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Top 20 MCQs on literature review with answers

MCQs on literature review : The primary purpose of literature review is to facilitate detailed background of the previous studies to the readers on the topic of research.

In this blog post, we have published 20 MCQs on Literature Review (Literature Review in Research) with answers.

20 Multiple Choice Questions on Literature Review

1. Literature is a 

Written Record

Published Record

Unpublished Record

All of these

2. Which method of literature review involves a non-statistical method to present data having the feature of systematic Method too?

Narrative Method

Systematic Method

Meta-Analysis Method of Literature Review

Meta-Synthesis Method of Literature Review

3. Comparisons of non-statistical variables are performed under which method of literature review?

4. Literature review is not similar to

Annotated Bibliography 

5. APA Style, MLA Style, Chicago Manual, Blue Book, OSCOLA are famously known as

Citation Manuals

Directories

Abbreviation Manuals

6. Literature collected is reviewed and preferably arranged 

Alphabetically

Chronologically

None of these

7. Literature collected for review includes

Primary and Secondary Sources

Secondary and Tertiary Sources

Primary and Tertiary Sources

8. Literature includes

Previous Studies

Scholarly publications

Research Findings

9. No time frame is set to collect literature in which of the following method of compiling reviews?

Traditional Method

10. Which method of the literature review is more reliable for drawing conclusions of each individual researcher for new conceptualizations and interpretations?

11. The main purpose of finalization of research topics and sub-topics is

Collection of Literature

Collection of Questions

Collection of Statistics

Collection of Responses

12. Literature review is basically to bridge the gap between

Newly established facts

Previously established facts

Facts established time to time

Previous to current established facts

13. The last step in writing the literature review is 

Developing a Final Essay

Developing a Coherent Essay

Developing a Collaborated Essay

Developing a Coordinated Essay

14. The primary purpose of literature review is to facilitate detailed background of 

Present Studies

Previous studies

Future Studies

15. Narrative Literature Review method is also known as 

Advanced Method

Scientific Method

16. Which method of literature review starts with formulating research questions?

17. Which method of literature review involves application of clinical approach based on a specific subject.

18. Which literature review involves timeline based collection of literature for review

19. Which method of literature review involves application of statistical approach?

20. Which literature review method involves conclusions in numeric/statistical form?

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  • How to Write a Literature Review | Guide, Examples, & Templates

How to Write a Literature Review | Guide, Examples, & Templates

Published on January 2, 2023 by Shona McCombes . Revised on September 11, 2023.

What is a literature review? A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources on a specific topic. It provides an overview of current knowledge, allowing you to identify relevant theories, methods, and gaps in the existing research that you can later apply to your paper, thesis, or dissertation topic .

There are five key steps to writing a literature review:

  • Search for relevant literature
  • Evaluate sources
  • Identify themes, debates, and gaps
  • Outline the structure
  • Write your literature review

A good literature review doesn’t just summarize sources—it analyzes, synthesizes , and critically evaluates to give a clear picture of the state of knowledge on the subject.

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Table of contents

What is the purpose of a literature review, examples of literature reviews, step 1 – search for relevant literature, step 2 – evaluate and select sources, step 3 – identify themes, debates, and gaps, step 4 – outline your literature review’s structure, step 5 – write your literature review, free lecture slides, other interesting articles, frequently asked questions, introduction.

  • Quick Run-through
  • Step 1 & 2

When you write a thesis , dissertation , or research paper , you will likely have to conduct a literature review to situate your research within existing knowledge. The literature review gives you a chance to:

  • Demonstrate your familiarity with the topic and its scholarly context
  • Develop a theoretical framework and methodology for your research
  • Position your work in relation to other researchers and theorists
  • Show how your research addresses a gap or contributes to a debate
  • Evaluate the current state of research and demonstrate your knowledge of the scholarly debates around your topic.

Writing literature reviews is a particularly important skill if you want to apply for graduate school or pursue a career in research. We’ve written a step-by-step guide that you can follow below.

Literature review guide

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Writing literature reviews can be quite challenging! A good starting point could be to look at some examples, depending on what kind of literature review you’d like to write.

  • Example literature review #1: “Why Do People Migrate? A Review of the Theoretical Literature” ( Theoretical literature review about the development of economic migration theory from the 1950s to today.)
  • Example literature review #2: “Literature review as a research methodology: An overview and guidelines” ( Methodological literature review about interdisciplinary knowledge acquisition and production.)
  • Example literature review #3: “The Use of Technology in English Language Learning: A Literature Review” ( Thematic literature review about the effects of technology on language acquisition.)
  • Example literature review #4: “Learners’ Listening Comprehension Difficulties in English Language Learning: A Literature Review” ( Chronological literature review about how the concept of listening skills has changed over time.)

You can also check out our templates with literature review examples and sample outlines at the links below.

Download Word doc Download Google doc

Before you begin searching for literature, you need a clearly defined topic .

If you are writing the literature review section of a dissertation or research paper, you will search for literature related to your research problem and questions .

Make a list of keywords

Start by creating a list of keywords related to your research question. Include each of the key concepts or variables you’re interested in, and list any synonyms and related terms. You can add to this list as you discover new keywords in the process of your literature search.

  • Social media, Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, Snapchat, TikTok
  • Body image, self-perception, self-esteem, mental health
  • Generation Z, teenagers, adolescents, youth

Search for relevant sources

Use your keywords to begin searching for sources. Some useful databases to search for journals and articles include:

  • Your university’s library catalogue
  • Google Scholar
  • Project Muse (humanities and social sciences)
  • Medline (life sciences and biomedicine)
  • EconLit (economics)
  • Inspec (physics, engineering and computer science)

You can also use boolean operators to help narrow down your search.

Make sure to read the abstract to find out whether an article is relevant to your question. When you find a useful book or article, you can check the bibliography to find other relevant sources.

You likely won’t be able to read absolutely everything that has been written on your topic, so it will be necessary to evaluate which sources are most relevant to your research question.

For each publication, ask yourself:

  • What question or problem is the author addressing?
  • What are the key concepts and how are they defined?
  • What are the key theories, models, and methods?
  • Does the research use established frameworks or take an innovative approach?
  • What are the results and conclusions of the study?
  • How does the publication relate to other literature in the field? Does it confirm, add to, or challenge established knowledge?
  • What are the strengths and weaknesses of the research?

Make sure the sources you use are credible , and make sure you read any landmark studies and major theories in your field of research.

You can use our template to summarize and evaluate sources you’re thinking about using. Click on either button below to download.

Take notes and cite your sources

As you read, you should also begin the writing process. Take notes that you can later incorporate into the text of your literature review.

It is important to keep track of your sources with citations to avoid plagiarism . It can be helpful to make an annotated bibliography , where you compile full citation information and write a paragraph of summary and analysis for each source. This helps you remember what you read and saves time later in the process.

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To begin organizing your literature review’s argument and structure, be sure you understand the connections and relationships between the sources you’ve read. Based on your reading and notes, you can look for:

  • Trends and patterns (in theory, method or results): do certain approaches become more or less popular over time?
  • Themes: what questions or concepts recur across the literature?
  • Debates, conflicts and contradictions: where do sources disagree?
  • Pivotal publications: are there any influential theories or studies that changed the direction of the field?
  • Gaps: what is missing from the literature? Are there weaknesses that need to be addressed?

This step will help you work out the structure of your literature review and (if applicable) show how your own research will contribute to existing knowledge.

  • Most research has focused on young women.
  • There is an increasing interest in the visual aspects of social media.
  • But there is still a lack of robust research on highly visual platforms like Instagram and Snapchat—this is a gap that you could address in your own research.

There are various approaches to organizing the body of a literature review. Depending on the length of your literature review, you can combine several of these strategies (for example, your overall structure might be thematic, but each theme is discussed chronologically).

Chronological

The simplest approach is to trace the development of the topic over time. However, if you choose this strategy, be careful to avoid simply listing and summarizing sources in order.

Try to analyze patterns, turning points and key debates that have shaped the direction of the field. Give your interpretation of how and why certain developments occurred.

If you have found some recurring central themes, you can organize your literature review into subsections that address different aspects of the topic.

For example, if you are reviewing literature about inequalities in migrant health outcomes, key themes might include healthcare policy, language barriers, cultural attitudes, legal status, and economic access.

Methodological

If you draw your sources from different disciplines or fields that use a variety of research methods , you might want to compare the results and conclusions that emerge from different approaches. For example:

  • Look at what results have emerged in qualitative versus quantitative research
  • Discuss how the topic has been approached by empirical versus theoretical scholarship
  • Divide the literature into sociological, historical, and cultural sources

Theoretical

A literature review is often the foundation for a theoretical framework . You can use it to discuss various theories, models, and definitions of key concepts.

You might argue for the relevance of a specific theoretical approach, or combine various theoretical concepts to create a framework for your research.

Like any other academic text , your literature review should have an introduction , a main body, and a conclusion . What you include in each depends on the objective of your literature review.

The introduction should clearly establish the focus and purpose of the literature review.

Depending on the length of your literature review, you might want to divide the body into subsections. You can use a subheading for each theme, time period, or methodological approach.

As you write, you can follow these tips:

  • Summarize and synthesize: give an overview of the main points of each source and combine them into a coherent whole
  • Analyze and interpret: don’t just paraphrase other researchers — add your own interpretations where possible, discussing the significance of findings in relation to the literature as a whole
  • Critically evaluate: mention the strengths and weaknesses of your sources
  • Write in well-structured paragraphs: use transition words and topic sentences to draw connections, comparisons and contrasts

In the conclusion, you should summarize the key findings you have taken from the literature and emphasize their significance.

When you’ve finished writing and revising your literature review, don’t forget to proofread thoroughly before submitting. Not a language expert? Check out Scribbr’s professional proofreading services !

This article has been adapted into lecture slides that you can use to teach your students about writing a literature review.

Scribbr slides are free to use, customize, and distribute for educational purposes.

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If you want to know more about the research process , methodology , research bias , or statistics , make sure to check out some of our other articles with explanations and examples.

  • Sampling methods
  • Simple random sampling
  • Stratified sampling
  • Cluster sampling
  • Likert scales
  • Reproducibility

 Statistics

  • Null hypothesis
  • Statistical power
  • Probability distribution
  • Effect size
  • Poisson distribution

Research bias

  • Optimism bias
  • Cognitive bias
  • Implicit bias
  • Hawthorne effect
  • Anchoring bias
  • Explicit bias

A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources (such as books, journal articles, and theses) related to a specific topic or research question .

It is often written as part of a thesis, dissertation , or research paper , in order to situate your work in relation to existing knowledge.

There are several reasons to conduct a literature review at the beginning of a research project:

  • To familiarize yourself with the current state of knowledge on your topic
  • To ensure that you’re not just repeating what others have already done
  • To identify gaps in knowledge and unresolved problems that your research can address
  • To develop your theoretical framework and methodology
  • To provide an overview of the key findings and debates on the topic

Writing the literature review shows your reader how your work relates to existing research and what new insights it will contribute.

The literature review usually comes near the beginning of your thesis or dissertation . After the introduction , it grounds your research in a scholarly field and leads directly to your theoretical framework or methodology .

A literature review is a survey of credible sources on a topic, often used in dissertations , theses, and research papers . Literature reviews give an overview of knowledge on a subject, helping you identify relevant theories and methods, as well as gaps in existing research. Literature reviews are set up similarly to other  academic texts , with an introduction , a main body, and a conclusion .

An  annotated bibliography is a list of  source references that has a short description (called an annotation ) for each of the sources. It is often assigned as part of the research process for a  paper .  

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AP® English Literature

The best ap® english literature review guide for 2024.

  • The Albert Team
  • Last Updated On: January 29, 2024

The Best AP® English Literature Review Guide

Scoring a 5 on the AP® English Literature and Composition exam is no easy task. In 2019, for example, only 6.2% of students earned a 5 on the test. While this statistic may be discouraging at first glance, it does indicate that a perfect score is possible for those willing to do extra preparation and practice. In 2022, nearly 17% of test-takers earned a 5 – a big improvement!

It may take some hard work, but it’s possible to ace this exam! We’re here to help.

In this comprehensive review, we’ll unpack the exam’s basic format, analyze the common structures and shapes of AP® Literature questions, provide useful tips and strategies for scoring a 5, and offer a variety of helpful additional resources and study tools.

Let’s get to it!

What We Review

How is the AP® English Literature and Composition Exam formatted? 

The AP® English Literature and Composition exam is divided into two sections: multiple-choice and free-response. 

The multiple-choice section is broken into five chunks equipped with 8-13 questions each, totaling 55 questions. You will be asked to analyze excerpts from diverse literary texts, including prose fiction, drama, or poetry. Moreover, there will always be at least 2 prose fiction passages and 2 poems in this section of the exam. The fifth text can be either. 

The multiple-choice section has a time limit of 1 hour, and it counts as 45% of your overall exam score. 

Section 2 of the exam, often informally called the “essay section,” contains 3 free-response prompts which demand literary analysis of a given poem, a passage of prose fiction, or an excerpt from a play. 

The first two prompts will provide a passage or a poem requiring analysis, while the third and final prompt will ask you to engage with a concept, issue, or element in a literary work that you are expected to have encountered during the school year. A list of appropriate works is provided for the third prompt. 

You have 2 hours to complete Section 2, which comprises 55% of your final exam score.

Return to the Table of Contents

How Long is the AP® English Literature and Composition Exam?

The AP® English Literature and Composition exam is 3 hours long. Students will have 1 hour to complete the multiple-choice section (55 questions) and 2 hours to complete the free-response section (3 questions). 

Since you must answer 55 questions in 60 minutes on the multiple-choice portion of the exam, you should pace yourself at about 1 minute per question and about 12 minutes per passage. 

Likewise, since the free response section is timed at 120 minutes, you should aim to complete each essay in 40 minutes or under.

Time yourself when you practice, and don’t get caught up trying to answer a question that you totally do not know the answer to. Don’t rush through the test, but don’t take too much time.

How Many Questions Does the AP® English Literature and Composition Exam Have? 

Section i: multiple-choice.

  • 5 passages, 55 questions total: 8-13 questions per passage
  • Passages include 2 Prose, 2 Poems, and 1 of either

Section II: Free-Response

  • 1 literary analysis of a given poem
  • 1 literary analysis of a given passage of prose fiction
  • 1 literary argument

What Topics are Covered on the AP® English Literature and Composition Exam? 

Perhaps the best way to begin thinking about the topics covered on the exam is through a holistic approach. Overall, the test assesses the six big ideas covered within the AP® English Literature and Composition course itself: 

  • Figurative Language
  • Literary Argumentation

These components comprise the whole exam, and you will be tested specifically on material from these broad concepts. 

Now, let’s return to its formatting. Remember, the exam is divided into multiple choice and free response, each carrying its own set of demands and topics.

Section I: Multiple Choice

Since the AP® English Literature and Composition exam is a skills-based test, there’s no way to know what specific passages or topics might appear on the official exam. Rather, CollegeBoard uses a variety of excerpts from literary texts, including prose, poetry, and drama. 

The passages often range from the 16th to the 21st century, and the authors and literary works change yearly. So it is imperative that you sharpen your critical reading skills and hone your ability to engage with the forms, styles, and content of a diverse range of literature. 

However, we have some good news. We do know how the multiple choice section is organized and weighted. It is divided into three broad units: short fiction, poetry, and longer fiction or drama, with each unit carrying its own weighted percentage. The chart below outlines this weighting:

Moreover, the multiple choice portion of the exam can be further broken down into 7 assessed skills:

Remember, the multiple-choice section will include five sets of 8 to 13 questions per set, so be prepared to encounter many if not all of these skill sets per passage. But it is safe to say that you should review certain skill categories more thoroughly than others on account of how frequently they appear on the exam. 

Below we’ve compiled a descending list of priorities for you to consider. 

  • Skill Category 4 : Explain the function of the narrator or speaker
  • Skill Category 1 : Explain the function of character
  • Skill Category 3 : Explain the function of plot and structure
  • Skill Category 5 : Explain the function of word choice, imagery, and symbols
  • Skill Category 7 : Develop textually substantiated arguments about interpretations of part or all of a text
  • Skill Category 6 : Explain the function of comparison
  • Skill Category 2 . Explain the function of setting

Section 4, “Explain the function of the narrator or speaker,” should be studied the most since it holds a substantial amount of weight in determining your score. Skill category 2, as you see above, accounts for a small percentage of the exam so we recommend you don’t spend hours upon hours brushing up on the function of the setting. Don’t blow it off, though!

Section II: Free Response

Like the multiple choice section, the free response portion is also skills-based. We cannot predict what specific passages or poems will make it onto the test, but we do know the type(s) of essays you will be required to write:

  • 1 Poetry Analysis: After reading a poem of 100 to 300 words, you will respond to a prompt based on the poem with a well-developed essay. Your essay, of course, must offer a defensible interpretation, make adequate use of textual evidence, engage critically with cited evidence, and use appropriate grammar and punctuation when communicating its argument. These requirements are present throughout all three free-response essays. 
  • 1 Prose Fiction Analysis: This part of the free response section will provide a passage of prose fiction (500 to 700 words) and, like the poetry analysis, ask you to respond to a prompt through writing a well-developed essay. Your argument must adhere to the rigor and clarity outlined above in the poetry analysis description.
  • 1 Literary Argument Essay: Here, you will be given an open-ended topic and be asked to write an evidence-based argumentative essay in response to the topic. There will be a quote or small passage to read, a corresponding prompt, and an extensive list of literary works you may use when developing your argument. While you do not have to use a work from this list, you must select a work of literary merit. Avoid choosing fantasy novels or works designed more for pure entertainment. It needs to be a work of “deep” literature.

What Do the AP® English Literature and Composition Exam Questions Look Like?

Multiple choice examples:.

The Course and Exam Description (CED) for AP® Lit provides 10 practice questions that address prose fiction and 9 practice questions that address poetry.

Below, we’ll look at examples of each question type and cover the skills and essential knowledge they address. First, we will examine the multiple-choice questions involving prose fiction:

multiple choice questions and answers on literature review

Skill: 5.B Explain the function of specific words and phrases in a text.

MCQ - Prose - AP® Lit Multiple Choice Examples

Essential Knowledge: FIG-1.M Descriptive words, such as adjectives and adverbs, qualify or modify the things they describe and affect readers’ interaction with the text.

Skill: 4.C Identify and describe details, diction, or syntax in a text that reveal a narrator’s or speaker’s perspective.

Essential Knowledge: NAR-1.R Information included and/or not included in a text conveys the perspective of characters, narrators, and/or speakers.

MCQ - AP® Lit Multiple Choice Examples

Skill: 3.C Explain the function of structure in a text.

Essential Knowledge: STR-1.F A text’s structure affects readers’ reactions and expectations by presenting the relationships among the ideas of the text via their relative positions and their placement within the text as a whole

Now that we’ve taken a look at samples of multiple-choice questions involving prose fiction, let’s turn our attention toward questions that address poetry. 

Poetry - AP® Lit Multiple Choice Examples

Skill 7.B: Develop a thesis statement that conveys a defensible claim about an interpretation of literature and that may establish a line of reasoning. 

Essential Knowledge: LAN-1.D A thesis statement expresses an interpretation of a literary text, and requires a defense, through use of textual evidence and a line of reasoning, both of which are explained in an essay through commentary.

PMCQ - AP® Lit Multiple Choice Examples

Skill 4.C: Identify and describe details, diction, or syntax in a text that reveal a narrator’s or speaker’s perspective.

Essential Knowledge: NAR-1.X Multiple, and even contrasting, perspectives can occur within a single text and contribute to the complexity of the text.

PMCQ - AP® Lit Multiple Choice Examples

Skill: 5.D Identify and explain the function of an image or imagery.

Essential Knowledge: FIG-1.O Descriptive words, such as adjectives and adverbs, contribute to sensory imagery.

As you see, these questions force you to engage with literature more critically and technically. CollegeBoard’s main objective is to shape you into a budding literary critic capable of producing college-level work, so they consistently ask questions that look like those above. 

To develop your skills to a level that would be acceptable by a university, then, the test-makers over at CollegeBoard often craft questions involving analysis of literary devices, character perspective, figurative language, and more. The individual skills assessed by these questions are designed to take your thinking to a much higher level.

Free Response Examples: 

The Course and Exam Description (CED) for AP® Lit also provides samples of free response questions. Let’s begin by taking a look at a sample of a poetry-based free response prompt.

Poetry Analysis

AP® Literature - Poetry Analysis Directions

Skills: 4.C, 7.A, 7.B, 7.C, 7.D, 7.E

Note how the prompt is somewhat vague and open-ended. While it does ask you to hone in on a specific topic within the poem—aging—through discussion of the writer’s use of poetic elements and techniques, it also does not specify which of those elements and techniques should be discussed:

  • Then, in a well-written essay, analyze how Emerson uses poetic elements and techniques to convey the speaker’s complex perspective on aging.

So, it is imperative that you come to this exam with a deep and clear understanding of literary devices and motifs such as parallelism, imagery, irony, etc.

If you struggle with literary and rhetorical terms, check out our guide on essential AP® Literature Rhetorical Terms !

In a bit, we’ll provide some additional resources to help you build your knowledge of these literary tools.

Prose Fiction Analysis

AP® Literature - Prose Fiction Analysis Directions

Skills: 1.A, 7.A, 7.B, 7.C, 7.D, 7.E

The prompt requires you to read the excerpt and construct a well-developed literary analysis in response. Like the poetry prompt, note how this prompt is somewhat vague and open-ended. Again, it points you in a direction but leaves it up to you on how you’re going to get there:

  • Then, in a well-written essay, analyze how Kincaid uses literary elements and techniques  to portray the complexity of the narrator’s new situation.

Therefore, it is imperative that you come to the test prepared with knowledge of literary elements and techniques.

Literary Argument 

AP® Literature - Literary Argument Directions

Skills: 1.E, 2.C, 7.A, 7.B, 7.C, 7.D, 7.E

Unlike the other two essays, this prompt contains neither a prose excerpt nor a poem. Rather, it provides a brief quote and then asks you to expand on its central concept and, in our case, the notion of home. 

It then provides a list of works that would suit your analysis. You are to select one work from the list or choose another work of literary merit and analyze it in the context of the prompt. Again, note how much of the analysis is up to you. The prompt points you in a direction and then leaves you on your own to select how you’re going to get there. 

Therefore, it is imperative that you have not only a solid understanding of literary terms and concepts but also a diverse and deep history of reading. We will direct you toward some additional resources that will strengthen your knowledge below but start by consulting our Ultimate AP® English Literature Reading List to get started!

And if you’re not an avid reader, do not fret! You can guarantee the AP® English Literature and Composition course itself will cover at least one of the books on the list. You will likely be familiar with at least 2-3 of the texts just from taking the course. And if all else fails, you may select your own work of literary merit to discuss!

Free Response Rubric Breakdowns

In previous years, the AP® Lit essays were scored using holistic rubrics on a scale of 0-9. However, after the 2019 exam, the evaluation changed to a new analytic rubric which runs on a scale of 0-6. 

Switching to an analytic rubric from a holistic one can be difficult, especially if you’ve already taken another AP® English class or prepared using the holistic version. But, unlike the holistic rubric, the analytic model tells you exactly what to include in your essay to earn maximum points. 

Consider the new analytic rubric a How-To Guide, designed to earn you a 6 on each essay. And, unlike the AP® Lang exam, all three AP® Lit essays are graded essentially through the same rubric.

Below, we’ll spend some time breaking down the elements of the new rubric. First, let’s take a look at the Thesis row.

Row A: Thesis (0-1 Points)

Rubric - Thesis AP® Lit

A well-developed thesis statement is crucial to making your overall argument effective and convincing. Unsurprisingly, the Thesis row on the rubric is essentially all or nothing; you either earn the point or you don’t.

Let’s break down the wording on the rubric to further understand the significance of the thesis point.

It’s important to note what the rubric warns against: 

  • No thesis at all
  • The thesis only restates the prompt
  • The thesis merely summarizes 
  • The thesis does not respond to the prompt 

Doing any of these will miss the mark, and a weak thesis often leads to a weak essay. Rather, the rubric emphasizes that you: 

  • Respond to the prompt with a thesis that presents a defensible interpretation of the poem, prose passage, or selected work.

Easier said than done, we know. But notice the key phrase, “defensible interpretation.” The basis of your argument, the rubric insists, is entirely up to you as long as you adequately defend and your point. This means you must be ready to dig into the text, cite textual evidence, and analyze your findings sophisticatedly and persuasively. Your thesis, then, must contain a claim. 

If thesis statements are particularly troubling to you, we recommend tuning into CollegeBoard’s official online workshop . It’s helpful, really. 

Below are two examples of thesis statements from the 2019 exam:

  • This thesis statement thoroughly considers both the positive and negative consequences of idealism and explains how this portrayal illuminates the meaning of the work as a whole.
  • This thesis statement fails to identify a character and confusingly identifies the government’s repressive efforts as presenting a “fabricated view of an Ideal world.” It ultimately makes no claim and overly generalizes.

Row B: Evidence and Commentary (0-4 Points)

Rubric - Evidence and Commentary - AP® Lit

Think of evidence and commentary as the meat of your essay. This is where you will really dig into your argument, cite the text, and make specific claims and arguments.

As mentioned, this portion of the rubric works on a scale of 0-4:

As you see, earning all four points requires direct and specific textual citation and thorough, deep analysis throughout your entire essay. Cite evidence that fits your main argument, do not simply cite for the sake of citation. Always avoid paraphrasing (except on the third free-response question where paraphrasing is acceptable). Do not simply cite text and then give a basic summary. Dig deep and analyze. 

If you struggle with analyzing evidence and developing commentary, check out one of our many practice models ! 

Row C Sophistication (0-1 Points)

Rubric - Sophistication - AP® Lit

Similar to the Thesis row, the Sophistication evaluation is also all or nothing — you either earn the point or you don’t. 

However, earning the sophistication point is not as cut and dry as earning the thesis point. You can’t really pinpoint or locate sophistication in the way you can a thesis statement. If it’s there, it’s everywhere; if not, it’s nowhere. 

So to unpack this complex idea, let’s return to the rubric. 

The rubric states that essays that earn the point “demonstrate sophistication of thought and/or develop a complex literary argument.” 

To be more precise, this means that your essay does these four things: 

  • Identifies and explores complexities or tensions within the poem, prose passage, or selected work. 
  • Situates your overall interpretation within a broader, more universal context. 
  • Accounts for alternative interpretations of the poem, prose passage, or selected work. 
  • Employs a style that is consistently vivid and persuasive.

Conversely, then, you will not earn the point if your essay:

  • Contains sweeping generalizations
  • Only hints at other positions or interpretations
  • Uses overly complex sentences or language that doesn’t add anything to the argument

Above all, sophistication cannot be reduced to a checkbox. You can’t really add it here or there. It must pervade the entire essay for you to earn the point. It’s a difficult task, but it can be done with a little practice and perseverance. 

For additional tips on writing well-developed analyses, check out our guide on how to tackle prose passages !

What Can You Bring to the AP® English Literature and Composition Exam?

If you’re taking the  digital  exam, you must use a laptop computer (Mac, Windows, or school-managed Chromebook). Because the full-length digital AP® Exams require typewritten free responses, the exams can’t be taken on smartphones. For more details,  here is the full digital AP® exam specifications  from College Board.

If you’re traveling to a testing location to take an in-person exam, make sure to arrive early. If you’re testing digitally from home, be sure all of your digital login details are confirmed beforehand.

Given the sheer importance and seriousness surrounding AP® exams, the College Board has imposed very strict rules and regulations regarding what you can and cannot bring into your testing room (if you’re testing in-person at a school). Not adhering to these rules can lead to score invalidation and even room-wide exam cancellation, so it’s important to know what you can and cannot bring with you on testing day!

What You Should Bring to Your AP® English Literature Exam

If you’re taking the paper AP® English Literature exam in-person at school, you should bring:

  • At least 2 sharpened No. 2 pencils for completing the multiple choice section
  • At least 2 pens with black or blue ink only. These are used to complete certain areas of your exam booklet covers and to write your free-response questions. CollegeBoard is very clear that pens should be black or blue ink only, so do not show up with your favorite neon gel pen!
  • You are allowed to wear a watch as long as it does not have internet access, does not beep or make any other noise, and does not have an alarm. It should be a standard analog or digital watch, nothing fancy!
  • If you do not attend the school where you are taking an exam, you must bring a government issued or school issued photo ID.
  • If you receive any testing accommodations , be sure that you bring your College Board SSD Accommodations Letter.

What You Should NOT Bring to Your AP® English Literature Exam

If you’re taking the paper AP® English Literature exam in-person at school, you should NOT bring:

  • Electronic devices. Phones, smartwatches, tablets, and/or any other electronic devices are expressly prohibited both in the exam room and break areas. Seriously, do not bring these into the testing room. You could invalidate the entire room’s scores.
  • Books, dictionaries, highlighters, or notes 
  • Mechanical pencils, colored pencils, or pens that do not have black/blue ink. Sometimes the lead used in mechanical pencils cannot be read when run through the scantron reader, so it is best to just avoid them altogether. 
  • Your own scratch paper
  • Reference guides
  • Watches that beep or have alarms
  • Food or drink

This list is not exhaustive. Be sure to double-check with your teacher or testing site to make sure that you are not bringing any additional prohibited items.

How to Study for AP® English Literature and Composition: 7 Steps

Start with a diagnostic test to see where you stand. Ask your teacher if they can assign you one of our full-length practice tests as a starting point. Your multiple choice will be graded for you, and you can self-score your free response essays using the College Board’s scoring guidelines. If you would prefer to take a pencil and paper test, Princeton Review or Barron’s are two reputable places to start. Be sure to record your score.

Once you’ve completed and scored your diagnostic test, it’s time to analyze the results and create a study plan. 

  • If you used Albert, you’ll notice that each question is labeled with the skill that it assesses. If any skills stand out as something you’re consistently getting wrong, those concepts should be a big part of your study plan. 
  • If you used Princeton Review, Barron’s, or another paper test, do your best to sort your incorrect answers into the skill buckets from Albert’s AP® English Literature and Composition Standards Practice .

The tables below sort each set of skills into groups based on their Enduring Understandings and Big Ideas.

Big Idea: Character 

ENDURING UNDERSTANDING: Characters in literature allow readers to study and explore a range of values, beliefs, assumptions, biases, and cultural norms represented by those characters.

Big Idea: Setting

ENDURING UNDERSTANDING: Setting and the details associated with it not only depict a time and place, but also convey values associated with that setting.

Big Idea: Structure

ENDURING UNDERSTANDING: The arrangement of the parts and sections of a text, the relationship of the parts to each other, and the sequence in which the text reveals information are all structural choices made by a writer that contribute to the reader’s interpretation of a text.

Big Idea: Narration

ENDURING UNDERSTANDING: A narrator’s or speaker’s perspective controls the details and emphases that affect how readers experience and interpret a text.

Big Idea: Figurative Language

ENDURING UNDERSTANDING: Comparisons, representations, and associations shift meaning from the literal to the figurative and invite readers to interpret a text.

Big Idea: Literary Argumentation 

ENDURING UNDERSTANDING: Readers establish and communicate their interpretations of literature through arguments supported by textual evidence.

Once your list of practice questions is complete, check out our Ultimate List AP® English Literature Tips for some pointers.

Now that you’ve developed a study plan for the multiple choice section, it’s time to tackle the FRQs. You should have self-scored your essays using CollegeBoard’s scoring guidelines . If you notice that there is one particular prompt you struggled with, use Albert’s AP® Lit FRQ Approach Guide to help hone your skills!

Check out Albert’s AP® Lit FRQ prompts for more practice!

If you didn’t struggle with a particular prompt as much as you did a particular part of the rubric, try to figure out what went wrong. Does your thesis restate the prompt instead of proposing your own position? Did you generalize too much? Did you remember to provide evidence but forget to augment it with commentary and analysis? Maybe your word choice wasn’t varied enough to earn the sophistication point.

Whatever element you struggled with, have a look at our comprehensive page dedicated to AP® Lit for some expert advice!

Once you’ve developed an effective study plan using the links and practice above, and you’ve identified the skills which need more practice, it’s time to set your plan in motion. Check and mark your calendar. How many days, weeks, or months do you have until your exam? Pace your studying according to this time-frame. Pro-tip: If you only have a few weeks or days to go, prioritize the skills that you scored the lowest on. 

About halfway through your study schedule, plan to take a second practice test to check your progress. You can either have your teacher assign another full-length Albert practice test or use one of the additional practice tests included in whatever AP® English Literature and Composition review book you purchased. Use these results to inform the rest of your study schedule. Are there skills that you improved on or scored lower on this time? Adjust accordingly, and use our tips in the next section to guide you.

AP® English Literature and Composition Review: 15 Must Know Study Tips

5 AP® English Literature and Composition Study Tips for Home

1.  read as much as possible..

And read widely. Read everything from epic poetry and Victorian novels to New Yorker articles and album reviews to Buzzfeed-style listicles. Read a combination of high and lowbrow texts to make your knowledge more worldly and syncretic.

Make a schedule for personal reading time and stick to it. Reading widely, of course, has incalculable benefits that will not only help you score a 5 on the test but also strengthen your academic performance across the board. 

Reading will help you develop a more impressive vocabulary and a better understanding of varied sentence structure and syntax. The more you read, the better equipped you will be to score a 5 on this exam.

2. Become familiar with the Western Canon.

The Western canon, often referred to simply as “The Canon,” is the body of high-culture literature, music, philosophy, and works of art that is highly valued in the West, i.e., the poems, prose passages, and drama selections that you will mostly see on the AP® Lit exam. 

The canon contains the “classics,” so to speak, and it includes everything from Homer to Junot Diaz. Cultivating a basic understanding of these texts and their authors will not only familiarize you with the history and development of the English tradition but also strengthen your understanding of the so-called “conversation of literature,” the innumerable and complex ways that authors and their works speak to each other and interact. We recommend reading at least the first chapter of Harold Bloom’s book on the subject to get a basic understanding. 

We also insist that you familiarize yourself with the various problems that the perseverance of such a canon produces. During the 80s and 90s, a canon war of sorts took place among English departments, with progressives aiming to dismantle the canon on the grounds that it neglects many African-American, female, queer, and impoverished writers in favor of spotlighting “dead white males.” 

This friction between advocates and opponents of the canon is extremely important to the history and status quo of literary criticism, and understanding this battle will deeply enrich your understanding of literature and increase your chances of scoring a 5 on the exam.

3. Read Thomas Foster’s How To Read Literature Like a Professor .

This book is a lively and entertaining introduction to the tools frequently used in literary criticism, including symbolism, theme, context, irony, and more. It is an excellent way to begin thinking deeply about literature, and it offers clear examples of close-reading.

It also discusses a wide variety of works that will help familiarize you with the canon. It’s very accessible too. Buy it, read it, mark it up, and keep it by your side throughout class. It’s a great tool. 

4. Make flashcards.

You will need to have a strong understanding of different literary devices, authors, works, and rhetorical techniques, and you don’t want to waste time scrambling for definitions on the day of the exam. 

Make yourself some flashcards with the most common literary devices, authors, works, and rhetorical techniques, and carve out at least 30 minutes per day to review. If you’d prefer to use an online resource, make some flashcards over at Quizlet ! 

5. Form study groups!

The beauty of reading literature is that it often produces different and conflicting responses in people, so discussing literature with your friends is a good way to explore new and diverse perspectives. 

What you bring to a text, for instance, may be completely different from what your friend or peer brings. Discussion is a great way to comprehend and investigate difficult works. And it’s also pretty fun!

5 AP® English Literature and Composition Multiple Choice Study Tips

1. practice, practice..

Practice answering multiple choice questions as often as you can. AP® English Literature and Composition multiple choice questions will address either fiction, poetry, or drama, and they will ask you to identify and analyze various literary devices, techniques, and motifs. So study these very devices. If you find yourself totally stuck, consult our guide on how to tackle the multiple choice section . 

2. Sharpen your close-reading skills.

The true key to acing the multiple choice section of this exam is staying engaged with the passages provided to you and actively reading. That means staying alert through the passages, marking them up, and engaging with them directly, not passively skimming them.

Find a method of active reading that works best for you. Some like to mark up the passage extensively, while others prefer to just read the passage twice and take notes here and there. Select which method works for you and go with it. However, do not just choose the easy or lazy way out. You’ll regret it later when you receive your scores. 

3. Look over the questions before reading the passage.

This is often a semi-controversial piece of advice because it doesn’t work for all readers. But it can be helpful if you’re someone who gets easily distracted when reading old prose passages or difficult poetry! 

If you find your mind wandering when reading AP® Lit passages, glancing at the questions beforehand can give your brain a purpose to focus on and a point of entry into the passage. It’s always easiest to begin searching when you know what you’re looking for.

4. Use process of elimination.

Often, an AP® Lit multiple choice question will have one or two answer choices that can be crossed off pretty quickly. So try and narrow your choices down to two possible answers, and then choose the best one. 

If this strategy isn’t working on a particularly difficult question or it seems to hold you up longer than you’d like, it’s perfectly okay to circle it, skip it, and come back to it at the end. Do not get hung up on eliminating choices. Rather, use this strategy to make your reading more efficient and quicker. 

5. It doesn’t hurt to guess.

Obviously, while guessing on every single question isn’t a good strategy and will lead to a 1 on the exam, an educated guess on particularly difficult questions that you truly don’t know how to answer can help. You are scored only on the number of correct answers you give, not the number of questions you answer, so it makes sense to guess on questions that you seriously have no idea how to answer.  

5 AP® English Literature and Composition FRQ Study Tips

1. practice your writing skills by answering questions from collegeboard’s archive of past exam questions or explore our free response practice modules ..

Typically, the same skills are assessed from year to year, so practicing with released exams is a great way to brush up on your analysis skills, and our review practice allows you to pinpoint skills you may need help with.

2. Explore and use the rubric!

The best part about the updated AP® English Literature and Composition revised rubrics and scoring guidelines is that it’s very clear to discern which elements are needed to earn full credit for your essay. Granted, it can be tough to include each element—especially that tricky sophistication section—but the rubric’s outline offers a clear and concise portrait of the perfect essay .

Be sure to construct your thesis statement into a clear and definable interpretation. Provide specific evidence and compelling commentary that supports your thesis. If you check these boxes, then you will have a much greater chance of developing a clear and defensible interpretation. 

3. Pay attention to the task verbs employed in your free response prompts .

Task verbs are verbs that essentially indicate what it is you should do in your free response. The three common task verbs include: 

  • Analyze: Examine methodically and in detail the structure of the topic of the question for purposes of interpretation and explanation.
  • Choose: Select a literary work from among provided choices.
  • Read: Look at or view printed directions and provided passages.

4. Have a solid understanding of literary devices.

Most of the FRQ’s require you to not only specifically identify a passage’s array of literary and rhetorical devices but also analyze and unpack how those devices construct mood, meaning, tone, and more. Study up, read the aforementioned Foster book , and take a look at our list of 15 Essential Rhetorical Terms to Know For AP® English Literature . 

5. Fine-tune your thesis statement.

Your thesis statement is arguably the most important sentence in your essay. It informs the reader of your central argument and summarizes your interpretation, and it sets the tone for the rest of your essay. It is imperative that you master the tricky art of the thesis statement before taking your exam. 

Many university writing centers offer online education on thesis statements that can prove extremely beneficial. Consult UNC Chapel Hill’s thesis statement handout for extra help!

The AP® English Literature and Composition Exam: 5 Test Day Tips to Remember

Be sure you put at least something in your stomach before taking the exam, even if it might be in knots from nerves. You don’t need to eat a deluxe breakfast of pancakes, eggs, bacon, biscuits, etc. (unless that’s your routine), but you do need to eat at least something . Your brain and your body need the energy. If you’re hungry during the exam, it might be harder for you to focus, leading to a lower score or an incomplete exam.

2. Make sure you know the location of your testing site before taking the test.

You do not want to be scrambling and running around the school trying to find your testing room on the day of the exam. Know your room number and know how to get there. There’s truly nothing worse than running around your school trying to find a room when a hugely-important test is underway. 

If you’re getting a ride from a parent or friend, be sure they know the address beforehand. If you’re taking public transit, check the schedule. If you are taking your exam at your own school, don’t get too comfortable. Be sure you know the room number! This is something small but impactful that you can do to reduce your stress the morning of your exam.

3. Prepare everything you need the night before.

Waking up and scrambling to choose an outfit, find pencils, or make breakfast will just stress you out and put you in a negative headspace. Plan your outfit the night before to reduce stress and have an easy breakfast ready to go.

Being prepared saves time and cuts back unnecessary stress. 

And wear something comfortable. You don’t want to be adjusting your outfit throughout the test. It’ll just be distracting. 

4. Bring mints or gum with you.

The rules say that you can’t have food or drink in the testing room, but mints and/or gum are usually allowed unless it’s against your testing site’s own rules. If you find yourself getting distracted, pop a mint or a stick of gum in your mouth! This can help to keep you more awake and focused.

5. Remember to breathe and just relax.

Seriously, just breathe. If you’ve followed the rest of the tips in this post, listened to your teacher, read up on your literary devices, and done your homework, then you’re well-prepared for this exam. Trust yourself. Know that you have done all you can do to prepare and don’t cram the morning of the exam. Last-minute studying helps no one, and it often just leads to stress!

AP® English Literature and Composition Review Notes and Practice Test Resources

Ap® collegeboard’s official youtube channel.

This YouTube channel provides tons of tips, advice, and strategies for tackling the AP® English Literature and Composition exam. It offers online seminars and classes on a diverse range of Lit-related topics such as plot structure, unpacking symbolism, and crafting strong commentary. The best thing about it is that real-life teachers lead the classes, so they feel very personalized.

If you’re a more visual learner who thrives on video content, then this channel is perfect for you!

How-to Guide for Literary Analysis Essays

SPARKNOTES GUIDE - AP® Lit Review Notes and Practice Test Resources

While we 100% do not condone using Sparknotes textual summaries to get your way through AP® English Literature, we do recommend taking a look at some of their guides and workshops and using them as supplementary resources. This how-to guide offers a 7-step method of approaching literary analysis that might help you get the ball rolling if you’re totally stuck.

This guide is perfect for anyone needing to brush up on their writing skills or anyone needing to find a solid step-by-step approach to writing the free response questions.

AP® English Literature Jeopardy Game

AP® LIT JEOPARDY - AP® Lit Review Notes and Practice Test Resources

This online Jeopardy game is not only tons of fun but also super helpful in developing your memory and strengthening your understanding of basic literary elements and devices. It contains categories involving poetry terms, general Lit, syntax, style, and figurative language. It’s a great way to review basic terms for the exam, and you can play with up to ten people through its make-your-team feature.  

This is a perfect review for anyone looking to quickly review literary terms in a fun way.

Ms. Effie’s Lifesavers

Effie - AP® Lit Review Notes and Practice Test Resources

If you’re a seasoned AP® English teacher, Ms. Effie (Sandra Effinger) probably needs no introduction! Ms. Effie’s Lifesavers website has helped many AP® Lang and AP® Lit teachers plan effective and thoroughly aligned lessons and assignments. Sandra was an AP® Reader for many years, so she knows her stuff. She has tons of free content on her page, as well as a Dropbox full of AP® English goodies for anyone who makes a donation via her PayPal. You’ll find resources for both AP® Language and AP® Literature here. 

Ms. Effie’s webpage is perfect for all students. Really, it has material that would benefit those looking for quick reviews, deeper analysis of free response questions, or help with multiple choice questions.

Summary: The Best AP® English Literature and Composition Review Guide

Remember, the structure of the AP® Lang exam is as follows:

Because AP® English Literature and Composition is a skills-based course, there’s no way to know what specific passages, poems, authors, or concepts might make it onto the official exam. But, we do know exactly which skills will be assessed with which passages, so it’s best to center your studying around brushing up on those skills!

Use the provided charts to help you understand which skills you should focus on, and use Albert’s AP® English Literature and Composition Course Guide to brush up on your understanding of each skill and its corresponding essential knowledge.

Start with a diagnostic test, either on Albert or with a pencil and paper test via Princeton Review or Barron’s . Once you’ve completed and scored your diagnostic, follow our 7 steps on how to create an AP® English Literature and Composition study plan. 

And remember: start reading now! The more you read, the more equipped you will be to ace this exam. Review the Western Canon, study your literary terms, and begin critically engaging with writers!

Practice answering multiple choice questions on Albert and free-response questions from The College Board’s archive of past exam questions. 

If you’ve followed the rest of the tips in this post, listened to your teacher, and done your homework, you’re well-prepared for this exam. Trust that you have done all you can do to prepare and don’t cram the morning of. Last-minute studying helps no one!

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Multiple Choice Questions

Research methodology.

Multiple choice questions: a literature review on the optimal number of options

Affiliation.

  • 1 Department of Physiology, Christian Medical College, Vellore 632002, Tamil Nadu, India. [email protected]
  • PMID: 19004145

Background: Single, best response, multiple choice questions (MCQs) with 4 options (3 distractors and 1 correct answer) or 5 options (4 distractors) have been widely used as an assessment tool in medical education in India and globally. Writing plausible distractors is time consuming and the most difficult part of preparing MCQs. If the number of options can be reduced to 3, it will make preparing MCQs less difficult and time consuming, thus reducing the likelihood of flaws in writing MCQs. We reviewed the literature to find out if the number of options in MCQ test items could be reduced to 3 without affecting the quality of the test.

Methods: A systematic database search was done using the following question as a framework: How many options are optimal for multiple choice questions? Theoretical, analytical and empirical studies, which addressed this issue, were included in the review.

Results: There was no significant change in the psychometric properties of the 3 options test when compared with 4 and 5 options. MCQs with 3 options improved the efficiency of the test as well as its administration compared with 4- or 5-option MCQs. MCQs with 3 options had a higher efficiency because fewer distractors needed to be prepared, took up less space and required less reading time, decreased the time required to develop the items and the time to administer, and more items could be administered in a given time thus increasing the content sampled.

Conclusion: Our review of the literature suggests that MCQs with 3 options provide a similar quality of test as that with 4- or 5-option MCQs. We suggest that MCQs with 3 options should be preferred.

Publication types

  • Education, Medical*
  • Educational Measurement / methods*
  • Meta-Analysis as Topic
  • Reproducibility of Results

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Sat / act prep online guides and tips, ap english literature multiple choice: complete expert guide.

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Advanced Placement (AP)

poetry-album-818181_640.jpg

Does the thought of spending an hour answering multiple-choice questions on complex prose and poetry passages strike fear into your heart? The challenge of the AP Literature multiple-choice is enough to give even the most adept reader hives, but don't stress! This fully-updated guide will serve as your complete roadmap to success on the AP English Literature and Composition multiple-choice section.

First, we'll go over what the multiple-choice section looks like—the nuts and bolts. Then, I'll reveal the eight types of multiple-choice questions you can expect to encounter, and how to succeed on them. Next will come study tips, multiple-choice practice resources, and finally things to remember for test-day success!

AP Literature Multiple-Choice Section Overview

AP English Literature and Composition section one is the multiple-choice section. You'll have 60 minutes to answer 55 questions about four to five literary prose and poetry passages.

The date of composition of AP Lit passages could range from the 16th to the 21st century, however, you generally won't be provided with the author, date, or title for any passages (poetry being an occasional exception with respect to title). Most passages come from works originally written in English, although there might occasionally be a translated passage from a notable literary work in a foreign language.

The multiple-choice section is worth 45% of your total exam score. You receive a point for each correctly answered question. Since there's no penalty for guessing on this exam, you should answer every multiple-choice question, even if you have to guess. However, you should only guess after you eliminate any answers you know are wrong. That's the general overview. But what kinds of questions can you expect to see?

The 8 Types of Multiple-Choice AP Lit Questions

There are eight question types you may encounter on the AP Lit exam. In this section, I'll go over each question type and how to answer it. All questions are taken from the sample questions in the "AP Course and Exam Description." Passages for these questions are available there as well.

#1: Reading Comprehension

Reading comprehension questions test whether you understood what the passage was saying on a literal, concrete level. You don't need to flex your interpretation or analysis muscles here—just report what the passage is saying.

You can spot these questions because they usually use words and phrases like "according to," "asserting," and "mentioned." The best strategy for these questions is to go back and re-read the portion of the text associated with the question to make absolutely sure that you are reading it correctly. You may need to read a little before and/or after the moment mentioned to orient yourself and find the most correct answer.

1Comprehension-3.png

Explanation:

The lines the passage is referring to say, "Spare us all word of the weapons, their force and range / The long numbers that rocket the mind / Our slow, unreckoning hearts will be left behind, / unable to fear what is too strange."

This question is asking why people won't listen to the prophet when he talks about the dangers of weapons. Which of the answers makes the most sense?

Choice (A), "human beings are interested in weapons," might be a tempting choice simply because that's a common theme and message of many works. But nowhere in the passage does it say that humans are interested in weapons! Eliminate it.

Choices (B) and (C) can also both be eliminated because this part of the passage says nothing about nature or love, even indirectly.

Choice (D) may also be tempting simply because it's another common theme in literature—that people don't listen to repeated warnings. But again, there's not really anything in the passage to support that.

This leaves (E), "people cannot comprehend abstract decisions of power." This lines up nicely with the passage, which says that the "hearts" of the people are "unable to fear what is too strange." (E) is the correct answer.

heart-1377435_640.jpg

The people in this poem have hearts of stone.

#2: Inference

These questions take you one step beyond simple reading comprehension and ask you to make an inference based on the evidence in the passage—you may be asked about a character or narrator's implied opinion, the author's attitude, etc. This will be something that isn't stated directly in the passage, but that you can assume based on what is actually said in the passage. These questions generally use words like "infer" and "imply."

There are two keys to answering these questions: first, as always, go back and read the part of the passage the question is concerned with. Second, don't be tripped up by the fact that you are making an inference—the best answer will be most supported by what is actually written in the passage . Inference questions are like second-level reading comprehension questions—you need to know not just what a passage says, but what it means.

2inference-1.png

The first sentence of the passage reads, "Certainly the religious and moral ideas of the Dodson and Tullivers were of too specific a kind to be arrived at deductively from the statement that they were part of the Protest population of Great Britain."

Which choice is the most reasonable inference about the Dodson and Tulliver religious ideas based on the first sentence?

Choice (A) says "the narrator is unable to describe them with complete accuracy." This might be true, but there's nothing in the first sentence to support this inference—the narrator says that their ideas are "too specific," not they the narrator can't describe them accurately. Eliminate Choice (A).

Choice (B), "they have no real logical foundation" may also be true, but can't be inferred from the sentence, which gives no indication of whether their beliefs are logical or not.

Choice (C) may be tempting—the idea that they cannot be appreciated by anyone who doesn't share them might seem to dovetail nicely with the fact that they are "too specific" for the mainstream Protestant population. But is this the best choice that's most supported by the passage? Let's keep it in mind but consider the remaining answers.

Choice (D) posits that the beliefs of the Dodsons and Tullivers "spring from a fundamental lack of tolerance." This is a leap that is not supported by what the first sentence actually says; eliminate it.

Choice (E) says that their beliefs "are not typical of British Protestants in general." The sentence says that their beliefs are "too specific" for one to know them simply because the Dodsons and Tullivers identify as British Protestants, which implies that their beliefs in fact do not "match up" with mainstream British Protestant beliefs.

Choice (E) is the inference most supported by the passage, then—even more supported than Choice (C). So, (E) is the answer. Remember, multiple answers may seem like they could be correct, but only the best answer is the correct one.

ornate-1209304_640.jpg

Do you think appropriately ornate churches are also important to the Dodsons and Tullivers?

#3: Interpreting Figurative Language

These questions ask you to interpret what figurative language means in the context of the passage. They're are identifiable because they will either outright mention figurative language or a figurative device, or there will be a figurative language phrase in the question itself.

Once again, the most important thing you can do to be successful on these questions is to go back and re-read! For figurative language, the meaning is very much dependent on the phrase's context in the passage. Consider what is said around the figurative phrase and what the phrase is referring to.

4Interpret_figurative_language-1.png

This questions asks you to interpret what the figurative phrase "that live tongue" means. To orient you in the poem, these stanzas are advising the prophet to "speak of the world's own change" (13).

The poem states, "What should we be without / The dolphin's arc, the dove's return, / these things in which we have seen ourselves and spoken? Ask us, prophet, how we shall call / our natures forth when that live tongue is all / Dispelled, that glass obscured or broken."

In the context of the poem, right the narrator asks what we are without "that live tongue," the poem speaks of how we "see ourselves" in "the dolphin's arc" and "the dove's return." These are images of nature. The best interpretation of "that live tongue," then, is answer (A), as a metaphor for nature. In essence, the stanza means, "Ask us, prophet, how we shall know ourselves when nature is destroyed."

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The dolphin's arc.

#4: Literary Technique

These questions ask why the author uses particular words, phrases, or structures. Essentially, what purpose do such choices serve in a literary sense? What effect is created? These questions often include words like "serves chiefly to," "effect," "evoke," and "in order to."

Of course to approach these questions, re-read the part of the passage referred to. But also ask yourself, why did the author use these particular words or this particular structure? What is being accomplished by this specific literary "move"?

5literary_technique-1.png

This stanza containing the repetition of "ask us" reads: "Ask us, ask us whether with the worldless rose / Our hearts shall fail us; come demanding / Whether there shall be lofty or long-standing / When the bronze annals of the oak-tree close."

So what is the effect of repeating "ask us, ask us"? Choice (A) says it suggests the prophet is causing much of the world's misery. There's nothing in the stanza—or even the entire poem—to suggest this, so we can eliminate it.

Choice (B) says it represents a sarcastic challenge. This stanza doesn't read as sarcastic, though, but very serious—eliminate (B).

Choice (C) says it suggests the speaker is certain of the answer the prophet will give. This doesn't really make sense because the speaker isn't actually asking the prophet questions, but telling the prophet what questions to ask. Eliminate (C).

Choice (D) says it makes the line into perfect iambic pentameter. You can eliminate this one without even worrying about what syllables are emphasized because a perfect line of iambic pentameter has 10 syllables and this line has 11. This leaves (E)—the effect is to provide a "tone of imploring earnestness." Given that the speaker seems to be begging the prophet to ask particular questions, this fits. (E) is the correct answer.

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#5: Character Analysis

Character analysis questions will ask you to identify something about a character—their opinions, attitudes, beliefs, relationships with other characters, and so on.

In many ways this is a special type of inference questions, because you are inferring broader traits of the character based on the evidence presented in the passage. As you might expect, character questions are asked much more frequently for prose passages than poetry ones.

The key here is to pay attention to everything that is directly stated about the character(s) in the relevant parts of the passage. Like in an inference question, there will be an answer that best fits with the evidence in the passage.

6character_analysis-1.png

These lines read, "Their religion was of a simple, semi-pagan kind, but there was no heresy in it—if heresy properly means choice—for they didn't know there was any other religion except that of chapel-goers, which appeared to run in families, like asthma."

Choice (A) purports that this part of the passage draws attention to the Dodson sisters' devotion to certain rituals. No rituals are mentioned here; (A) can be eliminated.

Choice (B) says these lines point to their "untroubled complacency." The passage states that they didn't know of any other religion. If they don't know, we can reasonably infer that they are not troubled by their own religion. Keep (B) in the running.

Choice (C) purports they have "deep religious conviction." This seems like a bit of a leap; all the passage really states is that their religions if "semi-pagan," but not heretical because they simply don't know any other religion other than "chapel-goers" which seems to be tied to family lineage. We can't reasonably infer that they have strong religious conviction from this. Eliminate (C).

Choice (D) states that they have "disturbed consciences." Again, nothing in the passage makes this a reasonable conclusion; if they don't know there could be other religious traditions, why would they be disturbed by their own?

Choice (E) says they have a "sense of history and tradition." This might be a tempting choice because they point to the fact that the religion of "chapel-goers...appeared to run in families." But that's not their religion, so this isn't a well-supported inference.

Thus, Choice (B) provides the most reasonable inference about the Dodson sisters and is the correct answer.

character-1297841_640.png

Quite a character.

#6: Overall Passage Questions

These questions will require you to take a "bird's-eye view" of the passage and identify or describe a characteristic of the passage as a whole : its purpose, tone, genre, and so on. These can be difficult because you can't simply go back to a specific place in the passage to find the best answer; you need to consider the passage overall.

Consider the overall picture created by the tiny details. I strongly recommend marking up texts for main themes, purpose, tone, etc on the first read-through so that you can consult your margin notations for these kinds of questions.

7Overall_Passage-1.png

It is clear through even a quick scan of this passage that the narrator goes on at length about the Dodsons, so we can surmise that the narrator is most concerned with something about the Dodsons. We can eliminate (B) and (C), then, as they don't say anything about the Dodsons.

So what about the Dodsons is the narrator most concerned with? The first sentence mentions their "religious and moral ideas," but then describes their "semi-pagan" but not heretical religion. We then see "the religion of the Dodsons consisted in revering whatever was customary and respectable" (22-23), followed by a long list of what that is.

The rest of the passage similarly describes what the Dodsons believe is important, from being "richer than was supposed" to doing right thing "towards kindred." It is clear, then, that the narrator is most concerned with describing the values of the Dodsons, which aligns with choice (A).

#7: Structure

These questions ask about specific structural elements of the passage. Often you'll be asked about shifts in tone, digressions, or the specific form of a poem.Sometimes these questions will point to a specific part of the passage/poem and ask you to identify what that part of the passage is accomplishing within in the larger excerpt.

This is another question type where marking the passage on your first read-through will be very helpful—be sure to mark any shifts in structure, tone, genre, etc as you read, and any structural elements that seem unusual or significant.

7.1Structure-1.png

Lines 1-34 describe an image of the narrator playing his lute for his love. Lines 34-43 establish that the narrator is about to introduce an idle thought (yes, this is a loquacious poem). Lines 44-48 read: "And what if all of animated nature / Be but organic Harps diversely fram'd, / That tremble into thought, as o'er them sweeps / Plastic and vast, one intellectual breeze, / At once the Soul of each, and God of all?"

So what's the narrator saying here? He is wondering if "all of animated nature" (so all living things) are just harps, and thought is the strings being played. This is clearly metaphorical, and the third footnote for the passage tells us that "lute" is a synonym for "harp." So the answer is (D)—this part of the passage functions as a "metaphorical application of the image of the lute."

harp-195622_640.jpg

It's a harp! No, it's a lute! No, it's both!

#8: Grammar/Nuts & Bolts

Very rarely, you will be asked a question on the grammar of a part of a passage —like identifying what word an adjective is modifying. Very specific questions about the meter of a poem (i.e. iambic pentameter) would also fall into this category. These questions are not so much about literary artistry and more about the dry technique requisite for a fluent command of the English language.

8Nuts_and_Bolts-1.png

The section of the poem concerned reads, "Of yonder hill I stretch my limbs at noon, / Whilst through my half-clos'd eye-lids I behold / The sunbeams dance, like diamond, on the main, / And tranquil muse upon tranquility."

What a mouthful! If we can untangle this sentence, figuring out what "tranquil" is modifying will be fairly easy. First, though, we can eliminate all answers that call "tranquil" an adverb, because the adverb form of "tranquil" is "tranquilly." Eliminate (B) and (E).

In the sentence, we have that the speaker ("I") is beholding the sunbeams dancing. Then we have "and" followed by another verb in "muse." How do we know "muse" is a verb here? Because otherwise the clause "and tranquil muse upon tranquility" has no verb and makes no sense. Since "muse" is a verb, it can't be modified by an adjective, so eliminate choice (D). This leaves (A) and (C). Does it make sense for "sunbeams" to muse upon tranquility? Not particularly; it makes much more sense for the speaker (I) to muse upon tranquility. Choice (A) is the correct answer.

forest-411491_1280.jpg

So are these sunbeams dancing?

How to Prepare for AP Literature Multiple Choice

I have several tips on how you can best position yourself for success on the AP Lit multiple-choice section.

Read a Variety of Literary Works and Poems

Because the passages on the AP Literature multiple-choice section come from a variety of eras, genres, authors, and styles, it's important to familiarize yourself with a wide variety of English literary styles so that you will feel comfortable with the passages and able to parse what they are saying without becoming overwhelmed.

Read a lot of everything: prose of course, but poetry in particular, as many students are less familiar with poetry already and poetry can be fairly opaque and hard to analyze. As a starting place for things you could read, check out our AP Lit reading list guide.

When you start to feel comfortable with the language of many eras and styles, it's time to work on honing your close-reading skills.

Hone Your Close Reading Skills

Your ability to read closely—to read passages not just for comprehension but with an eye for how the author uses literary technique—is paramount on the multiple-choice section. You will practice on close-reading prose and poetry in class, but extra practice can only help you.

When you're doing all of your reading from different eras and genres, think about what the author is doing and why he or she is doing it. What techniques are being deployed? What motifs and themes are there? How are characters portrayed?

If you're stumped as to how to go about this, here are some prose close-reading resources:

  • You can get close-reading guides online from The University of Wisconsin-Madison's writing center and the Harvard College Writing Center.
  • The Purdue OWL also has an article on steering clear of close-reading "pitfalls."

Here are some close-reading resources for poetry:

  • Here's a poetry reading guide from The University of Wisconsin-Madison .
  • You should definitely check out this truly excellent guide to reading poetry from Poets.org, which comes complete with two poetry close-readings.

Learn Literary and Poetic Devices

You'll want to be familiar with a literary terms so that any questions that ask about them will make sense to you. Again, you'll probably learn most of these in class, but it doesn't hurt to brush up on them. Check out our guide to the 31 literary devices you need to know , complete with definitions and examples.

Complete Practice Questions and Take Practice Multiple-Choice Sections

To succeed on the multiple-choice section, practice taking multiple-choice questions! This may seem like a no-brainer but it's still very important nonetheless. Set aside time to take a sizeable number of practice questions every week.

Keep track of what kinds of questions are easy for you—do you identify the theme every time?—and which ones are hard—stumped by similes? This will help you figure out if there are any skills or concepts you need to brush up on.

You should also take a complete multiple-choice practice section at least once, twice if you are able. You could do this as part of a complete practice test (which I recommend) or do it separately. But taking a multiple-choice section under AP-like conditions will help you feel prepared, calm and collected on test day.

couple-160379_640.png

As prepared as a Regency belle who has snagged an officer!

AP Literature Multiple-Choice Practice Resources

There are a variety of practice resources available that you can use to hone your multiple-choice skills for the AP English Literature and Composition exam. The gold standard for the best multiple-choice practice questions is the College Board. This is because they write the AP exam, so their practice questions are the most like the real AP multiple-choice questions you'll see on test day. They offer both complete released exams and sample questions.

Even once you run out of official College Board practice questions, there are still unofficial resources you can use to hone your multiple-choice skills. In this section I'll go over both.

Official Resources

See below for three potential sources of official College Board questions.

Released College Board Exams

There are three official released College Board Exams. Each has a complete multiple-choice section of 55 questions. Here are the links!

  • 1987 AP English Literature and Composition Exam
  • 1999 AP English Literature and Composition Exam
  • 2012 AP English Literature and Composition Exam

Sample Questions from the Course and Exam Description

The AP English Literature Course and Exam Description has 10 practice multiple-choice questions!

Your Teacher

Your AP teacher may also have copies of old AP exams that you can use for practice. Ask and see!

lady-1032898_640.png

In my mind, all English teachers look like they came from the 19th century.

Unofficial Resources

In addition to the multiple-choice practice questions provided by the College Board, there are also several places online where you can get unofficial multiple-choice practice questions. However, they aren't all worth your time in terms of quality. I'll go over the best ones here. For an even more robust list, check out our complete list .

Albert AP English Literature Quizzes

Albert offers multiple-choice quizzes divided into prose, poetry, and drama categories. You are given the title, date, and author of the work--which you will not receive on the real AP exam. Like the Varsity Tutors quizzes, Albert offers questions that test similar skills as the AP exam, but the questions are worded differently . Additionally, you'll need to pay for an account to access most of the materials.

Another solid option for getting more practice multiple-choice questions is a good review book. You want to make sure it's high quality—I recommend Barron's for the AP Literature exam in particular, as their questions do resemble real AP questions in difficulty and writing style.

mansion-1149774_640.jpg

You will not, however, receive an atmospheric picture of the setting.

Test Day Tips for AP Lit Multiple-Choice Success

Don't rely on your memory of the passage when answering questions. Always look back at the passage, even if you think the answer is obvious!

Interact with the passages—circle, mark, underline, make notes, whatever floats your boat. This will help you retain information and actively engage with the passage. Especially mark areas where there seems to be some kind of transition or change, as it's highly likely that you will be asked questions about these transitions!

It may also be helpful for you to jot some quick notes on the overall theme or motif of the passage/poem once you reach the end. This will help you on questions about the passage overall.

If you're having trouble making sense of a passage, skip it and move on to the next one. Odds are when you come back to it later, you'll find it much easier to understand. And if you don't, at least you didn't waste too much time puzzling it out before you answered the questions about other, easier passages.

Acing the AP Lit Multiple Choice: Key Takeaways

The first section of the AP English Literature and Composition Exam is an hour-long, 55-question multiple-choice test about four-five literary and prose passages. This section is worth 45% of your total exam score.

There are eight kinds of questions you can expect to see on the multiple-choice section:

#1: Reading Comprehension #2: Inference #3: Identifying and Interpreting Figurative Language #4: Literary Technique #5: Character Analysis #6: Overall Passage Questions #7: Structure #8: Grammar/Nuts and Bolts

Here's how to best prepare to crush the multiple-choice sections:

#1 : Read a variety of literary works and poems, from all of the eras and genres covered by the test!

#2 : Hone your close-reading skills so you can identify what writers are doing and why they are doing those things.

#3 : Learn literary techniques and terms and how to identify and apply them!

#4 : Practice for the exam by taking practice sections and practice questions.

There are a variety of official and unofficial resources available to practice. The best are College-Board official, but once you run out of those, there are also high-quality unofficial resources available.

Here are some test-day tips to help you hit an English Lit home run:

#1 : Always look back at the passage when answering questions—don't rely on memory!

#2 : Interact with the passages as you read through them, including marking significant moments and structural or tonal shifts in the text.

#3 : You may also wish to write a couple of quick notes about the overall theme(s) and motifs of the passage at the end, to refer to when answering overall passage questions.

#4 : If the language of a passage is hard to parse, skip it and come back later. Odds are it will make much more sense the second time around, and if it doesn't, at least you didn't waste time that you could have spent answering easier questions.

castle-312509_640.png

And then you lived happily ever after.

What's Next?

Need more resources for AP English Literature? See our complete guide to the AP Literature Exam , our complete list of AP English Literature practice tests , and our AP English Literature Reading List .

Also taking AP Language and Composition? We have an expert guide to AP Lang and Comp , a comprehensive list of AP Language and Composition practice tests , and a list of 55 AP English Language terms you must know.

If you're taking other AP exams, check out our five-step AP study plan , when to start studying for AP exams , and how to find the best AP practice tests .

Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now:

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Ellen has extensive education mentorship experience and is deeply committed to helping students succeed in all areas of life. She received a BA from Harvard in Folklore and Mythology and is currently pursuing graduate studies at Columbia University.

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Multiple choice questions: A literature review on the optimal number of options

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The National medical journal of India

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Ahmed Mohammed

multiple choice questions and answers on literature review

Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences

Dr. Madiha Sajjad

Objectives: To analyze the low to medium distractor efficiency items in a multiple-choice question (MCQ) paper for item writing flaws. Methods: This qualitative study was conducted at Islamic International Medical College Rawalpindi, in October 2019. Archived item- analysis report from a midyear medium stakes MCQ paper of 2nd year MBBS class, was analyzed to determine the non-functional distractors (NFDs) and distractor efficiency (DE) of items, in a total of 181 MCQs. DE was categorized as low (3-4 NFDs), medium (1-2 NFDs) and high (0 NFD). Subsequently, qualitative document analysis of the MCQ paper whose item analysis report was assessed was conducted to investigate the item flaws in the low to medium DE items. The flaws identified were coded and grouped as, within option flaws, alignment flaws between options and stem/ lead-in and other flaws. Results: Distractor efficiency was high in 69 items (38%), moderate in 75 items (42%) and low in 37 items (20%). The item-writing flaws i...

BMC Medical Education

Anja Rogausch

Advances in medical education and practice

karimeldin sachi

The number of distractors needed for high quality multiple choice questions (MCQs) will be determined by many factors. These include firstly whether English language is their mother tongue or a foreign language; secondly whether the instructors who construct the questions are experts or not; thirdly the time spent on constructing the options is also an important factor. It has been observed by Tarrant et al that more time is often spent on constructing questions than on tailoring sound, reliable, and valid distractors. Firstly, to investigate the effects of reducing the number of options on psychometric properties of the item. Secondly, to determine the frequency of functioning distractors among three or four options in the MCQs examination of the dermatology course in University of Bahri, College of Medicine. This is an experimental study which was performed by means of a dermatology exam, MCQs type. Forty MCQs, with one correct answer for each question were constructed. Two sets o...

Kenneth Royal

The purpose of this study was to calculate the prevalence and nature of item construction flaws within one large medical school and to identify several innovative approaches that may serve as potential remedies for these problems. Results indicated that approximately one in five items contained a construction flaw, with the overwhelming majority of flaws involving poor quality distractors. A series of innovative recommendations are presented, including modern psychometric analytical techniques to more thoroughly inspect data, item manipulation techniques, and the use of innovative item types that may alleviate the need for distractors altogether.

Ajeet Kumar Khilnani

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Iceri2014 Proceedings

Mariusz Panczyk

Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism

Introduction: Research has asserted MCQ items using three response options (one correct answer with two distractors) is comparable to, and possibly preferable over, traditional MCQ item formats consisting of four response options (e.g., one correct answer with three distractors), or five response options (e.g., one correct answer with four distractors). Some medical educators have also adopted the practice of using 3-option responses on MCQ exams as a response to the difficulty experienced in generating additional plausible distractors. To date, however, little work has explored how 3-option responses might impact validity threats stemming from random guessing strategies, and what impact 3-option responses might have on cut-score determinations, particularly in the context of medical education classroom assessments. The purpose of this work is to further explore these critically important considerations that largely have gone ignored in the medical education literature to this point...

Veterinary sciences

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The number of answer options is an important element of multiple-choice questions (MCQs). Many MCQs contain four or more options despite the limited literature suggesting that there is little to no benefit beyond three options. The purpose of this study was to evaluate item performance on 3-option versus 4-option MCQs used in a core curriculum course in veterinary toxicology at a large veterinary medical school in the United States. A quasi-experimental, crossover design was used in which students in each class were randomly assigned to take one of two versions (A or B) of two major exams. Both the 3-option and 4-option MCQs resulted in similar psychometric properties. The findings of our study support earlier research in other medical disciplines and settings that likewise concluded there was no significant change in the psychometric properties of three option MCQs when compared to the traditional MCQs with four or more options.

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LITERATURE MULTIPLE CHOICE QUIZ LIST

info  Below is a list of Literature multiple choice quizzes. Clicking on the quiz name brings you to the quiz. You are currently in the multiple choice section, alternatively Quiz Global also has many Question and Answer quizzes in the Q & A section

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50 Literature Quiz Questions and Answers

multiple choice questions and answers on literature review

Is curling up with a good book your idea of heaven? Do you marvel at the literary greats and love finding a new classic?

If you answered an enthusiastic yes to the above, we’ve put together the perfect rainy day activity for you (apart from reading, of course!), with our 50 literature quiz questions and answers.

Through our literature quiz, we’ll test your knowledge of all the classics – both modern and old-school – as well as quiz you on all the hottest books right now. We take a look at authors, sagas and all the good stuff that makes reading so magical.

There’s something for everyone in our literature quiz questions and answers, and who knows, maybe you’ll even find some new inspiration for your reading bucket list while you’re at it…

Literature Quiz Questions and Answers

  • Who wrote the classic novel ‘The Catcher in the Rye’?
  • Winston Smith is the protagonist of which George Orwell novel?
  • What magazine does Stieg Larsson’s character Mikael Blomkvist work at, and part own in ‘The Girl With The Dragon Tattoo’ and its subsequent novels?
  • Which small Yorkshire town inspired the setting for Emily Bronte’s ‘Wuthering Heights’?
  • Where does Connell move to in the conclusion of Sally Rooney’s ‘Normal People’?
  • Jacob Marley and Bob Cratchit are characters from which Charles Dickens novel?
  • In ‘Gone Girl’, what type of “girl” does Amy pretend to be when she first meets Nick?
  • Answering to the nearest 100, how many pages long is Stephen King’s ‘IT’?
  • James Joyce’s ‘Ulysses’ is loosely based on which epic poem?
  • What job does Louisa take on a whim after being fired as a waitress in ‘Me Before You’?
  • Who wrote the critically acclaimed 2015 novel ‘A Little Life’?
  • In which mythical land are the ‘Lord of the Rings’ books set?
  • In ‘Pride and Prejudice’, what is the full name of Elizabeth Bennet’s love interest?
  • Co-written with John Fletcher, what is the last surviving play written by William Shakespeare, before his subsequent retirement and death two years later?
  • How many books are there in the Harry Potter series?
  • In whose thriller series do we follow Oslo detective Harry Hole, as he investigates violent crimes in the Norwegian capital?
  • In ‘The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe’, which of the Pevensie siblings first enters Narnia?
  • On which African river is Agatha Christie’s 1937 novel set?
  • What is the name of Harper Lee’s debut novel?
  • Who controversially won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2016, making him one of only two songwriters to ever win the prestigious literary award?
  • Natasha Rostov is the heroine of which classic Russian novel?
  • In ‘The Great Gatsby’, what is located at the end of Daisy Buchanan’s dock?
  • Which astronomically popular series of books, released in the 2000s, begins with a teenage girl moving to the small town of Forks, Washington?
  • Where in Spain is ‘Don Quixote’ set?
  • What do George Eliot, George Sand and Acton Bell all have in common?
  • ‘Good Omens’, ‘American Gods’ and ‘Coraline’ are all books written by which author?
  • What is the title of the first book to feature the character Sherlock Holmes?
  • ‘The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time’ was written by which British author?
  • In ‘Red, White & Royal Blue’, who does Alex fall in love with?
  • In ‘The Kite Runner’, how are Amir and Hassan related?
  • What genre of book does Danielle Steel primarily write?
  • Anastacia Steele is the main protagonist in which series of books?
  • As of August 2023, whose autobiography was the fastest-selling non-fiction book ever?
  • Humbert Humbert is the unreliable narrator and main character of which book by Vladimir Nabokov?
  • What is the main character and narrator called in Daphne du Maurier’s ‘Rebecca’?
  • What literary movement does Ryū Murakami belong to?
  • Which Bronte sister wrote the novel ‘Villette’?
  • How many books are there in ‘The Hunger Games’ series of novels?
  • The Republic of Gilead is a totalitarian and theocratic state in which dystopian novel published in 1985?
  • Who wrote the novel ‘Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy’?
  • Which book by Mary Shelley is often regarded as the first science fiction novel?
  • What kind of ‘phile’ is somebody who loves to read regularly?
  • Which of the following is NOT a book by John Green; ‘The Fault in Our Stars’, ‘Paper Towns’, or ‘The Sun Is Also a Star’?
  • Who is attributed to the following quote: “A reader lives a thousand lives before he dies. The man who never reads lives only one”?
  • How many husbands did Evelyn Hugo have?
  • Which of the following pieces of literature was NOT a book in its original format; ‘Gone with the Wind’, ‘Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy’, ‘Oh, the Places You’ll Go!’ or ‘Where the Crawdads Sing’?
  • Elio and Oliver are the main characters in which LGBTQ book?
  • Answering to the nearest five, what year was ‘The Bell Jar’ by Sylvia Plath originally published?
  • Which of the following detective characters features in Jefferey Deaver’s novels; Alex Cross, Lincoln Rhyme, or Myron Bolitar?
  • What is the most printed book of all time?

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  • D. Salinger
  • A Christmas Carol
  • A cool girl
  • The Odyssey
  • Carer/Caretaker
  • Hanya Yanagihara
  • Middle-earth
  • Fitzwilliam Darcy
  • The Two Noble Kinsmen
  • River Nile (for ‘Death on the Nile’)
  • To Kill A Mockingbird
  • War and Peace
  • The Green Light
  • They are male pseudonyms used by female authors
  • Neil Gaiman
  • A Study in Scarlet
  • Mark Haddon
  • Prince Henry
  • They are half-brothers
  • Fifty Shades of Grey
  • Prince Harry
  • We never learn her name
  • Postmodernism
  • Charlotte Bronte
  • The Handmaid’s Tale
  • John le Carré
  • Frankenstein
  • Bibliophile
  • The Sun Is Also a Star
  • George R. R. Martin
  • Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy
  • Call Me By Your Name
  • Lincoln Rhyme

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English Literature Multiple Choice Questions And Answers Online

Are you preparing for an upcoming English Literature exam or simply looking to test your knowledge in this vast and fascinating field? Our “English Literature Multiple Choice Questions And Answers Online” tool is designed to provide literature enthusiasts and students alike with an engaging way to learn and review classic and modern literary works, authors, and movements.

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Dive into the rich world of English literature with our online quiz tool. It’s completely free, easy to use, and an excellent way to enhance your understanding of literary works. Whether you’re studying for a test, looking for a productive break, or just curious about English literature, our tool is the perfect solution.

Start your literary journey now with the “English Literature Multiple Choice Questions And Answers Online” tool!

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Literature Quizzes, Questions & Answers

Do you call yourself an avid reader? Are you fond of the literary works of geniuses like Shakespeare, Robert Louis Stevenson, or T.S. Eliot? Delve into our comprehensive online literature trivia quizzes to test your knowledge. Literature, in a nutshell, is a reflection of the culture and traditions of a language or people. The best literary works serve as a type of template for human society. Literature spans all eras and cultures, from the writings of prehistoric societies like Egypt and China to Greek philosophy and poetry, from Homer's epics to William Shakespeare's plays, and from Jane Austen and Charlotte Bronte to Maya Angelou. The ability to open up a new realm of experience makes literature more than just a historical or cultural artifact. Play these exciting quizzes to learn more about it.

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  1. Top 20 MCQs on literature review with answers

    MCQs on literature review: The primary purpose of literature review is to facilitate detailed background of the previous studies to the readers on the topic of research.. In this blog post, we have published 20 MCQs on Literature Review (Literature Review in Research) with answers.. 20 Multiple Choice Questions on Literature Review. 1. Literature is a ...

  2. Multiple choice quiz

    Multiple choice quiz. Test your understanding of each chapter by taking the quiz below. Click anywhere on the question to reveal the answer. Good luck! 1. A literature review is best described as: A list of relevant articles and other published material you have read about your topic, describing the content of each source.

  3. Literature Review MCQ [Free PDF]

    Get Literature Review Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ Quiz) with answers and detailed solutions. Download these Free Literature Review MCQ Quiz Pdf and prepare for your upcoming exams Like Banking, SSC, Railway, UPSC, State PSC. ... Hence, the correct answer is narrative Review. Download Solution PDF. Share on Whatsapp India's #1 Learning ...

  4. Chapter 4: Multiple choice questions

    Chapter 4: Multiple choice questions. Instructions. Answer the following questions and then press 'Submit' to get your score. Question 1 ... Question 3 A systematic literature review is: a) one which generates a literature review using a treasure hunt system. b) ...

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    3. What is a literature review? 4. Where is a literature review typically found in written-up research? 5. What would you expect to find in a methodology chapter in a piece of empirical research? 6. Should data and discussion of data be presented as two separate chapters? Never.

  6. Literature Review

    Rate this question: 1 1. 5. A visual ______ map might help you plan the structure of the literature review. Correct Answer (s) mind. Explanation. A visual mind map might help you plan the structure of the literature review because it allows you to visually organize and connect different ideas and concepts.

  7. How to Write a Literature Review

    Examples of literature reviews. Step 1 - Search for relevant literature. Step 2 - Evaluate and select sources. Step 3 - Identify themes, debates, and gaps. Step 4 - Outline your literature review's structure. Step 5 - Write your literature review.

  8. The Best AP® English Literature Review Guide for 2024

    Students will have 1 hour to complete the multiple-choice section (55 questions) and 2 hours to complete the free-response section (3 questions). Since you must answer 55 questions in 60 minutes on the multiple-choice portion of the exam, you should pace yourself at about 1 minute per question and about 12 minutes per passage.

  9. Multiple Choice Questions

    To enhance your experience on our site, SAGE stores cookies on your computer. By continuing you consent to receive cookies. Learn more. Close

  10. (PDF) Multiple choice questions: A literature review on the optimal

    Single, best response, multiple choice questions (MCQs) with 4 options (3 distractors and 1 correct answer) or 5 options (4 distractors) have been widely used as an assessment tool in medical ...

  11. 740 questions with answers in LITERATURE REVIEW

    Question. 5 answers. May 6, 2023. During the research with mixed methods, for example, we combine two methods between qualitative approach with case study method and study literature review. We ...

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    Background: Single, best response, multiple choice questions (MCQs) with 4 options (3 distractors and 1 correct answer) or 5 options (4 distractors) have been widely used as an assessment tool in medical education in India and globally. Writing plausible distractors is time consuming and the most difficult part of preparing MCQs. If the number of options can be reduced to 3, it will make ...

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    To learn more about test-taking strategies, review the accompanying lesson on Strategies for Literature Multiple Choice Questions. This lesson includes the following objectives: Understand the ...

  14. AP English Literature Multiple Choice: Complete Expert Guide

    AP English Literature and Composition section one is the multiple-choice section. You'll have 60 minutes to answer 55 questions about four to five literary prose and poetry passages. The date of composition of AP Lit passages could range from the 16th to the 21st century, however, you generally won't be provided with the author, date, or title ...

  15. (PDF) Multiple choice question writing and medical students: a

    Here we evaluate PeerWise, a widely used and free online resource that allows students to author, answer and discuss multiple-choice questions. Study design We introduced two undergraduate medical ...

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    The number of distractors needed for high quality multiple choice questions (MCQs) will be determined by many factors. These include firstly whether English language is their mother tongue or a foreign language; secondly whether the instructors who construct the questions are experts or not; thirdly the time spent on constructing the options is also an important factor.

  17. How to Answer Multiple Choice Questions About Literature: Test-Taking

    Answering multiple-choice questions for literature can be tackled by looking first at the literary text, then the question itself, and finally the answer options in front of you. To unlock this ...

  18. Literature tests: list of multiple choice quiz questions and answers

    LITERATURE. MULTIPLE CHOICE QUIZ LIST. info Below is a list of Literature multiple choice quizzes. Clicking on the quiz name brings you to the quiz. You are currently in the multiple choice section, alternatively Quiz Global also has many Question and Answer quizzes in the Q & A section. search.

  19. Literature MCQs with Answers (FREE)

    These Free Literature multiple-choice questions and answers are presented in quiz format, so test your skill in an engaging and interactive way. MCQss.com. EN. ... Check Answer. 2: _____ themes are applicable to any group or culture at any time in history. A. Recurring. B. Universal. C. Heroic. D. Open-ended.

  20. Purpose of Literature Review MCQ [Free PDF]

    Get Purpose of Literature Review Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ Quiz) with answers and detailed solutions. Download these Free Purpose of Literature Review MCQ Quiz Pdf and prepare for your upcoming exams Like Banking, SSC, Railway, UPSC, State PSC. ... Spotting gaps in the research literature refers to what is there (what exists) and what ...

  21. 50 Literature Quiz Questions and Answers

    If you answered an enthusiastic yes to the above, we've put together the perfect rainy day activity for you (apart from reading, of course!), with our 50 literature quiz questions and answers. Through our literature quiz, we'll test your knowledge of all the classics - both modern and old-school - as well as quiz you on all the hottest ...

  22. English Literature Multiple Choice Questions And Answers Online

    User-Friendly Interface. The "English Literature Multiple Choice Questions And Answers Online" tool boasts a clean, user-friendly interface that is accessible on various devices. Whether you're on a desktop computer, a tablet, or a smartphone, the responsive design ensures that your quiz experience is seamless and enjoyable.

  23. 190 Literature Quizzes, Questions, Answers & Trivia

    Delve into our comprehensive online literature trivia quizzes to test your knowledge. Literature, in a nutshell, is a reflection of the culture and traditions of a language or people. The best literary works serve as a type of template for human society. Literature spans all eras and cultures, from the writings of prehistoric societies like ...