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IELTS Writing Task 1 and Task 2 – Linking Words (with PDF)

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Just how important are linkers for IELTS? When it comes to Writing Task 1 and Writing Task 2, connecting words for IELTS are incredibly important. Overall, they’ll have a significant impact on your band descriptor—in other words, on your IELTS scores. So how do you use IELTS writing linking words well? I’ll show you how in this IELTS linking words PDF!

IELTS Linking Words PDF

Magoosh IELTS Linking Words - Get the PDF

Once you’ve downloaded the IELTS linking words PDF , come back to this post to read on. In this post, we’ll look at linkers for IELTS and how you can use connecting words for IELTS tasks to boost your score.

Table of Contents

How to use linking words for ielts writing task 1, how to use linking words for ielts writing task 2, connecting words for both ielts tasks.

  • Comparison/Opposition
  • Consequence/Result
  • Practice with Linking Words for Writing Task 1

Practice with Linking Words for Writing Task 2

Using the ielts linking words pdf, the function of linking words in ielts writing.

The IELTS Writing exam is marked on four criteria : grammar and sentence structure; vocabulary usage; answering the task response; and coherence and cohesion. Each makes up 25% of the overall score. Often, when I read an essay by an ESL student, I’m impressed by their range of vocabulary and their expert grammar use, but disappointed about how incoherently one sentence flows to the next.

In other words? They need more connecting words for IELTS’s higher band descriptors!

To develop coherence and cohesion, we need to use a variety of phrases to link one idea to the next, so that the reader can follow your thinking. How you’ll do this should vary according to the task type that you’re approaching. Take a look at IELTS band descriptors 1 and 2 , then see how to use linkers for IELTS below!

On IELTS Task 1 , you’ll write a report based on two visuals (think: charts and graphs ). You’ll need connecting words for IELTS Task 1 to:

  • Transition from a description of one visual to a description of the other
  • Compare and contrast key features of the visuals
  • Point out and highlight data or details of the visuals

For IELTS Task 2 , you’ll write an extended response to a prompt. In this case, you’ll need linkers for IELTS Task 2 to:

  • Present your opinion
  • Move between paragraphs
  • Provide reasons
  • Give examples
  • Explain conditions and consequences of different scenarios

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Even though the two IELTS Writing tasks are very different, you’ll still need to structure your responses with an introduction in either case. And a conclusion could potentially be used in both tasks as well, although conclusions are optional in IELTS Academic Writing Task 1. (See our article on Writing Task 1 Academic paragraph structure for details.) Because of this, IELTS Writing linking words that will help you on both tasks are those that:

  • Connect your introduction to your summary of the visuals
  • Move from your main discussion to your conclusion.

Categories of Linkers for IELTS Writing

With all of that in mind, let’s take a look at several series of linking words to help you on test day! You can also download these in the IELTS linking words PDF to return to for reinforcement.

While most of these words can be used in either task, I’ve put asterisks (*) by different words that are particularly good for Task 1 or Task 2. Here’s the key:

* Especially good linking words for IELTS Writing Task 1 (Academic) ** Especially good IELTS Writing Task 2 linking words (Note, however, that any of these phrase categories can be pretty useful in either essay!)

  • I think/feel/believe that…
  • Personally, I feel that…
  • As far as I am concerned…
  • From my point of view…
  • I admit that….
  • I concur that…
  • I agree that….
  • Furthermore,…
  • In addition,…
  • Additionally,…
  • On top of that,…
  • Especially,…
  • In particular,…
  • Particularly,…
  • Without a doubt,…
  • Obviously,…
  • Importantly,…

Comparison/Opposition*

  • In contrast,…
  • By contrast…
  • In comparison,…
  • Meanwhile,…
  • On the other hand,…
  • Alternatively,…
  • Nevertheless,…

Condition**

  • Unless…
  • On the condition that…
  • Provided that…
  • As long as…
  • Supposing that…

Concession**

  • Admittedly,…
  • Even though…
  • In spite of…
  • For instance,…
  • For example,…
  • A very good example is…
  • The best example is…
  • To illustrate,…
  • First of all,…
  • To start with…
  • Thirdly/fourthly/etc.,…

Consequence/Result**

  • As a result,…
  • As a consequence,…
  • Consequently,…
  • Accordingly,…
  • Therefore,…
  • On that account,…
  • For that reason,…

Conclusion**

  • In conclusion,…
  • To conclude,…
  • In the end,…
  • To summarize,…
  • To sum up,…

Ready to put your knowledge from the IELTS linking words PDF to the test? Here are some exercises you can use to practice using linkers for IELTS!

Practice with IELTS Linking Words for Writing Task 1

You can find the prompt for this question here !

These graphics highlight several key trends. (1) ________, in general terms, slightly more than half the population owned computers in 2002. (2) ________, that number rose to roughly 75% over the next eight years. (3)________, these numbers varied by group. (4)________, postgraduates were always ahead of the general population: roughly three-quarters of postgraduates owned computers in 2002, that figure rose to nearly 95% by 2010. (5)________, those who had not finished high school began with only a 15% computer ownership rate, which increased to about 45% after eight years.

(1) Firstly/First of all/To start with

(2) However/But/Nevertheless

(3) On the other hand/However/But/Nevertheless

(4) Any example linking word would work here except “such as,” because this is the beginning of a sentence.

linking words in ielts essay

(1)________, young people need freedom to make choices, especially when it comes to their careers. Deep down, some parents may want their children to choose prestigious careers, or jobs that will impact society in some way. These wishes are normal and not necessarily harmful. (2)________, it can be problematic if these desires turn into firm expectations. (3)________, offering a child freedom does not imply that parents should be absent. Parents should strive to foster open communication about career decisions. (4)_______, if Tim’s aspirations do not line up with his parents’ wishes, he may, (5) _______ fear that approaching them could lead to judgement and confrontation.

(1) Any opinion linking word or phrase would work here except for “I concur that” or “I agree that,” because this is the first idea introduced in the essay.

(2) Admittedly,

(3) However,/But/On the other hand,/Nevertheless,

The best way to improve your use of IELTS Writing linking words is to practice repeatedly, checking your work thoroughly each time. With the IELTS Linking Words PDF, we’ve made this easy for you!

In the IELTS linking words PDF, you’ll find the key information from this post. This includes the lists of linking words, which task(s) each word is best for, and practice using linking words using the exercises below!

Incorporating IELTS Writing linking words into your practice by using the PDF regularly will help you achieve greater fluency for test day–and help you boost your band score. Make it a regular part of your practice! And be sure to read up on the whole IELTS Writing section, so you can study for the test effectively. Magoosh has a complete guide to IELTS Writing that can help.

Eliot Friesen

Eliot Friesen-Meyers is the Senior Curriculum Manager for Magoosh IELTS and TOEFL. He attended Goshen College (B.A.), New York University (M.A.), and Harvard University (M.T.S.), gaining experience and skills in curriculum development, ESOL instruction, online teaching and learning, and IELTS and TOEFL test prep education. Eliot’s teaching career started with Literacy Americorps in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and later, taught ESL programs at Northeastern University, University of California-Irvine, and Harold Washington College. Eliot was also a speaker at the 2019 TESOL International Conference . With over 10 years of experience, he understands the challenges students face and loves helping them overcome those challenges. Come join Eliot on Youtube , Facebook , and Instagram . Recent blog posts Complete Guide to IELTS Writing Task 1 Complete Guide to IELTS Writing Task 2

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11 responses to “IELTS Writing Task 1 and Task 2 – Linking Words (with PDF)”

bijan heidarnejad Avatar

Hi, Thanks a million. It is very useful.

Mir Danish Avatar

I wrote IELTS for getting Canadian PR however I got less in “Writing”. My score was “6.5” and “7” in “listening”. My overall band was “7” and the total score as 370. Could anyone share a few tips? Initially I strongly believed that IELTS apart from being a competitive exam, was a source of business as well as they deliberately made us fail but I slowly started feeling that perhaps I could have done errors. Anyways encapsulating my words, “Any tips”?

gigi Avatar

Thank you. I really found this post useful because I have been struggling to start my body paragraph and have no idea what to write.

Magoosh Expert

Glad you enjoyed it, Gigi!

khaled Avatar

Hallo there

Is it possible to know one type of writting an easy so it can cover deffrent subject and deferent varaity of topic ensteed I read each topic and subject endevsoual. Best regards Khleed

I’m sorry, but I don’t understand what you are trying to ask here! Can you please ask in a different way or provide some more details or an example of what you are looking for? Thanks!

Jharanaa Avatar

Yeay 👏 it’s so helpful ❤️

Yeay 👏 it’s so helpful and now I’ll prepare using your ideas

So glad to hear it! 😀

Malakpreet kaur Avatar

I believe that this will help me to achieve what I really want to claim in my life….. I HOPE SO.

Hi Malakpreet,

We hope so too! Best of luck to you! 😀

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  • Academic practice
  • General practice
  • Task 1 Academic
  • Task 1 General
  • Task 2 (essay)

Linking structures

Using a wide range of vocabulary will help you to gain higher score at IELTS.

Don't fear: you don't have to learn all of these phrases. Just choose a few that you like and practice using them in your writing.

See also Vocabulary to describe graphs .

firstly, secondly, thirdly for example in general
first, furthermore, finally for instance generally
to begin, to conclude as follows: on the whole
next that is as a rule
in this case for the most part
also namely in most cases
furthermore in other words usually
moreover
what is more so in particular
in addition therefore particularly
besides as a result/consequence especially
above all accordingly mainly
as well (as) consequently
in the same way because of this/that in other words
not only ... but also thus rather
hence to put it more simply
equally for this/that reason
likewise so that alternatively
similarly in that case rather
correspondingly under these circumstances on the other hand
in the same way the alternative is
then another possibility would be
now, in other words
as far as   is concerned in that case instead
with regard/reference to otherwise conversely
as for ... this implies that ... on the contrary
it follows that if so/not in contrast
turning to in comparison
obviously
in conclusion clearly even though
to conclude naturally however
in brief of course however much
to summarise as can be expected nevertheless
overall surely still
therefore after all yet
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IELTS Linking Words List to Boost Writing and Speaking Score

  • GT Task 1 Letter
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  • Essay task 2
  • Punctuation
  • Passive Voice

Linking words IELTS

Using a variety of linking words, aka connectors and transitions, accurately is crucial to obtaining a high band score in the IELTS. It improves your organisation of ideas, which will allow the examiner to follow your answer much easier.

Table of Contents

  • List of Linking Words

2.1 To show contrast

  • 2.2 Improving the flow of ideas when listing:
  • 2.3 Introducing Reason:
  • 2.4 For clarification:
  • 2.5 Introducing Conclusion:
  • 2.6 To describe a process:
  • 2.7 Giving examples:

Writing Task 2 sample

  • 3.1 In Part 1
  • 3.2 In Part 2
  • 3.3 In Part 3

Speaking Part 2 sample

  • How to use linkers like a native

1. List of Linking Words

firstly, secondly, thirdly, first, furthermore, finally, to begin, to conclude, nextEssays Flow Chart
for example, for instance, as follows, that is, in this case, namely, in other words, to illustrate thisEssays Reports
in general; generally; on the whole; as a rule; for the most part; in most cases; usuallyEssays
Also, furthermore, moreover; what What is more, in addition, besides, plus, above all, as well (as), in the same way; not only … but also, as well as, and, also, another reason isEssays, Reports, Letters
instead; conversely; on the contrary, in contrast; in comparison, on the other hand,
even though, however, nevertheless, still, yet, although, but, while, or
Essays, Reports
as I was saying, what I want to clarify is, what I mean isLetters, Essays
Now, as far as x is concerned, with regard/reference to…, it follows that, turning toLetters, Essays
equally; likewise; similarly; correspondingly; in the same wayReports
in conclusion; to conclude; in brief; to summarise; overall; thereforeEssays
so; therefore; as a result/consequence; accordingly; consequently; because of this/that; thus; hence; for this/that reason; so thatEssays
because, since, as, due to, owing to, for, given that, in view of, considering, seeing that.Essays Letters

2. Linking Words in IELTS Writing

It’s useful in both writing tasks, especially in agree-disagree essays where you’re required to provide contrasting ideas.

For example: On the one hand , investing in renewable energy sources is essential for sustainable development. On the other hand , the initial costs of such investments can be prohibitively high for many developing countries.

2.2 Improving the flow of ideas when listing

It’s crucial that you list your ideas with the correct linkers to improve flow and understandability. Using linking words like “Firstly/secondly/lastly” is fine, but for a better score, you’ll need to incorporate more advanced ones.

  • For example: To begin with , the new programme will increase funding for public schools. Moreover , it will provide scholarships for underprivileged students. Ultimately , the programme aims to enhance the overall quality of education by incorporating modern technology into the curriculum.

2.3 Introducing Reason

While arguing your point in a task 2 essay or even in a part 1 letter, you’ll definitely be expected to provide reasons for your views at one point or another. Avoid common linking words like because; try to use a variation of more uncommon ones.

  • For example: Many people prefer working from home since it allows for a better work-life balance and saves time by not having to commute back and forth.

2.4 For clarification

To help ensure your message or arguments are clear, you can clarify by using certain linking words/phrases.

  • For example: The project needs more funding. In other words , we can’t proceed without additional financial support.

2.5 Introducing Conclusion

In task 2, it’s advisable to always begin your final paragraph with the appropriate linking words to introduce your final thoughts and summary of what was discussed in the essay.

  • For example: To sum up , while both viewpoints present valid arguments, the benefits of providing free schooling far outweigh the potential drawbacks

2.6 To describe a process

When you’re presented with a diagram for writing Task 1 , you’ll be expected to describe the process. To do this successfully, you need to incorporate the appropriate linking words.

  • For example: Initially , the grapes are harvested; after this , they’ll be taken to the barn. The next step is to process them.

2.7 Giving examples

Providing examples is essential in both Task 1 and Task 2 to support your points and make your arguments more convincing. Using varied linking words can help introduce your examples smoothly.

  • For example: For instance , the new recycling methods have already produced excellent results.
Tenses
ConditionalsGrammar for Writing Task 2 Essay
Pronouns
Linking WordsGrammar for Reading
Sentence structuresGrammar for Listening
Gerunds & Infinitives
Subject-verb Agreement

Scientists and technology experts seems to be more valued by modern society than musicians and artists.

To what extent do you agree ?

In today’s world, scientists and technology experts often seem more valued than musicians and artists. Firstly , I agree with this because of the critical role science and technology play in our lives. However , it is also important to recognise the contributions of musicians and artists.

To begin , scientists and technology experts drive progress in fields like medicine and communication. For example , advances in medical technology have improved healthcare, and tech experts have revolutionised communication. Therefore , their impact on daily life makes them highly valued.

On the other hand , musicians and artists contribute in equally important ways. For instance , music and art inspire, heal, and unite people. Moreover , during difficult times, such as the recent pandemic, they provided comfort and normalcy. Also , the cultural enrichment from the arts is vital for a well-rounded society.

To conclude , while scientists and technology experts are highly valued for their contributions, musicians and artists also play crucial roles. In summary , both groups should be recognised and appreciated for their unique contributions to society.

3. Improving fluency and coherence in speaking section

3.1 in speaking part 1.

Just because your answers in speaking part 1 are shorter, it doesn’t mean you don’t have time to squeeze in a few linking words. A great structure to use when answering these questions is often to give a reason after your answer, following an example. This allows a few opportunities to incorporate linking words.

  • For example:

Q. Why are headphones so popular among young people nowadays?

  • A. I think one main reason is the variety of headphones that are now available. In other words, no matter what style you’re into, you’re guaranteed to find a pair that works for you. For instance, I’ve never been fond of the wire attached to headphones. Luckily, they now have so many Bluetooth options available.

3.2 In Speaking Part 2 Cue-Card

This is the lengthy part of the speaking section where you’ll rely heavily on linking words to help organise your ideas and maintain clarity.

You can incorporate the following types of linking words:

  • Adding Information – additionally, besides
  • Giving Examples – to illustrate, such as
  • Sequencing Ideas – subsequently, thereafter
  • Showing Contrast – Nevertheless, Despite this
  • Clarifying – that is to say, to put it another way
  • Giving Reasons – owing to, due to
  • Comparing and Contrasting – likewise, on the contrary
  • Concluding – ultimately, in summary

3.3 In Speaking Part 3

A longer answer means you need the linking words to organise your ideas. The linking words required here are similar to part 2.

Q. Do you think wealthy people should help those in need?

  • A. Definitely, I believe that wealthy individuals should help the less fortunate. First of all , they have the resources to significantly address poverty. Moreover , their actions can inspire others to contribute. On the other hand , not all may feel compelled, but a culture of giving can encourage participation. Ultimately , their involvement fosters community and social harmony.

Let’s take a look at an example from a Part 2 question and how you can improve your fluency and coherence by incorporating linking words/phrases.

Describe a day that is special to you. Please say

You should say:

  • Why is it special to you
  • Why do you celebrate or spend it with

I’d like to talk about my graduation day from university, which happened on a sunny day in June after years of hard work. During the ceremony in our university auditorium, surrounded by professors, classmates, and family, I felt a deep sense of achievement. Plus , the speeches and applause made the moment unforgettable.

For the most part , it was a day of celebrating achievements and reflecting on the challenges overcome. Most importantly , it signified the beginning of a new chapter and reminded me of the support from mentors and loved ones. Also , it highlighted the importance of perseverance in achieving goals. Overall , my graduation day was a memorable occasion that continues to inspire me in my pursuits.

4. How to use connectors like a native

  • Some cohesive devices are more formal and won’t sound natural when answering personal questions. For this reason, it’s best to avoid using linking words like in addition to, furthermore, consequently, etc. when answering personal questions.
  • Don’t overuse linking words; even if they’re being used correctly, it’ll make you sound unnatural.
  • Don’t overwhelm yourself by trying to memorise all of them; just pick a few and practice using them accurately and flexibly in both your writing and speaking.
  • Avoid overusing linking words while speaking. This often happens when candidates try to make-up for a lack of vocabulary by repeating various linking phrases in their answers. However, it will negatively impact your score as your answers won’t contain enough content or make a lot of sense.
  • Make use of a variety of linking words/phrases to avoid repetition in both speaking and writing.

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IELTS Writing Linking Words (Connectors) - Master List

The key to a high-scoring essay is not just rich content and strong grammar, but also the seamless flow and clarity with which you present your thoughts. That’s where linking words, or connectors, come into play, weaving your ideas into a well-integrated narrative.

Whether you're arguing a point in your Writing Task 2 essay, or crafting a letter for Task 1, using a wide range of linking words can significantly boost the coherence and cohesion of your text. Our extensive list of connectors is designed for IELTS candidates seeking to enhance their writing skills and achieve a band score that truly reflects their language proficiency.

Unlock the full potential of your writing with our master list of IELTS linking words, thoughtfully categorized and rich with examples

Additionally : Additionally, applicants must submit a cover letter.

Furthermore : I love to travel; furthermore, I enjoy learning about new cultures.

Moreover : She has experience, and moreover, she has the right qualifications.

Also : He can also play the guitar.

As well as : Her favorite sports are tennis as well as swimming.

Not to mention : The hotel was beautiful, not to mention close to the beach.

Along with : She brought a pie along with some fresh fruit.

Besides : I don’t want to go to the party, and besides, I wasn’t even invited.

In addition : The price is fair, and in addition, the service is exceptional.

Plus : The car is very reliable, plus it’s great on gas.

However : He is very funny; however, he can be quite serious at times.

Although : Although it was raining, he walked without an umbrella.

On the other hand : I am excited about the trip; on the other hand, I’m worried about the expense.

Conversely : I'd like to eat out, but conversely, I should be saving money.

Instead : He did not rebuke his child; instead, he gave him a hug.

Nevertheless : It was cold and wet; nevertheless, the game continued.

Despite : Despite the bad weather, we had a good time.

Yet : She is a great team player, yet she works well independently.

On the contrary : I thought she would win; on the contrary, she came in last.

In contrast : She loves math; in contrast, her brother has always found it difficult.

Cause and Effect

Therefore : The study was flawed; therefore, the results were unreliable.

As a result : He scored well on the test, as a result, he got into his desired university.

Consequently : It rained heavily; consequently, the picnic was canceled.

Hence : He was absent on the day of the exam; hence, he failed the course.

Thus : The roads were icy; thus, the school decided to close for the day.

Because of : Because of the train delay, I missed my appointment.

Due to : The match was postponed due to heavy snow.

So : She's allergic to peanuts, so she has to read food labels carefully.

This means that : The road is closed. This means that we’ll have to take a detour.

Leading to : The malfunction led to a delay in production.

Similarly : Just as Rome was not built in a day, similarly, we need time to complete this project.

Likewise : He respects his colleagues and expects to be treated likewise.

Like : Like her mother, she has a keen interest in art.

Just as : Just as the sun rises every morning, we too must rise to our tasks.

Comparable to : His speed is comparable to that of a professional athlete.

Analogous to : Watching the stars, he felt analogous to an explorer.

Similarly to : Similarly to her sister, she has a flair for fashion.

As with : As with all his advice, it was wise and timely.

For instance : For instance, many endangered species are at risk because of habitat loss.

For example : Using renewable energy sources, for example, can significantly reduce pollution.

Such as : There are many activities to enjoy in the winter, such as skiing and skating.

Including : There are several risks including potential loss of investment.

Specifically : Specifically, you must follow these instructions to install the software.

To illustrate : To illustrate my point, let's consider the case of the honeybee.

Namely : This year has two leap months, namely the fourth and the ninth.

Importantly : Importantly, all participants must sign a consent form.

Indeed : The results were, indeed, remarkable.

Especially : She enjoys hiking, especially in the mountains.

Particularly : The instructions were particularly complex.

Notably : Notably, none of the students were late to the seminar.

Significantly : The new policy will significantly affect productivity.

Above all : Above all, keep yourself hydrated while hiking.

Most importantly : Most importantly, never lose sight of your goals.

Of course : Of course, we'll need to consider the costs.

Especially : Bring warm clothes, especially if you feel the cold easily.

Firstly : Firstly, let's go over the previous meeting's minutes.

Secondly : Secondly, we need to address the budget for next year.

Thirdly : Thirdly, staffing requirements must be assessed.

Next : Gather your materials; next, begin the experiment.

Then : Finish your homework; then, you can watch TV.

Afterward : We'll have lunch, and afterward, we can visit the museum.

Subsequently : He was promoted, subsequently taking over the department.

Finally : Finally, after months of preparation, the day of the launch arrived.

Last but not least : Last but not least, we must thank our sponsors.

Ultimately : Ultimately, the decision lies with the committee.

In conclusion : In conclusion, there are several benefits to implementing these changes.

To summarize : To summarize, we reviewed three key points in today's meeting.

In summary : In summary, the strategy proved to be highly effective.

Overall : Overall, the project was a resounding success.

To conclude : To conclude, I would like to express my gratitude to everyone.

Lastly : Lastly, we would like to remind participants to submit their feedback.

In closing : In closing, remember to check your email for updates.

To finalize : To finalize the process, please sign below.

To wrap up : To wrap up, I'll answer any remaining questions.

All things considered : All things considered, it's a favorable proposal.

Currently : Currently, the company is in the process of expanding.

Previously : Previously, we discussed the importance of marketing.

Formerly : The building was formerly used as a warehouse.

Eventually : He studied hard and eventually passed the exam with flying colors.

Subsequently : The snowstorm subsided and, subsequently, flights resumed.

Meanwhile : You start on the report; meanwhile, I'll work on the presentation.

Simultaneously : They worked simultaneously on different parts of the project.

Until : Continue stirring the mixture until it thickens.

Thereafter : Thereafter, the participants formed smaller discussion groups.

Presently : Presently, the research is being reviewed by the committee.

Comparison/Contrast or Clarification

In the same way : In the same way a teacher educates students, a mentor guides a protégé.

Similarly : Similarly, the new model offers increased efficiency.

In the same manner , In the same manner as his predecessor, he adheres to strict schedules.

By the same token : By the same token, reducing expenses will enhance our profitability.

Equally : This decision will affect all departments equally.

Just as : Just as we expected, the turnout was high.

As much as : As much as I enjoy hiking, I haven't had time to go recently.

Clarification

That is to say : We have a stopover, that is to say, you'll have to switch planes.

In other words : It's a symbiotic relationship, in other words, both parties benefit.

To clarify : To clarify, only third-year students can apply for this program.

That is : You will be compensated, that is, we'll pay for your travel expenses.

Put another way : Put another way, the success of the project depends on teamwork.

To put it differently : To put it differently, the painting represents both hope and despair.

To rephrase : To rephrase, are you suggesting we postpone the launch?

If : If it rains, the game will be canceled.

Unless : Unless we act now, the opportunity will be lost.

Provided that : Provided that you complete the work on time, you'll receive full credit.

In the event that : In the event that you're late, please inform us.

As long as : You can borrow my car as long as you fill the tank.

Even if : Even if you disagree, you must abide by the decision.

In case : Always bring a map, in case your phone loses signal.

Supposing : Supposing the client agrees, when can we deliver?

Example or Emphasis

For instance : There are many historical cities to visit in Europe, for instance, Rome and Paris.

To illustrate : To illustrate the issue, consider the impact of deforestation on wildlife.

Namely : The club offers many amenities, namely a pool, a gym, and a sauna.

In particular : He loves fruits, in particular, apples and bananas.

Specifically : The warranty covers everything, specifically parts and labor.

To emphasize : To emphasize, please ensure the data is accurate.

Indeed : This is a very important point to consider, indeed.

In fact : The artist is, in fact, a close friend of mine.

Accordingly : Complete the form accordingly.

Consequently : He missed the deadline, and consequently, his submission was rejected.

Similarly : Similarly, her writing style is brief and to the point.

For example : Religions differ in practice; for example, some pray several times a day, others only on certain occasions.

To demonstrate : To demonstrate his commitment, he worked overtime without extra pay.

Exception/Contrast

Yet : He is young, yet he has achieved a lot.

In spite of : In spite of the rain, the event was well-attended.

Though : Though he wasn't feeling well, he decided to participate in the race.

While : While I understand your concern, I believe this is the best course of action.

Although : Although the road was busy, we made good time.

Because : He’s tired because he worked late.

Since : Since we have enough resources, we should begin the project.

As : As the data was incomplete, the conclusions were questionable.

Given that : Given that we missed the deadline, we need a new strategy.

Considering : Considering her extensive experience, she’s the ideal candidate for the job.

Due to the fact that : Due to the fact that we received a generous grant, our research can continue.

Owing to : Owing to the budget cuts, we need to revise our plans.

Summary/Conclusion

In conclusion : In conclusion, the evidence overwhelmingly supports our theory.

To summarize : To summarize, three key points were discussed.

In sum : In sum, the proposal offers several noteworthy benefits.

To wrap up : To wrap up, I'd like to thank everyone for their participation.

In brief : In brief, we need to change our approach.

Overall : Overall, it's been a productive year for the company.

All in all : All in all, it was a fantastic concert.

To recap : To recap, make sure you understand the assignment before you begin.

In a nutshell : In a nutshell, the new policy will affect everyone in the department.

Then : Finish this task, then start on the next.

Afterwards : We'll have the meeting, and afterwards, we can discuss the matter privately.

Subsequently : He graduated in June, and subsequently found a job in July.

Soon after : The new model was released, and soon after, it became a best-seller.

Immediately : Immediately after the incident, the building was evacuated.

Wherever : Wherever you go, you’ll find people willing to help.

Whenever : Whenever I visit Paris, I feel like I'm in a dream.

While : While he was reading, the phone rang.

Meanwhile : He'll be here in an hour; meanwhile, let's get everything ready.

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Linking Words & Cohesive Devices for IELTS

Linking words, also known as cohesive devices or simply connecting words, are the words that help you better connect ideas and make your language more fluent.

Knowing linking words for IELTS is like having a powerful secret tool in your pocket that you can use to improve your score.

ielts linking words and cohesive devices, on missing puzzle piece

If you show that you can effectively use linking words in the IELTS writing and speaking test, it will help you boost your score.

It is worth learning linking words since this is the easiest way to raise your IELTS band score to the next level.

Linking Words for IELTS Writing and Speaking

To list points.

  • Firstly, the government must revise the out-of-date environmental laws which were written twenty years ago.
  • In the first place, the government must revise the out-of-date environmental laws which were written twenty years ago.
  • To start with, the government must revise the out-of-date environmental laws which were written twenty years ago.
  • Secondly, the government must revise the out-of-date environmental laws which were written twenty years ago.
  • Thirdly, the government must revise the out-of-date environmental laws which were written twenty years ago.
  • Finally, the government must revise the out-of-date environmental laws which were written twenty years ago.

To add more points on a topic

  • What is more, the city should conduct inspections of zoos.
  • The city should also conduct inspections of zoos.
  • Apart from this/that / In addition to this, the city should conduct inspections of zoos.
  • Moreover, the city should conduct inspections of zoos.
  • Besides, the city should conduct inspections of zoos.
  • The city should conduct inspections of zoos too .
  • ... not to mention the fact that the city should conduct inspections of zoos.

To list advantages/disadvantages

background, writing correction markups

  • One of the greatest advantages of regular exercise is that it leads to a healthier lifestyle.
  • Another great advantage of regular exercise is that it leads to a healthier lifestyle.
  • One other advantage of regular exercise is that it leads to a healthier lifestyle.
  • A further advantage of regular exercise is that it leads to a healthier lifestyle.
  • The main advantage of regular exercise is that it leads to a healthier lifestyle.
  • The first/greatest advantage of regular exercise is that it leads to a healthier lifestyle.

To express effect/phrases for a result

  • Lots of factories have closed down; therefore , many people have lost their jobs.
  • Lots of factories have closed down; thus , many people have lost their jobs.
  • Lots of factories have closed down; consequently , many people have lost their jobs.
  • Lots of factories have closed down so many people have lost their jobs.
  • Lots of factories have closed down; as a consequence , many people have lost their jobs.
  • As a result, ... / Eventually, ...

To make contrasting points

  • Killing endangered species is illegal; nevertheless , people will not stop hunting them.
  • In spite of the fact that killing endangered species is illegal, people will not stop hunting them.
  • Killing endangered species is illegal, but people will not stop hunting them.
  • While killing endangered species is illegal, people will not stop hunting them.
  • Even if killing endangered species is illegal, people will not stop hunting them.
  • Even though killing endangered species is illegal, people will not stop hunting them.
  • Although killing endangered species is illegal, people will not stop hunting them.
  • Killing endangered species is illegal; at the same time , people will not stop hunting them.

To emphasise what you say

  • Clearly, research has proved that eating healthy foods and exercising regularly reduces the risk of heart disease.
  • Obviously, research has proved that eating healthy foods and exercising regularly reduces the risk of heart disease.
  • Of course, research has proved that eating healthy foods and exercising regularly reduces the risk of heart disease.
  • In particular, researchers have proved that eating healthy foods and exercising regularly reduces the risk of heart disease.

To express reality

  • Actually, the report states that most college graduates are interested in pursuing a masters' degree in the future.
  • As a matter of fact, the report states that most college graduates are interested in pursuing a masters' degree in the future.
  • In practice, the report states that most college graduates are interested in pursuing a masters' degree in the future.
  • The fact of the matter is the report states that most college graduates are interested in pursuing a masters' degree in the future.

To express the difference between appearance and reality

  • On the face of it, the building looked safe, but after a detailed inspection, it was reported to be in need of major structural repairs.
  • Apparently, the building looked safe, but after a detailed inspection, it was reported to be in need of major structural repairs.

To state an argument against your opinion

  • It is popularly believed that the teaching profession needs more qualified educators.
  • People often claim that the teaching profession needs more qualified educators.
  • It is often alleged that the teaching profession needs more qualified educators.
  • It is fact that the teaching profession needs more qualified educators.

To state other people's opinions

  • Some people argue that the mayor's proposal to raise local taxes is unfair.
  • A lot of people think/believe that the mayor's proposal to raise local taxes is unfair.

To introduce the other side of the argument

  • However, there are people who believe that increasing the school year will only overwork students.
  • Those who oppose increasing the school year claim that it will only overwork students.

To express balance

  • On the one hand, working for a large company is prestigious, but it can be very stressful.
  • Working for a large company is prestigious, but on the other hand, it can be very stressful.
  • John is a hard-working person, whereas Ann isn't.

To give examples

  • For example, in the past six months retailers have reported a 25% drop in sales of electronic equipment.
  • For instance, ... / In particular, ... / To illustrate, ...

To refer to what actually happens

  • In effect, consumers spend more money on luxury items.

To make general statements

  • Generally, girls get better exam results than boys.
  • In general, girls get better exam results than boys.
  • As a general rule, girls get better exam results than boys.
  • On the whole, girls get better exam results than boys.

To make partly correct statements

  • Considering the high rate of unemployment, some companies have, up to a point, tried to create more positions.
  • Considering the high rate of unemployment, some companies have, to a certain extent, tried to create more positions.
  • Considering the high rate of unemployment, some companies have, in a way, tried to create more positions.
  • Considering the high rate of unemployment, some companies have, in a sense, tried to create more positions.

To express limit of knowledge

  • To the best of my knowledge, residents were opposed to the city's plan to build a nuclear power plant in their area.
  • For all I know residents were opposed to the city's plan to build a nuclear power plant in the area.

To rephrase

  • That is to say, they disagree with the manager's decision.

To bring up other points or aspects

  • Regarding the community, the area is in need of a new elementary school.
  • With regards to the community, the area is in need of a new elementary school.
  • As for the community, the area is in need of a new elementary school.

To express a personal opinion

  • To my mind/way of thinking, department stores offer a greater selection of clothes than small boutiques.
  • I personally believe department stores offer a greater selection of clothes than small boutiques.
  • It strikes me that department stores offer a greater selection of clothes than small boutiques.
  • I feel very strongly that department stores offer a greater selection of clothes than small boutiques.
  • I am inclined to believe that department stores offer a greater selection of clothes than small boutiques.
  • It seems to me that department stores offer a greater selection of clothes than small boutiques.
  • As far as I am concerned department stores offer a greater selection of clothes than small boutiques.

To refer to other sources

  • With reference to, this report, that brand of sun cream causes irritation to sensitive skin.

To express cause

  • Because of the harsh winter, many crops were destroyed.
  • Owing to the harsh winter, many crops were destroyed.
  • For this reason, many crops were destroyed.

To imply that nothing else needs to be said

  • Anyway, a new community centre will greatly benefit the people of the town.
  • In any case, a new community centre will greatly benefit the people of the town.

Accepting the situation

  • As it is, the situation cannot be improved.
  • Things being as they are, the situation cannot be improved.

To conclude

  • Finally, the university offers a wide range of courses and provides modern facilities.
  • Lastly, the university offers a wide range of courses and provides modern facilities.
  • Above all, the university offers a wide range of courses and provides modern facilities.
  • All in all, the university offers a wide range of courses and provides modern facilities.
  • Taking everything into account, the university offers a wide range of courses and provides modern facilities.
  • On the whole, the university offers a wide range of courses and provides modern facilities.
  • All things considered, the university offers a wide range of courses and provides modern facilities.
  • In conclusion, the university offers a wide range of courses and provides modern facilities.
  • As I have said, the university offers a wide range of courses and provides modern facilities.
  • As was previously stated, the university offers a wide range of courses and provides modern facilities.
  • To sum up, the university offers a wide range of courses and provides modern facilities.

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Linking Words for IELTS Writing Task 2

Linking Words for IELTS Writing Task 2: What is Linking Words in IELTS?

You have probably heard that the most important aspect of good writing is the effective employment of linking words. This is because short and choppy sentences lack drama whereas long sentences make a tedious read. Using linking words is a grammatically correct and stylistically effective way to connect ideas and sentences.

One of the criteria you are judged on in IELTS writing task 2 is coherence and cohesion. Now let us explore the IELTS linking words and how linking words for IELTS add coherence to a sentence.

What is Linking Words in IELTS?

Linking words or Transition words are Adverbs that act as conjunctions. They are the easiest and the most effective ways to connect ideas in a sentence. Using linking words in writing makes it much more appealing. Few examples are: Nevertheless, Particularly, Thus, Naturally, etc.

Why do We use Linking Words or Connectors for Writing Task?

Linking words are a fantastic grammatical as well as a stylistic tool to make your writing sing! Here are a few functions of linking words:

  • Linking words are essential to make your writing clear.
  • Provide cohesion to the writing.
  • Illustrate how the clauses/ parts of the text are related to each other.
  • Add extra information to the main point, like contrast, emphasis or a list of examples.
  • They help express purpose and opinion.
  • They help make a suitable conclusion.

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Also Read: Check These Vocabulary Words for IELTS Speaking to Boost-up Your Band Score

How to Use Linking Words Correctly in IELTS?

It must be remembered before you start using linking words or linker for IELTS randomly, that linking words are emphatic. Therefore, should be used in moderation, if not sparingly. Here are some ways you can use linking words in IELTS writing task-

  • They show the logical connection between clauses, sentences or paragraphs, therefore you cannot go overboard with them.
  • Their position in a sentence is like that of conjunction. For example:
  • I like fruits, especially mangoes. Or,
  • They arranged a ride for us; particularly, for Emma, because she twisted her ankle.
  • You should use appropriate linking words. In the examples cited above, you cannot interchange the linking words (written in bold). Remember that, there are specific words for specific actions.
  • In most cases linking words are followed by a comma.

List of Connectors for IELTS Writing Task

Coherence and cohesion in your IELTS writing task 2, carries 25% marks , which is quite a lot if you think about it. You need to show a range of linking words so that the examiner can award you a high score. Following is a list of Linking words and their contexts:

To emphasize or to add an idea. Likewise, in addition, moreover, furthermore, also, as well, again, specifically, obviously, clearly, especially, particularly, in particular.
To transition to a different or even opposite idea. Conversely, nevertheless, on the other hand, on the contrary, despite, in spite of, although, even though, but, yet, while, however, except, in comparison, by contrast, however.
To reach a conclusion. Thus, therefore, consequently, as a result, because, in conclusion, to sum up, since, as, inasmuch as.
To admit a concession. Admittedly, of course, naturally, alternatively, even though.
To point out a sequence. Firstly, secondly, thirdly, lastly, next, finally, then, until, after that.

Also Read: Worried about Common Grammar Mistakes? Check this out!

How many Linking Words should be used in IELTS Writing?

Make sure your writing contains a good sprinkling of IELTS linking words. Using too much of them would throw off the readers from one thought to another, thus reminding them of a bad roller-coaster ride!

IELTS writing task 2 marks you on:

  • Task response
  • Coherence and cohesion
  • Lexical resource
  • Grammar range and accuracy.

Coherence and cohesion alone contain 25% of the full marks. Therefore, to achieve a good score in writing task 2, it is necessary to master linking words. Your examiner will mark you on how well you have used different types of linking words in various contexts. To sum it up, use a wide range of linking words in your writing, but make sure to use them sparingly.

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Linking Words for IELTS Writing

What are linking words and phrases.

Conjunctions ( join two clauses in one sentence )

Why is it important to get linking words right?

Let’s look at an example – giving a result, what words will make my writing sound good in ielts, how to use linking words with examples, linking words to add more information, linking words to contrast a point, linking words to support a point.

IMAGES

  1. Linking Words List for IELTS Essays

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  2. Linking Words for Writing Essay

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  3. Useful linking words to connect sentences -especially for IELTS/CAE

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  1. IELTS Writing

  2. IELTS WRITING- linking words #ielts #английскийонлайн #английский

  3. 100 Linking words for IELTS, TOEFL, and PTE

  4. Linking words for IELTS writing #shorts #ytshorts #ielts #exam

  5. COMMON LINKING WORDS AND PHRASES FOR IELTS WRITING

  6. 5 Useful Linking Words for IELTS Essays #ielts #ieltspreparation #shortsfeed #sdstudy #ytshorts

COMMENTS

  1. Linking Words for IELTS Writing Task 2

    The linking words list below is essential for IELTS writing task 2 for high score. The examiner needs to see a range of linking words in your essay to award you a high score for the criterion of Coherence and Cohesion which is 25% of your marks.

  2. IELTS Writing Task 1 and Task 2 – Linking Words (with PDF)

    In the IELTS linking words PDF, you’ll find the key information from this post. This includes the lists of linking words, which task(s) each word is best for, and practice using linking words using the exercises below!

  3. IELTS essay vocabulary: linking words and cohesive devices ...

    Linking structures. Using a wide range of vocabulary will help you to gain higher score at IELTS. Don't fear: you don't have to learn all of these phrases. Just choose a few that you like and practice using them in your writing. See also Vocabulary to describe graphs.

  4. IELTS Linking Words List to Boost Writing and Speaking

    2. Linking Words in IELTS Writing 2.1 To show contrast. It’s useful in both writing tasks, especially in agree-disagree essays where you’re required to provide contrasting ideas.

  5. Linking Words for speaking, writing task 1 & task 2 | IELTS ...

    Linking words for IELTS gives structure to your ideas. They will also help you to introduce and articulate your thoughts in ways that support your argument, which will form the basis of your discursive essay. Some examples of linking words for IELTS Writing Task 2. 1. Listing. Firstly, secondly, thirdly; First, furthermore, finally; To begin ...

  6. Linking Words for IELTS Writing Task

    Linking words are essential for IELTS writing task 2 to get a high score. The word list below will help you show the examiner a range of connecting words to get a high score in the criterion of Coherence and Cohesion which is 25% of your marks. You will be checked on your range, accuracy and your flexibility of linking words in IELTS writing ...

  7. IELTS Writing Linking Words (Connectors) - Master List

    Whether you're arguing a point in your Writing Task 2 essay, or crafting a letter for Task 1, using a wide range of linking words can significantly boost the coherence and cohesion of your text.

  8. Linking Words & Cohesive Devices for IELTS - IELTS Leader

    Learn linking words to boost your score in IELTS speaking and writing test. Cohesion devices will help you better connect ideas and make your language more fluent.

  9. Linking Words for IELTS Writing Task 2: What is Linking Words ...

    What is Linking Words in IELTS? Linking words or Transition words are Adverbs that act as conjunctions. They are the easiest and the most effective ways to connect ideas in a sentence. Using linking words in writing makes it much more appealing. Few examples are: Nevertheless, Particularly, Thus, Naturally, etc.

  10. Linking words for IELTS Writing | IELTS Podcast

    There are many, many options for linking words but remember, the key to success in IELTS is to only use words and phrases you are confident with. It’s better to use ten linking words accurately and appropriately in your essays than twenty that are incorrect.