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How To Navigate The Real Estate Assignment Contract

assignment of option to purchase real estate

What is assignment of contract?

Assignment of contract vs double close

How to assign a contract

Assignment of contract pros and cons

Even the most left-brained, technical real estate practitioners may find themselves overwhelmed by the legal forms that have become synonymous with the investing industry. The assignment of contract strategy, in particular, has developed a confusing reputation for those unfamiliar with the concept of wholesaling. At the very least, there’s a good chance the “assignment of contract real estate” exit strategy sounds more like a foreign language to new investors than a viable means to an end.

A real estate assignment contract isn’t as complicated as many make it out to be, nor is it something to shy away from because of a lack of understanding. Instead, new investors need to learn how to assign a real estate contract as this particular exit strategy represents one of the best ways to break into the industry.

In this article, we will break down the elements of a real estate assignment contract, or a real estate wholesale contract, and provide strategies for how it can help investors further their careers. [ Thinking about investing in real estate? Register to attend a FREE online real estate class and learn how to get started investing in real estate. ]

What Is A Real Estate Assignment Contract?

A real estate assignment contract is a wholesale strategy used by real estate investors to facilitate the sale of a property between an owner and an end buyer. As its name suggests, contract assignment strategies will witness a subject property owner sign a contract with an investor that gives them the rights to buy the home. That’s an important distinction to make, as the contract only gives the investor the right to buy the home; they don’t actually follow through on a purchase. Once under contract, however, the investor retains the sole right to buy the home. That means they may then sell their rights to buy the house to another buyer. Therefore, when a wholesaler executes a contact assignment, they aren’t selling a house but rather their rights to buy a house. The end buyer will pay the wholesale a small assignment fee and buy the house from the original buyer.

The real estate assignment contract strategy is only as strong as the contracts used in the agreement. The language used in the respective contract is of the utmost importance and should clearly define what the investors and sellers expect out of the deal.

There are a couple of caveats to keep in mind when considering using sales contracts for real estate:

Contract prohibitions: Make sure the contract you have with the property seller does not have prohibitions for future assignments. This can create serious issues down the road. Make sure the contract is drafted by a lawyer that specializes in real estate assignment contract law.

Property-specific prohibitions: HUD homes (property obtained by the Department of Housing and Urban Development), real estate owned or REOs (foreclosed-upon property), and listed properties are not open to assignment contracts. REO properties, for example, have a 90-day period before being allowed to be resold.

assignment fee

What Is An Assignment Fee In Real Estate?

An assignment fee in real estate is the money a wholesaler can expect to receive from an end buyer when they sell them their rights to buy the subject property. In other words, the assignment fee serves as the monetary compensation awarded to the wholesaler for connecting the original seller with the end buyer.

Again, any contract used to disclose a wholesale deal should be completely transparent, and including the assignment fee is no exception. The terms of how an investor will be paid upon assigning a contract should, nonetheless, be spelled out in the contract itself.

The standard assignment fee is $5,000. However, every deal is different. Buyers differ on their needs and criteria for spending their money (e.g., rehabbing vs. buy-and-hold buyers). As with any negotiations , proper information is vital. Take the time to find out how much the property would realistically cost before and after repairs. Then, add your preferred assignment fee on top of it.

Traditionally, investors will receive a deposit when they sign the Assignment of Real Estate Purchase and Sale Agreement . The rest of the assignment fee will be paid out upon the deal closing.

Assignment Contract Vs Double Close

The real estate assignment contract strategy is just one of the two methods investors may use to wholesale a deal. In addition to assigning contracts, investors may also choose to double close. While both strategies are essentially variations of a wholesale deal, several differences must be noted.

A double closing, otherwise known as a back-to-back closing, will have investors actually purchase the home. However, instead of holding onto it, they will immediately sell the asset without rehabbing it. Double closings aren’t as traditional as fast as contract assignment, but they can be in the right situation. Double closings can also take as long as a few weeks. In the end, double closings aren’t all that different from a traditional buy and sell; they transpire over a meeter of weeks instead of months.

Assignment real estate strategies are usually the first option investors will want to consider, as they are slightly easier and less involved. That said, real estate assignment contract methods aren’t necessarily better; they are just different. The wholesale strategy an investor chooses is entirely dependent on their situation. For example, if a buyer cannot line up funding fast enough, they may need to initiate a double closing because they don’t have the capital to pay the acquisition costs and assignment fee. Meanwhile, select institutional lenders incorporate language against lending money in an assignment of contract scenario. Therefore, any subsequent wholesale will need to be an assignment of contract.

Double closings and contract assignments are simply two means of obtaining the same end. Neither is better than the other; they are meant to be used in different scenarios.

Flipping Real Estate Contracts

Those unfamiliar with the real estate contract assignment concept may know it as something else: flipping real estate contracts; if for nothing else, the two are one-in-the-same. Flipping real estate contracts is simply another way to refer to assigning a contract.

Is An Assignment Of Contract Legal?

Yes, an assignment of contract is legal when executed correctly. Wholesalers must follow local laws regulating the language of contracts, as some jurisdictions have more regulations than others. It is also becoming increasingly common to assign contracts to a legal entity or LLC rather than an individual, to prevent objections from the bank. Note that you will need written consent from all parties listed on the contract, and there cannot be any clauses present that violate the law. If you have any questions about the specific language to include in a contract, it’s always a good idea to consult a qualified real estate attorney.

When Will Assignments Not Be Enforced?

In certain cases, an assignment of contract will not be enforced. Most notably, if the contract violates the law or any local regulations it cannot be enforced. This is why it is always encouraged to understand real estate laws and policy as soon as you enter the industry. Further, working with a qualified attorney when crafting contracts can be beneficial.

It may seem obvious, but assignment contracts will not be enforced if the language is used incorrectly. If the language in a contract contradicts itself, or if the contract is not legally binding it cannot be enforced. Essentially if there is any anti-assignment language, this can void the contract. Finally, if the assignment violates what is included under the contract, for example by devaluing the item, the contract will likely not be enforced.

How To Assign A Real Estate Contract

A wholesaling investment strategy that utilizes assignment contracts has many advantages, one of them being a low barrier-to-entry for investors. However, despite its inherent profitability, there are a lot of investors that underestimate the process. While probably the easiest exit strategy in all of real estate investing, there are a number of steps that must be taken to ensure a timely and profitable contract assignment, not the least of which include:

Find the right property

Acquire a real estate contract template

Submit the contract

Assign the contract

Collect the fee

1. Find The Right Property

You need to prune your leads, whether from newspaper ads, online marketing, or direct mail marketing. Remember, you aren’t just looking for any seller: you need a motivated seller who will sell their property at a price that works with your investing strategy.

The difference between a regular seller and a motivated seller is the latter’s sense of urgency. A motivated seller wants their property sold now. Pick a seller who wants to be rid of their property in the quickest time possible. It could be because they’re moving out of state, or they want to buy another house in a different area ASAP. Or, they don’t want to live in that house anymore for personal reasons. The key is to know their motivation for selling and determine if that intent is enough to sell immediately.

With a better idea of who to buy from, wholesalers will have an easier time exercising one of several marketing strategies:

Direct Mail

Real Estate Meetings

Local Marketing

2. Acquire A Real Estate Contract Template

Real estate assignment contract templates are readily available online. Although it’s tempting to go the DIY route, it’s generally advisable to let a lawyer see it first. This way, you will have the comfort of knowing you are doing it right, and that you have counsel in case of any legal problems along the way.

One of the things proper wholesale real estate contracts add is the phrase “and/or assigns” next to your name. This clause will give you the authority to sell the property or assign the property to another buyer.

You do need to disclose this to the seller and explain the clause if needed. Assure them that they will still get the amount you both agreed upon, but it gives you deal flexibility down the road.

3. Submit The Contract

Depending on your state’s laws, you need to submit your real estate assignment contract to a title company, or a closing attorney, for a title search. These are independent parties that look into the history of a property, seeing that there are no liens attached to the title. They then sign off on the validity of the contract.

4. Assign The Contract

Finding your buyer, similar to finding a seller, requires proper segmentation. When searching for buyers, investors should exercise several avenues, including online marketing, listing websites, or networking groups. In the real estate industry, this process is called building a buyer’s list, and it is a crucial step to finding success in assigning contracts.

Once you have found a buyer (hopefully from your ever-growing buyer’s list), ensure your contract includes language that covers earnest money to be paid upfront. This grants you protection against a possible breach of contract. This also assures you that you will profit, whether the transaction closes or not, as earnest money is non-refundable. How much it is depends on you, as long as it is properly justified.

5. Collect The Fee

Your profit from a deal of this kind comes from both your assignment fee, as well as the difference between the agreed-upon value and how much you sell it to the buyer. If you and the seller decide you will buy the property for $75,000 and sell it for $80,000 to the buyer, you profit $5,000. The deal is closed once the buyer pays the full $80,000.

real estate assignment contract

Assignment of Contract Pros

For many investors, the most attractive benefit of an assignment of contract is the ability to profit without ever purchasing a property. This is often what attracts people to start wholesaling, as it allows many to learn the ropes of real estate with relatively low stakes. An assignment fee can either be determined as a percentage of the purchase price or as a set amount determined by the wholesaler. A standard fee is around $5,000 per contract.

The profit potential is not the only positive associated with an assignment of contract. Investors also benefit from not being added to the title chain, which can greatly reduce the costs and timeline associated with a deal. This benefit can even transfer to the seller and end buyer, as they get to avoid paying a real estate agent fee by opting for an assignment of contract. Compared to a double close (another popular wholesaling strategy), investors can avoid two sets of closing costs. All of these pros can positively impact an investor’s bottom line, making this a highly desirable exit strategy.

Assignment of Contract Cons

Although there are numerous perks to an assignment of contract, there are a few downsides to be aware of before searching for your first wholesale deal. Namely, working with buyers and sellers who may not be familiar with wholesaling can be challenging. Investors need to be prepared to familiarize newcomers with the process and be ready to answer any questions. Occasionally, sellers will purposely not accept an assignment of contract situation. Investors should occasionally expect this, as to not get discouraged.

Another obstacle wholesalers may face when working with an assignment of contract is in cases where the end buyer wants to back out. This can happen if the buyer is not comfortable paying the assignment fee, or if they don’t have owner’s rights until the contract is fully assigned. The best way to protect yourself from situations like this is to form a reliable buyer’s list and be upfront with all of the information. It is always recommended to develop a solid contract as well.

Know that not all properties can be wholesaled, for example HUD houses. In these cases, there are often anti-assigned clauses preventing wholesalers from getting involved. Make sure you know how to identify these properties so you don’t waste your time. Keep in mind that while there are cons to this real estate exit strategy, the right preparation can help investors avoid any big challenges.

Assignment of Contract Template

If you decide to pursue a career wholesaling real estate, then you’ll want the tools that will make your life as easy as possible. The good news is that there are plenty of real estate tools and templates at your disposal so that you don’t have to reinvent the wheel! For instance, here is an assignment of contract template that you can use when you strike your first deal.

As with any part of the real estate investing trade, no single aspect will lead to success. However, understanding how a real estate assignment of contract works is vital for this business. When you comprehend the many layers of how contracts are assigned—and how wholesaling works from beginning to end—you’ll be a more informed, educated, and successful investor.

Click the banner below to take a 90-minute online training class and get started learning how to invest in today’s real estate market!

assignment of option to purchase real estate

Wholetailing: A Guide For Real Estate Investors

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Gokce Capital: Land Dreams Made Real

Option Contract (Real Estate): 11 Things (2024) You Need To Know

An option contract is one of the most unique ways to purchase property.

It’s a contract that exists between a buyer and seller, and it requires the seller to put their property on hold at a set rate until the buyer decides if they want it or not.

If this sounds like an intriguing investment option (and a way to keep multiple investments balanced at once), then keep reading.

We have the top things you need to know about option contracts in real estate.

1. What is an option contract in real estate?

Option contracts are legal documents that grant a buyer or investor the option to purchase real estate from a seller.

This seller normally offers an option to buy a property within a limited period of time.

An option contract ensures that the buyer has the exclusive right to buy a piece of real estate.

While they have exclusive rights, the buyer isn’t under any obligation to follow through on the purchase.

That said, a seller is not required to reserve the property indefinitely.

An option contract has time limitations, and once those expire, the buyer will lose those purchasing rights, which can then be offered to others.

Option contracts in real estate can also be called “option to buy’ contracts, purchase and sale agreements, or real estate purchase agreements.

2. What is the purpose of an option contract?

An option contract gives the buyer alternatives.

The outcome may change according to the type of buyer, but the option includes early exercise, option expiration, or second-buyer sales.

Real estate professionals most often use option contracts to provide flexibility on specific types of real estate transactions.

Here are the top 6 reasons why these documents exist in real estate.


In short, option contracts allow buyers to engage in alternative forms of investment, trade, and profit over traditional opportunities.

While an exchange market for options doesn’t exist, their provision can increase the future likelihood of that happening.

When writing an option contract in real estate, it’s most important that it’s enforceable and valid.

3. What should be included in an option contract in real estate?

To ensure it’s a valid and binding contract, here’s what you should include when drafting an option to buy agreement:

4. What are two examples?

A common example of how option contracts work in real estate is in development .

If a developer wants to purchase a $3 million building, but can’t secure funding for up to one year, then a real estate option contract may allow the developer to obtain exclusivity rights.

This would occur because there would be no point in obtaining financing on a building that may not be for sale in a year.

Here’s another example for commercial property.

Commercial property can be difficult to sell from a seller’s perspective depending on the location, market size, and other factors.

The building may remain vacant for years due to its unique purpose.

Instead of waiting for a solvent buyer to come along — which is rare — an option contract would provide reasonable assurance that the property buyer is serious about their desire to satisfy the sales terms and transfer the property.

5. What key terms should you know?

As with any niche area of real estate, key terms are essential to understanding the contract and how they work.

Below, we’ll provide a list of key terms, so that you’re clear on the words and phrases you may see when dealing with these types of contracts in the future.

These fees are used in the commission of contract enforceability.

To have a valid and enforceable contract, there must be something of consideration exchanged between the buyer and seller.

The option fee cannot be nominal; however, there’s no specific guidance on reasonability.

Note: Option fees are non-refundable.

If a buyer doesn’t exercise their purchasing rights, they generally forfeit the option fee.

However, if they do follow through on the purchase, then the seller will normally deduct the option fee from the sale.

Real estate option contracts are required to specify a date when they will have to exercise their purchasing rights.

However, there is flexibility in this duration as sellers can allow them to continue for weeks, months, or years.

That said, most sellers follow between one to five years as a general guideline.

During the option period, buyers can purchase the real estate asset.

If the period expires, then the agreement will be terminated, and the buyer loses the option fees that they paid to the seller.

Option contracts in real estate must include the purchase price of the asset.

This value may be based on the property’s current appraisal value.

Especially when the duration is extended, this strategy doesn’t always seem practical.

As such, most sellers will require that the buyer agrees to a reappraisal of the property.

In some other cases, the seller may simply agree to sell at the current market value.

Whatever is decided, it’s most important that everyone agrees and is amendable to the terms.

Depending on your state, there may be specific statutes surrounding real estate option contracts.

When your draw up an option contract, make sure that your agreement includes a choice of law clause and complies with the mandated rules.

This clause allows you to specify what rules your agreement will follow based on where the property is located.

6. Who uses real estate option contracts?

Both real estate investors and developers use real estate option contracts.

They provide flexibility and advantages that make them a great resource.

They amplify buying opportunities and limit seller benefits.

Buyers, assignors, and assignees are typically the receiving parties.

These parties will sign them alongside the seller.

7. Are real estate option contracts required to be in writing?

Yes, a real estate option contract must be in writing so that they comply with the Statute of Frauds (SOF).

SOF transactions must contain key elements to be legally binding and enforceable.

We recommend that you seek legal advice from a real estate lawyer in your state when writing a real estate option contract.

Due to their complex nature, option contracts are easy to make legal mistakes on, which can result in unintended and unwanted legal consequences for you in the future.

8. What advantages do real estate option contracts offer the buyer?

Using an option contract allows a buyer to put a property “on hold” for a certain period without the fear of losing it.

This time allows the buyer to secure financing or conduct inspections while knowing the property is secure from other buyers.

Additionally, the price of the property is also secured and won’t change.

An option contract is often highly appealing in a market when the price of property is wildly fluctuating.

The one thing that the buyer should remember is that, regardless of whether they end up purchasing the property or not, the seller will keep the option fee that was paid to them when the contract was enacted.

So, there is a cost associated with having an option contract in place!

9. What advantages do real estate option contracts offer the investor?

As an option contract severely limits the seller’s choices for the time it’s in place, you may wonder, “What’s in it for them?”

And it’s true.

Sellers forfeit their ability to accept any other offers on their property.

They’re required to accept a previously agreed-upon price for their property even if the value of it has increased.

For many, this makes an option contract unattractive.

However, the extended time option can be useful to sellers as it provides them more time to relocate or conduct other business that may need to be done before closing a sale.

Additionally, even if the sale doesn’t go through, they will retain the option fee that the buyer paid to initiate the contract.

This fee can be worthwhile for the seller as they get paid and then can still sell their property to another willing buyer.

Overall, this is a beneficial route to go as long as you’re not in a hurry to sell your property and are okay with encountering a few obstacles along the way.

10. What’s the difference between an option contract and a right of first refusal?

An option contract is a right that the owner of a real property gives to another person to buy a certain property at a fixed price for a definitive duration.

While it doesn’t obligate the potential buyer to purchase, it does bind the seller to sell to that individual.

Throughout that duration, the seller typically cannot revoke or withdraw the option contract without the potential buyer’s consent.

On the other hand, the right of first refusal obligates a real property owner to offer their property to the holder of the right of first refusal on the same terms as the owner is trying to sell the property to another party.

The right of first refusal offers more control over the sale of the property to the owner.

With an option contract, a buyer can force the sale at will.

With the right of first refusal, only the seller can initiate the sale of the property.

Both of these documents must be:

Sometimes they are included in lease contracts .

They may also be drafted as a separate agreement.

11. Why would a seller choose an option contract over a regular sale?

An option contract may appeal to a seller in a variety of circumstances, especially if the property is a non-traditional piece of real estate.

Think of an office building or a piece of land in a rural part of the state.

These sales aren’t as easy as an ordinary family home, which are likely to have more potential buyers (especially if it’s in a good area).

Readying an office building or piece of land for sale can take time and money.

Then you have to market it and find an interested seller.

Keeping just one potential buyer interested requires a lot of effort, and if the sale goes nowhere then you’re back at square one.

When you engage an option contract, then you give your buyer time to decide whether to move forward while giving yourself some insurance money in the form of a fee.

Final thoughts

Real estate option contracts offer alternative ways to make money and help to avoid large risks.

Developers can benefit from holding multiple real estate option contracts while selecting only a few based on the evolution of the market during the holding period.

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Erika Gokce Capital

Disclaimer: we are not lawyers, accountants or financial advisors and the information in this article is for informational purposes only. This article is based on our own research and experience and we do our best to keep it accurate and up-to-date, but it may contain errors. Please be sure to consult a legal or financial professional before making any investment decisions.

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  • Right of Assignee or Sub-lessee to Enforce a ...

Right of Assignee or Sub-lessee to Enforce a Purchase Option

(This may not be the same place you live)

  What Is a Residential Lease?

A residential lease is an agreement where a property owner (i.e. a landlord), contracts with an individual (i.e. a tenant) to grant them the exclusive possession of a piece of real property. In most residential leases, a landlord retains what is known as a reversionary interest in the real property. A reversionary interest means that at the end of the contractual lease term, the real property returns to the possession of the landlord.

A typical residential lease lasts between 6 and 12 months. However, some residential leases may last for an indefinite period of time. Residential leases also come in many different forms. Examples of the most common types of residential lease arrangements are:

  • Importantly, a tenant does not need to give their landlord notice before vacating a residence. This is because residential leases for a term of years automatically end at the specified date;
  • Typically, a tenancy at will is an informal relationship, such as allowing a friend to stay over, as opposed to a contractual relationship; and
  • Periodic tenancy arrangements can either be created expressly or by implication, such as when a lease does not include terms regarding the duration of the tenancy. In order to terminate a periodic tenancy, notice must be given to the landlord.

What Is A Commercial Lease?

What does it mean to assign a commercial lease, what does it mean to sublet a commercial lease, what is a purchase option, can an assignee or sub-lessee enforce a purchase option contained in a commercial lease, can the exercise of a purchase option gained through assignment be restricted, do i need a lawyer for help with enforcing a purchase option.

A commercial lease is a specific type of real estate contract that is used when a commercial tenant rents space from a landlord. Similar to other types of real estate leases, a commercial lease gives a commercial tenant the right to occupy a piece of property.

Commercial leases also give the tenant the right to conduct business activities for a certain amount of time in exchange for making monthly rent payments to the landlord. The commercial lease also serves as a guide for both parties to reference regarding their legal rights and responsibilities associated with the use of the property for commercial purposes.

The most common example of a commercial lease would be when a tenant leases a piece of business property, such as:

  • An office space;
  • A restaurant; or
  • A retail store located in a strip center or mall.

Depending on the type of commercial lease that the parties enter into, the lease will provide instructions including which party is responsible for making repairs, and which party is liable for paying real property taxes on the space.

Although there are many differences between a commercial lease agreement and a residential lease agreement, the major difference between the two is the nature of the property that is being rented. For example, the terms of a commercial lease agreement address the requirements of operating and maintaining a business on the premises.

In contrast, a residential lease is drafted with terms that ensure the tenant will live in habitable conditions, and can enjoy their personal time and space while living there. Further, residential lease terms are created for the purposes of dwelling on the property, while commercial lease terms are created for the purposes of running a successful business on the property.

Some other examples of differences between the two include:

  • Commercial leases generally have longer rental and lease periods than residential leases;
  • Business tenants generally have less rights than residential tenants;
  • It is easier to evict a commercial tenant from a business property; and
  • It is significantly more difficult to break or amend the terms of a commercial lease in comparison to a residential lease, especially commercial leases with higher rental installments.

Assignment of a lease refers to one party of a lease transferring all the interest and obligations of the lease to a third party. In the commercial setting, a commercial tenant will assign their interest in the lease to another commercial tenant. In addition to a commercial tenant’s right to assign a lease, landlords may also assign their interest in the lease to another landlord.

However, many commercial leases will include restrictions on the ability to assign a commercial lease. As such, it is important to review the terms of the commercial lease in order to determine if assigning the lease is possible. The written commercial lease agreement will note all of the rights that the commercial tenant maintains over the commercial property.

A commercial sublease occurs when a company transfers a portion of their lease rights to a third party for a specified and temporary period of time. Companies may either sublet a portion of their office space to a third party while continuing to work in the same space, or sublet the entire office location until the end of their specified lease or a period of time.

For example, if a company is seasonal, such as a holiday store, they may sublease their lease to other stores until the holiday period arrives. For example, a Halloween store may have a one year commercial lease, that they sublet for 9 months of the year in which their store is not operational.

It is important to note that when a company sublets the property, the original tenant (i.e. the sublessor) is still obligated to the landlord for all of the terms of the original lease. This means that the sublessor maintains what is known as “privity of estate” and “ privity of contract ” with the landlord. The sublessee (i.e. the person that utilizes the lease for a temporary period of time) is only liable to the original tenant for the lease, and not the landlord.

A real estate purchase option is a contract for a specific piece of real estate that allows a tenant or buyer of the property the exclusive right to purchase the property. By purchasing an option, a prospective buyer pays for the opportunity to exercise the purchase right for the property to be purchased within a specified time. If the purchase option is not exercised within the contractually specified time, the option will expire.

In addition to traditional purchase options, options may also be used as a right to renew a contractual lease agreement. A lease purchase option is a contract that provides for the lease of a piece of property with an additional right to purchase the property during or upon the expiration of the lease terms.

In short, it depends. Unless otherwise restricted by state law, the general rule is that a purchase option in a commercial lease can be freely assigned. Typically, most courts agree that the assignment of a commercial lease that contains a purchase option gives the new assignee the right to exercise the same purchase option. In contrast, most courts do not allow a sub-lessee the right to enforce a purchase option, unless the sublease agreement itself assigns the purchase option to the sublessee.

In the case of lease assignment, the idea is to transfer complete ownership of the lease from the original tenant to a third party. In other words, the third party takes over the same exact rights the original lessee had under the commercial lease. As such, if the original lessee had the right to a purchase option, the new assignee should be given that same right.

In the case of subleasing, there is no actual transfer of ownership. Instead a sublessee is merely occupying property that the original lessee is still contractually obligated to occupy and control. As such many courts do not allow a sublessee to exercise a purchase option, as that would conflict with the original lessee’s rights and contract.

However, the terms of the commercial residential contract will ultimately control the terms of the purchase options. As such, if the lease does not allow for assignment or subletting of the lease, then the assignee or sublessee will not be able to enforce the purchase option. This is because the original tenant will likely be considered to have breached the original agreement.

Yes, a court may restrict an assignee from exercising a purchasing option contained in a residential or commercial agreement if they feel the purchase option was intended only for the original lessee. Once again, the original contract will be a major factor in determining whether or not an assignee will be able to exercise a purchase option.

Additionally, enforcement of a purchase option may also be restricted if the assignment of the lease itself requires the consent of the original owner. Without obtaining the needed consent, the assignment itself will be considered void, and the assignor will likely be found to have breached their agreement with the property owner. In such cases, the assignee will not have any legal rights to the property, and may also be able to sue the assignor. In other words, a person cannot exercise a purchase option from a lease that was unlawfully assigned to them.

If you are an assignee or sublessee and are wanting to exercise a purchase option that is contained in the lease on a property, you should consult with an experienced real estate attorney . An experienced real estate attorney will be able to help you determine whether or not the purchase option in your lease was assignable.

Additionally, an attorney will also be able to review your lease to determine how you may be able to enforce the purchase option. Finally, an attorney will be able to provide you with the best course of legal action if the original owner of the property attempts to block your right to purchase the property.

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What Is an Option Assignment?

assignment of option to purchase real estate

Definition and Examples of Assignment

How does assignment work, what it means for individual investors.

Morsa Images / Getty Images

An option assignment represents the seller of an option’s obligation to fulfill the terms of the contract by either selling or purchasing the underlying security at the exercise price. Let’s explain what that means in more detail.

Key Takeaways

  • An assignment represents the seller of an option’s obligation to fulfill the terms of the contract by either selling or purchasing the underlying security at the exercise price. 
  • If you sell an option and get assigned, you have to fulfill the transaction outlined in the option.
  • You can only get assigned if you sell options, not if you buy them.
  • Assignment is relatively rare, with only 7% of options ultimately getting assigned.

An assignment represents the seller of an option’s obligation to fulfill the terms of the contract by either selling or purchasing the underlying security at the exercise price. Let’s explain what that means in more detail.

When you sell an option to someone, you’re selling them the right to make you engage in a future transaction. For example, if you sell someone a put option , you’re promising to buy a stock at a set price any time between when the transaction happens and the expiration date of the option.

If the holder of the option doesn’t do anything with the option by the expiration date, the option expires. However, if they decide that they want to go through with the transaction, they will exercise the option. 

If the holder of an option chooses to exercise it, the seller will receive a notification, called an assignment, letting them know that the option holder is exercising their right to complete the transaction. The seller is legally obligated to fulfill the terms of the options contract.

For example, if you sell a call option on XYZ with a strike price of $40 and the buyer chooses to exercise the option, you’ll be assigned the obligation to fulfill that contract. You’ll have to buy 100 shares of XYZ at whatever the market price is, or take the shares from your own portfolio and sell them to the option holder for $40 each.

Options traders only have to worry about assignment if they sell options contracts. Those who buy options don’t have to worry about assignment because in this case, they have the power to exercise a contract, or choose not to.

The options market is huge, in that options are traded on large exchanges and you likely do not know who you’re buying contracts from or selling them to. It’s not like you sell an option to someone you know and they send you an email if they choose to exercise the contract, rather it is an organized process.

In the U.S., the Options Clearing Corporation (OCC), which is considered the options industry clearinghouse, helps to facilitate the exchange of options contracts. It guarantees a fair process of option assignments, ensuring that the obligations in the contract are fulfilled.

When an investor chooses to exercise a contract, the OCC randomly assigns the obligation to someone who sold the option being exercised. For example, if 100 people sold XYZ calls with a strike of $40, and one of those options gets exercised, the OCC will randomly assign that obligation to one of the 100 sellers.

In general, assignments are uncommon. About 7% of options get exercised, with the remaining 93% expiring. Assignment also tends to grow more common as the expiration date nears.

If you are assigned the obligation to fulfill an options contract you sold, it means you have to accept the related loss and fulfill the contract. Usually, your broker will handle the transaction on your behalf automatically.

If you’re an individual investor, you only have to worry about assignment if you’re involved in selling options. Even then, assignments aren't incredibly common. Less than 7% of options get assigned and they tend to get assigned as the option’s expiration date gets closer.

Having an option assigned does mean that you are forced to lock in a loss on an option, which can hurt. However, if you’re truly worried about assignment, you can plan to close your position at some point before the expiration date or use options strategies that don’t involve selling options that could get exercised.

The Options Industry Council. " Options Assignment FAQ: How Can I Tell When I Will Be Assigned? " Accessed Oct. 18, 2021.

assignment of option to purchase real estate

Real Estate Assignment of Contract Explained

In real estate, an assignment of contract is a strategy where one transfers his rights and obligations to another party. Read on to learn more.

Real estate investing is a great way to earn additional income. Are you planning to buy a property? If so, there are several real estate investment strategies available. These include purchasing a rental property, flipping houses, and buy-and-hold. Some investors also consider investing in real estate investment trusts (REITs). 

Table of Contents

What Is an Assignment Contract in Real Estate? 

Is an assignment of contract legal.

  • How Does Assignment of Contract Real Estate Work?

Elements of an Assignment Contract

Wholesale real estate is another potentially lucrative strategy for making money in real estate. It involves finding real estate deals you don’t plan to buy but plan to transfer to an end buyer. This kind of transaction uses a principle called the assignment of contract. The real estate assignment of contract is a strategic act that offers several benefits to buyers and sellers.

The assignment of contract has gained prominence as a valuable tool in real estate transactions. It presents a great alternative to traditional buying and selling approaches. It opens doors to lucrative opportunities and flexible real estate transactions. Investors who invest in real estate wholesaling typically use this strategy. 

Wholesaling investors secure properties under contract. They intend to assign them to another buyer for a profit. They won’t assume ownership during the process or undertake the associated risks. It allows for a streamlined process and reduces the need for substantial financial investment. 

In general, the assignment of contract is a great option for those who want to enter the real estate market immediately. It is a powerful and versatile tool. It can unlock many opportunities for buyers, sellers, and investors alike.

Assignment of contract in real estate takes place when the original party (assignor) transfers the contractual rights and obligations to a new party (assignee). The assignee, who is the recipient of the assignment, assumes the rights and duties outlined in the contract. 

In an assignment of contract, the assignor essentially transfers their position in the contract to the assignee. The assignee will then become a party to the contract with the other original party. Note that the assignor does not necessarily absolve themselves entirely from the agreement. The assignor typically remains liable for any breaches that occurred prior to the assignment.

Related: 4 Types of Real Estate Contracts: A Beginner’s Guide

Benefits of Assignment of Contract in Real Estate

The assignment of contract real estate offers several benefits to buyers, sellers, and investors. It is one of the preferred ways to process real estate investments. 

Here are a few benefits of a real estate assignment contract :

Increased Flexibility

Assigning a contract allows for greater flexibility in real estate transactions. It provides an opportunity to transfer contractual rights and obligations to a new party. This enables the original buyer or seller to adapt their position without completely withdrawing from the deal. 

This flexibility can be valuable in situations where circumstances change. These include financial constraints or unexpected personal events.

Expedited Transactions

Assigning a contract can expedite the real estate transaction process. Rather than starting from scratch, a buyer can step into an existing contract. It saves time on negotiating terms, inspections, and other procedural aspects. This acceleration can benefit investors who aim to close deals quickly and efficiently.

Minimal Financial Investment

Assigning a contract lets investors take part in real estate with minimal financial investment. Instead of buying the property outright, investors can secure it under contract. Then, they can assign that contract to another buyer for a profit. 

This strategy, often used in real estate wholesaling, reduces the need for substantial upfront capital. Plus, it lowers the risks associated with a real estate purchase .

Profit Generation

For investors, an assignment of contract can be a lucrative profit-generating strategy. They acquire properties at favorable terms and assign the contracts to buyers. This lets them earn the difference between the contract price and the assignment fee. 

It allows investors to leverage their skills in finding attractive deals. It also helps them capitalize on market opportunities.

Related: How to Flip Real Estate Contracts: 8 Steps

Enhanced Collaboration

Real estate transactions are usually complex because they involve multiple parties. The assignment of contract facilitates collaboration and simplifies the negotiation process. 

It enables parties to allocate responsibilities and delegate rights. It also helps ensure the smooth execution of agreements involving various stakeholders. This cooperative approach can expedite the transaction. What’s more, it can lead to outcomes that are beneficial to all parties involved.

Risk Mitigation

Assigning a contract can help mitigate risks associated with real estate transactions. Market conditions and investment circumstances may change. In this case, the assignor can transfer the contract to another party. It lets them avoid potential losses or unfavorable outcomes. 

This risk management aspect provides a level of protection. It also offers adaptability in dynamic real estate environments.

Disadvantages of an Assignment of Contract

The assignment of contract real estate can offer numerous advantages. But, it also carries certain disadvantages. You need to know these drawbacks before deciding to use this strategy, such as:

Limited Time Frame

Assignments often need to be executed within a specified time frame outlined in the original contract. This can add pressure to find a suitable assignee and complete the process within the designated period. It can potentially lead to rushed decisions or inadequate due diligence.

Loss of Owner’s Rights

As the assignor, you transfer your contractual rights and obligations to the assignee. This means you no longer have control over the property. You also won’t be able to make decisions regarding its use, modifications, or other aspects associated with ownership.

Potential Buyer Disinterest

The presence of an assignment fee, which compensates the assignor, may deter some buyers. The additional cost can make the overall transaction less attractive. This may limit the pool of potential buyers. It also makes it more challenging to find a willing assignee.

Non-Assignable Properties

Not every property is assignable. Some purchase agreements contain clauses that prohibit or restrict assignments. In such cases, the assignor may face limitations or even be unable to assign the contract. It limits their options for exit strategies.

Difficulty Confirming Buyer Financing

When assigning a contract, the assignee may need to secure financing to fulfill their obligations. However, confirming buyer financing can be challenging. Lenders may require additional assessments or have specific criteria for accepting an assignment. This can cause delays or complications in finalizing the transaction.

What Is an Assignment Fee?

An assignment fee in real estate refers to monetary compensation for the assignor. The assignor charges the fee when assigning their contractual rights and obligations to an assignee. It represents the assignor’s profit for finding a deal and facilitating the assignment. The price is typically negotiated and agreed upon as part of the assignment agreement. 

The assignment fee is separate from the purchase price or consideration mentioned in the original contract. It serves as compensation for the assignor’s efforts in securing the deal. It is also a fee that the assignee must pay for assuming the position in the contract from the original buyer.

Example of Assignment Contracts Real Estate  

An assignment contract real estate is a great tool to use when an investor wants to transfer his rights and duties to another party. 

Here is a good example of an assignment of contract real estate:

John identifies an Airbnb house for sale in a good neighborhood. He negotiates a purchase agreement with the property owner, Mary. They then enter into a contract for the sale of the property. However, John realizes that he doesn’t have the financial resources to proceed with the real estate purchase . But he sees the potential for a profitable deal.

In this scenario, John decides to assign the contract to another investor, Sarah. Sarah has the necessary funds and is interested in acquiring properties for short term rentals. John and Sarah agree on an assignment fee, which compensates John for his efforts in securing the deal.

John transfers his contractual rights and responsibilities to Sarah. Sarah becomes the new buyer in the contract. She assumes the duty of buying the house from Mary at the agreed-upon terms and conditions.

By assigning the contract, John avoids the need to secure financing. Plus, it eliminates the risks associated with investing in short term rentals. Such risks include repairs, maintenance, seasonality, and market fluctuations.

For Sarah, the assignment of contract presents an opportunity to own a property without going through the entire process. It eliminates the need for negotiation and due diligence. She benefits from John’s efforts in securing the deal. Such efforts include identifying the property, negotiating favorable terms, and establishing a rapport with the seller.

Ultimately, Mary completes the transaction with Sarah, who steps into John’s position as the buyer. John then earns the assignment fee as his profit for getting the deal.

Yes, the assignment of contract in real estate is legal. However, real estate contract assignment will not be enforced in the following circumstances:

  • There is no written consent . Before a real estate assignment contract takes effect, all parties must give written consent.
  • The contract doesn’t allow assignments. Some contracts come with a non-assignment clause. It prohibits the original buyer from assigning the deal to another.
  • The assignment violates public policy or the law. Some jurisdictions have laws that prohibit or limit assignments.
  • The property has restrictions . Certain properties, such as HUD homes, REOs, and short sales, might have deed restrictions. These prohibit the assignment of real estate contracts within a specific period.

Overall, it’s legal to assign real estate contracts to another buyer. By default, all contracts are assignable. But make sure to check the agreement for any stipulations prohibiting contract assignments. 

How Does Assignment of Contract Real Estate Work? 

The assignment of contract is a straightforward exit strategy when it comes to real estate investing. But, a successful and efficient contract assignment requires careful adherence to a specific process. 

Here are a series of essential steps for assigning a contract:

1. Find an Investment Property for Sale

The first thing you need to do is find a motivated seller willing to sell their home at a price below market value. The main difference between motivated and regular sellers is the former’s sense of urgency. 

Motivated sellers want to sell fast due to several reasons. These include divorce, relocation, living out-of-state, delinquent taxes, or job transfers. This sense of urgency could work to your advantage during negotiation.

You can use the following strategies to find homeowners that want to sell fast:

Driving for Dollars  

As the name suggests, this involves driving or walking around neighborhoods looking for signs of distressed properties. Signs of distress include overgrown grass, overfill of newspapers or mail, broken windows, deferred maintenance, and code enforcement signs. Write down the addresses of such homes and use them to locate the homeowner. Then, ask them if they are willing to sell so you can make an offer.

Look for the County’s Delinquent Tax List

This list is a goldmine for finding motivated sellers in an area. Simply visit the county government’s website or offices to get the delinquent tax list. This will give you an idea of potential properties that you can buy.

Use Mashvisor’s Real Estate Tools

Mashvisor is an online real estate analytics platform that can help you find the perfect investment property in no time. It is the best place to find cheap houses, including short sales, foreclosed, bank-owned, and auctioned homes. You can use the following tools to help you search for a property for sale in your preferred location:

Property Finder

The Property Finder tool lets you narrow down your options by customizing filters. You can set your budget, property type, size, and investment strategy. Just type in the city or neighborhood of your choice, and the system will generate results based on your criteria.

Another great thing about the Property Finder tool is that you can search multiple cities and neighborhoods simultaneously. After you find a property you like, you can just click on it and see its details. This information will help you decide whether or not the property will make a good investment.

Assignment of Contract - Property Finder

Mashvisor’s Property Finder tool makes finding suitable investment properties much easier with its filters.

Another tool that can help you find a good investment property is Mashvisor’s Heat Map . When doing a map search, you can set your custom filters to narrow down the results. You can filter by budget, property size, property type, or property status. You can also set preferred rental income, cap rate, and cash on cash return.

Select a property from the results; then, you’ll be taken to a page where you can find all the important real estate data. You will see the investment potential of the property. You can also use the Airbnb Calculator to determine if it will make a good short term rental investment.

Begin your real estate journey with Mashvisor! Start your 7-day free trial today to learn more about how Mashvisor works.

Airbnb Rental Calculator

2. perform due diligence.

After you find a profitable investment property, it’s crucial to perform due diligence. You should do this before signing any agreement with the seller. Work with a professional to inspect the property and perform a title search.

Property inspections are necessary. They ensure there are no major structural defects that may require costly repairs. Also, a title search is another important part of due diligence. It will look into the history of the home to ensure that there are no liens attached to the title.

3. Get the Purchase Contract

The next step is to get a purchase agreement from the seller. Make sure to have a real estate attorney read and approve the agreement. This will assure you that the contract is legally sound. It also gives you peace of mind that you will have a lawyer’s support in case of issues.

One crucial detail that needs to be included in the agreement is the “and/or assigns” next to your name. This clause authorizes you to transfer the contract to an interested buyer. Be sure to disclose this information to the seller. Explain the meaning of the clause if necessary. Give assurance that the seller will still get the agreed-upon purchase amount.

4. Find an End Buyer or Assignee

find buyers for real estate assignment of contract

Finding buyers is an important step in the strategy of real estate assignment of contract.

Once everything is in order, you’ll need to find your assignee who will assume the purchase of the property. You can find potential buyers using methods such as cold calling, posters, signage, and newspaper ads. You can also use social media ads, Craigslist, or networking on real estate forums to find an assignee. Alternatively, you could solicit the help of a local real estate agent. 

Whatever strategies you choose, be sure to find a buyer before the contract expires. In fact, many investors who use this strategy work on putting together a buyers list before they even find a property for sale. Consider this approach as well.

5. Assign the Contract

You can easily download an assignment of contract template from the internet. You can use this to assign the contract to another buyer who will assume your duties and rights. Make sure to let your real estate attorney review the assignment of contract before letting your assignee sign it. 

Once you’ve located an interested buyer, the first thing you need to do is ask for an earnest cash deposit. Your contract should clearly mention that earnest money will be paid upfront. This clause will protect you from any breach of contract with the seller. Since the earnest money is nonrefundable, you are sure to make a profit whether the deal closes or not.

6. Get Paid

As the assignor, you will get paid once the end buyer closes the deal and pays the purchase price. The difference between the agreed-upon value and the price you reach with the buyer will be your profit. It refers to the assignment fee, which serves as your compensation for securing the deal.

There are two ways to earn profit or charge an assignment fee:

  • Charge a Difference in the Selling Price. For example, your agreed purchase price with the seller is $170,000. Then you assigned the contract to the buyer for $200,000. The difference, which is essentially your assignment fee, is $30,000. It becomes your profit for the transaction.
  • Charge a Fixed Assignment Fee. Let’s say you find a new buyer that can fulfill the original terms of the sale agreement—such as purchase price and closing date. You then assign the contract to the new buyer in exchange for a fixed assignment fee. It is usually a certain percentage of the purchase price.

Who Handles Assignment of Contract?

A real estate attorney is the ideal professional to handle an assignment of contract. These legal documents involve substantial sums of money, making it wise to have expert guidance. Do you require assistance with a real estate assignment contract ? Connect with trusted lawyers who can provide comprehensive advice throughout the entire process.

Who Buys Real Estate Contracts?

In general, real estate contracts are most common among real estate wholesalers. Real estate investors who venture into fix-and-flips usually buy real estate contracts from wholesalers. 

Since fix-and-flippers want a fast transaction, they typically don’t have time to do the necessary due diligence. So they rely on wholesalers to find properties they can renovate and resell.

The elements of real estate assignment contracts may differ from one another. When drafting your assignment of contract in real estate, here are the basic elements you should consider:

  • Assignor. The assignor is the original party to the contract who transfers their rights and obligations to another party.
  • Assignee. The assignee is the new party who receives the rights and obligations of the contract from the assignor.
  • Original Contract. The assignment of contract refers to an existing valid and enforceable contract between the assignor and another party (the seller). It serves as the basis for the assignment.
  • Assignment Agreement. The assignment agreement is a separate contract that outlines the terms and conditions of the assignment. It includes the rights being transferred, the assignment fee, and any additional provisions specific to the assignment.
  • Assumed Obligations. The assignee typically assumes the obligations and responsibilities outlined in the original contract once the assignment is complete. This includes performing any required duties and fulfilling financial or performance obligations.
  • Release of Assignor. Depending on the terms of the assignment agreement, the assignor may seek release from future liabilities. It releases them from any obligations under the original contract once the assignment is finalized.
  • Consent (Optional). In some cases, obtaining the consent of the seller or other parties involved in the original contract may be necessary. It ensures the assignment is valid and enforceable.

The Bottom Line

Real estate assignment of contract takes less time to complete compared to other real estate investment strategies. It also requires little or no capital. However, working with sellers and buyers who are not conversant with the assignment of contract can be challenging. In addition, you might find a buyer that will want to back out at the last minute. 

If you want to flip a real estate contract, you should anticipate such scenarios and prepare accordingly. Make sure to understand the process before using this exit strategy. Further, working with a trusted real estate attorney can help lessen your risks. 

Are you ready to find the perfect investment property? Mashvisor can help you with this! Schedule a demo now to see how our platform works.

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The Non-Exclusive, “Flexible” Real Estate Option, Demystified

by JP Moses


This one’s about a relatively “new breed” of option contract that’s become increasingly popular over the last few years – the non-exclusive, “flexible option”.

It’s actually an extremely simple agreement, and one that savvy wholesalers are increasingly using to open doors to new profits by tapping into flipping other wholesaler’s inventory of deals.

Some questions answered in this here video:

  • What the heck is a non-exclusive, “flexible” option?
  • How is it different from a regular real estate option?
  • Any danger of practicing real estate without a license?  (Why/why not)
  • What does this form actually give you, in a legal sense?
  • Who’s really obligated and who’s not?
  • Can you shop other investors deals to your buyers list?  If so, how?
  • Can other investors use this to shop your deals to their buyers?  If so, how?
  • What’s a good “option term” for a deal like this?
  • And more…

Intriguing, say you?  Then watch the video, says I!  Arrrrgh!

The Originator…

But credit should be duly given to Tim for being the first mad scientist (that I know of at least) to really come out witha form like this, and start teaching people how to use it to wholesale other people’s deals.  You did a good thing, Tim.  Thanks!

Also, in order to get Tim’s two flex options, you historically had to be a student of his full blown REI course.  But he actually shared with me via email that  both of his original Flex Options are now freely available to his premium dodeals members .  So if you want Tim’s original Flex forms, go check it out!

Other Quick Stuff…

  • You can download the “non-exclusive, flexible option” by itself here…
  • If you already have my packet of 53 free REI forms , yes, you’ll find it already inside (under the buy/sell folder).
  • Very special thanks to my buddy Erik Stark for being our guest start in this “REI Undressed” episode.  And again, thanks to Tim for the popularizing the original concept!

assignment of option to purchase real estate

PS – If you enjoyed this free video form, you can say “thanks” by voting for me in the 2009 REI Battle of the Blogs!


Ryan Thompson

Dude! This is *VERY* valuable! Everyone who reads this post is going to be stoked! Thank you! 🙂


I love options… This ones great for quick flips… I’ll do you one better… Has anyone ever heard of a non-exclusive option to purchase?


JP, as always, this is EXCELLENT content. Your contributions are valued and Erik did a great job explaining the Flex Option document, as well as its role and utility. Well done.


This is great! My question is then when you assign the option do you use an assignment of contract or is there an assignment of option? Thank you.

Hi, Bill. You can use an assignment of option agreement, which is basically like a contract assignment, but with the words “option agreement” instead of “purchase agreement”. Same basic deal though. …jp


JP Hey, I watched the video on the real estate flex option and I have a question. Once I find a buyer after having the flex option signed by the wholesaler do I need a new contract between the end buyer and the owner of record or between the wholesaler and end buyer or between myself and the end buyer. What is the appropriate way to do this?

Whose title company do I use mine or the wholesaler’s to send the contract(s) to?

Thanks in advance for your response.

Hi, ML. Well you can assign your option agreement to the next guy and let him step into your shoes. Or you can exercise your option by putting a purchase contract in place, then assigning your contract to your the new buyer. Assuming in this case you’re the “middleman” between Optionor and end-buyer. Regarding title company, always try to be sure it’s going to a title company who understands what’s going on and how to handle the closings. That usually means you’ll direct all the parties to your title company, whom you will have already interviewed and can handle it all. But you don’t have to fall on the sword over this one if someone else in the transaction has a savvy title company…you’ll just want to interview them first to be sure they’re going to understand it and not mistakenly cry “SHENANIGANS!” …jp

walt lafayette

no i would really appreciate any info about non exclusive option to purchase thank you walt lafayette email [email protected]


hijp great info can you do a video on how to determine comps,that’s one of my weak area,knowing how to read comps.what if the property is in a nice area,and it’s not a foreclosure,but a free and clear 3/2brick 1100sf needs about 10 or 15k in repairs,has some foreclosures in area that sold for 30k but area is worth 75k and up.how do i determine arv to make a offer to seller? p.s i live in michigan,so you know how this economy is


THANK YOU for posting this very valuable piece of information. This was a very timely post, as I am taking the step in birddogging/property prospecting and was unclear of how the chain of transactions and the paperwork on the back end would be. I wanted to see if someone could clarify though some questions I had. If I took your first suggested method and just assigned the option agreement and let them step in my shoes, than the end buyer and the Optionor that I marketed this deal for would just work together on the deal to close on the deal? Would the birddog fee appear on the HUD somewhere if I were to go this route? It would appear to be that it would be just one set of closing costs as well since its a straight assignment of option? What if I was being offered a referral fee from the Optionor for finding a buyer, as well as the referral fee that the end buyer and I had agreed upon. Is this even legal to collect (2) sets of referral fees if I was able to be the principal in this deal because of this option contract? And then, how would it be reflected on the HUD if it is legal?

As far as the 2nd method by exercising my option to purchase and execute a purchase and sale agreement with the end buyer, then assigning it – Im not clear as to how that is different than the first option, aside from the fact that there is an extra step? Would this method prevent the optionor’s info from being public info (thats what is seems like) and would this result in a double close situation or would I have to work out a simultaneous close with the title co/atty?

Thanks for all your helpful information! And you’re welcome for the post.

Hi, Vannie – thanks for commenting! In your first set of questions…yes, your assignment feel could appear on the HUD somewhere, in which case you’d be an itemized expense for the transaction, paid by the title company at closing. Or you could get paid in advance, when you assign the deal, from your new buyer. Of course, this would require your end-buyer to have a certain level of trust with you. And yes, there would only be one closing, thus one set of closing costs involved. Regarding your question about receiving two sets of “referral fees” from both sides of the transaction…honestly I’ve never done that or even considered it. And I’m not seeing how it would work in most cases. When you put an option on a property, you’re buying the right to have an exclusive option to purchase for a set amount of time at a set price…an exchange has already take place…why would the seller pay you for selling the property? If I were the seller, I’d tell you that your profit (if any) should come when you resell, if you even do. It’s of no concern to me (as the hypothetical seller) whether you profit from a resale. I think what you’re describing borders on — if not fully steps into — practicing real estate agency without a license. And you don’t want to do that. In fact, I’d stay away from calling your profit a “referral fee” – that’s a no-no in TN. You’re a principal in this transaction, and what you’re selling is your bonafide equitable interest in a property. And it’s typically considered “personal property” rather than “real property” in most states as far as I know…one reason why you’re not practicing RE w/out a license here. Regarding your last question…you’re right…there’s not that much difference really. Either one involves you assigning your interest and should result in a single closing. DISCLAIMER: I’m not an attorney, nor do I play one on TV. Take everything I say with a grain of salt, and for darn’s sake consult your attorney before doing any of this. This is not legal advise…just my own thoughts while sipping coffee at my laptop. 🙂 Thanks again for commenting! …jp

Demos Loizides

This is basically the identical agreement I’ve been using for more than a year. An investor sent it to me. Later that year, I saw Tim Mai’s video on Flex Option agreements and paused the video, when he showed the agreement. It was the same agreement that was e-mailed to me.

I modified it to take out the “seller can cancel…” sentence, so I can actually assign this agreement. Without doing that, I would first have to notify the seller of my intention to exercise the option and then I would have to write up another contract. Sometimes it would take to long to do that and I might lose the buyer.

Of course, if I have a seller that’s not sure if they to tie up their property with me, I can leave the cancelation sentence in their.

I use the flex option agreement when wholesaling other wholesalers’ deals.

Demos Loizides

Scott Koopman

thanks JP, great contract!

Two questions

1.) Do you know or do you know someone who would know if use of this contract and subsequent marketing to investors would be considered brokering without a license (or something similar) in Canada?

2.) What do you do to agree to a closing period once you actually write up the purchase and sale? e.g. if the seller wants 15 days closing and your buyer wants a bit longer.

Hi, Scott! I’m not familiar with Canada RE laws at all. My guess would be NO, it would NOT. But that’s based on my own familiarity with the U.S. and TN in specific. If I have an equitable interest in a property (and ownership interest of some sort – of which an option agreement qualifies) then I have the legal right to sell that interest to someone else. My guess is that Canada would be similar, but I’ll refer you to my Canadian friend and fellow blogger Julie Broad . Compromise. Just do your best to work it out. Like negotiating price, it’s just part of making the deal work. That’s why you’re a dealmaker! 🙂 …jp


I have ID’d a property where, as a subject to, there would be good cash flow (taking into consideration mortgage payments, area rents, and everything else). However, going by comps the mortgage principal would put the property underwater.

So, it might make sense for someone for a long-term hold. However, I don’t want to get tied up myself (I don’t want to take on the mortgage), I’m new at flipping (so have to generate a buyer’s list, and not confident I can find buyers in a short time), plus I’d like to set the seller’s mind at ease about tying it up. So a flex option might work.

Have you ever written a flex option subject-to, or suggest what one might look like? (And, is this just too wacko?) .-= Eric´s last blog .. 3 Secrets to Reading Housing data for the Real Estate Investor, Part 1: Understanding Seasonally-Adjusted Data =-.

Hey, Eric! Admittedly I’m not a big fan of long term sub2 deals. For me, it’s only ever a short term solution. Just doesn’t suit me and feels too risky. Having said that, no, it’s not a wacko concept at all. You can wholesale/flip sub2 deals just like any other kind of deal, and a flexible option would work as far as I can see. My best, …jp

Justin Lee

Great video JP, thanks for sharing.

I have a somewhat related question:

How the heck did you get a 13 minute video on YouTube? I thought that they were capped at 10 minutes

Thanks, Justin! YouTube has lifted their 10 minute limite recently. (Hooray!) Not sure what the new limit is, but I think we’re still limited to 100 MB or less for non HD video. I think HD has a different (larger) limit, but I have no idea what it is. …jp



anyway, if you had a home you were selling and needed to sell it and i came along and said, “Hey i will try and see if i can find a buyer, sign this (option)” then i find a buyer for say $5,000 more than what the owner wants, am i paid up front by the buyer or out of escrow? Cause if the seller can cancel then my investor just lost his money to me!

Also, if there is no purchase agreement first, then i find a buyer with the option contract and he signs, does he just go to the seller and start a purchase and sale?

now if i was marketing for ANOTHER wholesaler and i used this with him while he had a purchase and sale contract with the right to assign, then it makes more sense to me. Basically i would find a buyer, he signs my document, gets in touch with the person with the right to assign, assigns to him and they all go to closing and we are paid out of closing right?

I just don’t want my buyer to feel like something might not go through and he just dumped me a check for 5k. Small walk through on this maybe?

Hey, Dwight! Great questions…and I think all your questions are pretty much answered in my responses to other people’s comments here. These comments weren’t published yet when you originally posted your question – I’ve been playing a bit of catch up on blog comments today. 🙂 Let me know if anything’s still fuzzy and I’ll do my best, …jp

I think i get it. The option is a piece of paper basically that’s not notarized so when i find a buyer he can literally just start a new purchase and sale agreement with the seller and i can get my fee by assigning the option??

JP: You got it! 🙂

i heard of another way before and its that you start a contract with the owner and put your earnest money out at whatever you choose like due on 45 days or before, then find an end buyer even if he is retail and start another contract. if he is cash you can do a back to back closing, if its retail you keep both those contracts around but do not give them to title. I guess for security just in case or so you can act as a principle i guess. But you start a 3rd contract between the homeowner and the end buyer and put an INVOICE as your payment. By law all invoices MUST be paid out first prior to any closings. I guess some assignments are gone around by investors and you lose all your profit so this is the best way. heard of this?

JP: I wouldn’t recommend doing this – it’ll get you in hot water for basically practicing real estate without a license. When you create that 3rd contract between your seller and your end buyer…you’re not a principal in that transaction, so any money you collect from that transaction would probably be considered a disguised commission if ever challenged. The seller or buyer could pay you to release your contract so they can step in, but I wouldn’t think that would be something you’d put on the HUD of the end transaction. Just collect any assignment fees as a line item on the HUD…same deal as your “invoice” method, but you’re still an equitable interest holder. Just my $0.02. As always, talk to your own lawyer or RE pro before following any of my crazy advice. 😉 …jp

jeff G

Hey Jp, If I”m use n the Flex option To Market a sellers property to my Investor buyers, When I find a buyer, What paper work do I need to put together, so that I can cenect every one together & I get paid at closeing If It is a Assignment of Option can you email me a copy of one – And can you tell me how to put this deal together.


I like it! I was listening to Flip or Treat on the way home last nite and heard you talking about this. Now, I’ve used a straight up option before to try to purchase a property (obviously, I was shopping for an end buyer) but I never even thought of using an option the way you propose in the video. Brilliant. I’m gonna do it!

P.S. The Pending Hi-Jack was genius too! .-= Carey_PA´s last blog .. Met with attorney =-.


Will a trust work to take care of FHA seasoning issues on a back-to-back? If so, how do you implement this technique? Thanks, Tony


THanks so much! I’ve been looking everywhere for one of these to use in my wholesale business. My mentor calls this “recycling” and does not like the concept as things can get muddy with more moving parts, but I think if you can use systems like Tim and do enough volume it is a viable strategy.


I had to at least say thank you for providing this resource.

Thanks JP, Hurol

Jay von Mohr

Awesome vid JP.

Jay von Mohr 818-359-1617


i have been looking for someone to explain how this works to me!  i am fairly new to wholesaling and just came across a huge inventory and extreme discount deals and wasn’t sure how to do this so thank you so much for explaining so well!!!  i just have one question – if I am the Optionor and marketing another wholesalers properties, do i become the one that is on the purchase and sales contract with my end buyer i found? or how do i assure i get paid?  and what part does the other wholesaler play at closing?  thx again!!!

jp moses

Hi, thanks for commenting! No, you would assign your option via an assignment of option agreement. This would be in return for a fee (your profit) to be paid at closing. It would all be on the HUD-1 settlement statement. The new buyer steps into your shoes and exercises the option agreement. Make sense?

Thanks JP!  I did not see an assignment of option agreement in your forms (unless I missed this)…Do you know where a good place is to get something like this?  Also, do I give a copy of this paperwork to the title company or how can I make sure that I receive monies at closing?

You can just tweak the wording of my assignment of contract…just make it say option instead. It’s not that big a deal at all really. Or your local Realtor board may have one also. Ask a Realtor you know. In terms of ensuring you get paid, yes, you’ll send a copy of the assignment to your title company and make sure they add it to the docs for the deal and know you’re supposed to get paid at closing and be on the HUD-1. I always make sure it’s closing at a title company I know, like and trust.

AWESOME!!  Thank you SO SO much!  I think I got it 🙂  I appreciate your help a ton! – And i love what you are doing on this site, including the Faith Corner! Have a great week!


Hi Tim,             After I assign my option to the end buyer, does he give that assignment form to his title company so they know they have to pay me when it close? Is that the way it works unless I get paid my assignment fee in cash?


Thanks for the info!  I want to make sure that I’m clear – I understand that this contract can be assigned to an end buyer – and if used to market a wholesale property, the wholesaler may also have a contract in place – so with the seller + wholesaler + ME + End Buyer (that I brought to the table) – How is it possible to gain enough control to assure that MY expense is added to the HUD?  I can see where it would be VERY COOL to use in a Seller + ME + End Buyer scenario – but when adding  a 4th party, I’d be afraid of losing my cut.  I would think that the “wholesaler” in a 4 party scenario would call the shots?

Jerry Barker

How does this differ from a Net Listing, which is illegal by the way?

Hi, Jerry. Thanks for commenting.

For anyone who doesn’t know, a “net listing” is listing in which the broker’s commission is the excess of the sale price over an agreed-upon (net) price to the seller.  I.E. Andy Agent agrees to sell Sally Seller’s house on a net listing. They set the net price at $200K. Andy finds a buyer willing to pay $210,000, so his commission is $10,000. Conversely if he finds a buyer offering only $200K, then he earns zero commission.

This is illegal in some states because it can create a conflict of interest for the broker.

The big difference I see between a net listing and using a flex option as described in this post is that we’re investors, buying & selling houses, not agents listing them. There’s no “commission” here. We’re not representing the sellers as their agent (which is why a net listing creates a conflict of interest). We’re acting as principles in the transaction, which means we’re not expected to fall in line with laws governing agency.

Make sense, Jerry?

Thanks for commenting!

Go Cash

This is great. But what about the option consideration? Shouldn’t there be $10 at least as an Option Consideration? Or does there not need to be? I tried this earlier this year (REProfitEngineering on youtube) and was able to record my receipt of option consideration. (It was odd but our “online-signatures” weren’t good enough but the receipt was signed in person, and had “live” signatures so the recorder’s office used that to record and allowed me to submit the option as supporting documentation.)

-Cory ( currently an IPOD student also.)

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Assignment Of Purchase And Sale Agreement

Jump to section, what is an assignment of purchase and sale agreement.

An assignment of purchase and sale agreement is a real estate transaction contract that defines the parties and terms of a real estate purchase. This agreement allows the original purchaser of a property to transfer or assign their rights in the deal to a third party. This agreement is often used in flipping houses.

Assignment of purchase and sale agreements allows the purchaser to take their rights and obligations under a purchase agreement and reassign them to a third party who will take on those responsibilities. Some contracts may have clauses that prohibit assignment or allow it under specific circumstances usually laid out in the agreement.

Common Sections in Assignment Of Purchase And Sale Agreements

Below is a list of common sections included in Assignment Of Purchase And Sale Agreements. These sections are linked to the below sample agreement for you to explore.

Assignment Of Purchase And Sale Agreement Sample

Reference : Security Exchange Commission - Edgar Database, EX-10.1.1 2 d245573dex1011.htm ASSIGNMENT OF PURCHASE AND SALE AGREEMENT , Viewed October 18, 2021, View Source on SEC .

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I am the Managing Partner of Adams Global Immigration, a Business Immigration Law firm focusing on nonimmigrant visa processing (H-1B, L-1, E-2, E-3, O-1, TN, etc.) and immigrant visa processing (EB-1, EB-2, EB-3, PERM, NIW, etc.). I have many years of business immigration experience, including legal work at Jackson and Hertogs, Fragomen, E&M Mayock, and as a Freelance Immigration Specialist. My specialization includes complicated Request for Evidence responses and high-volume nonimmigrant visa preparation. I can provide legal advice regarding employment visa preparation, unique international travel issues, and various other complex immigration matters. Prior to joining Jackson & Hertogs in 2018, I served as a Certified Law Clerk with the San Diego Public Defender office through Thomas Jefferson School of Law (TJSL). In this role, I argued over 40 hearings in state court for criminal juvenile matters, adult misdemeanors, and adult felonies. I subsequently joined the TJSL Removal Defense clinic, wherein I argued and won a full asylum trial in Federal Court for a Moroccan refugee fleeing severe LGBTQ persecution.

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5 steps to your new home: How foreigners can buy property in Russia

The Wellton Park Novaya Skhodnya in the north of Moscow. The project was drafted by the Krost Concern in cooperation with the DKV Architecten Dutch architectural bureau; it comprises four residential and office complexes

The Wellton Park Novaya Skhodnya in the north of Moscow. The project was drafted by the Krost Concern in cooperation with the DKV Architecten Dutch architectural bureau; it comprises four residential and office complexes

After we told you how to survive your apartment hunt in Moscow , we now go even further. To find out what you have to do to buy your first flat or other property in Russia, we talked to experts from the Russian Agency of Housing Mortgage Lending (AHML).

In Russia there are no bans on foreign people or companies buying property. Only in a few select cases is the acquisition of land prohibited, which especially applies to arable farmland (you can only rent it), border zones, oil & gas zones, areas within military facilities, national parks, or so-called “ closed cities .”

Just to tell you right away: Buying property and registering it will not grant you any new migration status! These are absolutely different processes. For instance, if you’re in Russia on a business visa, that’s the only visa you’ll still have.

1. Pick out your dream apartment!

Under construction:

In Russia it is usual to buy apartments while they are still under construction. In these cases the building company does not invest own or borrowed funds, but the money of the future owners of the flats. The apartment business in modern Russia works mostly like this.

When you opt for a property that is still under constructions, you will, of course, have to wait until it’s ready for moving in. That’s a real disadvantage. On the other hand, you have more influence over how your dream home will look in the end.

What’s more, these flats and apartment blocks can be a lot cheaper than ready built property.

Ready built:

To buy a new flat that is already built, you have to be very lucky! Especially around the big cities of Moscow, St. Petersburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Kazan, etc., there are almost no free apartments when the construction process finally comes to an end. 

So when you want to buy property that you already can see and “touch,” you will have to search the “second-hand” property market.

One, two or 20 rooms?

In newly built blocks, you can find lots of one-room apartments, because in Russian flats the living room often doubles up as a bedroom. At the moment, only in the major cities have companies started to build more two-room apartments and bigger.

In older apartment blocks, you can find big flats with about six, seven or even ten rooms. In Soviet times they were used often as “ komunalkas ,”—apartments for several families. But these flats are often sold only on a room-by-room basis. And to find out who is still registered there is often really complicated.

2. Find the area of your dreams

An aerial view of the Wellton Park Novaya Skhodnya

An aerial view of the Wellton Park Novaya Skhodnya

Another key feature of your new home is the location! A great help to compare different regions across the whole country is the AHML Index of Urban Environment .

Also follow Russia Beyond and take a look at some typical expat sites if you’re looking for the best residential areas of Moscow.  

>>> Where do Moscow’s richest live ?

>>> What are the 7 most expensive and 7 most affordable districts in Moscow?

3. Get a helping hand – the realtor

We strongly recommend that you find yourself a local realtor with knowledge of your mother tongue. In the bigger cities at least, there are many agencies as well as individual realtors that offer services in English and other languages.

The realtor will be very important for you because he or she can check the registration documents of your future property: the certificate of ownership and grounds for acquisition, the agreement of all co-owners, and perhaps existing mortgages.

The realtor also knows how to prove whether there is still someone registered or not. Because if someone else is registered there, they might suddenly decide to take up residence with you in “their” home. And they would have the law on their side!

4. Pay now – or maybe later

Happy with your new home? Here: Wellton Park Novaya Skhodnya

Happy with your new home? Here: Wellton Park Novaya Skhodnya

For payment, you have two easy options:

If you have enough money to deposit the whole sum immediately.

In this case, of course, you’ll avoid most of the bureaucratic stress. All you need is a bank account – with a Russian one it will be much easier to transfer such large sums of money.

Take out a loan!

Or a mortgage to pay off the property every month over the next few years (or decades). It’s vital to be aware that the average interest rate at the moment is about 11%, but on a downward trend.

Getting a mortgage to buy property isn’t that easy for foreigners. First, not every bank offers that service, because it’s impossible to check your credit history and whether you’re solvent. Various special programs for foreigners are offered by  Sberbank (Russia’s biggest), the online Bank Tinkoff, and a few others. For details you can ask in your local branch or take a look at their websites.

5. Purchase your new Russian home!

Do it yourself!

To conclude a purchase agreement, you need a passport with an apostil from your country and a notarized translation.

If they’re in order, you’ll then be checked by both the Ministry of Interior of your own country and the Russian embassy.

Via a representative:

Also you can choose a representative – it’s recommended to find a Russian citizen! – to conclude the agreement. Then you won’t need all the translations and stamps. So it’s much easier.

The contract itself must be in Russian. You will do well to discuss the details not only with the realtor and the company. On the other hand, the realtor or the building company must prove that you have a valid visa, a work permit, or permanent residence status in Russia. So be ready to show these papers too!

If using any of Russia Beyond's content, partly or in full, always provide an active hyperlink to the original material.

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  1. Real Estate Purchase Option Agreement Template

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  1. Assignment of Contract In Real Estate Made Simple

    The standard assignment fee is $5,000. However, every deal is different. Buyers differ on their needs and criteria for spending their money (e.g., rehabbing vs. buy-and-hold buyers). As with any negotiations, proper information is vital. Take the time to find out how much the property would realistically cost before and after repairs.

  2. Option Contract (Real Estate): 11 Things (2024) You Need To Know

    1. What is an option contract in real estate? Option contracts are legal documents that grant a buyer or investor the option to purchase real estate from a seller. This seller normally offers an option to buy a property within a limited period of time. An option contract ensures that the buyer has the exclusive right to buy a piece of real estate.

  3. The Basics of Real Estate Option Contracts

    A real estate purchase option is a contract on a specific piece of real estate that allows the buyer the exclusive right to purchase the property. Once a buyer has an option to buy a property, the ...

  4. Right of Assignee or Sub-lessee to Enforce a Purchase Option

    A real estate purchase option is a contract for a specific piece of real estate that allows a tenant or buyer of the property the exclusive right to purchase the property. By purchasing an option, a prospective buyer pays for the opportunity to exercise the purchase right for the property to be purchased within a specified time.

  5. Option Contract Real Estate: How They Work in 2023

    In addition to flexibility, the purpose of option contracts in real estate includes: Purpose 1. Attracts high net worth buyers to high-end real estate transactions. Purpose 2. Provides stipulations in purchase agreements , land contracts , a deed of trust , and mortgage notes. Purpose 3.

  6. A Guide to Assignment of Contract in Real Estate

    Assignment of contract involves one party transferring the rights of a real estate purchase agreement to another party. This real estate investing strategy can involve time and financial pressure, but the assignor can potentially make a quick buck.

  7. Option to Purchase Agreement: All You Need to Know

    An option to purchase agreement is a legal contract that grants a party the right to buy a property or asset at a specified price within a specified timeframe. The agreement will provide both buyer and seller flexibility, allowing each to conduct further due diligence, secure financing, or assess market conditions before committing to the purchase.

  8. Key Terms in Option-to-Purchase Agreements

    An option- to-purchase agreement is an arrangement in which, for a fee, a tenant or investor acquires the right to purchase real property sometime in the future. While option contracts are used in both commercial and residential real property transactions, this article focuses on option to purchase contracts in residential real estate transactions.

  9. What Is an Option Assignment?

    An assignment represents the seller of an option's obligation to fulfill the terms of the contract by either selling or purchasing the underlying security at the exercise price. If you sell an option and get assigned, you have to fulfill the transaction outlined in the option. You can only get assigned if you sell options, not if you buy them.

  10. Real Estate Option Agreement: Definition & Sample

    A real estate option agreement is a legal agreement between a seller and a buyer or investor that allows the buyer or investor the right to purchase a property. An option agreement usually gives the buyer or investor a specific timeframe to make their decision whether or not to purchase the property. Also known as a purchase option agreement ...

  11. Real Estate Assignment of Contract Explained

    In general, the assignment of contract is a great option for those who want to enter the real estate market immediately. It is a powerful and versatile tool. ... Plus, it lowers the risks associated with a real estate purchase. Profit Generation. For investors, an assignment of contract can be a lucrative profit-generating strategy. They ...

  12. PDF Assignment of Option Agreement

    TO HAVE AND TO HOLD the same unto the said Option Buyer, and the heirs, legal representatives, successors and assigns forever. IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Option Seller has caused these presents to be executed in the name(s), and seal(s) to be affixed hereto this _____ day of ________________, 20_____. Signed, sealed and delivered in the presence of:

  13. Option to Purchase in Real Estate Law

    An option to purchase real estate is a contract between the property owner and optionee (buyer). Instead of buying the property right away, an option allows the buyer to pay a certain sum of money for the right to purchase the property on or before a later date.

  14. The Non-Exclusive, "Flexible" Real Estate Option, Demystified

    The Originator…. The original "Flex Option" is a concept conceived and born (and now trademarked 🙂 ) by Tim Mai of DoDeals.com. ANd while the "Non-Exclusive, Flexible" Option here is along similar lines to Tim's, there are also some key differences. For starters, Tim offers one Flex Option for Wholesalers and another for Owner ...

  15. Assignment of Option Agreement Sample Clauses

    Purchaser may, without the consent of Seller but after giving written notice to Seller of Purchaser's intention to assign this Option Agreement, assign all of the rights of Purchaser under this Option Agreement, provided that (i) any such assignment must be made prior to Purchaser exercising the option to purchase provided in this Option Agreeme...

  16. PDF Assignment of Contract For Purchase of Real Estate

    Assignment of Contract For Purchase of Real Estate For value received, I, _____ as assignor, herby transfer and assign to _____, as assignee, his heirs and assigns, all rights and interest in that contract between _____, ... Assignment of Contract For Purchase of Real Estate

  17. PDF Option Agreement To Purchase Real Estate

    Option Agreement to Purchase Real Estate Date: Seller and Purchaser agree as follows: Seller: Address: Purchaser: Address: FIRST: Seller gives to Purchaser the right to buy the Property on the terms stated in this Option agreement SECOND: Purchaser has delivered to Seller acknowledges that Seller has received this payment.

  18. Assignment Of Purchase And Sale Agreement

    An assignment of purchase and sale agreement is a real estate transaction contract that defines the parties and terms of a real estate purchase. This agreement allows the original purchaser of a property to transfer or assign their rights in the deal to a third party. This agreement is often used in flipping houses.

  19. 5 steps to your new home: How foreigners can buy property in Russia

    3. Get a helping hand - the realtor. We strongly recommend that you find yourself a local realtor with knowledge of your mother tongue. In the bigger cities at least, there are many agencies as ...

  20. PDF Notice of Release of Option Contract for Sale and Purchase

    OPTION CONTRACT FOR SALE AND PURCHASE This NOTICE OF RELEASE OF OPTION CONTRACT FOR SALE AND PURCHASE (the "Notice") is made, executed and delivered as of the ____ day of_____, ____, ... ("Buyer"). The Seller had granted to the Buyer an Option to purchase the real estate as described below (the "Property"). The option is hereby ...

  21. Russian real estate: buying a home in Russia

    The majority of real estate transactions are made in cash and sale-purchase transactions always take place in a Russian bank with the bank's safety deposit boxes acting as an escrow account to guarantee buyers and sellers the payment is made upon the final ownership transfer. Full funds are deposited and only released to the seller when the ...

  22. PDF Land Use and Development Rules Adopted in Moscow

    Prior to the adoption of the LUDR, real estate properties in Moscow were developed in accordance with a land plot development plan (the "LPDP") issued by Moskomarkhitektura, which constituted a land development plan document and defined, inter alia, types of permitted use of land plots and capital

  23. THE BUZZ CONFERENCE on Instagram: "Buying a condo assignment in Canada

    41 likes, 10 comments - thebuzzconference on November 26, 2023: "Buying a condo assignment in Canada requires VERY careful consideration to ensure a smooth and su ...

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