, or irrelevant.

Do this process a few times until you have a fairly clean draft. Then, give your essay to someone else to read ; this could be a parent, teacher, older sibling, tutor, etc. Ask this person for feedback, and use their advice to further tweak your essay until you eventually have a quality final draft.

As with any essay, be sure to do one final proofread (and get someone else to look it over, too!) right before you submit it to a college.

What's Next?

Interested in applying to other highly prestigious schools besides Rice? Then take a look at our guides to how to write essays for Northwestern , Harvard , and Stanford .

Writing college admissions essays can be tricky. Check out our expert guides to learn how you can write a great Common Application essay and Coalition Application essay .

For more tips on how to get into Rice, including what SAT/ACT score you'll need, check out our Rice University admissions page .

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Hannah received her MA in Japanese Studies from the University of Michigan and holds a bachelor's degree from the University of Southern California. From 2013 to 2015, she taught English in Japan via the JET Program. She is passionate about education, writing, and travel.

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Home / Essay Samples / Food / Rice

Rice Essay Examples

Characteristics of rice bran and its stabilization.

Rice is the most consumed staple cereal food in large part of the world, especially in Asia. More than 100 countries, it is grown and there are around 18,000 varieties of rice for around 25% of the world’s grain production. The important rice producing continents...

Rice Cultivation Under Dsr and Transplanting Method

Rice (Oryza sativa ) is one of the most important food crops in the world, and staple food for more than 50% of the global population. Being the most widely consumed staple food for a large part of world’s population, it meets 43 % of...

Swamp Rice Cultivation in South Sumatra, Indonesia: an Overview

Rice (Oryza sativa) is an important cereal in Indonesia since it is the staple food for nearly 90% of the population. The center of rice production area in Indonesia is essentially located in Java where rice has been intensively cultivated by the farmers. However, Java...

Different Views on Golden Rice

Within a world where people are free to hold their own beliefs, whether it is religious or scientific, the two never coalesce as one. The conflict between the two is subjective. While the statistics says one thing, the bible says another. A man who dedicated...

The Role of Rice in South Indian Cuisine

South India is the area encompassing the India states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Telangana as well as the union territories of Andaman and Nicobar islands, Lakshadweep island. Rice is the diet staple, while fish is an integral component of coastal south...

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